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Sökning: LAR1:gu > Wallin Anders 1950 > Blennow Kaj 1958 > (2010) > Zetterberg Henrik 1973

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  • Bjerke, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Confounding factors influencing amyloid Beta concentration in cerebrospinal fluid.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International journal of Alzheimer's disease. - 2090-0252. ; 2010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Patients afflicted with Alzheimer's disease (AD) exhibit a decrease in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of the 42 amino acid form of beta-amyloid (Abeta(42)). However, a high discrepancy between different centers in measured Abeta(42) levels reduces the utility of this biomarker as a diagnostic tool and in monitoring the effect of disease modifying drugs. Preanalytical and analytical confounding factors were examined with respect to their effect on the measured Abeta(42) level. Methods. Aliquots of CSF samples were either treated differently prior to Abeta(42) measurement or analyzed using different commercially available xMAP or ELISA assays. Results. Confounding factors affecting CSF Abeta(42) levels were storage in different types of test tubes, dilution with detergent-containing buffer, plasma contamination, heat treatment, and the origin of the immunoassays used for quantification. Conclusion. In order to conduct multicenter studies, a standardized protocol to minimize preanalytical and analytical confounding factors is warranted.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Combination of Hippocampal Volume and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers Improves Predictive Value in Mild Cognitive Impairment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 29:4, s. 294-300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition, and the prognosis differs within the group. Recent findings suggest that hippocampal volumetry and CSF biomarkers can be used to predict which MCI patients have an underlying neurodegenerative disorder. Objective: To examine the combined predictive value of hippocampal volume and CSF levels of total tau (T-tau) and beta-amyloid(42) (Abeta(42)) in stable and converting MCI patients. The participants (n = 68) included patients with MCI at baseline and who converted to dementia by the time of the 2-year follow-up (n = 21), stable MCI patients (n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 26). Methods: The Göteborg MCI study is a clinically based longitudinal study with biannual clinical assessments. Hippocampal volumetry was performed manually, based on data from the 0.5-tesla MRI investigations at baseline. Baseline CSF levels of T-tau and Abeta(42) were measured using commercially available, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: The converting MCI group had significantly smaller left hippocampi, lower CSF Abeta(42) and higher T-tau compared to both the stable MCI group and the healthy controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that a combination of the variables outperformed the prognostic ability of the separate variables. Conclusions: Hippocampal volumes supplement the prognostic accuracy of CSF Abeta(42) and T-tau in MCI.
  • Jonsson, Michael, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of white matter lesions - cross-sectional results from the LADIS study.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European journal of neurology. - 1468-1331. ; 17:3, s. 377-382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and purpose: White matter lesions (WMLs) caused by small vessel disease are common in elderly people and contribute to cognitive impairment. There are no established biochemical markers for WMLs. We aimed to study the relation between degree of WMLs rated on magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of structural biomarkers associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical vascular dementia. Methods: Fifty-three non-demented elderly individuals with WMLs were subjected to lumbar puncture. Degree of WMLs was rated using the Fazekas scale. Volumetric assessment of WMLs was performed. CSF samples were analyzed for the 40 and 42 amino acid fragments of amyloid beta, alpha- and beta-cleaved soluble amyloid precursor protein, total tau (T-tau), hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau(181)), neurofilament light protein (NFL), sulfatide and CSF/Serum-albumin ratio. Results: Fifteen subjects had mild, 23 had moderate and 15 had severe degree of WMLs. CSF-NFL levels differed between the groups (P < 0.001) and correlated with the volume of WMLs (r = 0.477, P < 0.001). CSF sulfatide concentration displayed similar changes but less strongly. T-tau, P-tau(181) and the different amyloid markers as well as CSF/S-albumin ratio did not differ significantly between the groups. Conclusions: The association of increased CSF-NFL levels with increasing severity of WMLs in non-demented subjects suggests that NFL is a marker for axonal damage in response to small vessel disease in the brain. This manifestation may be distinct from or earlier than the neurodegenerative process seen in AD, as reflected by the lack of association between WMLs and AD biomarkers.
  • Landgren, Sara, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • No Association of VEGF Polymorphims with Alzheimer's Disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Neuromolecular medicine. - 1559-1174. ; 12:3, s. 224-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The vascular hypothesis of Alzheimer&#39;s disease (AD) has brought the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) into focus. The genomic region including the VEGF gene has been linked to AD and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the VEGF have in previous studies been associated with AD risk. To further evaluate these findings, we genotyped two SNPs in the VEGF gene (rs699947 [-2578]) and rs1570360 [-1154]) by TaqMan Allelic Discrimination in a study sample including AD patients (n = 801) and controls (n = 286). In a subgroup of the population these SNPs were analyzed in relation to APOE epsilon 4 genotype, to cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers (T-tau, P-tau, and beta(42)-Amyloid) as well as to neuropathological markers for AD (neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques). No significant associations with risk for AD or any of the studied biomarkers could be found in this study, thus not supporting VEGF as being a major risk gene for AD.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Converging pathways of chromogranin and amyloid metabolism in the brain.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 20:4, s. 1039-49
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Much is unknown regarding the regulation of Alzheimer-related amyloid-beta protein precursor (A beta PP)-processing in the human central nervous system. It has been hypothesized that amyloidogenic A beta PP-processing preferentially occurs in the regulated secretory pathway of neurons. To test this hypothesis we looked for correlations of A beta PP-derived molecules in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with chromogranin (Cg) derived peptides, representing the regulated secretion. Patients with Alzheimer&#39;s disease (AD, N = 32), multiple sclerosis (MS, N = 50), and healthy controls (N = 70) were enrolled. CSF was analyzed for the amyloid peptides A beta(1-42), A beta(x-42), A beta(x-40), A beta(x-38), alpha-cleaved soluble A beta PP (sA beta PP alpha), beta-cleaved soluble A beta PP (sA beta PP beta), and peptides derived from CgB and SgII (Secretogranin-II, CgC). We investigated CSF levels of the protease BACE1, which processes A beta PP into A beta, in relation to Cg-levels. Finally, we measured Cg levels in cell media from untreated and BACE1-inhibited SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. CSF Cg levels correlated to sA beta PP and A beta peptides in AD, MS, and controls, and to CSF BACE1. Cell medium from BACE1-inhibited cells had decreased CgB levels. These results suggest that a large part of A beta PP in the human central nervous system is processed in the regulated secretory pathway of neurons.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • High Education May Offer Protection Against Tauopathy in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 21:1, s. 221-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The concepts of brain and cognitive reserve stem from the observation that premorbid factors (e.g., education) result in variation in the response to brain pathology. Potential early influence of reserve on pathology, as assessed using the cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers total tau and amyloid-beta{42}, and cognition was explored in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients who remained stable over a two-year period. A total of 102 patients with stable MCI grouped on the basis of educational level were compared with regard to biomarker concentrations and cognitive performance. Stable MCI patients with higher education had lower concentrations of t-tau as compared to those with lower education. Also, educational level predicted a significant proportion of the total variance in t-tau concentrations. Our results suggest that higher education may offer protection against tauopathy.
  • Thorvaldsson, Valgeir, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Memory in individuals with mild cognitive impairment in relation to APOE and CSF Abeta42.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International psychogeriatrics / IPA. - 1741-203X. ; 22:4, s. 598-606
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene and low levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid beta-proteins 42 (Abeta) have previously been associated with increased risk of cognitive decline in old age. In this study we examine the interaction of these markers with episodic memory in a sample identified as having mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: The sample (N = 149) was drawn from the Gothenburg MCI study and measured according to three free recall tests on three occasions spanning over four years. Second-order Latent Curve Models (LCM) were fitted to the data. RESULTS: Analyses accounting for age, gender, education, APOE, Abeta42, and interaction between APOE and Abeta42 revealed that the epsilon4 allele was significantly associated with level of memory performance in the presence of low Abeta42 values (< or = 452 ng/L). Associations between memory performance and Abeta42 were significant among the epsilon4 carriers but not among the non-carriers. The Abeta42 marker was, however, significantly associated with changes in memory over the study time period in the total sample. CONCLUSION: The findings support the hypothesis of an interactive effect of APOE and Abeta42 for memory decline in MCI patients.
  • von Otter, Malin, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Nrf2-encoding NFE2L2 haplotypes influence disease progression but not risk in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cataract.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Mechanisms of ageing and development. - 1872-6216. ; 131:2, s. 105-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer&#39;s disease (AD) and age-related cataract, disorders characterized by protein aggregation causing late-onset disease, both involve oxidative stress. We hypothesize that common variants of NFE2L2 and KEAP1, the genes encoding the main regulators of the Nrf2 system, an important defence system against oxidative stress, may influence risk of AD and/or age-related cataract. This case-control study combines an AD material (725 cases and 845 controls), and a cataract material (489 cases and 182 controls). Genetic variation in NFE2L2 and KEAP1 was tagged by eight and three tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), respectively. Single SNPs and haplotypes were analyzed for associations with disease risk, age parameters, MMSE and AD cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. NFE2L2 and KEAP1 were not associated with risk of AD or cataract. However, one haplotype allele of NFE2L2 was associated with 2 years earlier age at AD onset (pc 0.013) and 4 years earlier age at surgery for posterior subcapsular cataract (p(c) = 0.019). Another haplotype of NFE2L2 was associated with 4 years later age at surgery for cortical cataract (p(c) = 0.009). Our findings do not support NFE2L2 or KEAP1 as susceptibility genes for AD or cataract. However, common variants of the NFE2L2 gene may affect disease progression, potentially altering clinically recognized disease onset. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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