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Träfflista för sökning "LAR1:gu ;srt2:(2004);pers:(Hanson Lars Åke 1934)"

Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2004) > Hanson Lars Åke 1934

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1.
  • Hahn-Zoric, Mirjana, 1949-, et al. (författare)
  • Antibody response to the Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine in healthy and infection-prone individuals with IgG3 subclass deficiency.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical immunology. - 0271-9142. ; 24:5, s. 561-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Searching for a possible explanation for the phenotypic heterogeneity in IgG3 deficiency, we studied the antibody response to a polysaccharide and a protein antigen in IgG3-deficient (IgG3d) adults after vaccination with Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide (Hib CP) conjugated to tetanus toxoid. Distribution of isotypes, idiotypes, clonotypes, and Gm allotypes were compared. All the vaccinated individuals, irrespective of the level of IgG3 and proneness to infections, developed protective levels of anti-Hib CP. Significantly lower prevaccination levels of IgG2 ( p < 0.05) and IgG4 anti-Hib CP ( p < 0.04 and p < 0.03) were noted among the infection-prone compared to the healthy IgG3d individuals and/or controls. Seventy percent of the IgG3d patients and none of the controls had the low responding Gm(ga-n/ga-n) genotype, while the majority of the controls had the alternative Gm(bfn/bfn) genotype. The conjugate ACT-HIB(R) vaccine efficiently overcomes the IgG3 subclass deficiency state and the genetic predisposition for lower responsiveness, providing protection against Hib and tetanus infections. The proneness to infection in some IgG3d individuals may relate to their low prevaccination antibody levels.
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  • Hytönen, Ann-Marie, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotypes of the interleukin-4 receptor alpha chain gene associate with susceptibility to and severity of atopic asthma
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Clin Exp Allergy. ; 34:10, s. 1570-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Summary Background Development of asthma is likely to depend on a complex interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Several groups have suggested the gene of the IL-4 receptor alpha chain (IL4R) as a candidate gene for the development of asthma, although association with single polymorphisms has shown contradicting results. Objective We chose to analyse IL4R gene haplotypes and assess their possible relevance in susceptibility to asthma and to certain clinical phenotypes. Methods IL4R gene haplotypes were analysed, based on the three markers C-3223T, Q551R and I50V, using the expectation-maximization algorithm, in 170 atopic asthma patients and 350 controls, all adult Swedish Caucasians. Results Our data showed significantly higher levels of soluble IL-4R (sIL-4R) in asthma patients compared with controls (P<0.0001). Furthermore, we showed a significant association between the IL4R haplotype containing the alleles T-3223, V50 and R551 (TVR) of the IL4R gene, and susceptibility to atopic asthma, with a frequency of 6.5% in the patients compared with 1% in the controls (P<0.0005). A subgroup of patients with heterozygous or homozygous state for the T-3223, V50 and R551 alleles, also had lower levels of sIL-4R in their circulation compared with patients with homozygous state in the C-3223, I50 and Q551 alleles (P<0.05) and showed less severe asthma according to lung function test (P<0.05). Analysis of single markers showed the T-3223 IL4R allele to associate with lower serum levels of sIL-4 receptor (P<0.0001) and patients carrying the T allele also had more symptoms of active asthma (wheezing, P<0.01; coughing, P<0.05 and breathing difficulties, P<0.01). Conclusion Our data suggest that asthmatic patients with low levels of sIL-4 receptor may represent a genetically distinct subgroup of atopic asthma. TVR haplotype analyses confirm the importance of IL4R as a candidate gene for susceptibility to asthma. This finding may have implications for the understanding of the pathogenesis of asthma and possibly for the development of more specific therapies.
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5.
  • Korotkova, Marina, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Dietary n-6:n-3 fatty acid ratio in the perinatal period affects bone parameters in adult female rats.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: The British journal of nutrition. - 0007-1145. ; 92:4, s. 643-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PUFA and their metabolites are important regulators of bone formation and resorption. The effect of PUFA on bone growth may be especially striking during the perinatal period. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of diets with different n-6:n-3 fatty acid (FA) ratios during the perinatal period on bone parameters in the adult offspring. During late gestation and throughout lactation, rat dams were fed an isoenergetic diet containing 70 g linseed oil (n-3 diet), soyabean oil (n-6+n-3 diet) or sunflower-seed oil (n-6 diet) per kg with n-6:n-3 FA ratios of 0.4, 9 and 216, respectively. The offspring were weaned onto an ordinary chow and followed until 30 weeks of age. Bone parameters were analysed using peripheral quantitative computerised tomography and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Femur length and cortical cross-sectional bone area and bone mineral content were significantly higher in the n-6+n-3 group than in the other groups. Cortical bone thickness in the n-6+n-3 group was increased compared with the n-3 group, but most cortical bone parameters did not differ between the n-3 and n-6 groups. The results suggest that regulatory mechanisms were influenced by the n-6:n-3 FA ratio early in life and not compensated for by the introduction of an ordinary diet after weaning.
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  • Korotkova, Marina, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Modulation of neonatal immunological tolerance to ovalbumin by maternal essential fatty acid intake
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Pediatr Allergy Immunol. - 0905-6157. ; 15:2, s. 112-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study examines whether dietary essential fatty acid (EFA) intake influences the induction of oral tolerance to ovalbumin (OA) in neonatal and adult rats. During late gestation and throughout lactation Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet supplemented (S) with EFA (7% soybean oil), or a diet deficient (D) in EFA (7% hydrogenated lard). The rat offspring were subsequently exposed to OA either via the milk at 10-16 days (neonatal rats), or as adults via the drinking water at 7-9 wk of age. Oral administration of OA to the adult rats lead to suppression of the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reactivity and IgG antibody response against OA, which was not influenced by their diets. In the offspring of the dams fed the D diet antigen exposure via the milk resulted in suppression of the serum antibody levels and DTH reaction against OA indicating induction of oral tolerance. Higher transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) mRNA levels in the draining lymph nodes suggested this to be mediated by regulatory T cells. In contrast, OA exposure of the dams fed the S diet did not result in a suppressed OA response of their offspring. Thus, the quality of FA ingested by the mother may have effects on the development of immunological tolerance to dietary antigens in the offspring. Our results might have importance for the understanding of the increase in allergy related to the Western type of diet.
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  • Korotkova, Marina, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • The ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids in maternal diet influences the induction of neonatal immunological tolerance to ovalbumin
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Clinical and experimental immunology. - 0009-9104. ; 137:2, s. 237-44
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prevalence of allergy is increasing in many countries and might be related to changed environmental factors, such as dietary fatty acids (FA). The present study investigates whether dietary ratio of n-6 to n-3 FA influences the induction of immunological tolerance to ovalbumin (OA) in neonatal rats. During late gestation and throughout lactation Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a diet containing 7% linseed oil (n-3 diet), sunflower oil (n-6 diet) or soybean oil (n-6/n-3 diet). At 10-16 days of age the rat offspring were subsequently exposed, or not, to OA via the milk. The offspring were weaned onto the same diets as the mothers and immunized with OA and the bystander antigen human serum albumin (HSA). In the offspring on the n-3 diet exposure to OA via the milk resulted in lower delayed type hypersensitivity reaction (DTH) and antibody responses against both OA and HSA, compared to those in the offspring not exposed to OA, indicating the induction of oral tolerance. In the offspring on the n-6 diet, the exposure to OA led to depressed specific immune responses against only OA, not HSA. In the offspring on the n-6/n-3 diet oral exposure to OA did not influence immune responses against OA, or HSA. The results indicate that the dietary ratio of n-6/n-3 FA is important for the induction of neonatal oral tolerance. Thus nonoptimal feeding may have effects on the development of immunological tolerance to dietary antigen ingested by the mother. The ratio of n-6/n-3 FA in the diet may be considered in the context of increased prevalence of allergy.
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  • Landin-Wilhelmsen, Kerstin, 1952-, et al. (författare)
  • Spontaneous pregnancies in a Turner syndrome woman with Y-chromosome mosaicism.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics. - 1058-0468. ; 21:6, s. 229-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To present a case involving pregnancies in a Turner woman with Y-chromosome mosaicism. METHOD: A descriptive case report of a single patient. RESULTS: A 39-year-old woman was admitted to the endocrine clinic due to fatigue and premature menopause. She had tried in-vitro fertilization and oocyte donation twice without pregnancies but became spontaneously pregnant at age 36 and 37 and delivered two girls. During the seventh month of the second pregnancy, a dissecting aortic aneurysm, a coarctation, and subsequently a pheochromocytoma were detected and repaired. Hypothyroidism developed. Turner syndrome was diagnosed. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of lymphocytes revealed 31% XY cells and 4% XYY cells, while 66% of buccal cells had an XY constitution. Oophorectomy revealed no malignancy. FISH revealed 54% XY cells in the left gonad and 38% XY cells in the right. CONCLUSION: Turner syndrome should be suspected in women with aortic dissection, in general, but especially in those with additional features such as horseshoe kidney, coarctation, and infertility.
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  • Padyukov, Leonid, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphism in promoter region of IL10 gene is associated with rheumatoid arthritis in women
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Rheumatol. - 0315-162X. ; 31:3, s. 422-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a genetically complex disease with many possible phenotypes. We investigated IL10 and TNFA gene polymorphisms in a group of Swedish women and men with RA compared with healthy individuals to estimate combinations of alleles specific for the disease. METHODS: We analyzed 264 patients with RA and 286 healthy controls for biallelic single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the -308 position of the TNFA and in the -1087 position of the IL10 gene by polymerase chain reaction with restriction endonuclease mapping. RESULTS: The frequencies of the -308 TNFA genotypes were not different in women and men with RA in comparison to the controls. In contrast, frequencies of the GG, AG, and AA -1087 IL10 genotypes were significantly different in women in the investigated groups: 26%, 58%, and 15% for RA patients and 24%, 54%, and 28% for the controls (chi-square = 8.18, p < 0.02). We confirmed this finding in a separate dataset of female patients and controls. The frequencies of the IL10 genotypes in men were similar in the patients and controls. We found no differences in the distribution of the TNFA or IL10 genotypes in relation to rheumatoid factor in the patients. CONCLUSION: On the basis of IL10 polymorphism, female patients with RA seem to represent a separate disease subgroup.
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