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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2004) > Nieminen M. S. > Devereux R. B.

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1.
  • Bella, J. N., et al. (författare)
  • Sex-related difference in regression of left ventricular hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 411-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While left ventricular (LV) structure and function differ between hypertensive women and men, it remains unclear whether sex affects regression of LV hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment. We analysed paired echocardiograms in 500 men and 347 women enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study at baseline and after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment with either losartan or atenolol. At enrollment, 177 women and 242 men were randomized to losartan-based treatment and 161 women and 247 men were randomized to atenolol-based treatment (sex difference=NS). After 12 months of antihypertensive treatment, blood pressure was lowered similarly in women (152/83 from 174/97 mmHg) and men (149/85 from 173/99 mmHg; both P<0.001, sex difference=NS), without significant change in body weight in either sex. Cardiac output and pulse pressure/stroke volume were equivalently reduced in both sexes (-0.2 vs -0.1 l/min and both -0.20 mmHg/ml/m(2), respectively; both P=NS). Absolute LV mass change after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment was greater in men than in women (-30 vs -24 g, P=0.01). However, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, LV mass reduction was greater in women than in men (-33 vs -23 g, P=0.001). LV mass regression was greater in women, by 8.0+/-2.8 g, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment. After consideration of baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, antihypertensive treatment regressed LV hypertrophy more in women. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms and prognostic implications of this sex-related difference.
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2.
  • Devereux, R. B., et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic significance of left ventricular mass change during treatment of hypertension
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Jama. - 1538-3598. ; 292:19, s. 2350-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Increased baseline left ventricular (LV) mass predicts cardiovascular (CV) complications of hypertension, but the relation between lower LV mass and outcome during treatment for hypertension is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether reduction of LV mass during antihypertensive treatment modifies risk of major CV events independent of blood pressure change. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective cohort substudy of the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) randomized clinical trial, conducted from 1995 to 2001. A total of 941 prospectively identified patients aged 55 to 80 years with essential hypertension and electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy had LV mass measured by echocardiography at enrollment in the LIFE trial and thereafter were followed up annually for a mean (SD) of 4.8 (1.0) years for CV events. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Composite end point of CV death, fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction, and fatal or nonfatal stroke. RESULTS: The composite end point occurred in 104 patients (11%). The multivariable Cox regression model showed a strong association between lower in-treatment LV mass index and reduced rate of the composite CV end point (hazard ratio [HR], 0.78 per 1-SD (25.3) decrease in LV mass index; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65-0.94; P = .009) over and above that predicted by reduction in blood pressure. There were parallel associations between lower in-treatment LV mass index and lower CV mortality (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.47-0.82; P = .001), stroke (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.96; P = .02), myocardial infarction (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.62-1.17, P = .33), and all-cause mortality (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.59-0.88, P = .002), independent of systolic blood pressure and assigned treatment. Results were confirmed in analyses adjusting for additional CV risk factors, electrocardiographic changes, or when only considering events after the first year of study treatment. CONCLUSION: In patients with essential hypertension and baseline electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy, lower LV mass during antihypertensive treatment is associated with lower rates of clinical end points, additional to effects of blood pressure lowering and treatment modality.
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3.
  • Devereux, R. B., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy by losartan compared with atenolol: the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) trial
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 1524-4539. ; 110:11, s. 1456-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: An echocardiographic substudy of the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) trial was designed to test the ability of losartan to reduce left ventricular (LV) mass more than atenolol. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 960 patients with essential hypertension and LV hypertrophy (LVH) on screening ECG were enrolled at centers in 7 countries and studied by echocardiography at baseline and after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years' randomized therapy. Clinical examination and blinded readings of echocardiograms in 457 losartan-treated and 459 atenolol-treated participants with > or =1 follow-up measurement of LV mass index (LVMI) were used in an intention-to-treat analysis. Losartan-based therapy induced greater reduction in LVMI from baseline to the last available study than atenolol with adjustment for baseline LVMI and blood pressure and in-treatment pressure (-21.7+/-21.8 versus -17.7+/-19.6 g/m2; P=0.021). Greater LVMI reduction with losartan was observed in women and men, participants >65 or <65 years of age, and with mild or more severe baseline hypertrophy. The difference between treatment arms in LVH regression was due mainly to reduced concentricity of LV geometry in both groups and lesser increase in LV internal diameter in losartan-treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: Antihypertensive treatment with losartan, plus hydrochlorothiazide and other medications when needed for pressure control, resulted in greater LVH regression in patients with ECG LVH than conventional atenolol-based treatment. Thus, angiotensin receptor antagonism by losartan has superior efficacy for reversing LVH, a cardinal manifestation of hypertensive target organ damage.
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4.
  • Gerdts, E., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of age on left ventricular hypertrophy regression during antihypertensive treatment with losartan or atenolol (the LIFE study)
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess the influence of age on changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry during antihypertensive treatment, we related age to clinical and echocardiographic findings before and after 4 years of antihypertensive treatment in a subset of 560 hypertensive patients without known concurrent disease in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, which randomized patients to blinded losartan- or atenolol-based treatment. Patients >/=65 years (older group) included more women and patients with isolated systolic hypertension or albuminuria (all P<0.05). Compared to patients <65 years, older patients had higher pulse pressure, LV mass, and prevalence of concentric hypertrophy at baseline (78 vs 69 mmHg, 234 vs 224 g, and 28 vs 16%, respectively, all P<0.01), while the mean blood pressure did not differ. Over 4 years, reductions in LV mass and the mean blood pressure were similar in both groups, but older patients more often had residual hypertrophy (31 vs 15%, P<0.001) with a preponderance of eccentric geometry. In multivariate analysis of 4-year change in LV mass controlling for baseline mass, larger hypertrophy reduction was associated with losartan treatment, while age, gender, body mass index, and 4-year change in pulse pressure and albuminuria did not enter (Multiple R (2)=0.40, P<0.001). Thus, in up-to-80-year-old hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, age did not significantly attenuate hypertrophy reduction during antihypertensive treatment, although residual hypertrophy was more prevalent in older patients as a consequence of higher initial LV mass.
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5.
  • Hoieggen, A., et al. (författare)
  • The impact of serum uric acid on cardiovascular outcomes in the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Kidney Int. - 0085-2538. ; 65:3, s. 1041-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study demonstrated the superiority of a losartan-based regimen over atenolol-based regimen for reduction of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. It has been suggested that the LIFE study results may be related to the effects of losartan on serum uric acid (SUA). SUA has been proposed as an independent risk factor for CV morbidity and death. METHODS: Cox regression analysis was used to assess relationship of SUA and treatment regimens with the LIFE primary composite outcome (CV death, fatal or nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal or nonfatal stroke). RESULTS: Baseline SUA was significantly associated with increased CV events [hazard ratio (HR) 1.024 (95% CI 1.017-1.032) per 10 micromol/L, P < 0.0001] in the entire study population. The association was significant in women [HR = 1.025 (1.013-1.037), P < 0.0001], but not in men [HR = 1.009 (0.998-1.019), P= 0.108]. After adjustment for Framingham risk score (FRS), SUA was no longer significant in the entire study population [HR = 1.006 (0.998-1.014), P= 0.122] or in men [HR = 1.006 (0.995-1.017), P= 0.291], but was significant in women [HR = 1.013 (1-1.025), P= 0.0457]. The baseline-to-end-of-study increase in SUA (standard deviation, SD) was greater (P < 0.0001) in atenolol-treated subjects (44.4 +/- 72.5 micromol/L) than in losartan-treated subjects (17.0 +/- 69.8 micromol/L). SUA as a time-varying covariate was strongly associated with events (P < 0.0001) in the entire population. The contribution of SUA to the treatment effect of losartan on the primary composite end point was 29% (14%-107%), P= 0.004. The association between time-varying SUA and increased CV risk tended to be stronger in women (P < 0.0001) than in men (P= 0.0658), although the gender-outcome interaction was not significant (P= 0.079). CONCLUSION: The increase in SUA over 4.8 years in the LIFE study was attenuated by losartan compared with atenolol treatment, appearing to explain 29% of the treatment effect on the primary composite end point. The association between SUA and events was stronger in women than in men with or without adjustment of FRS.
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6.
  • Kontos, J., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of valvular regurgitation on left ventricular geometry and function in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 431-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild-to-moderate aortic and mitral regurgitation are frequently detected by echocardiogram in asymptomatic hypertensive patients. Our goal was to assess the prevalence and impact of mild-to-moderate mitral and/or aortic regurgitation on left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with hypertension and LV hypertrophy (LVH). Hypertensive patients with ECG LVH enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) echocardiography substudy were evaluated. Among 939 patients with needed LV measurements and Doppler data, 242 had mild (1+) valvular regurgitation, and 51 patients had moderate (2+ or 3+) regurgitation of one or both valves. In analyses adjusting for gender, patients with mild mitral and/or aortic regurgitation had larger LV internal dimensions (5.25 vs 5.33 cm, P<0.05), higher LV mass indexed for body surface area (122 vs 125 g/m(2), P<0.05) or height(2.7) (55.4 vs 57.3, P<0.05), and larger left atrial diameter. Patients with moderate regurgitation of one or both valves had larger LV chambers (5.25 vs 5.9 cm, P<0.001), greater mean LV mass (232 vs 248 g, P<0.001) and LV mass indexed for body surface area or height(2.7), and higher Doppler stroke volume. Patients with moderate valvular regurgitation also had a higher prevalence of LVH due to an increased prevalence of eccentric LVH. There were no differences among groups defined by the presence and severity of valvular regurgitation in cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, or pulse pressure/stroke volume, indicating that the observed inter-group differences in LV geometry were not due to differences in the haemodynamic severity of hypertension. Hypertensive patients with mild-to-moderate mitral or aortic valvular insufficiency have additional LV structural and functional changes that may affect prognosis.
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7.
  • Li, Z. B., et al. (författare)
  • Association of left bundle branch block with left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 397-402
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electrocardiographic (ECG) left bundle branch block (LBBB) is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), but its relation to left ventricular (LV) geometry and function in hypertensive patients with ECG LVH is unknown. Echocardiograms were performed in 933 patients (548 women, mean age 66+/-7 years) with essential hypertension and LVH by baseline ECG in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. LBBB, defined by Minnesota code 7.1, was present in 47 patients and absent in 886 patients. Patients with and without LBBB were similar in age, gender, body mass index, blood pressure, prevalence of diabetes, and history of myocardial infarction. Despite similarly elevated mean LV mass (126+/-25 vs 124+/-26 g/m(2)) and relative wall thickness (0.41+/-0.07 vs 0.41+/-0.07, P=NS), patients with LBBB had lower LV fractional shortening (30+/-6 vs 34+/-6%), ejection fraction (56+/-10 vs 61+/-8%), midwall shortening (14+/-2 vs 16+/-2%), stress-corrected midwall shortening (90+/-13 vs 97+/-13%) (all P<0.001), and lower LV stroke index (38+/-7 vs 42+/-9 ml/m(2)) (P<0.05). Patients with LBBB also had reduced LV inferior wall and lower mitral E/A ratio (0.75+/-0.18 vs 0.87+/-0.38) (all P<0.05). The above univariate results were confirmed by multivariate analyses adjusted for gender, age, blood pressures, height, weight, body mass index, heart rate, and LV mass index. Among hypertensive patients at high risk because of ECG LVH, the presence of LBBB identifies individuals with worse global and regional LV systolic function and impaired LV relaxation without more severe LVH by echocardiography.
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8.
  • Oikarinen, L., et al. (författare)
  • QRS duration and QT interval predict mortality in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the Losartan Intervention for Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension Study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-4563. ; 43:5, s. 1029-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Left ventricular hypertrophy is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality, including sudden cardiac death. Experimentally, left ventricular hypertrophy delays ventricular conduction and prolongs action potential duration. Electrocardiographic QRS duration and QT interval measures reflect these changes, but whether these measures can further stratify risk in patients with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy is unknown. We measured the QRS duration and QT intervals from the baseline 12-lead electrocardiograms in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study, which included hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy randomized to either losartan-based or atenolol-based treatment to lower blood pressure. In the present study, we related study baseline electrocardiographic measures to cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. There were 5429 patients (male 45.8%; mean age 66+/-7 years) included in the present analyses. After a mean follow-up of 4.9+/-0.8 years, there were 417 deaths from all causes, including 214 cardiovascular deaths. In separate univariate Cox regression analyses, QRS duration and several QT measures were significant predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. However, in multivariate Cox analyses including all electrocardiographic measures and adjusting for other risk factors as well as treatment strategy, only QRS duration and maximum rate-adjusted QT(apex) interval remained as significant independent predictors of cardiovascular (P=0.022 and P=0.037, respectively) and all-cause mortality (P=0.038 and P=0.002, respectively). In conclusion, in a hypertensive risk population identified by electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, increased QRS duration and maximum QT(apex) interval can further stratify mortality risk even in the setting of effective blood pressure-lowering treatment.
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9.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Electrocardiographic strain pattern and prediction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 1524-4563. ; 44:1, s. 48-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ECG strain pattern of lateral ST depression and T-wave inversion is a marker for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and adverse prognosis in population studies. However, whether ECG strain is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in the setting of aggressive antihypertensive therapy is unclear. ECGs were examined at study baseline in 8854 hypertensive patients with ECG LVH who were treated in a blinded manner with atenolol- or losartan-based regimens. Strain was defined by the presence of a downsloping convex ST segment with an inverted asymmetrical T wave opposite to the QRS axis in leads V5 and/or V6 and was present in 971 patients (11.0%). The Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study composite end point of CV death or nonfatal myocardial infarction or stroke occurred in 1035 patients (11.7%). In Cox analyses adjusting only for treatment effect, ECG strain was a significant predictor of CV death (hazard ratio [HR] 2.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78 to 2.86), fatal/nonfatal myocardial infarction (HR 2.16, 95% CI 1.67 to 2.80), fatal/nonfatal stroke (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.21), and the composite CV end point (HR 1.99, 95% CI 1.70 to 2.33). After further adjusting for standard CV risk factors, baseline blood pressure, and severity of ECG LVH, ECG strain remained a significant predictor of CV mortality (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.18 to 2.00), myocardial infarction (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.06), and the composite CV end point (HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.59). Thus, ECG strain is a marker of increased CV risk in hypertensive patients in the setting of aggressive blood pressure lowering, independent of baseline severity of ECG LVH.
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10.
  • Okin, P. M., et al. (författare)
  • Regression of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy predicts regression of echocardiographic left ventricular mass: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 403-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electrocardiogram (ECG) is widely used for detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, whether changes in ECG LVH during antihypertensive therapy predict changes in LV mass remains unclear. Baseline and year-1 ECGs and echocardiograms were assessed in 584 hypertensive patients with ECG LVH by Sokolow-Lyon or Cornell voltage-duration product criteria at entry into the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) echocardiographic substudy. A >/=25% decrease in Cornell product defined regression of ECG LVH; a <25% decrease defined no significant regression; and an increase defined progression of ECG LVH. Regression of echocardiographic LVH was defined by a >/=20% reduction in LV mass. After 1 year of therapy, 155 patients (27%) had regression of ECG LVH, 286 (49%) had no significant change, and 143 (25%) had progression of ECG LVH. Compared with patients with progression of ECG LVH, patients with no significant decrease and patients with regression of ECG LVH had stepwise greater absolute decreases in LV mass (-16+/-33 vs -29+/-37 vs -32+/-41 g, P<0.001), greater percent reductions in LV mass (-5.7+/-14.6 vs -11.3+/-13.6 vs -12.3+/-15.6%, P<0.001), and were more likely to decrease LV mass by >/=20% (11.2 vs 24.8 vs 36.1%, P<0.001), even after adjusting for possible effects of baseline and change in systolic and diastolic pressures. Compared with progression of ECG LVH, regression of the Cornell product ECG LVH is associated with greater reduction in LV mass and a greater likelihood of regression of anatomic LVH.
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