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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2004) > Nieminen M. S. > Palmieri V.

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1.
  • Bella, J. N., et al. (författare)
  • Sex-related difference in regression of left ventricular hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 411-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While left ventricular (LV) structure and function differ between hypertensive women and men, it remains unclear whether sex affects regression of LV hypertrophy with antihypertensive treatment. We analysed paired echocardiograms in 500 men and 347 women enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study at baseline and after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment with either losartan or atenolol. At enrollment, 177 women and 242 men were randomized to losartan-based treatment and 161 women and 247 men were randomized to atenolol-based treatment (sex difference=NS). After 12 months of antihypertensive treatment, blood pressure was lowered similarly in women (152/83 from 174/97 mmHg) and men (149/85 from 173/99 mmHg; both P<0.001, sex difference=NS), without significant change in body weight in either sex. Cardiac output and pulse pressure/stroke volume were equivalently reduced in both sexes (-0.2 vs -0.1 l/min and both -0.20 mmHg/ml/m(2), respectively; both P=NS). Absolute LV mass change after 12 months of antihypertensive treatment was greater in men than in women (-30 vs -24 g, P=0.01). However, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, LV mass reduction was greater in women than in men (-33 vs -23 g, P=0.001). LV mass regression was greater in women, by 8.0+/-2.8 g, after adjusting for baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment. After consideration of baseline LV mass and randomized study treatment, antihypertensive treatment regressed LV hypertrophy more in women. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms and prognostic implications of this sex-related difference.
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2.
  • Gerdts, E., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of age on left ventricular hypertrophy regression during antihypertensive treatment with losartan or atenolol (the LIFE study)
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess the influence of age on changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry during antihypertensive treatment, we related age to clinical and echocardiographic findings before and after 4 years of antihypertensive treatment in a subset of 560 hypertensive patients without known concurrent disease in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, which randomized patients to blinded losartan- or atenolol-based treatment. Patients >/=65 years (older group) included more women and patients with isolated systolic hypertension or albuminuria (all P<0.05). Compared to patients <65 years, older patients had higher pulse pressure, LV mass, and prevalence of concentric hypertrophy at baseline (78 vs 69 mmHg, 234 vs 224 g, and 28 vs 16%, respectively, all P<0.01), while the mean blood pressure did not differ. Over 4 years, reductions in LV mass and the mean blood pressure were similar in both groups, but older patients more often had residual hypertrophy (31 vs 15%, P<0.001) with a preponderance of eccentric geometry. In multivariate analysis of 4-year change in LV mass controlling for baseline mass, larger hypertrophy reduction was associated with losartan treatment, while age, gender, body mass index, and 4-year change in pulse pressure and albuminuria did not enter (Multiple R (2)=0.40, P<0.001). Thus, in up-to-80-year-old hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, age did not significantly attenuate hypertrophy reduction during antihypertensive treatment, although residual hypertrophy was more prevalent in older patients as a consequence of higher initial LV mass.
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3.
  • Kontos, J., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of valvular regurgitation on left ventricular geometry and function in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 431-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild-to-moderate aortic and mitral regurgitation are frequently detected by echocardiogram in asymptomatic hypertensive patients. Our goal was to assess the prevalence and impact of mild-to-moderate mitral and/or aortic regurgitation on left ventricular (LV) structure and function in patients with hypertension and LV hypertrophy (LVH). Hypertensive patients with ECG LVH enrolled in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) echocardiography substudy were evaluated. Among 939 patients with needed LV measurements and Doppler data, 242 had mild (1+) valvular regurgitation, and 51 patients had moderate (2+ or 3+) regurgitation of one or both valves. In analyses adjusting for gender, patients with mild mitral and/or aortic regurgitation had larger LV internal dimensions (5.25 vs 5.33 cm, P<0.05), higher LV mass indexed for body surface area (122 vs 125 g/m(2), P<0.05) or height(2.7) (55.4 vs 57.3, P<0.05), and larger left atrial diameter. Patients with moderate regurgitation of one or both valves had larger LV chambers (5.25 vs 5.9 cm, P<0.001), greater mean LV mass (232 vs 248 g, P<0.001) and LV mass indexed for body surface area or height(2.7), and higher Doppler stroke volume. Patients with moderate valvular regurgitation also had a higher prevalence of LVH due to an increased prevalence of eccentric LVH. There were no differences among groups defined by the presence and severity of valvular regurgitation in cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, or pulse pressure/stroke volume, indicating that the observed inter-group differences in LV geometry were not due to differences in the haemodynamic severity of hypertension. Hypertensive patients with mild-to-moderate mitral or aortic valvular insufficiency have additional LV structural and functional changes that may affect prognosis.
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4.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Albuminuria predicts cardiovascular events independently of left ventricular mass in hypertension: a LIFE substudy
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 453-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We wanted to investigate whether urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) and left ventricular (LV) mass, both being associated with diabetes and increased blood pressure, predicted cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension independently. After 2 weeks of placebo treatment, clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic variables were assessed in 960 hypertensive patients from the LIFE Echo substudy with electrocardiographic LV hypertrophy. Morning urine albumin and creatinine were measured to calculate UACR. The patients were followed for 60+/-4 months and the composite end point (CEP) of cardiovascular (CV) death, nonfatal stroke or nonfatal myocardial infarction was recorded. The incidence of CEP increased with increasing LV mass (below the lower quartile of 194 g to above the upper quartile of 263 g) in patients with UACR below (6.7, 5.0, 9.1%) and above the median value of 1.406 mg/mmol (9.7, 17.0, 19.0%(***)). Also the incidence of CV death increased with LV mass in patients with UACR below (0, 1.4, 1.3%) and above 1.406 mg/mmol (2.2, 6.4, 8.0%(**)). The incidence of CEP was predicted by logUACR (hazard ratio (HR)=1.44(**) for every 10-fold increase in UACR) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(***)), history of peripheral vascular disease (HR=2.3(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=2.1(*)). LV mass did not enter the model. LogUACR predicted CV death (HR=2.4(**)) independently of LV mass (HR=1.01(*) per gram) after adjustment for Framingham risk score (HR=1.05(*)), history of diabetes mellitus (HR=2.4(*)) and cerebrovascular disease (HR=3.2(*)). (*)P<0.05, (**)P<0.01, (***)P<0.001. In conclusion, UACR predicted CEP and CV death independently of LV mass. CV death was predicted by UACR and LV mass in an additive manner after adjustment for Framingham risk score and history of CV disease.
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5.
  • Palmieri, V., et al. (författare)
  • Usefulness of the assessment of the appropriateness of left ventricular mass to detect left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in absence of echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy: the LIFE study
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: J Hum Hypertens. - 0950-9240. ; 18:6, s. 423
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Conventional definitions of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy do not account for interindividual differences in loading conditions. We may define LV mass as inappropriately high when exceeding 128% of theoretical values predicted by gender, height(2.7), and stroke work, which explain up to 82% of the variability of LV mass in normal reference subjects. In 652 participants in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study without clinically overt cardiovascular disease or diabetes, we investigated whether inappropriately high LV mass is associated with relevant LV abnormalities independent of traditional definition of LV hypertrophy (ie, LV mass index >116 g/m(2) in men and >104 g/m(2) in women). The study sample was divided into three groups: patients with inappropriately high LV mass but without LV hypertrophy were compared to patients with LV hypertrophy and to patients with appropriate LV mass and without LV hypertrophy. Patients with inappropriately high but nonhypertrophic LV mass had higher body mass index and relative wall thickness, and lower LV myocardial systolic function, than patients with appropriate LV mass or patients with LV hypertrophy. In multivariate analyses, inappropriately high LV mass was independently associated with lower myocardial systolic function independent of LV hypertrophy and other covariates. Inappropriately high LV mass was also associated with prolonged isovolumic relaxation time and lower mitral E/A ratio independent of covariates. In conclusion, inappropriately high LV mass was associated with relevant, often preclinical, manifestations of cardiac disease in the absence of traditionally defined echocardiographic LV hypertrophy and concentric geometry.
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