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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2010) > Högskolan i Halmstad

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  • Aagerup, Ulf, 1969- (författare)
  • The Impact of User Weight on Brands and Business Practices in Mass Market Fashion
  • 2010
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Overweight people claim to be mistreated by the fashion industry. If they were, it would be in line with branding theory supporting the idea of rejecting fat consumers to improve user imagery for fashion brands. However, fashion companies do not confess to such practices.To shed some light on the subject, I have conducted two studies.The first attempts to illustrate what effect, if any, user imagery has on fashion brands. It is an experiment designed to show how the weight of users affects consumers’ perceptions of mass market fashion brands. The findings show that consumers’ impressions of mass market fashion brands are significantly affected by the weight of its users. The effect of male user imagery is ambiguous. For women’s fashion on the other hand, slender users are to be preferred.In the second study I examine what effects these effects have on assortments. I compare the sizes of mass market clothes to the body sizes of the population. No evidence of discrimination of overweight or obese consumers was found -quite the contrary.The reasons for these unexpected findings may be explained by the requirements a brand must fulfil to make management of the customer base for user imagery purposes viable. The brand must be sensitive to user imagery; a requirement that mass market fashion fulfils. However, it must also be feasible for a company to exclude customers, and while garment sizes can be restricted to achieve this, the high volume sales strategy of mass market fashion apparently cannot.
  • Ahlström, Britt Hedman, et al. (författare)
  • The meaning of major depression in family-life: the viewpoint of the ill parent.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 19:1-2, s. 284-293
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim was to elucidate the meaning of major depression in family life from the viewpoint of an ill parent. Background. Major depression according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is common and may appear repeatedly over several years, and affects family life. Depression in parents has a negative impact on family function and children's health; however, studies regarding the deeper understanding of major depression in family life are lacking.DESIGN: A qualitative explorative study using narrative interviews with eight parents who were identified with major depression.METHODS: A phenomenological-hermeneutic method of interpretation was used for analysing interview texts and included naïve understanding, a structural analysis where text was divided into meaning units, which were condensed and abstracted, and finally a comprehensive understanding.RESULT: Two themes were extracted: 'to be afflicted in an almost unmanageable situation' with sub-themes 'feeling hopelessly bad', 'being worthless', 'being unsatisfied' and the theme 'to reconcile oneself to the situation' with sub-themes 'being active', 'being satisfied' and 'maintaining parenthood'.CONCLUSION: Comprehensive understanding revealed the parents' simultaneous suffering and dignity in family life; suffering with serious lack of well-being and health, destroyed self-confidence and unhappiness, and dignity with strength, confidence and joy in children. The movement between suffering and dignity complicated family life. Dignity was threatened by the awareness that suffering in major depression was recurrent. Dignity had to be repeatedly restored for self and the family, and family dignity has to be restored before others outside the family circle.RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A deeper understanding of the meaning of major depression in family life is helpful and for healthcare professionals to prevent individual and family suffering by assisting and preserving dignity.
  • Aldrin, Viktor, 1980- (författare)
  • Prayer in Peasant Communities: Ideals and Practices of Prayer in the Late Medieval Ecclesiastical Province of Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2010
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study has been to identify, explain and delineate praying among peasant communities in the ecclesiastical province of Uppsala, Sweden. Four aspects have been examined through the perspectives of ideals and practices, namely the standards of prayer, devotional prayer, prayer in times of need and prayer cultures. The standards of prayer considered the physical and mental behaviour of the praying peasant woman or man. The most ordinary way to act during prayer was to stand with hands together, palm against palm, and to pray in the vernacular often using mental themes to enhance the devotion. Devotional prayers were foremost the three ‘standard’ prayers Paternoster, Hail Mary and Apostolic Creed, and could be used separately or combined. Prayer in times of need was possibly considered a matter of praying to saints, something that cannot be proven to have been either practiced or recommended on other, ordinary occasions where God and the Virgin Mary were considered the proper recipients of prayer. A few authentic prayers exist that were possibly said by peasant women and men in connection with miracles and these show the ability to construct elaborate prayers and to propose businesslike agreements with saints. These three prayers were required knowledge for a peasant woman or man and were put to the test in order to become a godparent, and were therefore made available in the vernacular by the parish priests. Ways to maintain the prayer cultures were through mnemonic techniques, and indulgences stipulating and confirming prayers used or to be used in connection with certain churches, days and places within the churches. Name saints could also be used, since the person and the name saint were considered to have a special bond. Prayer could also be used as protection for the living; since a prayer was considered to generate either merits or favours from a celestial patron to his or her client. The prayer life of those belonging to peasant communities was both elaborate and full of nuances.
  • Aldrin, Viktor, 1980- (författare)
  • Saluting Aron Gurevich and His Legacy - A Round Table Discussion
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Medieval Congress, Leeds University, Storbritannien.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • A Round Table Discussion on the Legacy of the late A. Gurevich and a book dedicated to his memory and ideas Saluting Aron Gurevich: Essays in History, Literature and Other Related Subjects (Brill, Spring 2010). The session will unite the contributors of the volume, its editor, illustrator, as well as Gurevich's longtime friends, colleagues, and disciples. It should interest and attract all those interested in historians' role in history, Soviet historiography, medieval popular culture, Scandinavian medieval history, historical anthropology, and historical research in general. Participants include Viktor Aldrin (Göteborgs Universitet), John H. Arnold (Birkbeck College, University of London), Michael Clanchy (Institute of Historical Research, University of London), Francisca Shilova (Independent Scholar, Amsterdam), and Yury Zaretskiy (State University, Higher School of Economics, Moscow).
  • Aldrin, Viktor, 1980- (författare)
  • To Explore the Divine Will in Prayer
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Medieval Congress, Leeds University, Storbritannien.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • How were holy persons selected as recipients for prayer? Most often, miracle stories only tell of the praying person having already made the decision of recipient, but there were exceptions from this pattern: the habit of casting lots to explore the divine will of whom to address in prayer. Lot casting, a seldom studied religious habit will be in focus in my paper.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and text writing
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. - 1368-2822. ; 45:2, s. 230-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Good writing skills are needed in almost every aspect of life today, and there is a growing interest in research into acquired writing difficulties. Most of the findings reported so far, however, are based on words produced in isolation. The present study deals with the production of entire texts.Aims:The aim was to characterize written narratives produced by a group of participants with aphasia.Methods & Procedures:Eight persons aged 28–63 years with aphasia took part in the study. They were compared with a reference group consisting of ten participants aged 21–30 years. All participants were asked to write a personal narrative titled ‘I have never been so afraid’ and to perform a picture-based story-generation task called the ‘Frog Story’. The texts were written on a computer.Outcome & Results: The group could be divided into participants with low, moderate, and high general performance, respectively. The texts written by the participants in the group with moderate and high writing performance had comparatively good narrative structure despite indications of difficulties on other linguistic levels.Conclusions & Implications:Aphasia appeared to influence text writing on different linguistic levels. The impact on overall structure and coherence was in line with earlier findings from the analysis of spoken and written discourse and the implication of this is that the written modality should also be included in language rehabilitation.
  • Ericsson, Claes, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Musikklassrummet i blickfånget Vardagskultur, identitet, styrning och kunskapsbildning
  • 2010
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The point of departure of this study is an interest in discussing how the aesthetics of the market and the music culture of the pupils are expressed in music teaching in Swedish schools, and how these factors are transformed or whether any ideological dilemma arises when we strive to put the music culture of the pupils into practice in the everyday music teaching. In four previous projects with different foci, we have studied aesthetic activities in the school environment. Those studies were a source of inspiration for and a backdrop to this study.The theoretical framework consists of poststructuralist and social constructionist theory as well as theories of late modernity, while our methodological point of departure is a combination of continental and Anglo-Saxon approaches to discourse analysis, modified to suit our purposes.The empirical material consists of video recordings of classroom activities in secondary school settings in Sweden, and the data has been thoroughly analysed using analytical tools developed in accordance with our methodological approaches. Some important analytical concepts used here are identity, dominance, governance and knowledge formation.Our findings indicate that:- There are three different strategies for incorporating market aesthetics and the music culture of the pupils into everyday music teaching: learning about, reflecting on and putting into practice.- The only ideological dilemma occurred when the pupils´music culture was put into practice in everyday music teaching .The problem was that one of the teachers had what might be considered as an over-determined identity. He found it difficult to establish a balance between the need of the pupils for freedom of expression and the teachers’ opinions regarding what was appropriate in the school environment.- Music making activities in small groups was unsuccessful because the pupils were not yet good enough at the skills needed for composing music and playing together unsupervised.- Schools are "task-oriented" in a way that is counterproductive to creativity in music making.- Six different strategies of governance in the classrooms could be identified: through charisma and competence, through delegating responsibility, through making mantras of instructions and examination strategies, through creating solidarity or polarization, through disciplining the body and organisation of time and space and through ignoring problematic situations.- Popular music was presented as a canon similar to the canon of art music that is predominant in the teaching of music history at school.
  • Ericsson, Claes, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • The music classroom in focus. Everyday culture, identity, governance and knowledge formation.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nordic Research in Music Education. Yearbook. - 1504-5021. ; 12, s. 101-116
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article is based on a larger research project with the purpose to study how market aesthetics and student’s music culture are expressed in the Swedish music classroom. The empirical material consists of video observations of classroom activities in secondary school settings in Sweden. The theoretical framework consists of poststructuralist and social constructionist theory combined with theories of late modernity, while our methodological point of departure is discourse analysis. Some important analytical concepts are identity, dominance, governance and knowledge formation. Three different strategies for incorporating market aesthetics and students’ music culture into music education were identified: learning about, reflecting on and applying. An ideological dilemma occurred when the fostering mission of school was confronted with the will to meet the students’ demands for freedom of expression. The results of the project also suggest that standardised and regulated forms of activity were counterproductive to creativity in music making. Six different strategies of gentle governance in the music classroom were identified. Popular music was presented by the teachers in a way analogous to the canon of art music that is predominant in the teaching of music history at school.
  • Eriksson, Linn, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Ett generellt skolbaserat hälsopromotivt program : en studie om skolungdomars mat- och rörelsevanor, tilltro till egen förmåga och syn på kroppsligt utseende
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Aktuell beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig idrottsforskning. - Lund : Svensk förening för beteendevetenskaplig idrottsforskning - SVEBI. - 0284-4672. ; s. 54-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study is a one year case study of a programme promoting physical activity and healthy eating habits in a secondary school. The aim was to describe and evaluate a school-based health promoting programme on interest in and participation in physical education (PE), eating habits and physical exercise habits, Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance and self-efficacy for boys and girls before and after the programme. One hundred and sixty-four participants completed questionnaires in December 2007 and December 2008. The results showed increased interest and active participation in PE in girls and an opposite among boys at the post-test. Fewer boys reported regular eating habits after the programme. Girls scored higher on the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire subdomain awareness of a slimness ideal, and boys on the subdomain awareness of a muscular body as well as on the subdomain muscular appearance at the post-test. The results from this study cannot be generalized. Instead, the findings can be used for future research and to develop school-based health promotion programs. Conclusions and implications are discussed in the article.
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