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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2010) > Tidskriftsartikel > Malmö universitet > Fritt online > Engelska > Göteborgs universitet > Refereegranskat

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  • Corvellec, Hervé, et al. (författare)
  • The moral responsibility of project selectors
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Project Management. - Elsevier. - 0263-7863. ; 28:3, s. 212-219
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Managers who select projects have a moral responsibility. The purpose of this paper is to present a template to assess this responsibility so that it can be put into practice. Responsibility is here defined as a combination of attributability—what choices the project manager can ultimately be praised or blamed for, and of accountability—what choices the project manager has to be prepared to answer for. The template combines these two aspects of responsibility with the project selection process divided into three phases: initialization phase, appraisal phase, and decision phase. Various moral philosophers are used to highlight the moral issues at stake for each of these two dimensions of responsibility at each stage of the project selection process. Concluding remarks underlines the need for project selectors to adapt to the specific context when they use the template.
  • Jansson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Factors and conditions that influence the implementation of standardized nursing care plans
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Open Nursing Journal. - Hilversum : Bentham Science Publishers. - 1874-4346. ; 4, s. 25-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale and aim: There is a lack of evidence about how to successfully implement standardized nursing care plans (SNCP) in various settings. The aim of this study was to use the “Promotion Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework” (PARIHS) to explore important factors and conditions at hospital wards that had implemented SNCPs.Method. We employed a retrospective, cross-sectional design and recruited nurses from four units at a rural hospital and seven units at a university hospital in the western and southern region of Sweden where SNCPs had been implemented. Outcome was measured by means of a questionnaire based on the PARIHS-model.Result: In total, 137 nurses participated in the study. The main factors that had motivated the nurses to implement SNCPs were that they were easy to understand and follow as well as corresponding to organisational norms. The SNCPs were normally based on clinical experience, although research more frequently formed the basis of the SNCPs at the university hospital. Internal facilitators acted as important educators, who provided reminders to use the SNCP and feedback to the SNCP users. The patient experience was not considered valuable. Those who claimed that the implementation was successful were generally more positive in all measurable aspects. The use of SNCPs was rarely evaluated.Conclusions: Clinical experience was considered important by the nurses, while they attributed little value to the patient experiences. Successful implementation of research based SNCPs requires internal facilitators with knowledge of evidence-based nursing.
  • Osbeck, Christina, et al. (författare)
  • Bringing Environmentalism Home - Children's Influence on Family Consumption in the Nordic Countries and Beyond
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Childhood. - 0907-5682. ; 17:1, s. 129-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article discusses children as contributors to sustainable ecological development. The aim of the article is to develop a framework for researching two questions: What are the prerequisites for children to become responsible environmentalists? What actual and potential influence do children have on their family’s consumption? Three theoretical perspectives are elaborated in relation to relevant empirical research: children as cosmopolitan actors and world citizens, children as ‘subjects of responsibilization’ in relation to the discourse on sustainable development and children as actors influencing family negotiations about consumption. The article concludes by suggesting methodological implications that follow from this framework.
  • Sinkiewicz, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of dietary supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri on the oral flora of healthy subjects
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Swedish Dental Journal. - The Swedish Dental Association and the Swedish Dental Society. - 0347-9994. ; 34:4, s. 197-206
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Avsikten med studien var att undersöka förekomsten av Lactobacillus reuteri i saliv ef- ter användandet av ett probiotiskt kosttillskott innehållande L. reuteri samt fastställa om L. reuteri har effekt på plackindex (PlI) samt på den supra- och subgingivala mikrofloran. Studien var dubbelblind, randomiserad, placebokontrollerad och löpte över 12 veckor. Totalt deltog 23 friska individer randomiserade i test- respektive kontrollgrupp. I försöket testades placebotuggummi mot tuggummi med L. reuteri (ATCC 55730 och ATCC PTA 5289). Tuggummi togs 2 gånger per dag, morgon och kväll efter tandborstning. Startda- gen och efter 12 veckor samlades vilosaliv samt plack supra- och subgingivalt. Dessutom bedömdes plackindex enligt Silness & Löe på 4 indextänder mesialt och distalt. Efter ytterligare 4 veckor gjordes en uppföljning med prov på saliv och bedömning av plack på indextänderna. Mikrobiologisk analys utfördes med hjälp av checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridiseringsteknik samt odling på selektiva medier för bestämning av laktobacill- populationen. Totala laktobacillhalten i saliv ökade signifikant i båda grupperna (p<0,05) med en signifikant ökning av L. reuteri i testgruppen (p=0,008). Efter 16 veckor påträffades ingen L. reuteri i saliv. Kontrollgruppen visade en signifikant ökning av PII efter 12 veckor (p=0,023), medan testgruppen inte visade någon förändring. I båda grupperna regist- rerades en signifikant ökning supra- och subgingivalt av de flesta bakteriearter, men det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan grupperna för undersökta bakterier. Kvoten mellan ”onda/goda” supragingivala bakterier minskade i testgruppen men var inte sig- nifikant. Motsvarande kvot för subgingivala bakterier minskade signifikant i båda grup- perna. Slutsats: Intag av L. reuteri resulterade i förekomst av L. reuteri i saliv men bakterien måste tillföras kontinuerligt. Ingen signifikant förändring i den undersökta supra- och subgingivala mikrofloran kunde påvisas. Den signifikanta ökningen i PlI i kontrollgruppen utan motsvarande förändring i testgruppen kan tyda på en probiotisk effekt av L. reuteri i denna population
  • Tran, Hoai Anh, et al. (författare)
  • Gender and class in urban transport: the cases of Xian and Hanoi
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environment and Urbanization. - 0956-2478. ; 22:1, s. 139-155
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents empirical findings of a study on the mobility situation of people of different gender, age and class in two residential areas each in two fast-growing Asian cities with high rates of motorization, Xian in China and Hanoi in Vietnam. Notable class and gender differences in travel patterns were found in both cities. Respondents in the old and poorer residential areas walk more, while better-off respondents in the new areas use motorized transport modes (car and motorbikes) to a greater extent. The main difference in travel modes between the areas in both cities is that non-motorized modes are used as a necessary means of travel for less well-off people in the old areas, while residents in the new (and better-off areas) can choose to switch to motorized modes for longer distance trips. Further class difference can be found in Hanoi in the use of buses and in Xian in the use of cars. The study found that the differences in travel patterns between women and men are similar to those found between the residents of poor and affluent areas: women walk more and men are more motorized. The study also confirms that in both Xian and Hanoi, despite women’s high rates of participation in the labour market, men still predominate in livelihood-related transport tasks whereas women are more involved in household-related transport tasks.
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