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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2010) > Tidskriftsartikel > Malmö universitet > Carlson Elisabeth

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  • Carlson, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • "This is nursing": Nursing roles as mediated by precepting nurses during clinical practice
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: NURSE EDUCATION TODAY. - 0260-6917. ; 30:8, s. 763-767
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In nursing education, it has been argued that professional socialization is facilitated by clinical experiences where students work together with precepting nurses. However, few studies found have focused on how nurses think and act as preceptors, hence providing a base for professional socialization to occur. Therefore; this study aimed to describe how preceptors mediated nursing as a profession to undergraduate nursing students during clinical practice. This was an ethnographic study guided by symbolic interactionism. A purposeful sampling of 13 precepting nurses was observed during the field work period. In addition, 16 staff nurses, purposively selected, and experienced in precepting, participated in focus group interviews. All text from field notes and interviews were read as a whole and analyzed following the ethnographic approach. Findings illustrated how nursing was mediated as the medical-technical, the administrative, and the caring role. Preceptors aimed for professionalism in their students by teaching the students to reflect on what they can do independently as nurses. Preceptors strived to verbalise their practical knowledge to make theory explicit and contextualize to student nurses. This knowledge can guide implementation of preceptor programmes focusing on the meaning and implications of professionalism.
  • Carlson, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Time to precept: supportive and limiting conditions for precepting nurses.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING. - 0309-2402. ; 66:2, s. 432-441
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: This paper is a report of a study describing conditions for precepting in a Swedish clinical context from the perspective of precepting nurses. BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is a complex part of nursing education, and registered nurses who are acting as preceptors for nursing students face a number of challenges that need to be addressed during the precepting process. METHOD: An ethnographic approach guided by symbolic interactionism was used. Data were collected by participant observation and focus group interviews over a ten-month period in 2006-2007. Participants were selected by purposive sampling of 13 staff nurses who were preceptors during the field work period. In addition, 16 staff nurses, experienced in precepting, were purposively selected for four focus groups. FINDINGS: Precepting was found to be a complex function for nurses, influenced by conditions that could be both supportive and limiting in nature. Three themes described these conditions: organization, comprising clinical responsibilities and routines; collaboration, focusing on professional relations and interactions; and the personal perspective, comprising preceptors' experiences, need for feed back and notions of benefits. Time as a limiting condition reappeared through all categories. CONCLUSION: It is important to raise the issue of time and its impact on the precepting process. Precepting needs to be further discussed in terms of an integrated nursing competence prioritized by all stakeholders involved in clinical practice. Therefore; efforts should be made to plan nurses' clinical work so that allocated time for precepting can be facilitated.
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