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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2010) > Tidskriftsartikel > Båth Magnus 1974 > Söderberg Jonas

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  • Berner, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Dose optimisation of double-contrast barium enema examinations.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 1742-3406. ; 139:1-3, s. 388-392
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present work was to optimise the filtration and dose setting for double-contrast barium enema examinations using a Philips MultiDiagnost Eleva FD system. A phantom study was performed prior to a patient study. A CDRAD phantom was used in a study where copper and aluminium filtration, different detector doses and tube potentials were examined. The image quality was evaluated using the software CDRAD Analyser and the phantom dose was determined using the Monte Carlo-based software PCXMC. The original setting [100 % detector dose (660 nGy air kerma) and a total filtration of 3.5 mm Al, at 81 kVp] and two other settings identified by the phantom study (100 % detector dose and additional filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu as well as 80 % detector dose and added filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu) were included in the patient study. The patient study included 60 patients and up to 8 images from each patient. Six radiologists performed a visual grading characteristics study to evaluate the image quality. A four-step scale was used to judge the fulfillment of three image quality criteria. No overall statistical significant difference in image quality was found between the three settings (P > 0.05). The decrease in the effective dose for the settings in the patient study was 15 % when filtration was added and 34 % when both filtrations was added and detector dose was reduced. The study indicates that additional filtration of 1 mm Al and 0.2 mm Cu and a decrease in detector dose by 20 % from the original setting can be used in colon examinations with Philips MultiDiagnost Eleva FD to reduce the patient dose by 30 % without significantly affecting the image quality. For 20 exposures, this corresponds to a decrease in the effective dose from 1.6 to 1.1 mSv.
  • Carlander, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of radiation dose reduction on clinical image quality in chest radiography of premature neonates using a dual-side readout technique computed radiography system
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Radiation protection dosimetry. - 1742-3406. ; 139:1-3, s. 275-280
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was to investigate if the exposure could be reduced from the clinical setting (resulting in an effective dose of 8 microSv for a neonate of weight 0.7 kg and height 25 cm at a tube voltage of 90 kV) without negatively influencing the image quality for a dual-side readout technique computed radiography (CR) system in chest radiography of premature neonates. Chest radiographs of premature neonates were acquired with the double-side readout technique CR system. The images underwent simulated dose reduction in steps of 20 % to represent five different radiation dose levels. Four image quality criteria, related to the visibility of important anatomical structures, were used in a visual grading study where five experienced radiologists rated how well the criteria were fulfilled for all images. When reducing the radiation dose, a decrease in image quality could be observed already at the 80 % dose level for all the structures. The results indicate that a decrease in exposure from the clinically used setting affects the image quality negatively for the CR system.
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refereegranskat (2)
Berner, Karin, (1)
Jonasson, Pernilla, (1)
Cappelen-Smith, J, (1)
Fogelstam, P (1)
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Hansson, Jonny, (1)
Steneryd, Karin (1)
Carlander, Anna, (1)
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Göteborgs universitet (2)
Engelska (2)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (2)
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