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Sökning: LAR1:gu > (2010) > Licentiatavhandling

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  • Aagerup, Ulf, 1969- (författare)
  • The Impact of User Weight on Brands and Business Practices in Mass Market Fashion
  • 2010
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Overweight people claim to be mistreated by the fashion industry. If they were, it would be in line with branding theory supporting the idea of rejecting fat consumers to improve user imagery for fashion brands. However, fashion companies do not confess to such practices.To shed some light on the subject, I have conducted two studies.The first attempts to illustrate what effect, if any, user imagery has on fashion brands. It is an experiment designed to show how the weight of users affects consumers’ perceptions of mass market fashion brands. The findings show that consumers’ impressions of mass market fashion brands are significantly affected by the weight of its users. The effect of male user imagery is ambiguous. For women’s fashion on the other hand, slender users are to be preferred.In the second study I examine what effects these effects have on assortments. I compare the sizes of mass market clothes to the body sizes of the population. No evidence of discrimination of overweight or obese consumers was found -quite the contrary.The reasons for these unexpected findings may be explained by the requirements a brand must fulfil to make management of the customer base for user imagery purposes viable. The brand must be sensitive to user imagery; a requirement that mass market fashion fulfils. However, it must also be feasible for a company to exclude customers, and while garment sizes can be restricted to achieve this, the high volume sales strategy of mass market fashion apparently cannot.
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  • Antipov, Sergey V., 1986- (författare)
  • Radiative association of C(3 P) and N(4 S) atoms: From semi-classical theory to coupled-states quantum dynamics
  • 2010
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In the present work formation of the CN radical through radiative association is simulated using both semi-classical and quantum mechanical theories. The rate coefficient for temperatures from 40 K to 1900 K has been computed using the Breit-Wigner theory to account for the resonances. Comparison with the results obtained by the semi-classical method, which completely omits the shape resonances, is accurate to within 25% above room temperature. Furthermore, the role of the spin-orbit and rotational couplings is investigated. Comparison of the energy-dependent rate coefficients calculated with and without spin-orbit and rotational couplings shows that the couplings effect the low-energy part of the rate coefficient.
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  • Clemens, Franziska, 1981- (författare)
  • Deception Detection and Suspect´s Counter-Interrogation Strategies
  • 2010
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Degree of Licentiate in Psychology Abstract Clemens, F. (2010). Deception Detection and Suspects' Counter-Interrogation Strategies. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden In legal settings correct discriminations between truthful and deceptive statements are of major importance. However, deception detection research shows that lay people, as well as presumed lie experts working within the legal field, rarely achieve accuracy rates above the level of chance. One reason for the low accuracy rates typically found is that differences in behaviour between truth tellers and liars are very subtle, and that there are very few reliable cues to deception. Trying to actively elicit cues to deception (via the Strategic Use of Evidence (SUB) technique) is a new approach that aims at making differences between truth tellers and liars more salient. In the current thesis the SUE-technique is tested for the first time on children acting as mock-suspects (Study 1). In addition, adult suspects' counterinterrogation strategies are investigated (Study 2). Stndy 1 consisted of two experiments. Experiment l focused on the elicitation of diagnostic cues to deception using two types of evidence disclosure techniques (i.e., late evidence disclosure (SUB-technique) vs. early evidence disclosure) when interviewing children (N = 84) who were either guilty or innocent of a mock crime. The results showed that deceptive children omitted significantly more crime-related information than truth-telling children. Furthermore, deceptive children's statements were significantly more inconsistent with the evidence than were the truth-telling children' s statements and this was more pronounced as a function of late compared to early disclosure of evidence. Experiment 2 exarnined to what extent the elicited cues helped receivers (N = 168) to assess the veracity of the children' s statements. The results showed an overall accuracy level of 59.5%, which was significantly above the level of chance. The observers in the late disclosure condition performed better than chance whereas the observers in the early condition did not. However, the difference between these two conditions in terms of accuracy was non-significant. Study 2 investigated guilty mock-suspects' (N = 90) counter-interrogation tactics with respect to the disclosure of possibly self-incriminating information. Specifically, the extent to which the disclosure of this information was moderated by (a) the suspects' criminal experience (nåive vs. experienced), and (b) the degree of suspicion directed towards the suspects (low vs. high). The results showed that experienced (vs. naive) suspects volunteered less self-incriminating information in an initial free recall phase. When asked crime-specific questions, experienced (vs. nåive) suspects admitted having committed less actions fitting with the crime under investigation. Furthermore, experienced suspects' willingness to report information was not affected by the degree of suspicion, whereas nåive suspects in the high-suspicion (vs. low-suspicion) condition were more willing to report information. This thesis presents research that deals with the active elicitation of diagnostic cues to deception by interrogating strategically with respect to the information at hand (Study l), and it exarnines suspects' counter-interrogation strategies (Study 2). Combining these two approaches is important in order to make deception detection assessments more reliable. Keywords: deception detection, interview techniques, strategic use of evidence, counterinterrogation tactics, degree of suspicion, criminal experience, guiIty suspects Franziska Clemens, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, P.O. Box 500, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden. Phone:+46317861672, E-mail: franziska.clemens@psy.gu.se ISSN 1101-718X ISRN GUIPSYKlA VH--226--SE
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  • Dewrang, Petra (författare)
  • Asperger syndrome: Early signs and slef-perception in adolescents and young adults
  • 2010
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Asperger syndrome: Early signs and self-perception in adolescents and young adults. Petra Dewrang Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 2010 ABSTRACT Dewrang, Petra (2010). Asperger syndrome: Early signs and self-perception in adolescents and young adults. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Asperger syndrome (AS) is considered to be a disorder within the autism spectrum and it is in most cases a lifelong disabiIity that affects life in an amount of aspects. It is primarily characterized by impairment in social interaction, restricted patterns of interests and behaviour, speech and language peculiarities, and non-verbal communication problems. In this thesis the overall aim was to investigate the specific behaviours in earl y childhood as assessed retrospectively by the parents and to explore self-perception and self-worth in the adolescents and young adults. The specific purpose of study I was to retrospectively explore the differences between a group of 23 adolescents and young aduIts with Asperger syndrome and a group of 13 typically developing comparison (C) individuals. The groups comprised 14-24-year-olds and the AS group was composed of 19 males and 4 females and the C group of 6 males and 7 females. A parental self-rating questionnaire, Symptoms of Autism Before the Age of 2 (SAB-2) was used and comprised seven fields: Contact and social activity, Responses to sensory perceptions, Communication and language/speech, Food/feeding and sleep, Play and fixations/rituals, Movements and motor skills, and Development and behaviour. An eighth field of possible Rarly suspicions was also a part of the questionnaire. The results showed a significant difference between the AS and the C groups in all the fields, primarily Food/feeding and sleep and Contact and social activity. It was also obvious that many parents were aware ofbehavioural anomalies already in infancy. In study II the specific purpose was to explore how young individuals with AS perceived themselves regarding self-understanding and self-worth compared to a C group of young individuals. The study comprised the same participants as in study I plus three more participants in the AS group and one participant fewer in the C group. The AS group showed lower rates of self-worth on a self-rating questionnaire (the I think I am scale) but not on a conversational interview (the Selfunderstanding interview) which instead revealed qualitatively different self-perceptions. A questionnaire for measuring anxiety/absence of anxiety was also used and showed no differences between the AS and the C groups. Keywords: Asperger syndrome, early diagnosis, parental concern, questionnaire, SAB-2, selfperception, self-understanding, self-worth
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