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Sökning: LAR1:hb > Högskolan i Skövde

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1.
  • Abraha, Desalegn, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of cosmopolitanism, national identity and ethnocentrism on Swedish purchase behavior
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Management and Marketing Research. - Academic and Business Research Institute. - 1941-3408. ; 18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Scandinavian market has changed significantly over the past half-decade with several online distributors, particularly of digital files such as music, originating locally. This ineffect has significantly further increased globalization of commerce in the Nordic countries. The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of more traditional models of consumer choice regarding local vs global products in this context. While the major metro areas of Scandinavia have always been largely global, this research reaches further into the central part where attitudes and globalization tends to be adopted at a slower pace
2.
  • Abraha, Desalegn, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of cosmopolitanism, national identity and ethnocentrism on Swedish purchase behavior
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the AABRI conference, Orlando Florida, January 1-3. - Academic and Business Research Institute.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Scandinavian market has changed significantly over the past half-decade with several online distributors, particularly of digital files such as music, originating locally. This in effect has significantly further increased globalization of commerce in the Nordic countries.  The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of more traditional models of consumer choice regarding local vs global products in this context.  While the major metro areas of Scandinavia have always been largely global, this research reaches further into the central part where attitudes and globalization tends to be adopted at a slower pace. 
3.
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4.
  • Andersson, Thomas, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • When complexity meets culture : new public management and the Swedish police
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management/Emerald. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 1176-6093. ; 6:1/2, s. 41-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how new public management (NPM) reform from the national level is implemented as practice in a local unit within the police sector in Sweden.Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case-study approach is applied using semi-structured interviews, participant observations and analysis of documents.Findings: The paper illustrates different kinds of resistance at the organizational level. The dominant form of resistance was found to be cultural distancing. The paper demonstrates a tendency among police officers to deal with a changing and more complex work context by embracing a traditional work role.Research limitations/implications: The paper shows that reforms that add complexity may fail because of potential contradictions and the limited capacity and motivation of employees to deal with the complexity in the manner prescribed by NPM. Practical implications: The paper shows that the popular trend to adopt multi-dimensional forms of control (for instance the balanced-scorecard approach) may fail if there is a lack of consensus about what goals and measurement are important and/or there is a lack of dialogue about how the new goals should be implemented in practice.Originality/value: Research about NPM-reforms in the police sector is rare. The original contribution of this paper is to study NPM-reforms with a focus on the role of complexity in relation to resistance.
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5.
  • Berglund, Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Reflect and learn together - when two supervisors interact in the learning support process of nurse education
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nursing Management. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0966-0429. ; 20:2, s. 152-158
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim? To describe the importance of supervisors working together in supporting the learning process of nurse students through reflective caring science supervision.Background? A supervision model has been developed in order to meet the need for interweaving theory and practice. The model is characterized by learning reflection in caring science. A unique aspect of the present project was that the student groups were led by a teacher and a nurse.Method? Data were collected through interviews with the supervisors. The analysis was performed with a phenomenological approach.Results? The results showed that theory and practice can be made more tangible and interwoven by using two supervisors in a dual supervision. The essential structure is built on the constituents ‘Reflection as Learning Support’, ‘Interweaving Caring Science with the Patient’s Narrative’, ‘The Student as a Learning Subject’ and ‘The Learning Environment of Supervision’.Conclusion? The study concludes that supervision in pairs provides unique possibilities for interweaving and developing theory and practice.Implications for nursing management? The supervision model offers unique opportunities for cooperation, for the development of theory and practice and for the development of the professional roll of nurses and teachers.
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6.
  • Berglund, Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Suffering caused by care - Patients' experiences from hospital settings
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. - CoAction Publishing. - 1748-2623. ; 7, s. Article number 18688
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Suffering and well-being are significant aspects of human existence; in particular, suffering and well-being are important aspects of patients’ experiences following diseases. Increased knowledge about existential dimensions of illness and healthcare experiences may be needed in order to improve care and reduce unnecessary suffering. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to illuminate the phenomenon of suffering experienced in relation to healthcare needs among patients in hospital settings in Sweden. In this study, we used a reflective lifeworld approach. The data were analysed with a focus on meanings. The results describe the essential meaning of the phenomenon of suffering in relation to healthcare needs. The patients were suffering during care-giving when they felt distrusted or mistreated and when their perspective on illness and health was overlooked. Suffering was found to arise due to healthcare actions that neglected a holistic and patient-centred approach to care. Unfortunately, healthcare experiences that cause patients to suffer seem to be something one needs to endure without being critical. The phenomenon can be described as having four constituents: to be mistreated; to struggle for one’s healthcare needs and autonomy; to feel powerless; and to feel fragmented and objectified. The study concludes that there are problems associated with patients experiencing suffering at the hands of healthcare providers, even if this suffering may not have been caused deliberately to the patient. Consequently, conscious improvements are needed to lessen the suffering caused by care-giving, as are strategies that promote more patient-centred care and patient participation.
7.
  • Bisholt, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Nursing students' assessment of the learning environment in different clinical settings
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice. - Elsevier. - 1471-5953. ; 14:3, s. 304-310
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Nursing students perform their clinical practice in different types of clinical settings. The clinical learning environment is important for students to be able to achieve desired learning outcomes. Knowledge is lacking about the learning environment in different clinical settings.AIM: The aim was to compare the learning environment in different clinical settings from the perspective of the nursing students.DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with comparative design was conducted.METHOD: Data was collected from 185 nursing students at three universities by means of a questionnaire involving the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES + T) evaluation scale. An open-ended question was added in order to ascertain reasons for dissatisfaction with the clinical placement.RESULTS: The nursing students' satisfaction with the placement did not differ between clinical settings. However, those with clinical placement in hospital departments agreed more strongly that sufficient meaningful learning situations occurred and that learning situations were multi-dimensional. Some students reported that the character of the clinical setting made it difficult to achieve the learning objectives.CONCLUSION: In the planning of the clinical placement, attention must be paid to whether the setting offers the student a meaningful learning situation where the appropriate learning outcome may be achieved.
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8.
  • Blom, Helen, et al. (författare)
  • Participation and support in intensive care as experienced by close relatives of patients : A phenomenological study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing. - Elsevier. - 0964-3397. ; 29:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The aim of this study was to explore participation and support as experienced by close relatives of patients at an intensive care unit (ICU).Method: This study used the phenomenological approach as developed by Dahlberg et al. (2008) as a method for reflective lifeworld research. Seven close relatives of critically ill patients cared for at an ICU were interviewed. The data were analysed with a focus on meanings.Results: Being allowed to participate in the care of critically ill patients at an ICU is impor-tant for close relatives to the patients. Their experiences can be described as having four constituents: participation in the care of and being close to the patient; confidence in the care the patient receives; support needed for involvement in caregiving; and vulnerability. Conclusion: Participation with and support from health-care professionals are important for the relatives’ well-being and their ability to contribute to the patients’ care. Health-care profes-sionals, especially critical care nurses, need to create an atmosphere that invites relatives to participate in the care provided at an ICU.
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9.
  • Blomberg, Karin, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Swedish nursing students' experience of stress during clinical practice in relation to clinical setting characteristics and the organisation of the clinical education
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 23:15-16, s. 2264-2271
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe nursing students' experience of stress during clinical practice and evaluate the risk of stress in relation to the clinical setting characteristics and the organisation of the clinical education.BACKGROUND: Stress during clinical practice is well documented, but there is a lack of knowledge concerning whether the clinical setting characteristics and the organisation of the education make a difference.DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with evaluative design.METHODS: Data were collected by means of a numerical rating scale for the assessment of stress and questions about the clinical setting characteristics and the organisation of the education. One hundred and eighty-four students who had completed their final year on the nursing programme at three universities in Sweden were included.RESULTS: Nearly half of the students (43%) experienced high level of stress during clinical practice. Measured by decision in the tree analysis, the absolute risk of stress was 57% in students with placements in hospital departments, as compared to 13% in students with placements in other clinical settings. The risk of stress increased to 71% if the students with placement in a hospital took the national clinical final examination. Performance of practice in a hospital department overcrowded with patients was also associated with increased risk of stress. The organisation of supervision and number of students at the clinical placement had an effect on the experience of stress, but did not prove to be risk factors in the analysis.CONCLUSIONS: The risk of stress in nursing students during their clinical practice differs depending on clinical setting characteristics. The taking of the national clinical final examination could be a source of stress, but this requires further investigation.RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It is important that supervisors are aware that students in hospital departments overcrowded with patients are at risk of stress and may have increased need of support.
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10.
  • Blomberg, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Work stress among newly graduated nurses in relation to workplace and clinical group supervision
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nursing Management. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0966-0429. ; 24:1, s. 80-87
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The aim was to investigate occupational stress among newly graduated nurses in relation to the workplace and clinical group supervision.Background: Being a newly graduated nurse is particularly stressful. What remains unclear is whether the workplace and clinical group supervision affect the stress.Method: A cross-sectional comparative study was performed in 2012. Data were collected by means of a numerical scale measuring occupational stress, questions about workplace and clinical group supervision. One hundred and thirteen nurses who had recently graduated from three Swedish universities were included in the study.Results: The stress was high among the newly graduated nurses but it differed significantly between workplaces, surgical departments generating the most stress. Nurses who had received clinical group supervision reported significantly less stress. The stress between workplaces remained significant also when participation in clinical group supervision was taken into account.Conclusions: Newly graduated nurses experience great stress and need support, especially those in surgical departments. Nurses participating in clinical group supervision reported significantly less stress.Implications for nursing management: It is important to develop strategies that help to adapt the work situation so as to give nurses the necessary support. Clinical group supervision should be considered as an option for reducing stress.
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