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  • Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal, et al. (författare)
  • An interprofessional team training intervention with an implementation phase in a surgical ward : A controlled quasi-experimental study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Interprofessional Care. - Taylor & Francis. - 1356-1820 .- 1469-9567. ; s. 1-10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Despite a growing awareness of the importance of interprofessional teamwork in relation to patient safety, many hospital units lack effective teamwork. The aim of this study was to explore if an interprofessional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward changed the healthcare personnel's perceptions of patient safety culture, perceptions of teamwork, and attitudes toward teamwork over 12 months. Healthcare personnel from surgical wards at two hospitals participated in a controlled quasi-experimental study. The intervention consisted of six hours of TeamSTEPPS team training and 12 months for the implementation of teamwork tools and strategies. The data collection was conducted among the healthcare personnel in the intervention group and the control group at baseline and at the end of the 12 month study period. The results within the intervention group showed that there were significantly improved scores in three of 12 patient safety culture dimensions and in three of five perceptions of teamwork dimensions after 12 months. When comparing between groups, significant differences were found in three patient safety culture measures in favor of the intervention group. The results of the study suggest that the teamwork intervention had a positive impact on patient safety culture and teamwork in the surgical ward.</p>
  • Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal, et al. (författare)
  • Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team questionnaire Psychometric testing of the Norwegian version, and hospital healthcare personnel perceptions across hospital units
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nursing Open. - HOBOKEN, USA : John Wiley & Sons. - 2054-1058. ; 6:2, s. 642-650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aim To translate "The Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team" questionnaire (CSACD-T) into Norwegian and test it for psychometric properties. The further aim was to describe and compare healthcare personnel's collaboration and satisfaction about team decision-making (TDM) across hospital units. Design A cross-sectional study. Methods The questionnaire was translated into Norwegian. A total of 247 healthcare personnel at two hospitals responded to the questionnaire. An explorative factor analysis was performed to test the factor structure of the questionnaire, while a Cronbach's alpha analysis was used to test for internal consistency. A one-way ANOVA analysis and a Kruskal-Wallis test were applied to test for differences between hospital units. Results The results demonstrate that the Norwegian version of the CSACD-T has promising psychometric properties regarding construct validity and internal consistency. The mean score of the CSACD-T was significantly higher in the maternity ward group than in the emergency room group.</p>
  • Aal, Kotaiba Abdul, et al. (författare)
  • Innovation in service ecosystems : An empirical study of the integration of values, brands, service systems and experience rooms
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Service Management. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 1757-5818 .- 1757-5826. ; 27:4, s. 619-651
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend the understanding of innovation in service ecosystems by focussing on the role of values resonance in relation to the integration of brands, service systems and experience rooms.</p><p>Design/methodology/approach – An empirical, explorative case study of an innovative service system is carried out using a narrative approach and presented in the form of a saga.</p><p>Findings – Insights gleaned from the empirical study are used for conceptual developments. Analysis of the empirical case study is presented as four lessons linked to values, brands, service systems and experience rooms.</p><p>Originality/value – The paper extends a conceptual framework of innovative resource integration in service ecosystems. The paper also contributes four propositions to inform theory: values resonance is a basis for service innovation, the innovative integration of brands based on values resonance can foster innovation, the integration of resources across service system boundaries grounded in values resonance can enable innovation and the integration of experience rooms into a coherent servicescape based on values resonance can support novel forms of resource integration and value co-creation efforts in service ecosystems.</p><p>Keywords Service-dominant logic, Brands, Service innovation, Resource integration, Service ecosystem, Values resonance</p><p>Paper type Research paper</p>
  • Aarnio-Linnanvuori, Essi (författare)
  • Environmental issues in Finnish school textbooks on religious education and ethics
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Nordidactica : Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education. - Karlstad : CSD Karlstad. - 2000-9879. ; :2013:1, s. 131-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Solving global environmental problems requires a major change of values. As relates to environmental education, worldview, ethics and spiritual issues are important elements. But how are environmental issues included in such school subjects that especially discuss values and ethics? In this article I examine 24 Finnish religious education and ethics textbooks to analyze, to what extent environmental issues are integrated and discussed in them. I conclude that there is confusion about what environmental education can be in societal school subjects. The environmental texts in textbooks do not always draw on the specific content of the societal subject in question but repeat content from the natural sciences. Therefore, I suggest contexts and perspectives for discussing environmental issues that would comport with these subjects and supplement existing environmental education at school.</p>
  • Aas, Marit, et al. (författare)
  • Benchlearning as professional development of school leaders in Norway and Sweden
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Professional Development in Education. - Taylor & Francis. - 1941-5257 .- 1941-5265. ; 44:1, s. 62-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this paper, we investigate a new national collaborative Benchlearning program for principals in Norway and Sweden. Four process leaders have been running the program. The aim is to give the participants the knowledge to develop a leadership practice and school environment that are more innovative. The program includes theoretical inputs, sharing experiences, school visits, training, and trialing of new leadership practices. Drawing on data from surveys, participants’ reflections, and the leaders’ descriptions of new leadership practice, we examine and identify successful and critical aspects of the learning process. The findings show that principals’ motivation and willingness to start change processes can be created in a synergy between structured school visits, work in learning groups, and a theoretical foundation. Working in groups across schools in two countries seems to enhance principals’ sense of efficacy, which in turn is shown to have a positive effect on their willingness to trial new practices. Two implications of the study are suggested. First, in the design of principal programs, systematic and critical reflection about authentic practice should be the basis. Second, educators should be trained to be process leaders who can support principals’ learning during a critical and social construction of a new practice.</p>
  • Abas, Naeem, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic simulation of solar water heating system using supercritical CO2 as mediating fluid under sub-zero temperature conditions
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Applied Thermal Engineering. - Oxford, UK : Pergamon Press. - 1359-4311 .- 1873-5606. ; 161
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>CO2 is becoming increasingly important as a mediating fluid, and simulation studies are indispensable for corresponding developments. In this study, a simulation-based performance investigation of a solar water heating system using CO2 as a mediating fluid under sub-zero temperature condition is performed using the TRNSYS (R) software. The maximum performance is achieved at a solar savings fraction of 0.83 during July. The as lowest solar savingss fraction of 0.41 is obtained during December. The annual heat production of the proposed system under Fargo climate is estimated to be about 2545 kWh. An evacuated glass tube solar collector is designed, fabricated and tested for various climate conditions. Moreover, a detailed comparison of the system's performance at sub/supercritical and supercritical pressures shows that the annual heat transfer efficiency of the modeled system is 10% higher at supercritical pressure than at sub/supercritical pressures. This result can be attributd to the strong convection flow of CO2 caused by density inhomogeneities, especially in the near critical region. This condition resuls in high heat transfer rates.</p>
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