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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > Fritt online > (2005-2009)

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  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • A comprehensive rehabilitation programme tailored to the needs of adults with muscular dystrophy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Rehabilitation. - 0269-2155. ; 20:2, s. 132-141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To assess if activities of daily living (ADL), coping and quality of life could be improved in adults with muscular dystrophy through a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, controlled clinical study comparing patients with similar age and disease aspects. SETTING: Two different counties in Sweden, being either study or control setting. SUBJECTS: The study group comprised 37 adults (21 women, 16 men; mean age 50 years), while the control group comprised 39 people (25 women, 14 men; mean age 46 years). INTERVENTIONS: Four rehabilitation sessions tailored to different medical, physical and psychosocial needs of the patients, comprising a total of 10 days over a period of 18 months. MAIN MEASURES: ADL, the Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale measuring coping strategies, the Sickness Impact Profile measuring health-related quality of life, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Psychosocial Well-being Questionnaire. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between groups with regard to the outcome measures. There was increased dependence on others in ADL after 18 months in both groups, but it was more pronounced in the control group. Furthermore, a clear trend was observed in the data with regard to coping patterns, the control group using more coping strategies such as 'Helplessness/hopelessness' (P= 0.057), 'Anxious preoccupation' (P = 0.085) and 'Fatalistic' (P= 0.073) when being compared to the study group. CONCLUSIONS: No apparent effects on ADL were found from the rehabilitation programme, although there was a tendency of reduction of maladaptive coping patterns in the study group. This initial study may provide the rationale and basis for a randomized controlled trial.
  • Ahlström, Gerd (författare)
  • Personal assistance for patients living with a severe neurological disorder.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. - 0888-0395. ; 38:3, s. 183-193
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with neurological diseases increasingly are being cared for at home. The purpose of this study was to describe stressful everyday experiences in connection with neurological disorders, to learn how people cope with such experiences, and gain knowledge about coping resources. Twenty-seven persons receiving personal assistance were interviewed twice at home. The 54 interviews were subjected to inductive content analysis. The persons encountered many problems in everyday life and usually handled them by means of acceptance, avoidance, practical problem solving, and reappraisal. Dependence on personal assistance gave rise to a sense of helplessness, but it was also the major coping resource. Nurses can improve home care by giving instruction and guidance to persons working as personal assistants.
  • Alm-Roijer, C, et al. (författare)
  • Knowing your risk factors for coronary heart disease improves adherence to advice on lifestyle changes and medication
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1550-5049. ; 21:5, s. 24-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Implementation of guidelines for coronary heart disease prevention is less optimal in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate if specific knowledge (patients' knowledge about their own coronary heart disease risk factors) would correlate to their adherence as measured by self-reported lifestyle changes, reaching defined treatment goals and adhering to treatment with prescribed drugs. The consecutive medical records of 509 men and women younger than 71 years, hospitalized for a cardiac event, were screened. Of these, 392 patients came for an interview and were subjected to a clinical examination. All patients received a questionnaire regarding their specific knowledge of risk factors and their adherence to lifestyle changes, which was completed by 347 patients. In addition, data were collected and analyzed on how their treatment goals were attained in 8 domains and their adherence to drug treatment. There were significant correlations between specific knowledge and self-reported lifestyle changes, the ability to reach treatment goals in all 8 domains, and adherence to prescribed drugs. Patients with coronary heart disease will benefit from increased specific knowledge of risk factors to adhere with lifestyle changes and prescribed medication after a cardiac event.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Global learning for sustainable development in higher education: recent trends and critique.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 1467-6370. ; 10:4, s. 368-378
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a synopsis of some major trends that have marked discussions on global learning for sustainable development (GLSD) in higher education. The aim is formulated against the background of the complexity represented in GLSD, as well as the fact that sustainable development (SD) is an issue of global interest for universities. Design/methodology/approach – The authors conducted an overview in recent trends in research on GLSD in higher education over the last 20 years, based on the combination of the keyword higher education for Sustainable Development with global learning (GL) and global education. Findings – The overview suggests that only relatively limited steps have been implemented to achieve GLSD, and rhetoric still dominates the discussions. It appears that little empirical research has been undertaken on learning in global settings. Several authors have identified the need for a competence-based curriculum for GLSD. Originality/value – Universities, professionals and students need to take greater responsibility. How knowledge, values and abilities are formed and developed from the global learner's perspective therefore, remains an open and fundamental question. The paper underlines the crucial role that higher education plays in GL for sustainability. Acknowledgements: This paper has been written with financial support from The Swedish Research Council and the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University, Sweden.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, et al. (författare)
  • Micro processes of learning: exploring the interplay between conceptions, meanings and expressions
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Higher Education. - Springer. - 1573-174X. ; 58:5, s. 653-668
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article describes qualitative variation in micro processes of learning, focusing the dynamic interplay between conceptions, expressions and meanings of expressions in students' learning in higher education. The intentional-expressive approach employed is an alternative approach to the function of language use in learning processes. In the empirical investigation, a dialogue model was used that both stimulates and documents students' ways of processing meaning. Results were grouped into three descriptive categories: vague, stabilising and developing ways of processing. Educational implications include, firstly, two distinct types of vague constitution of meaning in learning: one connected to fragmentary relationships between expressions and meanings, and another that triggers and creates close relationships and changes in relationships. Secondly, the categories display different unexplored ways of processing, related to deep and surface approaches in students' learning.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, et al. (författare)
  • The epistemological role of language use in learning
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Educational Research Review. - Elsevier Limited. - 1747-938X. ; 3, s. 14-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Denna artikel har har blivit nominerad till EARLI publication award. Vinnare utses i Amsterdam den 25 augusti.This article has been nominated to the EARLI publication award. The winner will be announced in Amsterdam on the 25th of August.
  • Avery, Helen (författare)
  • Att förebygga stora översvämningar
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige. - Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Göteborgs universitet. - 1401-6788. ; 14:4, s. 354-373
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Artikeln redogör för en intervjustudie som gjordes med 15 internationella studenter på ett mastersprogram med inriktning mot hållbar utveckling, där undervisningen ägt rum på engelska. Studenterna frågades i individuella intervjuer på engelska hur de ansåg att stora översvämningar kunde förebyggas. En intentional-expressiv dialogstruktur anpassades till att innefatta frågor om hur nyckeluttryck i deras svar kunde uttryckas på studenternas modersmål. Studenterna fick sedan jämföra och kontrastera uttryckssätten och betydelserna som de använt i sina förklaringar, på engelska och på modersmålet. Deras skiftande språkliga och ämnesmässiga bakgrund speglades generellt genom en bred variation i uppfattningarna av frågeställningen, och i studenternas reaktioner till intervjusituationen. Resultaten visar att dialogstrukturen dessutom fick många av studenterna att inkludera andra aspekter i sina förklaringar, när frågan om uttryck och innebörder på modersmålet infördes, än när de först förklarat enbart på engelska.
  • Boström, Katrin, et al. (författare)
  • Being the next of kin of an adult person with muscular dystrophy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Nursing Research. - 1054-7738. ; 15:2, s. 86-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A chronic disorder affects all members of the family in various ways. The aim of this study is to elucidate the next of kin's (N= 36) experiences when an adult family member has muscular dystrophy. The relationships were partner (36%, n= 14), parent (18%, n= 7), child (21%, n= 8), sibling (15%, n= 6), and other relative (3%, n= 1). Latent content analysis is employed and involves an interpretation of the interviewtext. The results showthe meaning of being close to a person with muscular dystrophy through the themes that emerged: exposure of the family; the span between obligation and love; being vigilant, protective, and supportive; and striving for an ordinary life. This study reveals a need for healthcare staff to understand the next of kin's narrated meaning of changes when a family member has a progressive disease.
  • Boström, Katrin, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life in patients with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. - 0342-5282. ; 28:2, s. 103-109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aims of this study were to investigate quality of life (QoL) among adult patients with muscular dystrophy (n=46) and their next of kin (n=36) and to investigate the influence of disease-related and demographic factors on QoL. The questionnaire "Subjective estimation of quality of life" was used. The results show that patients had lower QoL than their next of kin regarding having no work or meaningful occupation, energy, self-assuredness, self-acceptance and emotional experiences. Age of onset of disease had an impact on QoL. The need for a ventilator had an influence only on assessment of energy. Patients without a partner assessed lower than those who had a partner. In the case of a person who is young and single the onset of muscular dystrophy reduces the likelihood of having a partner or children and affects personal economy negatively. Assessment of relationship to friends was lower among next of kin who provided daily help than among those who provided help once a week. There is a need for recurrent rehabilitation during life-long disabilities and a need to give particular support to those with early onset of disease, those who are single and those who are childless. It is also important to include the patient's close relations when giving rehabilitation.
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