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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > (1990-1994)

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1.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of coping with muscular dystrophy a methodological evaluation.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing. - 0309-2402. ; 20:2, s. 314-323
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is no published research on coping with muscular dystrophy among adults. In the present study, two questionnaires, the Reaction to the Diagnosis of Cancer Questionnaire (RDCQ) and the Mental Adjustment to Cancer scale (MAC), were modified in order to measure coping with muscular dystrophy (MD). A total of 60 people (16-64 years) with diagnosed MD answered the questionnaires in two interviews including semi-structured questions. The replies to these questions were analysed by two independent judges on the basis of the RDCQ and MAC categories for coping. The purpose was twofold: to investigate if cancer-coping categories could be used for the classification of interview answers concerning coping with MD, and to gain knowledge about specific coping with MD. Analysis indicated that 82% of replies to semi-structured questions concerned with emotion/appraisal-focused coping with MD can be described by means of RDCQ and MAC categories. Eight new categories were developed to classify the remaining 18%: Anticipation, Creation of new life values, Minimization, Establishment of control over everyday life, Secretiveness, Fear, Social comparison and Coping with heredity. In addition, 997 replies were classified to represent problem-focused coping. The judges reached good agreement with respect to the proportions of replies in the respective coping categories. However, kappa (kappa) values were within the range of fair to good agreement.
2.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Epidemiology of neuromuscular diseases, including the postpolio sequelae, in a Swedish county.
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Neuroepidemiology. - 0251-5350. ; 12:5, s. 262-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The epidemiology of neuromuscular diseases was studied in the county of Orebro, Sweden (study population 270,000). Several different sources of data were utilized, compared and validated. On the prevalence of day (January 1, 1988) 474 patients were identified. The rate per 100,000 population was 92 for the postpolio sequelae (PPS) and 84 for the other neuromuscular diseases (motor neuron disease 9, hereditary neuropathies 9, myoneural disorders 16, myotonic disorders 19, muscular dystrophies 20 and myositis 11). Of the patients with the PPS, 80% reported late-onset symptoms. On the basis of an expanded survey including all medical records in one health care district, the prevalence of the PPS was estimated to be 186/100,000 population.
3.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Respiratory function, electrocardiography and quality of life in individuals with muscular dystrophy.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Chest. - 0012-3692. ; 106:1, s. 173-179
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • All individuals in a Swedish county afflicted with any type of hereditary muscular dystrophy (MD) were identified and 57 (85 percent) of eligible individuals in the age range 16 to 64 were included in the study. Respiratory disturbances were estimated by means of spirometry and analysis of arterial blood gases, and 58 percent yielded abnormal results on at least one of these examinations. Elevated PCO2 was found more commonly than reduced forced vital capacity (FVC) and there was a moderate association between these parameters. Respiratory symptoms, most commonly breathlessness, were encountered in 79 percent. Pathologic ECG recordings were found in 21 individuals (37 percent). Conduction disturbances and affection of the myocard were most frequent in myotonic dystrophy. Quality of life was assessed by means of the Sickness Impact Profile instrument and the Kaasa test. The results showed that quality of life was significantly related to FVC and to the symptom of abnormal fatigue. Respiratory and cardiac parameters showed a greater number of significant correlations with measures of functional ability than with subjective well-being.
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5.
  • Fredlund, Kenneth M., et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of the stereospecificity and immunoreactivity of NADH-ferricyanide reductases in plant membranes
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Plant Physiology. - American Society of Plant Biologists. - 0032-0889. ; 106:3, s. 1103-1106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The substrate stereospecificity of NADH-ferricyanide reductase activities in the inner mitochondrial membrane and peroxisomal membrane of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers, spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.) leaf plasma membrane, and red beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) tonoplast were all specific for the [beta]-hydrogen of NADH, whereas the reductases in wheat root (Triticum aestivum L.) endoplasmic reticulum and potato tuber outer mitochondrial membrane were both [alpha]-hydrogen specific. In all isolated membrane fractions one or several polypeptides with an apparent size of 45 to 55 kD cross-reacted with antibodies raised against a microsomal NADH-ferricyanide reductase on western blots.
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9.
  • Hellquist, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Structures of Solvated Cations of Palladium(II) and Platinum(II) in Dimethyl Sulfoxide, Acetonitrile and Aqueous Solution Studied by EXAFS and LAXS
  • 1991
  • Ingår i: Acta Chemica Scandinavica. - Munksgaard International Publishers. - 0904-213X. ; 45:5, s. 449-455
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • X-Ray absorption edge and EXAFS spectra of the solvated cations of platinum(II) in water, dimethyl sulfoxide and acetonitrile and of palladium(II) in dimethyl sulfoxide have been recorded and analyzed. The cations are four-coordinated. Pt-O in Pt(H2O)4(2+) is 2.01(1) angstrom and Pt-N in Pt(CH3CN)4(2+) is 2.00(1) angstrom. The dimethyl sulfoxide solvated cations of both platinum and palladium contain two sulfur- and two oxygen-bonded ligands with Pt-O 2.07(2), Pt-S 2.21(2), Pd-O 2.04(2), and Pd-S 2.23(2) angstrom, probably in a square-planar cis-arrangement, as in the solid state. Large-angle X-ray scattering (LAXS) studies of the platinum(II) dimethyl sulfoxide solvated cation in a solution of the triflate salt gave Pt-O 2.07(1) and Pt-S 2.20(1) angstrom and in a solution of the tetrafluoroborate salt Pt-O 2.07(2) and Pt-S 2.21(5) angstrom, in good agreement with the EXAFS results. Neither technique gave any support for axially bound solvent molecules in addition to the four in the assumed square coordination plane.
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