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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > (2005-2009) > Tidskriftsartikel > Engelska > Göteborgs universitet > (2009)

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1.
  • Björk, Mathilda, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Sick leave before and after diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis in relation to referens : A report from the Swedish TIRA project
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - Journal of Rheumatology Publishing Co. Ltd.. - 0315-162X. ; 36:6, s. 1170-1179
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Our study describes sick leave during 3 years before and 3 years after diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to referents and identifies predictors for sick leave during the third year after diagnosis of RA.Methods. One hundred twenty patients (76% women) from the Swedish early RA study TIRA were included. Disease activity and disability were registered regularly during 3 years in TIRA. Referents were matched for sex, age, and home town. Sick leave data were obtained for patients 3 years before and 3 years after diagnosis and for the referents for the corresponding 6 years.Results. No differences were seen between patients and referents regarding sick leave during the first 2 years, whereas sick leave increased in patients 6 months before diagnosis, from 30% to 53%. During the 3 years after diagnosis, sick leave among patients was rather stable, varying between 50% and 60%, even though disability pension increased and sickness benefit decreased. Sick leave before diagnosis, disability 1 year after diagnosis, and type of work were identified as predictors for sick leave during the third year after diagnosis.Conclusion. Not surprisingly, sick leave in patients increased the year before diagnosis. Although disease activity and disability diminished after diagnosis, the patients’ sick leave remained essentially unchanged. Sick leave 3 years after diagnosis was foremost predicted by earlier sick leave, disability, and type of work.
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2.
  • Elgán, et al. (författare)
  • Being in charge of life: perceptions of lifestyle among women of retirement age.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of caring sciences. - 1471-6712. ; 23:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Scand J Caring Sci; 2009 Being in charge of life: perceptions of lifestyle among women of retirement ageAim: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of lifestyle among women of retirement age. Background: Women go through many transitions during their lives, which impact on their lifestyle and possibly their outlook on life. Family circumstances such as motherhood and marital status change over time and the menopause is also likely to influence their view of life. Method: Data were collected through interviews with 20 women, aged 61-70, selected by means of strategic sampling. The interviews were analysed using a phenomenographic approach. Findings: Three structural aspects emerged: being healthy as life turns out, living life in their own way, and taking care of everyday life. The women described lifestyle as a means of being healthy, having an active role in society, being content with what one has and the need to adapt oneself to limiting circumstances. Lifestyle was also associated with being in charge and making one's own choices in life based on one's own values. They reported that they were independent and made decisions about their life. The informants considered that lifestyle was an asset that helped them to cope with everyday life and to make the most of each day. Conclusion: Lifestyle is a tool that requires independence, the right to self-determination over everyday life and adjustment to limitations in order to ensure the psychological well-being of women of retirement age. Further research is needed in order to delineate the possible association between lifestyle and psychological well-being.
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3.
  • Håkansson, Carita, et al. (författare)
  • Engagement in patterns of daily occupations and perceived health among women of working age
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - 1103-8128. ; 16:2, s. 110-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine how subjective experiences of engagement in patterns of daily occupations (gainful employment, domestic work, enjoyable and recreational occupations) were associated with perceived health among women of working age. The sample (n=488) was drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of women of working age in Gothenburg, Sweden. Participants were women 38 (n=202) and 50 (n=286) years of age. They completed a questionnaire including questions about occupational experiences in relation to their patterns of daily occupations, perceived health, and socioeconomic factors. The results of the present study showed that a combination of different experience dimensions of patterns of daily occupations was associated with perceived health among women of working age, even when adjusted for socioeconomic factors and age. The results provided occupational pattern-related health indicators, i.e. manageability, personally meaningful occupations, and occupational balance. To combine these health indicators can be a way for occupational therapists to enable women to develop strategies to promote health and to prevent stress and sick leave.
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