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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > Fritt online

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  • Adanko, Carina, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • LED-belysning och brukaren
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Ljusforskning är om något diversifierad och omfattar teorier och metoder från skilda discipliner som teknik, medicin och samhällsvetenskap. Det finns också en förväntan att erhållna forskningsresultat skall kunna appliceras direkt i verkliga miljöer. I och med introduktionen av LED har många tidigare studier som behandlat glödlampor, lysrör och andra ljuskällor inaktualiserats. Ny kunskap - och ny forskning - krävs.En inventering av aktuell humanrelaterad LED-forskning genomfördes under 2013. Med utgångspunkt i detta material har föreliggande forskningsöversikt sammanställts. Totalt omfattar denna drygt 400 artiklar, som redovisas under följande rubriker: Den biologiska klockan; Flimmer och dimring av LED; Energibesparing: dagsljus och ljusstyrning; Färgåtergivning; Bländning och slutligen; Upplevda ljuskvaliteter.Såväl bakomliggande teoretiska resonemang som det aktuella kunskapsläget redovisas i de olika avsnitten. Efter varje avsnitt ges också referenser till relevanta forskningspublikationer. Samtliga publikationer har försetts med två eller flera svenska nyckelord, som anger publikationens innehåll. Publikationerna har sedan delars in i kategorier enligt avsnitten ovan. Efter varje avsnitt redovisas de publikationer på vilka texten baserar sig, med nyckelord. I ett slutavsnitt redovisas samtliga LED-publikationer i alfabetisk ordning efter författare och med nyckelord.
  • Ahlström, Gerd, et al. (författare)
  • Encounters in close care relations from the perspective of personal assistants working with persons with severe disability.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Health & Social Care in the Community. ; 18:2, s. 180-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract In Sweden adults with major and sustainable disabilities can be granted publicly financed support in the form of personal assistance after assessment and decision-making in accordance with government rules. The purpose of the present study was to explore more deeply the encounters in close care relations between personal assistants and disabled persons of working age, as well as the prerequisites for and obstacles to the success of such encounters, this from the perspective of the personal assistants. Thirty-two personal assistants (22- to 55-year old) who worked for 32 persons with serious neurological diseases living at home were interviewed. The transcribed unstructured interviews were qualitatively analysed using latent content analysis. The analyses resulted in five main themes: Perceptive awareness, Entering into the other's role, Mutuality, Handling the relationship and Personal difficulties facing the assistant. These themes illustrated that a prerequisite for the encounter's being meaningful is that the assistant should be able to observe and understand the unique needs of the disabled person. The assistant must furthermore be able to put herself/himself into the other person's position. It is also important that the personal chemistry between the assistant and the disabled person should be good. Being able to share feelings and interests with the functionally impaired person provides the assistant with positive emotional confirmation of a good relationship. A distressing dilemma the assistant faces is that of distinguishing between the working relationship and the personal friendship. In this borderline area are found experiences, feelings and events that the assistant may view as negative or even unacceptable. This study contributes to the understanding of the complexity underlying the daily community care of disabled persons with an extensive need for care and assistance.
  • Alm, Carin, et al. (författare)
  • Knowing your risk factors for coronary heart disease improves adherence to advice on lifestyle changes and medication
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1550-5049 .- 0889-4655. ; 21:5, s. 24-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Implementation of guidelines for coronary heart disease prevention is less optimal in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate if specific knowledge (patients' knowledge about their own coronary heart disease risk factors) would correlate to their adherence as measured by self-reported lifestyle changes, reaching defined treatment goals and adhering to treatment with prescribed drugs. The consecutive medical records of 509 men and women younger than 71 years, hospitalized for a cardiac event, were screened. Of these, 392 patients came for an interview and were subjected to a clinical examination. All patients received a questionnaire regarding their specific knowledge of risk factors and their adherence to lifestyle changes, which was completed by 347 patients. In addition, data were collected and analyzed on how their treatment goals were attained in 8 domains and their adherence to drug treatment. There were significant correlations between specific knowledge and self-reported lifestyle changes, the ability to reach treatment goals in all 8 domains, and adherence to prescribed drugs. Patients with coronary heart disease will benefit from increased specific knowledge of risk factors to adhere with lifestyle changes and prescribed medication after a cardiac event.
  • Almgren, Susanne, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • ‘Let’s Get Them Involved’ . . . to Some Extent: Analyzing Online News Participation
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Social Media + Society. - SAGE Publications. - 2056-3051. ; 1:2, s. 1-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The development of social media applications, such as blogs, Facebook, and Twitter, has offered new participatory opportunities for everyday media users. This article contributes to research by looking into one specific aspect of the increasingly more participatory media ecology—the news comment feature. Drawing on a quantitative content analysis of 1,100 news pieces, as well as spaces for user comments, the article reveals both how this emerging public space is shaped by the media company and, later, appropriated by their participating users. Our analysis reveals, for instance, that the online newspaper prefers to allow users to comment on lightweight news such as sports and entertainment. The users, however, prefer to post comments on news covering changes in proximity space, politics, and health care, while also clearly ignoring the most available news pieces (sport and entertainment). In the concluding section, the discrepancy in preferences is discussed.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, et al. (författare)
  • Global learning for sustainable development in higher education: recent trends and critique.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. - Emerald. - 1467-6370. ; 10:4, s. 368-378
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a synopsis of some major trends that have marked discussions on global learning for sustainable development (GLSD) in higher education. The aim is formulated against the background of the complexity represented in GLSD, as well as the fact that sustainable development (SD) is an issue of global interest for universities. Design/methodology/approach – The authors conducted an overview in recent trends in research on GLSD in higher education over the last 20 years, based on the combination of the keyword higher education for Sustainable Development with global learning (GL) and global education. Findings – The overview suggests that only relatively limited steps have been implemented to achieve GLSD, and rhetoric still dominates the discussions. It appears that little empirical research has been undertaken on learning in global settings. Several authors have identified the need for a competence-based curriculum for GLSD. Originality/value – Universities, professionals and students need to take greater responsibility. How knowledge, values and abilities are formed and developed from the global learner's perspective therefore, remains an open and fundamental question. The paper underlines the crucial role that higher education plays in GL for sustainability. Acknowledgements: This paper has been written with financial support from The Swedish Research Council and the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University, Sweden.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, et al. (författare)
  • Micro processes of learning Exploring the interplay between conceptions, meanings and expressions
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Higher Education. - 0018-1560. ; 58:5, s. 653-668
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The article describes qualitative variation in micro processes of learning, focusing the dynamic interplay between conceptions, expressions and meanings of expressions in students' learning in higher education. The intentional-expressive approach employed is an alternative approach to the function of language use in learning processes. In the empirical investigation, a dialogue model was used that both stimulates and documents students' ways of processing meaning. Results were grouped into three descriptive categories: vague, stabilising and developing ways of processing. Educational implications include, firstly, two distinct types of vague constitution of meaning in learning: one connected to fragmentary relationships between expressions and meanings, and another that triggers and creates close relationships and changes in relationships. Secondly, the categories display different unexplored ways of processing, related to deep and surface approaches in students' learning.
  • Anderberg, Elsie, et al. (författare)
  • The epistemological role of language use in learning A phenomenographic intentional-expressive approach
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Educational Research Review. - 1747-938X. ; 3:1, s. 14-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In research on learning, one of the fundamental questions concerns issues of language and thought. A number of empirical studies have revealed the interplay between understanding of subject matter and meanings of language expressions to be more dynamic and ambiguous than is commonly acknowledged. The aim of this article is to outline an alternative intentional-expressive approach to the interplay between use of language and understanding of subject matter as a contribution to the theoretical development in research on learning. The approach is based on a conception of language that focuses on the function of learners' language use in relation to subject matter in developing and expressing understanding. The learner is seen as an agent, and the focus is on the use of language from the learner's perspective. Four aspects of the relation between learners and subject matter are described and discussed. Conclusions concern the value of this approach as a complement and alternative to the dominant communicative and cognitive approaches to the role of language in learning.
  • Argentzell, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Experience of meaning in everyday occupations among unemployed people with severe mental illness
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - 1103-8128. ; 19:1, s. 49-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Knowledge about how people with severe mental illness find meaning in non-work occupations is important in order to develop programmes of meaningful daily occupations for this group. Purpose. To examine the meaning daily occupations may bring to those who are severely mentally ill and unemployed. Methods. Twelve unemployed people with severe mental illness were interviewed regarding their experience of meaning in daily occupations.Findings. Meaning was experienced in a balance between occupations that helped the informants control their mental illness. Themes of meaning were: feeling competent and being socially engaged, having routines and being productive, being creative and seeking knowledge, and taking care of body and mind. Substitutes for paid work were found in occupations such as taking care of the household or being productive at a day centre.Implications. People with severe mental illness should be allowed to play an active role in their rehabilitation process, using the occupational therapist for forming daily routines, creating a balance between work-like and restful occupations, finding occupations that meet one’s skills and training social behaviour. Besides, work-related occupations should be emphasized in the rehabilitation.
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