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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan > Lunds universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 17
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1.
  • Anderson, Helén, et al. (författare)
  • Skapa kundnärvaro i innovationsprocessen
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Innovationsförmåga. - Malmö : Holmbergs i Malmö AB. - 978-91-977852-0-4 ; s. 40-59
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)
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2.
  • Andersson, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • How does accessibility to knowledge sources affect the innovativeness of corporations? - evidence from Sweden
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Annals of Regional Science. - Springer. - 1432-0592. ; 39:4, s. 741-765
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper studies the innovative performance of 130 Swedish corporations during 1993-1994. The number of patents per corporation is explained as a function of the accessibility to internal and external knowledge sources of each corporation. A coherent way of handling accessibility measures, within and between corporations located across regions, is introduced. We examine the relative importance of intra- and interregional knowledge sources from 1) the own corporation, 2) other corporations, and 3) universities. The results show that there is a positive relationship between the innovativeness of a corporation and its accessibility to university researchers within regions where own research groups are located. Good accessibility among the corporation's research units does not have any significant effects on the likelihood of generation of patents. Instead the size of the R&D staff of the corporation seems to be the most important internal factor. There is no indication that intraregional accessibility to other corporations' research is important for a corporation's innovativeness. However, there is some indication of reduced likelihood for own corporate patenting when other corporate R&D is located in nearby regions. This may reflect a negative effect from competition for R&D labor.
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3.
  • Andersson, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Technology Specialization and the Magnitude and Quality of Exports
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Economics of Innovation and New Technology. - 1043-8599. ; 17:4, s. 355-375
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper examines howtechnologyspecialization, measured by citation-weighed patents, affects trade flows. The paper analyzes the relationship between (i)technologyspecializationandexportspecializationacross regions and (ii) thetechnologyspecializationof origin and destination and thequalityofexportflows. We find that theexportspecializationof regions corresponds to theirtechnologyspecialization. Regions with highertechnologyspecializationexportproducts of higherquality, as indicated by higher prices. Moreover,exportflows to destination countries with a hightechnologyspecializationconsist of products of higherqualityin the specifictechnology. The results are consistent with knowledge andtechnologybeing important forexportperformance and with regions with higherspecializationin atechnologybeing better equipped to produce high-qualityproducts. They are also consistent with destinations of highertechnologyspecialization, having a more pronounced demand for products of higherqualityin the sametechnology.
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4.
  • Carlsson, Sven A, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • An Approach for Designing Management Support Systems: The Design Science Research Process and its Outcomes
  • 2009
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Design science research involves creating and evaluating innovative methods and approaches to be used in design practice. We present an approach to be used in the process of designing Management Support Systems (MSS). The nature of managerial work makes the design, development, and implementation of MSS a major challenge. The MSS literature suggests that determining MSS requirements and specification of MSS are the most critical phases in MSS design and development. We present an approach that can be used as a guide for MSS design, with a primary focus on MSS requirements determination and how requirements can be fulfilled using information and communication technologies (ICT). The approach builds on Quinn and associates’ competing values model (CVM) of organizational effectiveness. The approach can guide MSS designers in designing MSS that support different managerial roles, i.e., the development of MSS that support managerial cognition, decision, and action.
5.
  • Carlsson, Sven A, 1951-, et al. (författare)
  • Socio-Technical IS Design Science Research: Developing Design Theory for IS Integration Management
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Information Systems and e-Business Management. - Springer Verlag. - 1617-9846. ; 9:1, s. 109-131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Design science research is an essential part of IS research since the field should not only try to understand how the world is, but also how to change it. We argue that the aim of IS design science research should be to develop practical knowledge not only for the design of novel information technology (IT), but also for IS governance and management. Whereas at least some methodological support exists for researchers engaged in IT-centric design science research, limited support is available for researchers who want to develop design knowledge and theory for IS governance and management. To overcome this shortcoming, we suggest a sociotechnical IS design science research approach. The approach has four main activities: (1) identifying problem situations and desired outcomes, (2) reviewing extant theories, knowledge and data, (3) proposing/refining design theory and knowledge, and (4) testing design theory and knowledge. The applicability and usefulness of the proposed approach is shown by means of a design science research project concerning IS integration management in the context of mergers and acquisitions.
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6.
  • Carlsson, Sven A., et al. (författare)
  • Towards a Design Science Research Approach for IS Use and Management: Applications from the Areas of Knowledge Management, E-Learning and IS Integration
  • 2008
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Design science research is an essential part of IS research since the field should not only try to understand how the world is but also how to change it. We argue that the aim of IS design science research should be to develop practical knowledge not only for the design and improvement of IS but also for IS use and management. Whereas substantial methodological support exists for researchers engaged in behavioral IS research, only limited methodological support exists for researchers with the ambition to develop new IS design theories and new IT artifacts. For the development of design theories for IS use and management the methodological support is even weaker. To overcome this shortcoming we suggest an approach for design research on IS use and management. We give three examples of the proposed approach in use by applying it to the areas of knowledge management systems, e-learning and IS integration.
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7.
  • Hrastinski, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Computer-mediated communication in education: A summary of recent research
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Educational Media International. - Routledge. ; 44(1), s. 61-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The field of research on computer-mediated communication (CMC) in education is a relatively new research area. A summary of the latest research is useful to show what methodologies and research topics have been emphasized in order to be better prepared for the future by uncovering areas where there is a lack of research. The study examines articles published in Computers & Education, Educational Media International, Journal of Educational Computing Research and Journal of Educational Media between 2000 and 2004. It reveals that the field is dominated by empirical articles that adopt a pluralistic approach and investigate the use of asynchronous text-based CMC systems by learners and instructors engaged in blended education. The article is concluded by suggesting how these findings may guide future research. (Contains 4 tables and 7 figures.)
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8.
  • Hrastinski, Stefan, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Design exemplars for synchronous e-learning : A design theory approach
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Computers and education. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 0360-1315. ; 55:2, s. 652-662
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Synchronous e-learning has received much less research attention, as compared with asynchronous elearning. Practitioners that consider using and designing synchronous e-learning are in urgent need of guidance. In order to address this need, we propose design exemplars for synchronous e-learning. They are directed towards a primary constituent community of teachers, administrators, managers and developers of e-learning. The exemplars have been theoretically as well as empirically grounded through cross-case analyses of studies conducted between 2003 and 2006. Moreover, the exemplars have been evaluated by conducting focus group sessions with experienced practitioners having experience of using and developing e-learning. Strong support was identified for each design exemplar. The exemplars can be used as research hypotheses and be tested in future design research.
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9.
  • Hrastinski, Stefan (författare)
  • Instant messaging use and its effect on student participation in online group work
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Achieving active participation has been argued as one of the most important challenges in distance education. This research examines whether a new and emerging synchronous communication medium, instant messaging (IM), may enable students to participate more actively in online group work. When comparing groups that adopted the IM system with groups that did not, it was found that the adopters reported a higher sense of participation, and spent more time working with content and communicating with peers. The study indicates that the groups that adopted the IM system may have operated with a higher level of participation than those who did not
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10.
  • Hrastinski, Stefan (författare)
  • Participation patterns in small-group asynchronous and synchronous online seminars
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on e-Learning.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Most researchers seem too agree on the usefulness of asynchronous media in online education.However, recently some have called for mixed media approchaes since each medium of communication may privilege but also marginalize certain ways of learning. A challenge of research is to gain a deeper understanding of how asynchronous and synchronous media may support and limit participation. This is explored by analyzing four online seminars with a small group of students from Argentina (n=3) and Sweden (n=5). Since the group of students was small the results need to be interpreted cautiously. In two of the seminars an asynchronous discussion forum was used and in the other two synchronous chat. Data on both actual and perceived participation was collected through questionnaires and electronic logs. The data indicated that the synchronous medium enabled students to contribute more frequently and equally. The combination of media seemed beneficial since the students participated in different ways when using different media. As known since previous research, the asynchronous seminares were found to be very content-focused. However, in the synchronous seminars, students not only exchanged information about course content but also planned work and interacted socially. Notably, different students dominated the discussions by different media. The Argentineans contributed most frequently in the synchronous seminars but not in the asynchronous ones. Finally, it is argued that there is a need for both means of communitaion in online education since the two types of media may be exploited for different pedagogicall purposes
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