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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > Tidskriftsartikel > Samsioe Göran > Engelska

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1.
  • Elgán, Carina, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Young women´s lifestyle behaviours and their bone mineral density changes:a grounded theory analysis.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Blackwell. - 0283-9318. ; 19:1, s. 39-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:  Only limited information is available on healthy young women's perspective of their own lifestyle behaviours. By lifestyle behaviours, e.g. smoking and physical activity, individuals have the possibility to influence bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this study was to generate a theoretical model of lifestyle behaviours among young women with different BMD changes. Methods:  Data were collected by interviewing with 11 women, and the material was analysed by means of the grounded theory. Findings:  Two core categories were generated: (i) the respondents' outlook on life and (ii) their life situation. The respondents' outlook on life was either `rigid' or `relaxed'. Respondents who had a rigid outlook on life adjusted with others and had a decreased BMD while those with a relaxed outlook on life were doing things for fun and had an increased BMD level. Life situation also consisted of two categories: `stagnation' and `development'. Respondents in a static life situation did not pursue any active actions while in a developing life situation, the respondents were actively striving towards a goal. Four dimensions which characterized the respondents' outlook on life in relation to their life situation emerged: subordinating and enduring with a decreased BMD level or compromising and discerning with an increased BMD level. Conclusion:  It seems as if the outlook on life has a greater influence than the acted lifestyle behaviour for bone development. Further research is needed to generalize the findings of this study and to explore the importance of the outlook on life among women of all ages.
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2.
  • Håkansson, Carita, et al. (författare)
  • Self rated health in middled aged women-associations with sense of coherence, socioeconomics and health related factors.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-2014. ; 10:3, s. 99-106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to describe and analyse self-rated health in relation to sense of coherence and socioeconomic and health-related factors and to explore the associations between self-rated health and these factors in order to identify health resources and health limitations in a group of healthy middle-aged women. Healthy middle-aged women from a defined geographical area in Southern Sweden ( n =577) answered a postal survey with the sense of coherence scale and questions about socioeconomic and health-related conditions. The results showed that very good/rather good self-rated health was associated with high sense of coherence and good economic situation, and these factors can be seen as a health resource. Poor self-rated health was most strongly associated with perceived symptoms of tension, weak sense of coherence, treatment for depression, treatment for chronic disease, and difficult economic situation, and these factors can be seen as health limitations. In conclusion, only 29% of the women rated their health as very good and 41% of the women had symptoms of tension but they were not sick-listed. It is of major public health interest to improve the understanding of self-rated health and to develop health promotion for women and methods to prevent symptoms of tension and sick-listing.
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3.
  • Håkansson, Carita, et al. (författare)
  • Well-being and occupational roles among middle-aged women
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation. - IOS Press. - 1051-9815. ; 24:4, s. 341-351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One purpose of the present study is to explore the stability of the pattern of health/work and sickness absence among middle-aged women over a period of three years. This study tested two hypotheses: (a) that enduringly healthy working women would perceive more valued occupational roles and higher well-being than long-term sick-listed women; (b) that high levels of well-being at baseline would predict enduring health and occupational role value at a 3-year follow-up. Middle-aged women (n = 208) answered a postal survey with the Role checklist, a well-being scale and questions about work and sickness situation. The results showed that there was a considerable variability in the pattern of health/work and sickness absence. The variability was greatest among the women who were long-term sick-listed at baseline, and the internal drop out was great among them. The results showed that the enduringly healthy women experienced a more valued worker role and higher well-being than the long-term sick-listed women. Furthermore, high levels of well-being concerning health and work predicted enduring health in the studied sample, and high well-being concerning work was predictive of a valued worker role. Interventions that enable women to develop valuable worker and leisure roles, as well as harmony between different roles, may be important constituents of health promotion/rehabilitation programmes.
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