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Sökning: LAR1:lu > Högskolan i Jönköping > (2005-2009) > Tidskriftsartikel > Hacker R Scott

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1.
  • Hacker, R. Scott, et al. (författare)
  • A Test for Multivariate ARCH Effects
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Applied Economics Letters. - 1350-4851. ; 12:7, s. 411-417
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper extends Engle's LM test for ARCH affects to multivariate cases. The size and power properties of this multivariate test for ARCH effects in VAR models are investigated based on asymptotic and bootstrap distributions. Using the asymptotic distribution, deviations of actual size from nominal size do not appear to be very excessive. Nevertheless, there is a tendency for the actual size to overreject the null hypothesis when the nominal size is 1% and underreject the null when the nominal size is 5% or 10%. It is found that using a bootstrap distribution for the multivariate LM test is generally superior in achieving the appropriate size to using the asymptotic distribution when (1) the nominal size is 5%; (2) the sample size is small (40 observations) and/or the VAR system is stable. With a small sample, the power of the test using the bootstrap distribution also appears better at the 5% nominal size.
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2.
  • Hacker, R. Scott, et al. (författare)
  • Optimal lag-length choice in stable and unstable VAR models under situations of homoscedasticity and ARCH
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Statistics. - Routledge. - 0266-4763. ; 35:6, s. 601-615
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The performance of different information criteria - namely Akaike, corrected Akaike (AICC), Schwarz-Bayesian (SBC), and Hannan-Quinn - is investigated so as to choose the optimal lag length in stable and unstable vector autoregressive (VAR) models both when autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (ARCH) is present and when it is not. The investigation covers both large and small sample sizes. The Monte Carlo simulation results show that SBC has relatively better performance in lag-choice accuracy in many situations. It is also generally the least sensitive to ARCH regardless of stability or instability of the VAR model, especially in large sample sizes. These appealing properties of SBC make it the optimal criterion for choosing lag length in many situations, especially in the case of financial data, which are usually characterized by occasional periods of high volatility. SBC also has the best forecasting abilities in the majority of situations in which we vary sample size, stability, variance structure (ARCH or not), and forecast horizon (one period or five). frequently, AICC also has good lag-choosing and forecasting properties. However, when ARCH is present, the five-period forecast performance of all criteria in all situations worsens.
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3.
  • Hacker, R. Scott, et al. (författare)
  • Tests for Causality between Integrated Variables Using Asymptotic and Bootstrap Distributions : Theory and Application
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Applied Economics. - 0003-6846. ; 38:13, s. 1489-1500
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Causality tests in the Granger's sense are increasingly applied in empirical research. Since the unit root revolution in time-series analysis, several modifications of tests for causality have been introduced in the literature. One of the recent developments is the Toda-Yamamoto modified Wald (MWALD) test, which is attractive due to its simple application, its absence of pre-testing distortions, and its basis on a standard asymptotical distribution irrespective of the number of unit roots and the cointegrating properties of the data. This study investigates the size properties of the MWALD test and finds that in small sample sizes this test performs poorly on those properties when using its asymptotical distribution, the chi-square. It is suggested that use be made of a leveraged bootstrap distribution to lower the size distortions. Monte Carlo simulation results show that an MWALD test based on a bootstrap distribution has much smaller size distortions than corresponding cases when the asymptotic distribution is used. These results hold for different sample sizes, integration orders, and error term processes (homoscedastic or ARCH). This new method is applied to the testing of the efficient market hypothesis
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