1. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

Branch crosscorrelation in presence of spatially selective interference Expressed in Terms of the spherical vector wave expansion of the electromagnetic field
 2008

Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
 Abstract in Undetermined In this paper we present an analysis of the crosscorrelation coe±cient between signals at two antenna branches (ports) in the presence of spatially selective interference and additive white gaussian noise. More specifically, we look at a ±45 slanted polarization diversity arrangement, which is rotated around the axis perpendicular to the plane containing the antennas. Results are provided as a function of the rotation angle. The analysis is based on the spherical vector wave multipole expansion of both the field impinging on the antennas and the antenna radiation properties.


2. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

On the mean effective gain expressed in terms of the spherical vector wave expansion of the electromagnetic field
 2008

Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
 The mode expansion o®ers a general framework for the analysis of the interaction between antennas andpropagation channels. In this paper, the Mean E®ective Gain (MEG) of an antenna is expressed in termsof the spherical vector wave expansion of the electromagnetic ¯eld. An explicit expression of the MEG isprovided as a function of the normalized average power of modes excited in the propagation channel andthe correlation between the channel modes due to the polarization and spatial selectivity of plane wavesimpinging at the antenna.


3. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

Physical Modeling of MIMO Antennas and Channels by Means of the Spherical Vector Wave Expansion
 2009

Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
 In this paper we propose a new physically motivated model that allows to study the interaction between the antennas and the propagation channel for MultipleInput MultipleOutput (MIMO) systems. The key tools employed in the model are the expansion coefficients of the electromagnetic field in spherical vector waves and the scattering matrix representation of the properties of the antenna. We derive the expansion of the MIMO channel matrix, H, in spherical vector wave modes of the electromagnetic field of the antennas as well as the propagation channel. We also introduce the channel scattering dyadic, C, with a corresponding correlation model for co and crosspolarized elements and introduce the concept of modetomode channel mapping, the Mmatrix, between the receive and transmit antenna modes. The Mmatrix maps the modes excited by the transmitting antenna to the modes exciting the receive antennas and vice versa. The covariance statistics of this Mmatrix are expressed as a function of the doubledirectional powerangular spectrum (PAS) of co and crosspolarized components of the electromagnetic field. Our approach aims at gaining insights into the physics governing the interaction between antennas and channels and it is useful for studying the performance of different antenna designs in a specified propagation channel as well as for modeling the propagation channel. It can furthermore be used to quantify the optimal properties of antennas in a given propagation channel. We illustrate the developed methodology by analyzing the interaction of a 2x2 system of slant polarized halfwavelength dipole antennas with some basic propagation channel models.


4. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

Physical modelling of multipleinput multipleoutput antennas and channels by means of the spherical vector wave expansion
 2010

Ingår i: IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation.  Institution of Engineering and Technology.  17518725. ; 4:6, s. 778791

Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
 The authors propose a new physically motivated model that allows the study of the interaction between the antennas and the propagation channel for multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) systems. The key tools employed in the model are the expansion coefficients of the electromagnetic field in spherical vector waves and the scattering matrix representation of the properties of the antenna. The authors derive the expansion of the MIMO channel matrix, H, in spherical vector wave modes of the electromagnetic field of the antennas as well as the propagation channel. The authors also introduce the channel scattering dyadic, C, with a corresponding correlation model for copolarised and crosspolarised elements and introduce the concept of modetomode channel mapping, the Mmatrix, between the receive and transmit antenna modes. The Mmatrix maps the modes excited by the transmitting antenna to the modes exciting the receive antennas and vice versa. The covariance statistics of this Mmatrix are expressed as a function of the doubledirectional powerangular spectrum (PAS) of copolarised and crosspolarised components of the electromagnetic field. Their approach aims at gaining insights into the physics governing the interaction between antennas and channels and it is useful for studying the performance of different antenna designs in a specified propagation channel as well as for modelling the propagation channel. It can furthermore be used to quantify the optimal properties of antennas in a given propagation channel. The authors illustrate the developed methodology by analysing the interaction of a 2 x 2 system of slant polarised halfwavelength dipole antennas with some basic propagation channel models.


5. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

Spherical Vector Wave Expansion of Gaussian Electromagnetic Fields for AntennaChannel Interaction Analysis
 2009

Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation19630101+01:00.  IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc..  0018926X. ; 57:7, s. 20552067

Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
 In this paper, we introduce an approach to analyze the interaction between antennas and the propagation channel. We study both the antennas and the propagation channel by means of the spherical vector wave mode expansion of the electromagnetic field. Then we use the expansion coefficients to study some properties of general antennas in thosefields by means of the antenna scattering matrix. The focus is on the spatiopolar characterization of antennas, channels and their interactions. We provide closed form expressions for the covariance of the field multimodes as function of the power angle spectrum (PAS) and the channel crosspolarization ratio (XPR). A new interpretation of the mean effective gains (MEG) of antennas is also provided. The maximum MEG is obtained by conjugate mode matching between the antennas and the channel; we also prove the (intuitive) results that the optimum decorrelation of the antenna signals is obtained by the excitation of orthogonal spherical vector modes.


6. 
 Alayon Glazunov, Andres, et al.
(författare)

Spherical Vector Wave Expansion of Gaussian Electromagnetic Fields for AntennaChannel Interaction Analysis
 2008

Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
 In this paper we introduce an approach to analyze the interaction between antennas and the propagation channel. We study both the antennas and the propagation channel by means of the spherical vector wave mode expansion of the electromagnetic field. Then we use the expansion coefficients to study some properties of general antennas in those fields by means of the antenna scattering matrix. The focus is on the spatiopolar characterization of antennas, channels and their interactions. We provide closed form expressions for the covariance of the field multimodes as function of the Power Angle Spectrum (PAS) and the channel crosspolarization ratio (XPR). A new interpretation of the Mean Effective Gains (MEG) of antennas is also provided. The maximum MEG is obtained by conjugate mode matching between the antennas and the channel; we also prove the (intuitive) results that the optimum decorrelation of the antenna signals is obtained by the excitation of orthogonal spherical vector modes.


7. 
 Bernland, Anders, et al.
(författare)

Physical limitations on the scattering of electromagnetic vector spherical waves
 2010

Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
 Understanding the interaction between electromagnetic waves and matter is vital in applications ranging from classical optics to antenna theory. This paper derives physical limitations on the scattering of electromagnetic vector spherical waves. The assumptions made are that the heterogeneous scatterer is passive, and has constitutive relations which are on convolution form in the time domain and anisotropic in the static limit. The resulting bounds limit the reflection coefficient of the modes over a frequency interval, and can thus be interpreted as limitations on the absorption of power from a single mode. They can be used within a wide range of applications, and are particularly useful for electrically small scatterers. The derivation follows a general approach to derive sum rules and physical limitations on passive systems on convolution form. The time domain versions of the vector spherical waves are used to describe the passivity of the scatterer, and a set of integral identities for Herglotz functions are applied to derive sum rules from which the physical limitations follow.


8. 
 Bernland, Anders, et al.
(författare)

Physical limitations on the scattering of electromagnetic vector spherical waves
 2011

Ingår i: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical20070101+01:00.  IOP Publishing.  17518113. ; 44:14

Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
 Understanding the interaction between electromagnetic waves and matter is vital in applications ranging from classical optics to antenna theory. This paper derives physical limitations on the scattering of electromagnetic vector spherical waves. The assumptions made are that the heterogeneous scatterer is passive, and has constitutive relations which are on convolution form in the time domain and anisotropic in the static limit. The resulting bounds limit the reflection coefficient of the modes over a frequency interval, and can thus be interpreted as limitations on the absorption of power from a single mode. They can be used within a wide range of applications, and are particularly useful for electrically small scatterers. The derivation follows a general approach to derive sum rules and physical limitations on passive systems on convolution form. The time domain versions of the vector spherical waves are used to describe the passivity of the scatterer, and a set of integral identities for Herglotz functions are applied to derive sum rules from which the physical limitations follow.


9. 
 Bernland, Anders, et al.
(författare)

Sum rules and constraints on passive systems
 2010

Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
 A passive system is one that cannot produce energy, a property that naturally poses constraints on the system. A system on convolution form is fully described by its transfer function, and the class of Herglotz functions, holomorphic functions mapping the open upper half plane to the closed upper half plane, is closely related to the transfer functions of passive systems. Following a wellknown representation theorem, Herglotz functions can be represented by means of positive measures on the real line. This fact is exploited in this paper in order to rigorously prove a set of integral identities for Herglotz functions that relate weighted integrals of the function to its asymptotic expansions at the origin and infinity. The integral identities are the core of a general approach introduced here to derive sum rules and physical limitations on various passive physical systems. Although similar approaches have previously been applied to a wide range of specific applications, this paper is the first to deliver a general procedure together with the necessary proofs. This procedure is described thoroughly, and exemplified with examples from electromagnetic theory.


10. 
 Bernland, Anders, et al.
(författare)

Sum rules and constraints on passive systems with applications in electromagnetics
 2010

Ingår i: [Host publication title missing]. ; s. 3336

Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
 A passive system is one that cannot produce energy, a property that naturally poses constraints on the system. In this paper there is a review of some results on linear, time translational invariant, continuous, causal and passive systems, where it turns out that Herglotz functions are related to the Fourier transform of the impulse response of such systems. Some well known facts of this function class is considered, and a set of integral identities and an outline of the proof of these are presented. The identities may be used to derive sum rules and constraints on various physical systems. The theory is illuminated with two examples from electromagnetics: the first revisits Fano’s matching equations, while the latter makes a link to the KramersKronig relations and discusses physical limitations on metamaterials.

