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  • A Sampler of International Media and Communication Statistics 2010
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The contemporary media culture raises more complex issues than ever before. Digital technologies, and advances of media such as the Internet, have driven the development. In this changing media landscape, traditional media, such as television, radio and newspapers, remain powerful, but their preconditions are affected. ‘A Sampler of International Media and Communication Statistics 2010’ is a collection and compilation of statistics from a large number of sources. The aim of the publication is to provide a comprehensive overview of international media and communication statistics, primarily concerning television and the Internet, but also, to a lesser extent, newspapers and radio. The emphasis of this publication is on the Internet and television. These two sections are divided into two parts, respectively ‘The world’ for comparisons between different parts of the world, and in ‘Regions’ for comparisons within different parts of the globe.
  • Aagergaard, Sine, et al. (författare)
  • Scandinavian women’s football in world: migration, management and mixed identity
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Soccer and Society;6. - Taylor & Francis. - 1466-0970. ; :6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This special issue has grown out of an ongoing Nordic collaborative research project (Nordcorp) using Scandinavian women’s football as a strategically selected extreme case (of organizational development) to study a Nordic sport model in transition. The common point of interest for the project group, which overlaps with the editors and authors in this issue of Soccer and Society, is a fascination with the current development of Scandinavian women’s football that stands out as an intriguing subject for bothsports research and the social sciences.
  • Abendstein, Helmut, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life and head and neck cancer: A 5 year prospective study
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Laryngoscope. - 0023-852X. ; 115:12, s. 2183-2192
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in head and neck cancer patients from diagnosis to 5 years after start of treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive study METHODS: three hundred fifty-seven patients from Norway and Sweden filled in HRQL questionnaires, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and the EORTC QLQ-H and N35, six times during the first year and then after 5 years. At 5 years, 167 (87%) of the 192 living patients filled in questionnaires. RESULTS: Group data: clinical significant improvements in HRQL were not found between 1 and 5 years. Problems with teeth, opening of the mouth, dryness in the mouth, and sticky saliva were persistent or worsening. Similar findings were found regardless of sex, age, stage, or site when clinical significant changes are considered. Patients who died between 1 and 5 years reported reduced HRQL on 15 of 28 scales at 1 year compared with the survivors. Individual data: 40% of patients reported improved global HRQL from diagnosis to 5 years after start of treatment. In addition, 11% had "top scores" at both assessment points. The pattern in global HRQL scores also applies for most of the other function and symptom scales. CONCLUSION: After the first year after treatment, recovery of the persisting side effects of treatment cannot be expected for the group as a whole. Patients must be prepared for this. Some individual patients experience improvement in global HRQL. HRQL assessments in daily clinical practice can identify patients who are in need of additional support and symptom relief.
  • Abrahamssom, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Onlay bone grafting of the mandible after periosteal expansion with an osmotic tissue expander: an experimental study in rabbits
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research;12. - 1600-0501. ; :12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the space-maintaining capacity of a titanium mesh or a bioresorbable mesh after periosteal expansion and to assess bone formation under a titanium mesh or a bioresorbable mesh on the lateral border of the mandible by qualitative and quantitative histological analysis. Material and methods: In 13 rabbits, a self-inflatable soft tissue expander was placed intraorally, bilaterally under the mandibular periosteum via an extra oral approach. After 2 weeks, the expanders were removed and a particulated onlay bone graft was placed and covered by a titanium mesh or a bioresorbable mesh. After 3 months, the animals were sacrificed and specimens were collected for histology. Results: The osmotic soft tissue expander created a subperiosteal pocket and a ridge of new bone had formed at the edges of the expanded periosteum in all sites. After the healing period of 3 months, soft tissue dehiscence was recorded in two of the sites with bioresorbable meshes. The mean bone fill was 65% under the titanium mesh and 85% under the bioresorbable mesh (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the titanium mesh and the bioresorbable mesh regarding the height of the meshes, mesh area and mineralized bone area. Scanning electron microscopy shows that new bone is growing in direct contact with the resorbable mesh and the titanium mesh. Conclusion: This study confirms that an osmotic soft tissue expander creates a surplus of periosteum and soft tissue and that new bone can be generated under a titanium mesh or bioresorbable mesh.
  • Abrahamsson, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Alterations of temporomandibular disorders before and after orthognathic surgery
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: 4. - Angle Orthodontist. - 0003-3219.
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To answer the question whether orthognathic surgery does affect the prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature survey in the PubMed and Cochrane Library electronic databases was performed and covered the period from January 1966 to April 2006. The inclusion criteria were controlled, prospective or retrospective studies comparing TMDs before and after orthognathic surgery in patients with malocclusion. There were no language restrictions, and three reviewers selected and extracted the data independently. The quality of the retrieved articles was evaluated by four reviewers. RESULTS: The search strategy resulted in 467 articles, of which 3 met the inclusion criteria. Because of few studies with unambiguous results and heterogeneity in study design, the scientific evidence was insufficient to evaluate the effects that orthognathic surgery had on TMD. Moreover, the studies had problems with inadequate selection description, confounding factors, and lack of method error analysis. CONCLUSION: To obtain reliable scientific evidence, additional well-controlled and well-designed studies are needed to determine how and if orthognathic surgery alters signs and symptoms of TMD.
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