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Sökning: LAR1:miun > Sundin Örjan > Lisspers Jan

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1.
  • Almén, Niclas, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of a Recovery-Focused Intervention for Stress Management A Randomized Controlled Trial
  • 2015
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AbstractINTRODUCTIONStress symptoms, burnout, poor mental health and long-term sick leave related to these are major problems in Sweden and elsewhere. Evidence-based prevention and treatment efforts are lacking. Research indicates that stress related health problems primarily could be conceptualized as deficiencies in recovery responses between stress periods rather than high level of stress responses per se. Therefore it is relevant to examine whether it is effective to intervene the recovery behavior – instead of the stress behavior - of people with stress symptoms.OBJECTIVESThe primary purpose of this study was to investigate if a behavioral oriented recovery management intervention could enhance “recovery behaviors” and experiences of recovery and reduce stress related ill health.METHODS A group based intervention program focusing exclusively on “recovery behavior” in everyday life (earlier developed and tested in two pilot studies) was evaluated in an experimental group study. The intervention consisted of seven group sessions of 2.5 hours over a period of approximately 10 weeks supplemented by an internet based treatment support system. Self- referred subjects with scores above 24.4 on the Perceived stress scale were randomized to the intervention (n=26) or a waiting-list (n=33).RESUL TStatistically significant and clinically relevant effects were achieved for the intervention group compare to the waiting-list group: recovery behaviors and experiences of recovery were increased, and levels of perceived stress, worry, anxiety, depression and exhaustion were decreased.DISCUSSION These results are in line with two previous pilot studies that we have done. A behavioral and recovery oriented intervention seems to be effective to increase the recovery of the individual and decrease stress related ill health. There are reasons to continue to explore the potential of recovery-oriented interventions for example for different populations (such as people with more extensive clinical health problems) and in different contexts. 
2.
  • Eriksson, Lina J. K., et al. (författare)
  • The interactive effect of the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and response inhibition on accuracy in a modified stop-signal task
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences. - 0191-8869. ; 97, s. 198-202
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ability to adjust to a changing environment is an important aspect of every-day life and successful goal directed behavior requires the ability to suppress responses that are no longer appropriate. The main purpose of the present study was to examine if the relationship between inhibitory control (as indexed by stop-signal reaction time, SSRT) and behavioral precision is dependent on levels of Gray and McNaughton's Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS). Additionally, the relationship between BIS and electrodermal activity, and the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) and heart rate activity was investigated. A modified stop-signal task was used. The results showed that there was an interaction effect of BIS and SSRT on accuracy, suggesting that among individuals with higher levels of BIS, longer SSRT (i.e. poorer inhibitory ability) was associated with decreased accuracy. There were no significant correlations between trait variables and physiological variables. The results were discussed in terms of higher levels of BIS being a vulnerability factor when the individual's inhibitory ability simultaneously is poor in situations where the ability to inhibit inappropriate behavioral routines is important for task performance. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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  • Hofman-Bang, Claes, et al. (författare)
  • Two year results of a controlled study of a residential rehabilitation for patients treated with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty : A randomized study of a multifactorial programme
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X. ; 20:20, s. 1465-1474
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims In a multifactorial lifestyle behaviour programme, of 2 years duration, to study the maintenance of achieved behaviour and risk factor-related changes. Methods and Results Out of a consecutive population of 151 patients treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty under 65 years of age, 87 were randomly allocated to an intervention group (n=46) or to a control group (n=41). The programme started with a 4 week residential stay, which was focused on health education and the achievement of behaviour change. During the first year of follow-up, a maintenance programme included regular contacts with a nurse, while no further rehabilitative efforts were offered during the second year. One patient died (control). During the second year the proportion of hospitalized patients was lower in the intervention group (4% vs 20%;P<0·05). Patients in the intervention group improved several lifestyle dependent behaviours: diet (index at 0, 12 and 24 months): 10·5±3·4, 12·9±2·5 and 12·4±2·6 in the intervention group (I) vs 10·1±3·2, 10·7±3·0 and 11·8±3·2 in the control group (C);P<0·05, exercise sessions per week: 2·5±2·3, 4·5±1·9 and 4·4±2·1 (I) vs 3·1±2·2, 3·5±2·3 and 3·7±2·7 (C);P<0·05, and smoking; 18%, 6% and 9% (I) vs 12%, 21% and 18% (C);P<0·05. This corresponded to improvement in exercise capacity (0, 12 and 24 months): 156±42, 174±49 and 165±47W (I) vs 164±40, 163±49 and 156±48 watts (C);P<0·05. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to serum cholesterol levels at 0 and 24 months: 5·4±0·8 and 5·2±0·9mmol.l–1(I) vs 5·4±1·0 and 4·9±0·9mmol.l–1(C); ns, low density lipoprotein cholesterol level: 3·6±0·8 and 3·4±0·8mmol.l–1(I) vs 3·7±0·9 and 3·3±0·7mmol.l–1(C); ns, triglyceride level: 2·2±1·6 and 1·8±1·3mmol.l–1(I) vs 2·2±1·4 and 1·6±0·6mmol.l–1(C); ns, body mass index (0, 12 and 24 months): 27·5±4·5, 27·0±4·3 and 27·4± 4·5kg.m–2(I) vs 26·8±2·8, 26·9±2·7 and 26·9± 3·2kg.m–2(C); ns, waist/hip ratio or blood pressure. The two groups did not differ in quality of life, or psychological factors. Return to work after 12 and 24 months was 74% and 78% (I) vs 68% and 61% (C); ns. Conclusion This rehabilitation programme influenced important lifestyle behaviour and reduced some, but not all, important risk factors Key Words: Rehabilitation, risk factors
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  • Kallionen, Markus, et al. (författare)
  • Psykisk ohälsa ett stort problem hos primärvårdens patienter. Enkät besvarad av över 2000 patienter
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205. ; 107:23, s. 1545-1547
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • En enkätundersökning gjordes under två veckor hösten 2008 på över 2?000 patienter som besökte läkare i primärvården i Västernorrland.Resultaten visar att 18,46 procent (371) angav psykisk ohälsa, antingen unikt (1,5 procent) eller i samband med annan problematik, som anledning till läkarbesöket.Av dessa hade 309 (14,7 procent) också värden på skalor som mäter depression, ångest och utmattning som var över eller lika med gränsen för klinisk relevans.Ytterligare 322 patienter av återstående urval (27 procent av kvinnorna och 16 procent av männen) skattade sin psykiska hälsa på likartat sätt.
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  • Lisspers, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Behavioral effects of a comprehensive, multifactorial program for lifestyle change after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty : A prospective, randomized, controlled study
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. - 0022-3999. ; 46:2, s. 143-154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A group of 93 coronary patients recently treated with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) were randomly assigned to either an intervention or a control group. Subjects in the intervention group participated in a comprehensive behaviorally oriented program aimed at achieving significant long-term changes in risk factor–related lifestyle behavior. Assessments of lifestyle behaviors, psychological factors, biological risk factors, and rehabilitation as well as secondary prevention endpoints were carried out, at inclusion and after 12 months. Results showed that the intervention patients, as compared with controls, improved significantly on measures assessing smoking, exercise, and diet habits. These self-rated changes were confirmed by weight reductions and improved exercise capacity, as well as by between-group differences in subclinical chest pain during an exercise test. However, few effects were found on the different psychological variables, as well as on morbidity or return to work.
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  • Lisspers, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term effects of lifestyle behavior change in coronary artery disease : Effects on recurrent coronary events after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Health Psychology. - 0278-6133. ; 24:1, s. 41-48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study evaluated the effects of a behaviorally oriented cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention program on lifestyle changes and on coronary recurrence rates. Patients recently treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized to an intervention with an aggressive focus on lifestyle changes (smoking, diet, exercise, and stress; n = 46) or to a standard-care control group (n = 42). Results showed that the intervention group had significantly larger overall lifestyle changes than the control group after 12, 24, 36, and 60 months. The intervention group had significantly lower rates of all coronary events (acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft, PCI, cardiac death; 30.4% vs. 53.7%), and of cardiovascular mortality (2.2% vs. 14.6%). The need for future large-scale and long-term evaluations of lifestyle-oriented secondary prevention interventions of this kind is emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)
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