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Sökning: LAR1:umu > Ersta Sköndal högskola

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1.
  • Ahlin, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Revalidation of the perceptions of conscience questionnaire (PCQ) and the stress of conscience questionnaire (SCQ)
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 19:2, s. 220-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) have previously been developed and validated within the 'Stress of Conscience Study'. The aim was to revalidate these two questionnaires, including two additional, theoretically and empirically significant items, on a sample of healthcare personnel working in direct contact with patients. The sample consisted of 503 healthcare personnel. To test variation and distribution among the answers, descriptive statistics, item analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to examine the underlying factor structure of the questionnaires. Support for adding the new item to the PCQ was found. No support was found for adding the new item to the SCQ. Both questionnaires can be regarded as valid for Swedish settings but can be improved by rephrasing some of the PCQ items and by adding items about private life to the SCQ.
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2.
  • Aléx, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Balancing within various discourses--the art of being old and living as a Sami woman.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - 0739-9332. ; 27:10, s. 873-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this part of the Umeå 85+ Study was to explore how indigenous women narrate their lives and their experience of being old as Sami women. Interviews with 9 old Sami women were analyzed using grounded theory. The categories identified were "reindeer as the basis of life," "longing for significant Sami values," "feeling valued as a Sami woman," and "changing for survival;" these evolved into the core category: "balancing within various discourses-the art of being old and living as a Sami woman." Knowing how to balance provided the ability to make use of available opportunities.
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3.
  • Aléx, Lena, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older in the north of Sweden.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 17:4, s. 451-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: The aim was to analyse the construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older. BACKGROUND: All societies have a gender order, constructed from multiple ideas of what is seen as feminine and masculine. As the group of men aged 85 and older is increasing in size and their demand for care will increase, we must recognize the importance of studying these men and various discourses of masculinities. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse thematic narratives. Masculinity theories provided the point of departure for the analysis. RESULTS: The analysis coalesced into three masculinities. 'Being in the male centre', developed from subthemes as: taking pride in one's work and economic situation; being in the centre in relation to others; regarding women as sexual objects; and belonging to a select group. 'Striving to maintain the male facade' developed from subthemes as: emphasizing 'important' connections; having feelings of loss; striving to maintain old norms and rejecting the fact of being old. 'Being related' was formulated from subthemes as: feeling at home with domestic duties; being concerned; accepting one's own aging; and reflecting on life. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates the importance of being aware of the existence of multiple masculinities, in contrast to the generally unproblematic and unsubtle particular healthcare approaches which consider men as simply belonging to one masculinity. Relevance to clinical practice. Diverse masculinities probably affect encounters between men and healthcare providers and others who work with an older population and therefore our results are of importance in a caring context.
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4.
  • Aléx, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Constructions of various femininities among the oldest old women
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - Washington, D.C. : Hemisphere. - 0739-9332. ; 27:10, s. 853-872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study forms part of the Ume<img src="http://www.informaworld.com/cache/entities/14/000000/ffffff/arial/md/00e5.png" /> 85+ Study, and the aim was to explore various gendered constructions of femininities among the oldest old women. Femininities are seen as various ways of shaping oneself as a woman in relation to the impact of historical, social, and cultural circumstances. Thematic narratives were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Through interpreting these narratives in the light of gender theories, we were able to discern four femininities: “being connected,” “being an actor,” “living in the shadow of others,” and “being alienated.” The oldest old women displayed complex outlooks on femininities, and no femininity was interpreted as being in the center related to the other femininities. Further research is needed in order to disclose the complexity of femininities related to factors such as social class, ethnicity, and financial situation among the oldest old, and to acquire a greater knowledge of various femininities.
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5.
  • Angström-Brännström, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Narratives of children with chronic illness about being comforted
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pediatric Nursing : Nursing Care of Children and Families. - 0882-5963. ; 23:4, s. 310-316
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to examine how children with chronic illnesses narrate their experience of being comforted in hospital. During interviews, seven children, 4-10 years old described their experiences and made drawings. Thematic content analysis revealed following themes: being physically close to one's family , feeling safe and secure, staff being there for the children, and children being there for the parents and siblings. Mother was identified as the most important comforter. The findings suggest that trusting in the staff's knowledge and professional skills is a prerequisite for the children to feel "at home", and safe in hospital. Being close to one's family is even more important.
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6.
  • Aström, Sture, et al. (författare)
  • Staff's experience of and the management of violent incidents in elderly care.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318. ; 18:4, s. 410-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Violence towards staff has become an important issue, since it has been reported to be common in various health care settings. This study aimed to describe emotional reactions among staff being exposed to violence in residential community care for the elderly: to investigate consequences from violent incidents and to describe the management of violent incidents. Data were collected by telephone interviews with nursing staff reporting incidents of violence. During the period of investigation, 97 of 848 staff (11.4%) reported that they had been exposed to violence. More than one-third of them reported subsequent wound and bruises from the incident and two of the exposed staff consulted a doctor because of the violent incident. The most frequently reported reactions among the staff were aggression, astonishment, and antipathy against the perpetrating care recipient, as well as insufficiency, powerlessness, insult and fear. A majority of the incidents were judged as intentionally perpetuating from the care recipient. Most of the violent incidents were managed by informal discussions in the working team. A low number of the reported incidents of violence involved formal discussions with nurse managers.
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7.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • 'Being appropriately unusual' : a challenge for nurses in health-promoting conversations with families.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nursing Inquiry. - 1320-7881. ; 15:2, s. 106-115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study describes the theoretical assumptions and the application for health-promoting conversations, as a communication tool for nurses when talking to patients and their families. The conversations can be used on a promotional, preventive and healing level when working with family-focused nursing. They are based on a multiverse, salutogenetic, relational and reflecting approach, and acknowledge each person's experience as equally valid, and focus on families' resources, and the relationship between the family and its environment. By posing reflective questions, reflection is made possible for both the family and the nurses. Family members are invited to tell their story, and they can listen to and learn from each other. Nurses are challenged to build a co-creating partnership with families in order to acknowledge them as experts on how to lead their lives and to use their own expert knowledge in order to facilitate new meanings to surface. In this way, family health can be enhanced.
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8.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Familj och sociala relationer.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Omvårdnadens grunder. - Studentlitteratur. - 978-91-44-04906-9 - 9789144049069 ; s. 65-84
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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9.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering with couples in palliative care.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing. - 1357-6321. ; 14:9, s. 439-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Families living with a dying relative face existential challenges which need to be met by caregivers in a dialogue. AIM: To describe couples' experiences of participating in nurse-initiated health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering during home-based palliative care. METHOD: Data comprised semi-structured evaluative interviews with six couples. Each couple together had previously participated in three health-fostering conversations with nurses. Data were analyzed by content. RESULT: Talking with nurses about existential issues such as hope and suffering made couples feel that they were part of a trustful relationship, and that it was a healing experience. It gave them the opportunity to unburden themselves, as well as a way of learning and finding new strategies for managing daily life. CONCLUSION: Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering should be implemented as a natural part of the caring relationship between caregivers and families in the palliative context.
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10.
  • Brännström, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Being a palliative nurse for persons with severe congestive heart failure in advanced homecare.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 4:4, s. 314-323
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Advanced homecare for persons with congestive heart failure is a ‘new’ challenge for palliative nurses. The aim of this study is to illuminate the meaning of being a palliative nurse for persons with severe congestive heart failure in advanced homecare. Narrative interviews with 11 nurses were conducted, tape-recorded, and transcribed verbatim. A phenomenological-hermeneutic method was used to interpret the text. One meaning of being a palliative nurse is being firmly rooted and guided by the values of palliative culture. Being adaptable to the patient's way of life carries great weight. On one hand nurses live out this value, facilitating for the patients to live their everydaylife as good as possible. Being a facilitator is revealed as difficult, challenging, but overall positive. On the other hand nurses get into a tight corner when values of palliative culture clash and do not correspond with the nurses interpretation of what is good for the person with congestive heart failure. Being in such a tight corner is revealed as frustrating and giving rise to feelings of inadequacy. Thus, it seems important to reflect critical on the values of palliative culture.
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