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Sökning: LAR1:umu > Ersta Sköndal högskola

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1.
  • Aléx, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Balancing within various discourses--the art of being old and living as a Sami woman.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - 0739-9332. ; 27:10, s. 873-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this part of the Umeå 85+ Study was to explore how indigenous women narrate their lives and their experience of being old as Sami women. Interviews with 9 old Sami women were analyzed using grounded theory. The categories identified were "reindeer as the basis of life," "longing for significant Sami values," "feeling valued as a Sami woman," and "changing for survival;" these evolved into the core category: "balancing within various discourses-the art of being old and living as a Sami woman." Knowing how to balance provided the ability to make use of available opportunities.
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2.
  • Aléx, Lena, 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • Construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older in the north of Sweden
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067. ; 17:4, s. 451-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: The aim was to analyse the construction of masculinities among men aged 85 and older. BACKGROUND: All societies have a gender order, constructed from multiple ideas of what is seen as feminine and masculine. As the group of men aged 85 and older is increasing in size and their demand for care will increase, we must recognize the importance of studying these men and various discourses of masculinities. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse thematic narratives. Masculinity theories provided the point of departure for the analysis. RESULTS: The analysis coalesced into three masculinities. 'Being in the male centre', developed from subthemes as: taking pride in one's work and economic situation; being in the centre in relation to others; regarding women as sexual objects; and belonging to a select group. 'Striving to maintain the male facade' developed from subthemes as: emphasizing 'important' connections; having feelings of loss; striving to maintain old norms and rejecting the fact of being old. 'Being related' was formulated from subthemes as: feeling at home with domestic duties; being concerned; accepting one's own aging; and reflecting on life. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates the importance of being aware of the existence of multiple masculinities, in contrast to the generally unproblematic and unsubtle particular healthcare approaches which consider men as simply belonging to one masculinity. Relevance to clinical practice. Diverse masculinities probably affect encounters between men and healthcare providers and others who work with an older population and therefore our results are of importance in a caring context.
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3.
  • Aléx, Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Constructions of various femininities among the oldest old women
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Health Care for Women International. - Washington, D.C. : Hemisphere. - 0739-9332. ; 27:10, s. 853-872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study forms part of the Ume<img src="http://www.informaworld.com/cache/entities/14/000000/ffffff/arial/md/00e5.png" /> 85+ Study, and the aim was to explore various gendered constructions of femininities among the oldest old women. Femininities are seen as various ways of shaping oneself as a woman in relation to the impact of historical, social, and cultural circumstances. Thematic narratives were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Through interpreting these narratives in the light of gender theories, we were able to discern four femininities: “being connected,” “being an actor,” “living in the shadow of others,” and “being alienated.” The oldest old women displayed complex outlooks on femininities, and no femininity was interpreted as being in the center related to the other femininities. Further research is needed in order to disclose the complexity of femininities related to factors such as social class, ethnicity, and financial situation among the oldest old, and to acquire a greater knowledge of various femininities.
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4.
  • Angström-Brännström, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Narratives of children with chronic illness about being comforted.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pediatric Nursing : Nursing Care of Children and Families. - 0882-5963. ; 23:4, s. 310-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to examine how children with chronic illnesses narrate their experience of being comforted in hospital. During interviews, seven children, 4-10 years old described their experiences and made drawings. Thematic content analysis revealed following themes: being physically close to one's family, feeling safe and secure, staff being there for the children, and children being there for parents and siblings. Mother was identified as the most important comforter. The findings suggest that trusting in the staff's knowledge and professional skills is a prerequisite for children to feel "at home", and safe in hospital. Being close to one's family is even more important.
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5.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • 'Being appropriately unusual' : a challenge for nurses in health-promoting conversations with families.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nursing Inquiry. - 1320-7881. ; 15:2, s. 106-115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study describes the theoretical assumptions and the application for health-promoting conversations, as a communication tool for nurses when talking to patients and their families. The conversations can be used on a promotional, preventive and healing level when working with family-focused nursing. They are based on a multiverse, salutogenetic, relational and reflecting approach, and acknowledge each person's experience as equally valid, and focus on families' resources, and the relationship between the family and its environment. By posing reflective questions, reflection is made possible for both the family and the nurses. Family members are invited to tell their story, and they can listen to and learn from each other. Nurses are challenged to build a co-creating partnership with families in order to acknowledge them as experts on how to lead their lives and to use their own expert knowledge in order to facilitate new meanings to surface. In this way, family health can be enhanced.
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6.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Familj och sociala relationer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Omvårdnadens grunder : perspektiv och förhållningssätt. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 978-91-44-04906-9 - 9789144049069 ; s. 67-88
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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7.
  • Benzein, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering with couples in palliative care.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Palliative Nursing. - 1357-6321. ; 14:9, s. 439-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Families living with a dying relative face existential challenges which need to be met by caregivers in a dialogue. AIM: To describe couples' experiences of participating in nurse-initiated health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering during home-based palliative care. METHOD: Data comprised semi-structured evaluative interviews with six couples. Each couple together had previously participated in three health-fostering conversations with nurses. Data were analyzed by content. RESULT: Talking with nurses about existential issues such as hope and suffering made couples feel that they were part of a trustful relationship, and that it was a healing experience. It gave them the opportunity to unburden themselves, as well as a way of learning and finding new strategies for managing daily life. CONCLUSION: Health-promoting conversations about hope and suffering should be implemented as a natural part of the caring relationship between caregivers and families in the palliative context.
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8.
  • Brännström, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Being a palliative nurse for persons with severe congestive heart failure in advanced homecare.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 4:4, s. 314-323
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Advanced homecare for persons with congestive heart failure is a ‘new’ challenge for palliative nurses. The aim of this study is to illuminate the meaning of being a palliative nurse for persons with severe congestive heart failure in advanced homecare. Narrative interviews with 11 nurses were conducted, tape-recorded, and transcribed verbatim. A phenomenological-hermeneutic method was used to interpret the text. One meaning of being a palliative nurse is being firmly rooted and guided by the values of palliative culture. Being adaptable to the patient's way of life carries great weight. On one hand nurses live out this value, facilitating for the patients to live their everydaylife as good as possible. Being a facilitator is revealed as difficult, challenging, but overall positive. On the other hand nurses get into a tight corner when values of palliative culture clash and do not correspond with the nurses interpretation of what is good for the person with congestive heart failure. Being in such a tight corner is revealed as frustrating and giving rise to feelings of inadequacy. Thus, it seems important to reflect critical on the values of palliative culture.
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9.
  • Brännström, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Living with severe chronic heart failure in palliative advanced home care.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151. ; 5:4, s. 295-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Living with severe chronic heart failure (CHF) in palliative care has been little studied. AIM: The aim of this study is to illuminate meaning of living with severe CHF in palliative advanced home care through patients' narratives. METHODS: Narrative interviews were conducted with 4 patients, tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. A phenomenological-hermeneutic method was used to interpret the text. RESULTS: Meaning of living with severe CHF in palliative advanced home care emerged as 'knocking on death's door' although surviving. The course of the illness forces one to live a 'roller coaster life,' with an ongoing oscillation between ups and downs. Making it through the downs breeds a kind of confidence in one's ability to survive and the will to live is strong. Being offered a safety belt in the 'roller coaster' by the palliative advanced home care team evokes feelings of security. CONCLUSIONS: Meaning of living with severe CHF in palliative advanced home care is on one hand, being aware of one's imminent death, on the other hand, making it through the downs i.e. surviving life-threatening conditions, breed confidence in also surviving the current down. Being constructively dependent on palliative advanced home care facilitates everyday life at home.
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10.
  • Choowattanapakorn, Tassana, et al. (författare)
  • Resilience among women and men aged 60 years and over in Sweden and in Thailand
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nursing and Health Sciences. - 1441-0745. ; 12:3, s. 329-335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to compare the level of resilience of people aged &gt; or = 60 years in Sweden and Thailand. In a randomized sample of 422 people in Sweden and a convenience sample of 200 people in Thailand, the level of resilience was measured by using the Resilience Scale. A chi(2)-analysis was used for the differences between proportions. The relationships between the background variables and the resilience scores were analyzed by using stepwise multiple linear regression. The mean scores of resilience were 144 for the Swedish participants and 146 for the Thai participants. The two samples differed in their background characteristics. The Thai participants were more likely to be women, to be widowed, and to have more children, while among the Swedish participants, more women were married and more participants were aged &gt; or = 80 years. Despite different background characteristics, the Swedish and the Thai participants' scores were almost the same on the Resilience Scale. More studies are necessary to address aspects of gender and ethnicity in relation to resilience.
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