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Sökning: LAR1:uu > Övrigt vetenskapligt > (2010-2011) > Bok

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1.
  • Aarelaid-Tart, Aili, et al. (författare)
  • Baltic biographies at historical crossroads
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This book brings together life stories from five generations of Balts, living through the diverse and recurring transformations of the twentieth century: occupations, war, independence, totalitarianism, and democratic rule and market economy. The twentieth century history of the Baltic countries has often been deeply tragic. Lying on the coastline of the Baltic Sea, these rather small but strategically well located territories have historically found themselves in the middle of many power struggles between larger states, empires and other power-holders: the Teutonic Knights, Swedish kings, Tsarist Russia, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union. Today, they are once again forced to stand up to the Russian Federation.Biographical interviewing is a field focused on individuals, and on how those individuals choose to re-create and present their lived lives, make meaning of it through the narratives they tell. To interpret the biographical narrations of Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians, shaped by complex and controversial historical background, the authors use Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of social and cultural capitals, the principles of Erving Goffman’s framing analysis and Alessandro Portelli’s distinction of private and public spheres, Anton Steen’s investigations of post-Socialist elites and Piotr Sztompka’s theory of cultural trauma, etc. Given analyses of particular biographical narrations are supplemented by brief historical and sociological overviews, which allow the reader to better understand the contexts of lived lives, and the mental atmosphere in which the interviews were conducted.
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3.
  • Allvin, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Work without boundaries : psychological perspectives on the new working life
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Translated and adapted from a Swedish original, Work without Boundaries: Psychological Perspectives on the New Working Life tackles the human impact of the changing nature of work. It brings together strands of research from a variety of disciplines including work psychology, occupational health psychology, social psychology, and psychobiology. Written by two leading international researchers and writers in this field, Work without Boundaries delivers new levels of understanding in the field and charts the way forward for future research.
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6.
  • Andersson, Dan-Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Etik
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Etik handlar om gott och ont, om rätt och fel. Men det är svårt att veta vad som är gott och rätt. Hela vår tillvaro är fylld av situationer som ställer oss inför etiska frågor och problem. Vilket ansvar har vi gemensamt för att människor tvingas bo på gatan eller att sjukvården inte kommer alla till del? Utifrån tre utgångspunkter – gränsöverskridande, mångfald och ambivalens – vill författarna visa vad som har gjorts och vad man kan göra med etikbegreppet.
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7.
  • Andersson, Helena, 1969- (författare)
  • Interkulturell kommunikation på ett svenskt sjukhus
  • 2010
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this dissertation I investigate the communication of immigrants employed at a Swedish hospital. The overall aim is to find factors that have a positive effect on their integration into the workplace. The data comprise observations, field notes and approximately 80 hours of audio recordings with five second language speakers made during their everyday activities at work. Since I recorded entire workdays the data include both professional and social interaction, such as meetings, interaction with patients and small talk between colleagues. In preparation for the case studies I conducted a larger number of interviews at the hospital and so gained valuable knowledge about the hospital routines and how second language speakers experience their communicative situation.The five participants in the case studies are one male cleaner from Tanzania, two female nurses, one from Iran and one from Lebanon, and two female physicians, one from Hungary and one from Lithuania. The number of years spent in Sweden varies from 4 to 18.In the analyses I focus on communication strategies, humor and medical case rounds. The results show that lack of language skills is not a hindrance since the participants make use of different strategies to solve language problems. I also show that, despite the difficulties and risks involved in using of humor, the participants do so as a way of showing collegiality. The analysis of case rounds show that the participants are treated as equal interlocutors and contribute as much to the conversation as the first language speakers do. The results indicate, with a few exceptions, successful integration of the participants.Finally, I argue that a multicultural and multilingual staff is a positive feature since their skills in other languages can be used in ways that both save time and are of economic benefit to the employer. I also argue that Swedish teaching should focus more on interactional skills, for example so that the second language speakers are better prepared to face the communicative challenges they encounter in a workplace.
8.
  • Anonby, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Adaptive Multilinguals
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Laraki, a Southwestern Iranian language variety heavily influenced by Arabic, is spoken on Larak Island in the Strait of Hormuz. This study is a survey of language use by the Larakispeaking community and is based on a field trip conducted in January 2009. In our research, we provide an overview of the language community, define the language and its varieties, and examine patterns of language use, attitudes and vitality. Responses from speakers of Laraki provide a fascinating window into the ethnic identity of the Laraki community, most of whose ancestors come not from Iran, but from Arabia. While a lexicostatistical comparison of Laraki with Musandam Kumzari show a high degree of lexical similarity, recorded text tests (RTTs) reveal that intelligibility of Musandam Kumzari to speakers of Laraki is marginal. Taking linguistic considerations and speakers’ perceptions into account, we conclude nonetheless that Laraki and Musandam Kumzari should be considered dialects of a single language, Kumzari. In our investigation of language use, a striking pattern of adaptive multilingualism emerges in which speakers of Laraki normatively select one of several languages (Laraki, Farsi, Arabic and at least one regional variety such as Qeshmi, Hormuzi or Bandari) according to domains of use and limitations in the proficiency of their audiences. Although use of the mother tongue is vigorous in domestic and traditional work-related domains, and speakers’ attitudes toward their language are overwhelmingly positive, the small size of the language community and the history of social upheaval in the region place the community at risk.
9.
  • ASP, PETTER, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • International Criminal Law from a Swedish Perspective
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This book describes and analyses the Swedish legal rules and practices regarding jurisdiction, mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, extradition and the EU arrest warrant. The Swedish law and practice in international criminal law is particularly significant for two main reasons. It is a system which is both logical and coherent. It displays a considerable Germanic theoretical influence, but its sophistication is tempered by pragmatism, designed to facilitate “user-friendliness”. Secondly, the Nordic countries, because of a common history, and shared language and cultural factors, have long had a very high and effective degree of cooperation in international criminal law matters. The experience of the Nordic cooperation has been an important inspiration for the legislative work of the EU in the field. To create a “European judicial space”, based upon both harmonization and mutual recognition of decisions, the EU has produced a large number of instruments to improve judicial and prosecutorial cooperation in criminal matters. With the adoption of the Lisbon treaty, the pace of EU legislation in the field will increase. These EU instrument cannot work effectively unless they are integrated properly into the criminal law systems of the member states, and these systems in turn facilitate efficient cooperation. The European judicial space also requires a high degree of understanding of other systems and a high level of mutual trust. At a time when regionalization and globalization are leading to an increase in the number of offences with a transnational dimension, this book is designed to make the “best practices” of the Swedish system of international criminal law accessible to an English-speaking legal public of both practitioners and academics.
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10.
  • Aspers, Patrik, 1970- (författare)
  • Markets
  • 2011
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Our lives have gradually become dominated by markets. They are not only at the heart of capitalistic economies all over the world, but also central in public debates. This insightful book brings together existing knowledge on markets from sociology, economics and anthropology, and systematically investigates the different forms of markets we encounter daily in our social lives.Aspers starts by defining what a market actually is, analyzing its essential elements as well as its necessary preconditions and varied consequences. An important theme in the book is that a whole host of markets are embedded within one other and in social life at large, and Aspers discusses these in the context of other forms of economic coordination, such as networks and organizations. Combining theory with empirical examples, the book cuts to the core of understanding how different markets function, the role they have played in history, and how they come into being.This accessible and theoretically rich book will be essential reading for upper-level students seeking to make sense of markets and their complex role in social life.
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