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  • Abrahamsson, Katarina, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Variations of biochemical parameters along a transect in the Southern Ocean, with special emphasis on volatile halogenated organic compounds
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Deep-sea research. Part II, Topical studies in oceanography. - 0967-0645. ; 51:22-24, s. 2745-2756
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A number of parameters of biogeochemical interest were monitored along a north–southerly transect (S 43–S 63°) in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean from the 8th to the 20th of December 1997. Changes in total dissolved inorganic carbon (CT) and total alkalinity (AT) were mostly dependent on temperature and salinity until the ice edge was reached. After this point only a weak correlation was seen between these. Highest mean values of CT and AT were observed in the Winter Ice Edge (WIE) (2195 and 2319 ?mol kg?1, respectively). Lowest mean AT (2277 ?mol kg?1) was observed in the Sub-Antarctic Front (SAF), whereas lowest mean CT concentration (2068 ?mol kg?1) was associated with the Sub-Tropical Front (STF). The pH in situ varied between 8.060 and 8.156 where the highest values were observed in the southern part of the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) and in the Summer Ice Edge (SIE) Region . These peaks were associated with areas of high chlorophyll a (chl a) and tribromomethane values. In the other areas the pH in situ was mainly dependent on hydrography. Bacterial abundance decreased more than one order of magnitude when going from north to south. The decrease appeared to be strongly related to water temperature and there were no elevated abundances at frontal zones. Microphytoplankton dominated in the SAF and APF, whereas the nano- and picoplankton dominated outside these regions.Volatile halogenated compounds were found to vary both with regions, and with daylight. For the iodinated compounds, the highest concentrations were found north of the STF. Brominated hydrocarbons had high concentrations in the STF, but elevated concentrations were also found in the APF and SIE regions. No obvious correlation could be found between the occurrence of individual halocarbons and chl a. On some occasions trichloroethene and tribromomethane related to the presence of nano- and microplankton, respectively.
  • Abrahamsson, Maria, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • High Extinction Coefficient Ru-Sensitizers that Promote Hole Transfer on Nanocrystalline TiO2
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Chemphyschem. - 1439-4235. ; 15:6, s. 1154-1163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two series of Ru-II polypyridyl compounds with formulas [(bpy)(2)RuL](PF6)(2) and [(deeb)(2)RuL](PF6)(2), where bpy is 2,2-bipyridine, deeb is 4,4-diethylester-2,2-bpy, and L is one of several substituted 9-(1,3-dithiole-2-ylidene)-4,5-diazafluorene ligands, were studied as potential photosensitizers for TiO2. These compounds possess notably high extinction coefficients (40000M(-1)cm(-1) @470 nm) which are shown by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations to result from overlapping metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-localized transitions. Low-temperature absorption and photoluminescence measurements were suggestive of a short-lived MLCT excited state. When adsorbed onto TiO2 thin films, both the free ligands (L) and their corresponding [(deeb)(2)RuL](2+) complexes exhibited rapid excited-state electron injection into TiO2; in the case of the complexes, this was followed by rapid (k>10(8) s(-1)) hole transfer from Ru-III to the 1,3-dithiole ring of the L ligand. Observation of diffusion-limited reductive quenching of the [Ru(bpz)(3)](2+)* (bpz is 2,2-bipyrazine) excited state by the L ligands in solution supported the occurrence of intramolecular hole transfer following electron injection by the TiO2-anchored complexes.
  • Adell, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Post-growth annealing of (Ga,Mn)As under As capping - an alternative way to increase Tc
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In situ postgrowth annealing of (Ga,Mn)As layers under As capping is adequate for achieving high Curie temperatures (T-C) in a similar way as ex situ annealing in air or in N-2 atmosphere practiced earlier. Thus, the first efforts give an increase of T-C from 68 to 145 K after 2 h annealing at 180 degrees C. These data, in combination with lattice parameter determinations and photoemission results, show that the As capping acts as an efficient sink for diffusing Mn interstitials.
  • Ahmadi, Sareh, et al. (författare)
  • Site-dependent charge transfer at the Pt(111)-ZnPc interface and the effect of iodine
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - 0021-9606. ; 140:17, s. 174702
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electronic structure of ZnPc, from sub-monolayers to thick films, on bare and iodated Pt(111) is studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our results suggest that at low coverage ZnPc lies almost parallel to the Pt(111) substrate, in a non-planar configuration induced by Zn-Pt attraction, leading to an inhomogeneous charge distribution within the molecule and an inhomogeneous charge transfer to the molecule. ZnPc does not form a complete monolayer on the Pt surface, due to a surface-mediated intermolecular repulsion. At higher coverage ZnPc adopts a tilted geometry, due to a reduced molecule-substrate interaction. Our photoemission results illustrate that ZnPc is practically decoupled from Pt, already from the second layer. Pre-deposition of iodine on Pt hinders the Zn-Pt attraction, leading to a non-distorted first layer ZnPc in contact with Pt(111)-I(root 3x root 3) or Pt(111)-I(root 7x root 7), and a more homogeneous charge distribution and charge transfer at the interface. On increased ZnPc thickness iodine is dissolved in the organic film where it acts as an electron acceptor dopant.
  • Ahmed, Istaq, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and structural characterization of perovskite type proton conducting BaZr1−xInxO3−δ (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.75)
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Solid State Ionics. - 0167-2738. ; 177:17-18, s. 1395-1403
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Solid state sintering has been used to prepare the cubic perovskite structured compounds BaZr1-xInxO3-delta (0.0 <= x <= 0.75). Analysis of X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) data reveals that the unit cell parameter, a, increases linearly with an increased Indium concentration. XRPD data was also used to demonstrate the completion of sample hydration, which was reached when the materials showed a set of single-phase Bragg-peaks. Dynamic thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data showed that approx. 89% of the total number of available oxygen vacancies can be filled in BaZr1-xInxO3-delta for x=0.50, and that the maximum water uptake occurs below 300 degrees C. Rietveld analysis of the room temperature neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data confirmed the average cubic symmetry (space group Pm-3m), and an expansion of the unit cell parameter after the hydration reaction. The strong O-H stretch band, 2500-3500 cm(-1), in the infrared absorbance spectrum clearly manifests the presence of protons in the hydrated material. Proton conductivity of hydrated BaZr1-xInxO3-delta, x=0.75 was investigated during heating and cooling cycles under dry argon atmosphere. The total conductivity during the heating cycle was nearly two orders of magnitude greater than that of cooling cycle at 300 degrees C, whilst these values were similar at higher temperatures i.e. T > 600 degrees C.
  • Ahrentorp, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Effective particle magnetic moment of multi-core particles
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. - 0304-8853. ; 380, s. 221-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study we investigate the magnetic behavior of magnetic multi-core particles and the differences in the magnetic properties of multi-core and single-core nanoparticles and correlate the results with the nanostructure of the different particles as determined from transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We also investigate how the effective particle magnetic moment is coupled to the individual moments of the single-domain nanocrystals by using different measurement techniques: DC magnetometry, AC susceptometry, dynamic light scattering and TEM. We have studied two magnetic multi-core particle systems BNF Starch from Micromod with a median particle diameter of 100 am and FeraSpin R from nanoPET with a median particle diameter of 70 nm - and one single-core particle system - SHP25 from Ocean NanoTech with a median particle core diameter of 25 nm. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Akkoyun, S., et al. (författare)
  • AGATA-Advanced GAmma Tracking Array
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002. ; 668, s. 26-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Advanced GAmma Tracking Array (AGATA) is a European project to develop and operate the next generation gamma-ray spectrometer. AGATA is based on the technique of gamma-ray energy tracking in electrically segmented high-purity germanium crystals. This technique requires the accurate determination of the energy, time and position of every interaction as a gamma ray deposits its energy within the detector volume. Reconstruction of the full interaction path results in a detector with very high efficiency and excellent spectral response. The realisation of gamma-ray tracking and AGATA is a result of many technical advances. These include the development of encapsulated highly segmented germanium detectors assembled in a triple cluster detector cryostat, an electronics system with fast digital sampling and a data acquisition system to process the data at a high rate. The full characterisation of the crystals was measured and compared with detector-response simulations. This enabled pulse-shape analysis algorithms, to extract energy, time and position, to be employed. In addition, tracking algorithms for event reconstruction were developed. The first phase of AGATA is now complete and operational in its first physics campaign. In the future AGATA will be moved between laboratories in Europe and operated in a series of campaigns to take advantage of the different beams and facilities available to maximise its science output. The paper reviews all the achievements made in the AGATA project including all the necessary infrastructure to operate and support the spectrometer.
  • Al Nahas, Beshr, 1985-, et al. (författare)
  • Low-power listening goes multi-channel
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems, DCOSS 2014. ; s. 2-9
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Exploiting multiple radio channels for communicationhas been long known as a practical way to mitigateinterference in wireless settings. In Wireless Sensor Networks,however, multichannel solutions have not reached their fullpotential: the MAC layers included in TinyOS or the ContikiOS for example are mostly single-channel. The literature offersa number of interesting solutions, but experimental results wereoften too few to build confidence. We propose a practical extensionof low-power listening, MiCMAC, that performs channel hopping,operates in a distributed way, and is independent of upper layersof the protocol stack. The above properties make it easy todeploy in a variety of scenarios, without any extra configuration/scheduling/channelselection hassle. We implement our solutionin Contiki and evaluate it in a 97-node testbed while runninga complete, out-of-the-box low-power IPv6 communication stack(UDP/RPL/6LoWPAN). Our experimental results demonstrateincreased resilience to emulated WiFi interference (e.g., data yieldkept above 90% when ContikiMAC drops in the 40% range). In noiseless environments, MiCMAC keeps the overhead low incomparison to ContikiMAC, achieving performance as high as 99% data yield along with sub-percent duty cycle and sub-secondlatency for a 1-minute inter-packet interval data collection.
  • Albertsson-Wikland, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Mortality is not increased in rhGH-treated patients when adjusting for birth characteristics.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197. ; 101:5, s. 2149-2159
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether reported high mortality in childhood recombinant human GH (rhGH)-treated patients was related to birth-characteristics and/or rhGH treatment. Design and Setting: We sought to develop a mortality model of the Swedish general population born between 1973 and 2010, using continuous-hazard functions adjusting for birth characteristics, sex, age intervals, and calendar year to estimate standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and to apply this model to assess expected deaths in Swedish rhGH-treated patients with idiopathic isolated GH deficiency (IGHD), idiopathic short stature (155) or born small for gestational age (SGA). Participants:The general population: Swedish Medical Birth Register (1973-2010: 1 880 668 males; 1 781 131 females) and Cause of Death Register (1985-2010). Intervention Population: Three thousand eight hundred forty-seven patients starting rhGH treatment between 1985 and 2010 and followed in the National GH Register and/or in rhGH trials diagnosed with IGHD (n = 1890), ISS (n = 975), or SGA (n=982). Main Outcome Measures: Death. Results: Using conventional models adjusting for age, sex, and calendar-year, the SMR was 1.43 (95% confidence interval, 0.89-2.19), P = .14, observed/expected deaths 21/14.68. The rhGH population differed (P amp;lt; .001) from the general population regarding birth weight, birth length, and congenital malformations. Application of an Advanced Model: When applying the developed mortality model of the general population, the ratio of observed/expected deaths in rhGH-treated patients was 21/21.99; SMR = 0.955 (0.591-1.456)P = .95. Model Comparison: Expected number of deaths were 14.68 (14.35-14.96) using the conventional model, and 21.99 (21.24-22.81) using the advanced model, P amp;lt; .001, which had at all ages a higher gradient of risk per SD of the model, 24% (range, 18-42%; P amp;lt; .001). Conclusions: Compared with the general Swedish population, the ratio of observed/expected deaths (21/21.99) was not increased in childhood rhGH-treated IGHD, ISS, and SGA patients when applying an advanced sex-specific mortality model adjusting for birth characteristics.
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