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  • Abrahamsson, Katarina, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Variations of biochemical parameters along a transect in the Southern Ocean, with special emphasis on volatile halogenated organic compounds
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Deep-sea research. Part II, Topical studies in oceanography. - 0967-0645. ; 51:22-24, s. 2745-2756
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A number of parameters of biogeochemical interest were monitored along a north–southerly transect (S 43–S 63°) in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean from the 8th to the 20th of December 1997. Changes in total dissolved inorganic carbon (CT) and total alkalinity (AT) were mostly dependent on temperature and salinity until the ice edge was reached. After this point only a weak correlation was seen between these. Highest mean values of CT and AT were observed in the Winter Ice Edge (WIE) (2195 and 2319 μmol kg−1, respectively). Lowest mean AT (2277 μmol kg−1) was observed in the Sub-Antarctic Front (SAF), whereas lowest mean CT concentration (2068 μmol kg−1) was associated with the Sub-Tropical Front (STF). The pH in situ varied between 8.060 and 8.156 where the highest values were observed in the southern part of the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) and in the Summer Ice Edge (SIE) Region . These peaks were associated with areas of high chlorophyll a (chl a) and tribromomethane values. In the other areas the pH in situ was mainly dependent on hydrography. Bacterial abundance decreased more than one order of magnitude when going from north to south. The decrease appeared to be strongly related to water temperature and there were no elevated abundances at frontal zones. Microphytoplankton dominated in the SAF and APF, whereas the nano- and picoplankton dominated outside these regions.Volatile halogenated compounds were found to vary both with regions, and with daylight. For the iodinated compounds, the highest concentrations were found north of the STF. Brominated hydrocarbons had high concentrations in the STF, but elevated concentrations were also found in the APF and SIE regions. No obvious correlation could be found between the occurrence of individual halocarbons and chl a. On some occasions trichloroethene and tribromomethane related to the presence of nano- and microplankton, respectively.
  • Abrahamsson, Maria, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • High Extinction Coefficient Ru-Sensitizers that Promote Hole Transfer on Nanocrystalline TiO2
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Chemphyschem. - 1439-4235. ; 15:6, s. 1154-1163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two series of Ru-II polypyridyl compounds with formulas [(bpy)(2)RuL](PF6)(2) and [(deeb)(2)RuL](PF6)(2), where bpy is 2,2-bipyridine, deeb is 4,4-diethylester-2,2-bpy, and L is one of several substituted 9-(1,3-dithiole-2-ylidene)-4,5-diazafluorene ligands, were studied as potential photosensitizers for TiO2. These compounds possess notably high extinction coefficients (40000M(-1)cm(-1) @470 nm) which are shown by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations to result from overlapping metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) and ligand-localized transitions. Low-temperature absorption and photoluminescence measurements were suggestive of a short-lived MLCT excited state. When adsorbed onto TiO2 thin films, both the free ligands (L) and their corresponding [(deeb)(2)RuL](2+) complexes exhibited rapid excited-state electron injection into TiO2; in the case of the complexes, this was followed by rapid (k>10(8) s(-1)) hole transfer from Ru-III to the 1,3-dithiole ring of the L ligand. Observation of diffusion-limited reductive quenching of the [Ru(bpz)(3)](2+)* (bpz is 2,2-bipyrazine) excited state by the L ligands in solution supported the occurrence of intramolecular hole transfer following electron injection by the TiO2-anchored complexes.
  • Adell, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Post-growth annealing of (Ga,Mn)As under As capping - an alternative way to increase Tc
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In situ postgrowth annealing of (Ga,Mn)As layers under As capping is adequate for achieving high Curie temperatures (T-C) in a similar way as ex situ annealing in air or in N-2 atmosphere practiced earlier. Thus, the first efforts give an increase of T-C from 68 to 145 K after 2 h annealing at 180 degrees C. These data, in combination with lattice parameter determinations and photoemission results, show that the As capping acts as an efficient sink for diffusing Mn interstitials.
  • Ahmadi, Sareh, et al. (författare)
  • Site-dependent charge transfer at the Pt(111)-ZnPc interface and the effect of iodine
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - 0021-9606. ; 140:17, s. 174702
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electronic structure of ZnPc, from sub-monolayers to thick films, on bare and iodated Pt(111) is studied by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our results suggest that at low coverage ZnPc lies almost parallel to the Pt(111) substrate, in a non-planar configuration induced by Zn-Pt attraction, leading to an inhomogeneous charge distribution within the molecule and an inhomogeneous charge transfer to the molecule. ZnPc does not form a complete monolayer on the Pt surface, due to a surface-mediated intermolecular repulsion. At higher coverage ZnPc adopts a tilted geometry, due to a reduced molecule-substrate interaction. Our photoemission results illustrate that ZnPc is practically decoupled from Pt, already from the second layer. Pre-deposition of iodine on Pt hinders the Zn-Pt attraction, leading to a non-distorted first layer ZnPc in contact with Pt(111)-I(root 3x root 3) or Pt(111)-I(root 7x root 7), and a more homogeneous charge distribution and charge transfer at the interface. On increased ZnPc thickness iodine is dissolved in the organic film where it acts as an electron acceptor dopant.
  • Ahmed, Istaq, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and structural characterization of perovskite type proton conducting BaZr1−xInxO3−δ (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.75)
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Solid State Ionics. - 0167-2738. ; 177:17-18, s. 1395-1403
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Solid state sintering has been used to prepare the cubic perovskite structured compounds BaZr1-xInxO3-delta (0.0 <= x <= 0.75). Analysis of X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) data reveals that the unit cell parameter, a, increases linearly with an increased Indium concentration. XRPD data was also used to demonstrate the completion of sample hydration, which was reached when the materials showed a set of single-phase Bragg-peaks. Dynamic thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data showed that approx. 89% of the total number of available oxygen vacancies can be filled in BaZr1-xInxO3-delta for x=0.50, and that the maximum water uptake occurs below 300 degrees C. Rietveld analysis of the room temperature neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data confirmed the average cubic symmetry (space group Pm-3m), and an expansion of the unit cell parameter after the hydration reaction. The strong O-H stretch band, 2500-3500 cm(-1), in the infrared absorbance spectrum clearly manifests the presence of protons in the hydrated material. Proton conductivity of hydrated BaZr1-xInxO3-delta, x=0.75 was investigated during heating and cooling cycles under dry argon atmosphere. The total conductivity during the heating cycle was nearly two orders of magnitude greater than that of cooling cycle at 300 degrees C, whilst these values were similar at higher temperatures i.e. T > 600 degrees C.
  • Akkoyun, S., et al. (författare)
  • AGATA-Advanced GAmma Tracking Array
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002. ; 668, s. 26-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Advanced GAmma Tracking Array (AGATA) is a European project to develop and operate the next generation gamma-ray spectrometer. AGATA is based on the technique of gamma-ray energy tracking in electrically segmented high-purity germanium crystals. This technique requires the accurate determination of the energy, time and position of every interaction as a gamma ray deposits its energy within the detector volume. Reconstruction of the full interaction path results in a detector with very high efficiency and excellent spectral response. The realisation of gamma-ray tracking and AGATA is a result of many technical advances. These include the development of encapsulated highly segmented germanium detectors assembled in a triple cluster detector cryostat, an electronics system with fast digital sampling and a data acquisition system to process the data at a high rate. The full characterisation of the crystals was measured and compared with detector-response simulations. This enabled pulse-shape analysis algorithms, to extract energy, time and position, to be employed. In addition, tracking algorithms for event reconstruction were developed. The first phase of AGATA is now complete and operational in its first physics campaign. In the future AGATA will be moved between laboratories in Europe and operated in a series of campaigns to take advantage of the different beams and facilities available to maximise its science output. The paper reviews all the achievements made in the AGATA project including all the necessary infrastructure to operate and support the spectrometer.
  • Alexanderson, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • A single early postnatal estradiol injection affects morphology and gene expression of the ovary and parametrial adipose tissue in adult female rats.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. - 1879-1220. ; 122:1-3, s. 82-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Events during early life can affect reproductive and metabolic functions in adulthood. We evaluated the programming effects of a single early postnatal estradiol injection (within 3h after birth) in female rats. We assessed ovarian and parametrial adipose tissue morphology, evaluated gene expression related to follicular development and adipose tissue metabolism, and developed a non-invasive volumetric estimation of parametrial adipose tissue by magnetic resonance imaging. Estradiol reduced ovarian weight, increased antral follicle size and number of atretic antral follicles, and decreased theca interna thickness in atretic antral follicles. Adult estradiol-injected rats also had malformed vaginal openings and lacked corpora lutea, confirming anovulation. Estradiol markedly reduced parametrial adipose tissue mass. Adipocyte size was unchanged, suggesting reduced adipocyte number. Parametrial adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity was increased. In ovaries, estradiol increased mRNA expression of adiponectin, complement component 3, estrogen receptor alpha, and glucose transporter 3 and 4; in parametrial adipose tissue, expression of complement component 3 was increased, expression of estrogen receptor alpha was decreased, and expression of leptin, lipoprotein lipase, and hormone-sensitive lipase was unaffected. These findings suggest that early postnatal estradiol exposure of female rats result in long-lasting effects on the ovary and parametrial adipose tissue at adult age.
  • Almgren, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Nonideal Mixed Micelles of Fluorinated and Hydrogenous Surfactants in Aqueous Solution. NMR and SANS Studies of Anionic and Nonionic Systems
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Langmuir. - 0743-7463. ; 26:8, s. 5355-5363
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Contrast variation SANS and (19)F chemical shifts were measured for three mixed equimolar micelle systems: sodium perfluorooctanoate (SPFO) and sodiumdecylsulfate (SDeS) in 200 mM NaCl, lithium perfluorononanate (LiPFN) and lithium dodecylsulfate (LiDS) in 200 mM LiCl, and a nonionic system C(8)F(17)C(2)H(4)(OC(2)H(4))(9) and C(12)H(25)(OC(2)H(4))(8) in water, all at 25 degrees C. The chemical shift measurements allow the calculation of the average fraction of nearest neighbors of each kind around the reporter group (the trifluoromethyl group). A preference for like neighbors were found in all systems, smallest in the SDeS/SPFO system and largest in the nonionic system, but in all cases substantially smaller than expected at critical conditions. From the SANS measurements the width of the micelle composition distribution was obtained. For the ionic systems similar values were obtained, showing a broadening compared to ideal mixtures, but not broad enough for demixing or clearly bimodal distributions. In the nonionic system the width was estimated as sigma = 0.18 and 0.22 using two different evaluation methods. These values suggest that the system is close to critical conditions. The lower value refers to a direct modeling of the system, assuming an ellipsoidal shape and a Gaussian composition distribution. The modeling showed the nonionic mixed micelles to be prolate ellipsoids with axial ratio 2.2 and an aggregation number larger than 100, whereas the two ionic systems fitted best to oblate shapes (axial ratios 0.8 and 0.65 for SDeS/SPFO and LiDS/LiPFN, respectively) and aggregation numbers of 60 for both.
  • amundsen, silja, et al. (författare)
  • A comprehensive screen for SNP associations on chromosome region 5q31-33 in Swedish/Norwegian celiac disease families.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human genetics. ; 15:9, s. 980-987
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-induced enteropathy, which results from the interplay between environmental and genetic factors. There is a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association with the disease, and HLA-DQ alleles represent a major genetic risk factor. In addition to HLA-DQ, non-HLA genes appear to be crucial for CD development. Chromosomal region 5q31–33 has demonstrated linkage with CD in several genome-wide studies, including in our Swedish/Norwegian cohort. In a European meta-analysis 5q31–33 was the only region that reached a genome-wide level of significance except for the HLA region. To identify the genetic variant(s) responsible for this linkage signal, we performed a comprehensive single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) association screen in 97 Swedish/Norwegian multiplex families who demonstrate linkage to the region. We selected tag SNPs from a 16 Mb region representing the 95% confidence interval of the linkage peak. A total of 1404 SNPs were used for the association analysis. We identified several regions with SNPs demonstrating moderate single- or multipoint associations. However, the isolated association signals appeared insufficient to account for the linkage signal seen in our cohort. Collective effects of multiple risk genes within the region, incomplete genetic coverage or effects related to copy number variation are possible explanations for our findings.
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