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Sökning: LAR1:uu > Sophiahemmet Högskola

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1.
  • Avelin, Pernilla, et al. (författare)
  • Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the siblings : parents' advice on how the siblings of a stillborn baby can be supported
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Perinatal Education. - 1058-1243, EISSN 1548-8519. ; 21:2, s. 90-98
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to investigate parents' advice to other parents on the basis of their own experiences of siblings' taking leave of a stillborn sister or brother. The study was a Web questionnaire study of 411 parents. The thematic content analysis resulted in two categories: "Make the stillborn baby and the loss real for the siblings" and "Take the siblings' resources and prerequisites into account." Parents' advised that siblings should see and hold the stillborn baby and, thus, be invited and included into the leave-taking process with respect to the siblings' feelings, resources, and prerequisites. Based on these findings, professional caregivers can usefully be proactive in their approach to facilitate and encourage the involvement of siblings.
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2.
  • Bodin, Maja, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring men's pregnancy-planning behaviour and fertility knowledge a survey among fathers in Sweden
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences. - TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 0300-9734 .- 2000-1967. ; 122:2, s. 127-135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Research about pregnancy-planning behaviour mostly focuses on women, even though pregnancy planning usually also concerns men. The purpose of this study was to investigate how men plan for family, and to measure their fertility knowledge after having become fathers. Material and methods: Data were collected in 2014 as part of a Swedish longitudinal pregnancy-planning study. Men were recruited through their female partner one year after childbirth. Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire about pregnancy planning, lifestyles, and fertility. Results: Of the 796 participants, 646 (81%) stated that the pregnancy had been very or fairly planned, and 17% (n=128) had made a lifestyle adjustment before pregnancy to improve health and fertility. The most common adjustments were to reduce/quit the consumption of alcohol, cigarettes, or snuff, and to exercise more. First-time fathers and those who had used assisted reproductive technology to become pregnant were more likely to have made an adjustment. Fertility knowledge varied greatly. Men with university education had better fertility knowledge than men without university education. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that there is variation in how men plan and prepare for pregnancy. Most men did not adjust their lifestyle to improve health and fertility, while some made several changes. Both pregnancy-planning behaviour and fertility knowledge seem to be related to level of education and mode of conception. To gain deeper understanding of behaviour and underlying factors, more research is needed.
3.
  • Carlsson, Tommy (författare)
  • Management of physical pain during induced second-trimester medical abortions : a cross-sectional study of methodological quality and recommendations in local clinical practice guidelines at Swedish hospitals
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - 0283-9318 .- 1471-6712. ; 11:1, s. 111-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The aim was to assess the methodological quality and describe recommendations for pain management in local clinical practice guidelines about induced second‐trimester medical abortions at Swedish university and county hospitals.Methods: In 2017, Swedish university and county hospitals that provided abortion care in the second trimester of pregnancy were contacted (n = 29), and guidelines from 25 were received (university: n = 6, county: n = 19). Guideline quality was assessed according to two systematic instruments. Recommendations were systematically assessed regarding frequency and tools for pain measurement, prophylactic pharmacologic treatment, as needed pharmacologic treatment and nonpharmacologic treatment.Results: Overall methodological quality was poor across both instruments, as the majority of the guidelines did not fulfil the investigated quality criteria. For pain measurements, no guideline recommended measurement frequency and four recommended specific measurement tools. Prophylactic pharmacologic treatment, described in 23 (92%) guidelines, included paracetamol (n = 23, 92%), anti‐inflammatory drugs (n = 23, 92%) and opioids (n = 18, 72%). As needed pharmacologic treatment, described in 23 (92%) guidelines, included anaesthetics (n = 21, 84%), opioids (n = 21, 84%) and paracetamol (n = 1, 4%). Recommendations for as needed anaesthetics included paracervical block (n = 21, 84%), epidural analgesia (n = 16, 64%) and inhalation of nitrous oxide (n = 5, 20%). Nonpharmacologic treatments were recommended in nine (36%) guidelines.Conclusions: The findings indicate that local clinical practice guidelines about induced second‐trimester medical abortions are of inadequate methodological quality and that a large majority lack recommendations concerning systematic pain measurements. Although most recommend prophylactic and as needed pharmacologic management, national inconsistencies exist in Sweden with regard to recommendations of epidural analgesia, nitrous oxide and nonpharmacologic methods. In Sweden, there is room for improvement in the development of these guidelines.
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4.
  • Carlsson, Tommy, et al. (författare)
  • Psychological distress in parents of children treated for cancer An explorative study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 14:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectiveTo explore psychological distress experienced by parents who express a need for psychotherapy after curative treatment for their child's cancer.Methods15 parents (eight mothers and seven fathers) of children treated for cancer (median time since end of curative treatment: two years) were recruited via a pediatric oncology center. Each parent was interviewed twice and data was analyzed with inductive latent qualitative content analysis.ResultsTwo overarching themes emerged. One theme, An unfamiliar and frightening situation during treatment, portrayed experiences during the treatment period, and included the sub-themes Initial reactions to the uncontrollable situation, Adjustment to the situation, and Focus on supporting the child. Another theme, Emotional struggles after end of curative treatment, portrayed experiences following curative treatment, and included the sub-themes Transitioning back to life as it was before the diagnosis, Emotional scars, Uncontrollable fears and worries of diseases, and New perspectives on life.ConclusionsParents of children with cancer experience existential, physical, psychological, and social struggles. They describe an unstable situation after diagnosis and having focused their attention towards protecting their child during treatment. After the end of curative treatment, they experience challenges with transitioning back to life as it was before the diagnosis and dealing with their own emotional scars and fears related to the child's cancer. The findings indicate an unmet need for psychological support among parents of children treated for cancer.
5.
  • Carlsson, Tommy, et al. (författare)
  • Written narratives from immigrants following a prenatal diagnosis qualitative exploratory study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. - 1471-2393 .- 1471-2393. ; 19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundExpectant parents often have optimistic expectations of the obstetric ultrasound examination and are unprepared for a diagnosis of foetal anomaly. Research that gives voice to the experiences of immigrants faced with a prenatal diagnosis is scarce, and there is a need for more exploratory research that provides insights into the experiences of these persons. The aim of this study was to explore narratives of experiences of immigrants with Arabic or Sorani interpreter needs when presented with a prenatal diagnosis of foetal anomaly.MethodsA web-based tool with open-ended questions was distributed via Arabic and Kurdish non-profit associations and general women's associations in Sweden. Responses were received from six women and analysed with qualitative content analysis.ResultsThe analysis resulted in three themes: (1) an unexpected hurricane of emotions, (2) trying to understand the situation though information in an unfamiliar language, and (3) being cared for in a country with accessible obstetric care and where induced abortion is legal.ConclusionsImmigrant women described an unexpected personal tragedy when faced with a prenatal diagnosis of foetal anomaly, and emphasised the importance of respectful and empathic psychological support. Their experiences of insufficient and incomprehensible information call attention to the importance of tailored approaches and the use of adequate medical interpreting services. There is a need for more descriptive studies that investigate decision-making and preparedness for induced abortion among immigrants faced with a prenatal diagnosis.
6.
  • Choudhary, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Yoga versus Light Exercise to Improve Well-Being and Promote Healthy Aging among Older Adults in Central India A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: GERIATRICS. - MDPI. - 2308-3417. ; 4:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Aging is a natural process associated with many functional and structural changes. These changes may include impaired self-regulation, changes in tissues and organs. Aging also affects mood, physical status and social activity. There are adverse changes in cognitive behavior, perceived sensation and thinking processes. Regular physical activity can alleviate many health problems; yet, many older adults are inactive. Yoga is one of the scientific and popular lifestyle practice considered as the integration of mind, body and soul. Results of previous studies reported positive effects of yoga on multiple health outcomes in elderly. However, there is scarcity of scientific information where yoga's effect is examined on over well-being and on multiple health outcomes simultaneously in elderly. This protocol describes methods for a 12-week yoga-based intervention exploring the effects of yoga on well-being in physically inactive elderly living in community.Methods and analysis: This two group parallel single blind randomized controlled trial that will be conducted at a designated facility of R.D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, Central India. A 12-week 60-min yoga intervention three times weekly is designed. Comparison group participants will undergo a 60-min program comprising light exercise focusing on conventional stretching to improve mobility. After screening, 144 participants aged 60-80 years will be recruited. The primary outcome is subjective well-being. Secondary outcomes include mobility, fall risk, cognition, anxiety and depression, mood and stress, sleep quality, pain, physical activity/sedentary behavior and cardio-metabolic risk factors. Assessments will be conducted at baseline (0 week), after the intervention (12+1 week) and at follow-up (36+1 week). Intention-to-treat analyses with mixed linear modeling will be applied.Discussion: Through this trial, we aim to determine whether elderly people in the intervention group practicing yoga show more favorable primary (well-being) and secondary outcomes than those in the light exercise focusing on conventional stretching group. We assume that yoga may be practiced to maintain health, reduce particular symptoms commonly associated with skeletal pain, assist in pain relief and enhance well-being. We anticipate that practicing yoga will improve well-being and mental health and may lead to significant improvement in depression, pain and sleep quality.Ethics and dissemination: This study is approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of R.D. Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, IEC Ref No. 09/2018. All participants would be provided with written and verbal information about the purpose of the project and would be free to withdraw from the study at any time. Refusal to participate in the study would not have any negative consequences. Confidentiality of the information of each participant would be ensured. Knowledge obtained would be disseminated to stakeholders through workshops, meetings and relevant scientific conferences.Trial Registration: The trial is prospectively registered with the Indian Council of Medical Research Trial Registry CTRI/2018/07/015051.
7.
  • Drevin, Jennifer, et al. (författare)
  • Measuring pregnancy planning : A psychometric evaluation and comparison of two scales
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing. - John Wiley & Sons. - 0309-2402 .- 1365-2648. ; 73:11, s. 2765-2775
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To psychometrically test the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy and compare it with the Swedish Pregnancy Planning Scale. Background: The incidence of unplanned pregnancies is an important indicator of reproductive health. The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy measures pregnancy planning by taking contraceptive use, timing, intention to become pregnant, desire for pregnancy, partner agreement, and pre-conceptual preparations into account. It has, however, previously not been psychometrically evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The Likert-scored single-item Swedish Pregnancy Planning Scale has been developed to measure the woman's own view of pregnancy planning level. Design: Cross-sectional design. Methods: In 2012-2013, 5493 pregnant women living in Sweden were invited to participate in the Swedish Pregnancy Planning study, of whom 3327 (61%) agreed to participate and answered a questionnaire. A test-retest pilot study was conducted in 2011-2012. Thirty-two participants responded to the questionnaire on two occasions 14 days apart. Data were analysed using confirmatory factor analysis, Cohen's weighted kappa and Spearman's correlation. Results: All items of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy contributed to measuring pregnancy planning, but four items had low item-reliability. The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy and Swedish Pregnancy Planning Scale corresponded reasonably well with each other and both showed good test-retest reliability. Conclusion: The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy may benefit from item reduction and its usefulness may be questioned. The Swedish Pregnancy Planning Scale is time-efficient and shows acceptable reliability and construct validity, which makes it more useful for measuring pregnancy planning.
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8.
  • Edström-Plüss, Catrin, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of an expanded cardiac rehabilitation programme in patients treated for an acute myocardial infarction or a coronary artery by-pass graft operation
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Rehabilitation. - 0269-2155. ; 22:4, s. 306-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of expanded cardiac rehabilitation with multifactorial interventions on metabolic and inflammatory markers, exercise performance and on established cardiovascular risk factors. DESIGN: Single-centre prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A university hospital. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and twenty-four patients with an acute myocardial infarction or patients undergoing coronary artery by-pass grafting. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized to expanded cardiac rehabilitation including stress management, increased physical training, staying at a 'patient hotel' and cooking sessions, or to usual cardiac rehabilitation. MAIN MEASURES: Biochemical risk markers and exercise performance; follow-up was one year. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two treatment groups in the changes of biochemical risk markers or in exercise performance. Thus, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels decreased from 3.00 (0.97) to 2.54 (0.66) mmol/L in the intervention group and from 3.20 (0.85) to 2.54 (0.63) mmol/L in the control group, fibrinogen levels decreased from 5.30 (2.00) to 4.25 (1.01) g/L in the intervention group and from 5.29 (1.89) to 4.33 (0.83) g/L in the control group and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels decreased from 3.04 (2.79) to 2.09 (2.13) mg/L in the intervention group and from 4.01 (3.49) to 2.39 (2.49) mg/L in the control group. Total workload (W) improved from 118 (35) to 136 (34) in the intervention group and from 117 (36) to 133 (39) in the control group. CONCLUSION: There was no further significant benefit in biochemical risk markers or in exercise performance among patients undergoing the expanded rehabilitation as compared to the control group which received usual cardiac rehabilitation.
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9.
  • Ekstrand Ragnar, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Important but far away adolescents' beliefs, awareness and experiences of fertility and preconception health
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care. - TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 1362-5187 .- 1473-0782. ; 23:4, s. 265-273
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aim was to explore adolescents' beliefs and awareness regarding fertility and preconception health, as well as their views and experiences of information about fertility and preconception health directed at their age group.Methods: We performed seven semi-structured focus group interviews among upper secondary school students (n = 47) aged 16-18 years in two Swedish counties. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis.Results: One theme ('important but far away') and five categories ('starting a family far down on the list'; 'high awareness but patchy knowledge of fertility and preconception health'; 'gender roles influence beliefs about fertility and preconception health'; 'wish to preserve fertility and preconception health in order to keep the door to procreation open'; 'no panacea - early and continuous education about fertility and preconception health') emerged from the interviews. Participants recognised the importance of preconception health and were highly aware of the overall importance of a healthy lifestyle. Their knowledge, however, was patchy and they had difficulties relating to fertility and preconception health on a personal and behavioural level. Participants wanted more information but had heterogeneous beliefs about when, where and how this information should be given.Conclusion: The adolescents wanted information on fertility and preconception health to be delivered repeatedly as well as through different sources.
10.
  • Elf, Kristin, et al. (författare)
  • Electroencephalographic Patterns During Common Nursing Interventions in Neurointensive Care : A Descriptive Pilot Study.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. - 0888-0395 .- 1945-2810. ; 51:1, s. 10-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Many patients with neurological insults requiring neurointensive care have an increased risk of acute symptomatic seizures. Various nursing interventions performed when caring for these patients may elicit pathological cerebral electrical activity including seizures and stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic, or ictal discharges (SIRPIDs). The aim was to explore changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) due to neurointensive care nursing interventions.METHODS: A convenience sample was recruited between November 2015 and April 2016, consisting of 12 adult patients with impaired consciousness due to a neurosurgical condition. Continuous EEG and simultaneous video recordings of nursing interventions were collected 48 continuous hours for each patient. Two analysts categorized the video recordings for common nursing interventions, and a neurophysiologist analyzed the EEGs.RESULTS: In total, 976 nursing interventions were observed. Epileptiform activity was observed in 4 patients (33%), during 1 nursing intervention episode each (0.4%). The 4 observed episodes of epileptiform activity occurred during multiple simultaneous nursing interventions (n = 3) and hygienic interventions (n = 1). Stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic, or ictal discharges were observed in 1 patient (8%), in 1 single nursing intervention (0.1%). The observed SIRPIDs occurred during repositioning of the patient. All patients had muscle artifacts, during 353 nursing interventions (36.3%). The duration of nursing interventions was longer for those with simultaneous muscle artifacts (median, 116 seconds) than those without muscle artifacts, epileptiform activity, or SIRPIDs (median, 89.0 seconds). With regard to epileptiform activity and SIRPIDs, the median durations of the nursing interventions were 1158 and 289 seconds, respectively.CONCLUSION: The results of this pilot study indicate that muscle artifacts seem prevalent during nursing interventions and may be a sign of stress. Nurses should be aware of the risk of inducing stress by performing regular nursing interventions in daily practice, consider shorter or fewer interventions at a time in sensitive patients, and administer sedation accordingly. Considering that this was a pilot study, more research that investigates correlations between EEG patterns and nursing interventions in larger samples is needed.
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