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Sökning: LAR1:uu > Glimelius B > Lunds universitet

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1.
  • Bjork-Eriksson, T, et al. (författare)
  • The potential of proton beam radiation for palliation and reirradiation.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden). - 0284-186X. ; 44:8, s. 918
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A group of Swedish oncologists and hospital physicists have estimated the number of patients in Sweden suitable for proton beam therapy. The estimations have been based on current statistics of tumour incidence, number of patients potentially eligible for radiation treatment, scientific support from clinical trials and model dose planning studies and knowledge of the dose-response relations of different tumours and normal tissues. If an estimated 1% of the palliative treatments can be administered by protons with substantial benefits to the patient, almost 100 patients per year in Sweden would be eligible. It is further estimated that around 150 patients per year in need of reirradiation would benefit from radiation with protons compared to photons.
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2.
  • Bjork-Eriksson, T, et al. (författare)
  • The potentials of proton beam radiation therapy in malignant lymphoma, thymoma and sarcoma.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden). - 0284-186X. ; 44:8, s. 913
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A group of Swedish oncologists and hospital physicists have estimated the number of patients in Sweden suitable for proton beam therapy. The estimations have been based on current statistics of tumour incidence, number of patients potentially eligible for radiation treatment, scientific support from clinical trials and model dose planning studies and knowledge of the dose-response relations of different tumours and normal tissues. Besides sarcomas of the base of skull, which are classical sites for proton beam therapy, it is estimated that about 40 patients yearly in Sweden with sarcomas at other sites are candidates for proton beam therapy. About 20 patients each with malignant lymphomas, chiefly in the mediastinum, and thymomas are also candidates to decrease doses to surrounding heart and lungs.
3.
  • Blomquist, E, et al. (författare)
  • The potential of proton beam radiation therapy in intracranial and ocular tumours
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X. ; 44:8, s. 862-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A group of oncologists and hospital physicists have estimated the number of patients in Sweden suitable for proton beam therapy. The estimations have been based on current statistics of tumour incidence, number of patients potentially eligible for radiation treatment, scientific support from clinical trials and model dose planning studies and knowledge of the dose-response relations of different tumours and normal tissues. In intracranial benign and malignant tumours, it is estimated that between 130 and 180 patients each year are candidates for proton beam therapy. Of these, between 50 and 75 patients have malignant glioma, 30-40 meningeoma, 20-25 arteriovenous malformations, 20-25 skull base tumours and 10-15 pituitary adenoma. In addition, 15 patients with ocular melanoma are candidates.
4.
  • Chang, E T, et al. (författare)
  • Body mass index and risk of malignant lymphoma in Scandinavian men and women
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - 0027-8874. ; 97:3, s. 210-218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and prevalence of obesity are increasing globally. A suggested positive association between obesity and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma has prompted us to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and risk of malignant lymphoma subtypes in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 3055 case patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 618 case patients with Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed between October 1, 1999, and August 30, 2002, and 3187 population-based control subjects. The interviews assessed current height, normal adult weight, and other possible risk factors. Multivariable odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk of lymphoma were estimated by unconditional logistic regression. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: BMI was not associated with risk of overall non-Hodgkin lymphoma or of Hodgkin lymphoma (for example, comparing the highly obese group [BMI > or =35.0 kg/m2] with the normal-weight group [BMI = 18.5-24.9 kg/m2], OR for risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma = 0.9, 95% CI = 0.6 to 1.3; P(trend) across all categories of BMI = .27). BMI was also not associated with risk of any non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype evaluated, although there was some evidence of a positive association with risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (for example, comparing the highly obese group with the normal-weight group, OR for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma = 1.5, 95% CI = 0.9 to 2.4; P(trend) =.05). CONCLUSIONS: Excess weight does not appear to be associated with an increased risk of malignant lymphoma in general, or with a risk of most major lymphoma subtypes. Hence, the growing incidence of obesity is unlikely to be an important contributor to the increasing incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide.
5.
  • Gaber, Alexander, et al. (författare)
  • High expression of tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor correlates with liver metastasis and poor prognosis in colorectal cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 100:10, s. 1540-1548
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Increased expression of tumour-associated trypsin inhibitor (TATI) in tumour tissue and/or serum has been associated with poor survival in various cancer forms. Moreover, a proinvasive function of TATI has been shown in colon cancer cell lines. In this study, we have examined the prognostic significance of tumour-specific TATI expression in colorectal cancer, assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on tissue microarrays (TMAs) with tumour specimens from two independent patient cohorts. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards modelling were used to estimate time to recurrence, disease-free survival and overall survival. In both cohorts, a high (>50% of tumour cells) TATI expression was an independent predictor of a significantly shorter overall survival. In cohort II, in multivariate analysis including age, gender, disease stage, differentiation grade, vascular invasion and carcinoembryonal antigen (CEA), high TATI expression was associated with a significantly decreased overall survival (HR=1.82; 95% CI=1.19-2.79) and disease-free survival (HR=1.56; 95% CI=1.05-2.32) in curatively treated patients. Moreover, there was an increased risk for liver metastasis in both cohorts that remained significant in multivariate analysis in cohort II (HR=2.85; 95% CI=1.43-5.66). In conclusion, high TATI expression is associated with liver metastasis and is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer.
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6.
  • Glimelius, B., et al. (författare)
  • A randomized phase III multicenter trial comparing irinotecan in combination with the Nordic bolus 5-FU and folinic acid schedule or the bolus/infused de Gramont schedule (Lv5FU2) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534. ; 19:5, s. 909-914
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: To compare irinotecan with the Nordic 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and folinic acid (FA) bolus schedule [irinotecan 180 mg/m2 on day 1, 5-FU 500 mg/m2 and FA 60 mg/m2 on day 1 and 2 (FLIRI)] or the Lv5FU2 schedule [irinotecan 180 mg/m2 on day 1, FA 200 mg/m2, 5-FU bolus 400 mg/m2 and infused 5-FU 600 mg/m2 on day 1 and 2 (Lv5FU2-IRI)] due to uncertainties about how to administrate 5-FU with irinotecan. Patients and methods: Patients (n = 567) with metastatic colorectal cancer were randomly assigned to receive FLIRI or Lv5FU2-IRI. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Patient characteristics were well balanced. PFS did not differ between groups (median 9 months, P = 0.22). Overall survival (OS) was also similar (median 19 months, P = 0.9). Fewer objective responses were seen in the FLIRI group (35% versus 49%, P = 0.001) but the metastatic resection rate did not differ (4% versus 6%, P = 0.3). Grade 3/4 neutropenia (11% versus 5%, P = 0.01) and grade 2 alopecia (18% versus 9%, P = 0.002) were more common in the FLIRI group. The 60-day mortality was 2.4% versus 2.1%. Conclusions: Irinotecan with the bolus Nordic schedule (FLIRI) is a convenient treatment with PFS and OS comparable to irinotecan with the Lv5FU2 schedule. Neutropenia and alopecia are more prevalent, but both regimens are equally well tolerated. © The Author 2008. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.
7.
  • Glimelius, B, et al. (författare)
  • Adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer: a joint analysis of randomised trials by the Nordic Gastrointestinal Tumour Adjuvant Therapy Group
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncol. - 0284-186X. ; 44:8, s. 904
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Due to uncertainties regarding clinically meaningful gains from adjuvant chemotherapy after colorectal cancer surgery, several Nordic Groups in the early 1990s initiated randomised trials to prove or reject such gains. This report gives the joint analyses after a minimum 5-year follow-up. Between October 1991 and December 1997, 2 224 patients under 76 years of age with colorectal cancer stages II and III were randomised to surgery alone (n = 1 121) or adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 1 103) which varied between trials (5FU/levamisole for 12 months, n = 444; 5FU/ eucovorin for 4 = 5 months according to either a modified Mayo Clinic schedule (n = 262) or the Nordic schedule (n = 397). Some centres also randomised patients treated with 5FU/ leucovorin to +/- levamisole). A total of 812 patients had colon cancer stage II, 708 colon cancer stage III, 323 rectal cancer stage II and 368 rectal cancer stage III. All analyses were according to intention-to-treat. No statistically significant difference in overall survival, stratified for country or region, could be found in any group of patients according to stage or site. In colon cancer stage III, an absolute difference of 7% ( p = 0.15), favouring chemotherapy, was seen. The present analyses corroborate a small but clinically meaningful survival gain from adjuvant chemotherapy in colon cancer stage III, but not in the other presentations.
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8.
  • Glimelius, I, et al. (författare)
  • Bulky disease is the most important prognostic factor in Hodgkin lymphoma stage IIB
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Haematology. - 0902-4441. ; 71:5, s. 327-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment results for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients younger than 60 yr in stage IIB, treated according to the Swedish National Care Programme. The intention was also to identify specific subgroups depending on the number of negative prognostic factors the patients have, in order to optimise and differentiate future treatment. In total, 99 patients with HL stage IIB, diagnosed between 1985 and 1994, have been analysed. There were 47 men and 52 women and the median age was 33 yr (range 17-59). Eighty-six patients presented with supradiaphragmatic disease and 13 with infradiaphragmatic. The HL specific and overall 10-yr survival was 73 and 65%, respectively. The HL-specific survival for patients in pathological stage IIB tended to be better, although not statistically significant than for clinical stage IIB, despite less chemotherapy (P = 0.1). The patients in stage IIB who were selected for laparotomy were, however, younger and with fewer negative prognostic factors. The only significant negative prognostic factor was bulky disease (P = 0.001). The following factors also tended to have a negative influence on the prognosis although not statistically significant: the International Prognostic Score, the number of involved lymph node stations, extranodal involvement and leucocyte count > 15 x 10(9)/L. In conclusion, we suggest that bulky disease should be taken into account when treating patients with stage IIB HL.
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9.
  • Johansson, B, et al. (författare)
  • The potential of proton beam radiation therapy in prostate cancer, other urological cancers and gynaecological cancers
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X. ; 44:8, s. 890-895
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A group of Swedish oncologists and hospital physicists have estimated the number of patients in Sweden suitable for proton beam therapy. The estimations have been based on current statistics of tumour incidence, number of patients potentially eligible for radiation treatment, scientific support from clinical trials and model dose planning studies and knowledge of the dose-response relations of different tumours and normal tissues. In prostate cancer it is estimated that annually about 300 patients and in gynaecological cancer about 50 patients, are candidates for proton beam therapy. Owing to major uncertainties, it has not been possible to give an estimate of the number of potential patients with urinary bladder cancer.
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10.
  • Kodeda, K., et al. (författare)
  • Population-based data from the Swedish Colon Cancer Registry
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Surgery. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0007-1323. ; 100:8, s. 1100-1107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Evaluating the external validity of clinical trials requires knowledge not only of the study population but also of a relevant reference population. The main aim of this study was to present data from a large, contemporary, population-based cohort of patients with colonic cancer. Methods Data on patients diagnosed between 2007 and 2011 were extracted from the Swedish Colon Cancer Registry. The data, registered prospectively in a national population of almost 10 million, included over 99 per cent of all diagnosed adenocarcinomas of the colon. Results This analysis included 18889 patients with 19526 tumours (3 center dot 0 per cent had synchronous tumours). The sex distribution was fairly equal, and the median age was 74 center dot 1 (interquartile range 65-81) years. The overall and relative (cancer-specific) survival rates after 3 years were 62 center dot 7 and 71 center dot 4 per cent respectively. Some 88 center dot 0 per cent of the patients were operated on, and 83 center dot 8 per cent had tumours resected. Median blood loss during bowel resection was 200 (mean 311) ml, and the median operating time was 160min; 5 center dot 6 per cent of the procedures were laparoscopic. Preoperative chemotherapy was administered to 2 center dot 1 per cent of patients; postoperative chemotherapy was planned in 90 center dot 1 per cent of fit patients aged less than 75 years with stage III disease. In patients operated on in an emergency setting (21 center dot 5 per cent), the preoperative evaluation was less extensive, the proportion of R0 resections was lower, and the outcomes were poorer, in both the short and long term. Conclusion These population-based data represent good-quality reference points.
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