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Sökning: Nicaragua > Göteborgs universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 35
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1.
  • Bucardo, Filemon, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic susceptibility to symptomatic norovirus infection in Nicaragua.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of medical virology. - 1096-9071. ; 81:4, s. 728
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Host genetic resistance to Norovirus (NoV) has been observed in challenge and outbreak studies in populations from Europe, Asia, and USA. In this study, we have investigated if histo-blood group antigens can predict susceptibility to diarrhea caused by NoV in Nicaragua, Central America, and if this can be reflected in antibody-prevalence and titer to NoV among individuals with different histo-blood group antigen phenotypes. Investigation of 28 individuals infected with NoV and 131 population controls revealed 6% of non-secretors in the population and nil non-secretors among patients infected with NoV, suggesting that non-secretors may be protected against NoV disease in Nicaragua. Surprisingly, 25% of the population was Lewis negative (Le(a-b-)). NoV infections with genogroup I (GI) and GII occurred irrespective of Lewis genotype, but none of the Lewis a positive (Le(a + b-)) were infected. The globally dominating GII.4 virus infected individuals of all blood groups except AB (n = 5), while the GI viruses (n = 4) infected only blood type O individuals. Furthermore, O blood types were susceptible to infections with GI.4, GII.4, GII.7, GII.17, and GII.18-Nica viruses, suggesting that secretors with blood type O are susceptible (OR = 1.52) and non-secretors resistant. The overall antibody-prevalence to NoV GII.3 VLP was 62% with the highest prevalence among blood type B carriers (70%) followed by A (68%) and O (62%). All four investigated individuals carrying blood type AB were antibody-negative. Among secretors, 63% were antibody-positive compared to 33% among non-secretors (P = 0.151). This study extends previous knowledge about the histo-blood group antigens role in NoV disease in a population with different genetic background than North American and European.
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2.
  • Wedel, Johan, 1962- (författare)
  • Religious Healing in Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: 33th Caribbean Studies Association (CSA) conference, San Andres, Colombia, May 26-30, 2008.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper inquires into the various forms of healing performed today among the Miskitu people of the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua. The Miskitu have a long history of relations with outsiders and with people of African origin. Miskitu cosmology and its ideas about illness and healing is today a mixture of indigenous, Afro-Caribbean, and Christian beliefs. Local healers constantly pick up new healing methods and ideas from other religious traditions in Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The paper discusses how Miskitu healers, known as curanderos, sukias, and profetas, heal by relating sickness and suffering to a world of spirits which also makes reference to the plural cultural antecedences of contemporary Miskitu worldview.
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4.
  • Wedel, Johan, 1962- (författare)
  • Sorcery and Violence in Eastern Nicaragua
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: 35th Caribbean Studies Association Conference, May 24-28, St. Peters, Barbados.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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5.
  • Wedel, Johan, 1962- (författare)
  • Spirit possession among the Miskitu of Nicaragua
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Paper for the 10th EASA conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, August 26-29, 2008..
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The Miskitu people of Eastern Nicaragua are occasionally troubled by a spectacular illness called grisi siknis or "crazy sickness," said to be caused by spirits. This paper inquires into how Miskitu healers ritually transform the experience of the afflicted through an idiom of the spirit world.
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8.
  • Salas, Osvaldo, 1953- (författare)
  • La Economía de Nicaragua
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Anales. Iberoamerikanska Institutet, GU. ; 1, s. 179-194
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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9.
  • Zapata Campos, María José, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Can community-based tourism contribute to development and poverty alleviation? Lessons from Nicaragua. In Current Issues in Tourism, vol 14 (8): 725-749
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Current Issues in Tourism. - 1368-3500. ; 14:8, s. 725-749
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the development of community-based tourism (CBT) governments, development agencies and NGOs have placed considerable emphasis on this development model. However, CBT has been strongly criticized with respect to low economic impact in terms of jobs and income, the result of small-scale interventions, its low life expectancy after external funding ends, the monopolisation of benefits by local elites, or the lack of business skills to make it operational. This article explores the viability of the CBT model to support socio-economic development and poverty alleviation via a Nicaraguan case study. The characteristics and effects of different modes of organising community tourism were examined, based on an impact assessment and lifecycle analysis of the CBT Nicaraguan Network. The results showed how traditional top-down CBT, created and fully funded by external organisations, reflected the general criticisms of the approach, while bottom-up CBT, borne as a result of a local initiative, demonstrated longer life expectancy, faster growth, and more positive impacts on the local economy. The findings suggest a shift is required in the attention of donors and policy-makers towards redistribution policies that strengthen the skills, resources, and conditions of micro, community-based and family entrepreneurship, together with a stronger orientation towards the domestic markets.
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10.
  • Wedel, Johan, 1962- (författare)
  • Healing and spirit possession in the Caribbean
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Stockholm Review of Latin American Studies. - 1654-0204. ; :4, s. 49-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article takes a comparative look at spiritual healing and its implications among followers of Afro-Cuban Santería and among the Miskitu people of Nicaragua. It shows how illness and suffering is located in a sacred domain allowing transformations on social, psychological, and physiological levels. Healing is achieved by creating a sacred reality by means of powerful symbols and spirit possession. In this process, spiritual beings are representations of people’s conditions. At the same time, spirits also represent a model for healing.
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