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Sökning: Nicaragua > Engelska > (1990-1994) > Umeå universitet

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1.
  • Penayo, Ulises, et al. (författare)
  • Mental disorders among primary health care patients in Nicaragua.
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. - 0001-690X. ; 82:1, s. 82-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to validate the Self Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20) as a screening instrument to identify probable psychiatric cases in the general population in Nicaragua and to study the prevalence and identification of mental disorders in primary health care. In the general population 576 people were screened using SRQ-20. A subsample was further interviewed using the Present State Examination (PSE). In primary health care centers 781 patients were screened according to SRQ-20 and staff indicated whether a mental disorder was identified or not. In the general population study, 9/10 turned out an adequate cut-off for SRQ-20, identifying 23% as probable cases. Using the same cut-off, 47% of the primary health care patients were identified as probable cases. Among male probable cases only 7% were identified as cases by health care staff, and among female probable cases health care staff identified 13% as cases. When the results are compared with previous studies, it becomes evident that the general level of psycho-emotional complaints and accordingly the cut-off for caseness differ in different parts of the world. SRQ must be calibrated for each cultural setting. Among primary health care patients, mental disorders were overrepresented and frequently overlooked by the physicians. Educational programs with training in psychiatry should be implemented for primary health care staff.
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2.
  • Penayo, U, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of mental disorders among adults in Subtiava, León, Nicaragua
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. - 0030-0632. ; 113:2, s. 137-148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the Subtiava district of León, Nicaragua. Two-stage cluster sampling was used to select 219 families (n = 584 persons). The study was carried out in two phases. In the first, probable mental disorder cases were screened using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire. In the second, the diagnoses were confirmed through the Present State Examination questionnaire. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires had been confirmed in a pilot study. The present study was conducted in October and November 1987, when Nicaragua was still immersed in armed conflict. Construction of a family map made it possible to analyze, through the multiple imputation method, the characteristics of persons who were absent at the time of the interviews or who did not respond. The estimated prevalence percentages and their respective 95% confidence intervals were as follows: neurosis, 7.5% (5.2%-9.8%); depression, 6.2% (2.6%-8.1%); reactive crisis, 3.3% (2.6-6.5%); alcoholism, 5.8% (3.9%-8.9%); organic brain syndrome, 3.9% (1.7%-5.2%); psychosis, 0.5% (0.2%-1.6%); and other disorders, 0.7% (0.2%-1.6%). The estimated overall prevalence of mental disorders in the study population was 27.9%. Disorders were more prevalent among men (30.8%) than women (26.3%). It is concluded that these high estimated prevalences are associated with stress caused by the war.
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Caldera, Trinidad, (2)
Kullgren, Gunnar, (1)
Jacobsson, L (1)
Penayo, Ulises (1)
Penayo, U (1)
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