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Sökning: WAKA:ref > Inganäs Olle > (2005-2009) > Refereegranskat > (2009)

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  • Andersson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • From short to long - Optical and electrical transients in photovoltaic bulk heterojunctions of polyfluorene/fullerenes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Chemical Physics Letters. - 0009-2614. ; 357:1-3, s. 120-123
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We combine results from transient optical absorption in a bulk heterojunction polymer donor/fullerene acceptor material, obtained in the optical range as well as in the THz range, with results from electrical transients after a short light pulse, to present a unified interpretation of the transport of charge after the very first act of photoinduced charge transfer. We find that the mobility of charges is initially very high, but dramatically reduced with time, to arrive at values three orders of magnitude lower. We show that this can be understood as a consequence of the transport of hot charges by hopping through the density of states, from higher to lower energies.
  • Andersson, Viktor, et al. (författare)
  • An optical spacer is no panacea for light collection in organic solar cells
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 94:4, s. 043302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of an optical spacer layer has been examined by optical simulations of organic solar cells with various bandgaps. The simulations have been performed with the transfer matrix method and the finite element method. The results show that no beneficial effect can be expected by adding an optical spacer to a solar cell with an already optimized active layer thickness.
  • Andersson, Viktor, et al. (författare)
  • Imaging of the 3D Nanostructure of a Polymer Solar Cell by Electron Tomography
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nano letters (Print). - 1530-6984. ; 9:2, s. 853-855
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electron tomography has been used for analyzing the active layer in a polymer solar cell, a bulk heterojunction of an alternating copolymer of fluorene and a derivative of fullerene. The method supplies a three-dimensional representation of the morphology of the film, where domains with different scattering properties may be distinguished. The reconstruction shows good contrast between the two phases included in the film and demonstrates that electron tomography is an adequate tool for investigations of the three-dimensional nanostructure of the amorphous materials used in polymer solar cells.
  • Asplund, M, et al. (författare)
  • Toxicity evaluation of PEDOT/biomolecular composites intended for neural communication electrodes
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS. - 1748-6041. ; 4:4, s. 045009
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electrodes coated with the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) (PEDOT) possess attractive electrochemical properties for stimulation or recording in the nervous system. Biomolecules, added as counter ions in electropolymerization, could further improve the biomaterial properties, eliminating the need for surfactant counter ions in the process. Such PEDOT/biomolecular composites, using heparin or hyaluronic acid, have previously been investigated electrochemically. In the present study, their biocompatibility is evaluated. An agarose overlay assay using L929 fibroblasts, and elution and direct contact tests on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells are applied to investigate cytotoxicity in vitro. PEDOT: heparin was further evaluated in vivo through polymer-coated implants in rodent cortex. No cytotoxic response was seen to any of the PEDOT materials tested. The examination of cortical tissue exposed to polymer-coated implants showed extensive glial scarring irrespective of implant material (Pt:polymer or Pt). However, quantification of immunological response, through distance measurements from implant site to closest neuron and counting of ED1+ cell density around implant, was comparable to those of platinum controls. These results indicate that PEDOT: heparin surfaces were non-cytotoxic and show no marked difference in immunological response in cortical tissue compared to pure platinum controls.
  • Barrau, Sophie, et al. (författare)
  • Nanomorphology of Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells in 2D and 3D Correlated to Photovoltaic Performance
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Macromolecules. - 0024-9297. ; 42:13, s. 4646-4650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Control of the nanoscale morphology of the donor-acceptor material blends inorganic solar Cells is critical for optimizing the photovoltaic performances. The influence of intrinsic (acceptor materials) and extrinsic (donor:acceptor weight ratio, substrate, solvent) parameters was investigated, by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electron tomography (ET), on the nanoscale phase separation of blends of a low-band-gap alternating polyfluorene copolymers (APFO-Green9) with [6,6]-phenyl-C-71-butyric acid methyl ester ([70]PCBM). The photovoltaic performances display an optimal efficiency for the device elaborated with a 1:3 APFO-Green polymer:[70][PCBM weight ratio and spin-coated from chloroform solution. The associated active layer morphology presents small phase-separated domains which is a good balance between as a large interfacial donor-acceptor area and Continuous paths of the donor and acceptor phases to the electrodes.
  • Bjork, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Oligothiophene Assemblies Defined by DNA Interaction : From Single Chains to Disordered Clusters
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: SMALL. - 1613-6810. ; 5:1, s. 96-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The organization of conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs) interacting with biomolecules sets conditions for the biodetection of biological processes and identity, through the use of optical emission from the CPE. Herein, a well-defined CPE and its binding to DNA is studied. By using dynamic light scattering and circular dichroism spectroscopy, it is shown that the CPE forms a multimolecule ensemble in aqueous solution that is more than doubled it? size when interacting with a small DNA chain, while single chains are evident in ethanol. The related changes in the fluorescence spectra upon polymer aggregation are assigned to oscillator strength redistribution between vibronic transitions in weakly coupled H-aggregates. An enhanced single-molecule spectroscopy technique that allows full control of excitation and emission light polarization is applied to combed and decorated;,DNA chains. It is found that the organization of combed CPE-lambda DNA complexes (when dry on the surface) allows considerable variation of CPE distances and direction relative to the DNA chain. By analysis of the polarization data. energy transfer between the polymer chains in individual complexes is confirmed and their sizes estimated.
  • Dal Zilio, Simone, et al. (författare)
  • Fabrication of a light trapping system for organic solar cells
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING. - 0167-9317. ; 86:4-6, s. 1150-1154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Organic photovoltaic cells (OPV) are among the most promising systems for energy extraction and conversion from renewable energy sources. However, major problem to be solved before industrial production could become economically viable is represented by their still low conversion efficiency. The organic solar cell architectures are presently the result of a compromise between achieving complete light absorption using active layers that are thicker than the optical absorption length and achieving efficient charge collection at the electrodes which is favoured in thinner layers. We present a concept and its experimental demonstration that would solve efficiently the above trade-off problem by making use of a new type of light trapping elements. The simple fabrication scheme, based on a self-aligned UV exposure process, suggests its potential up-scalability to large systems, at low production cost.
  • Hamedi, Mahiar, et al. (författare)
  • Bridging Dimensions in Organic Electronics : Assembly of Electroactive Polymer Nanodevices from Fluids
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nano letters (Print). - 1530-6984. ; 9:2, s. 631-635
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Processing and patterning of electroactive materials from solvents is a hallmark of flexible organic electronics,(1) and commercial applications based on these properties are now emerging. Printing and ink-jetting are today preferred technologies for patterning, but these limit the formation of nanodevices, as they give structures way above the micrometer lateral dimension. There is therefore a great need for cheap, large area patterning of nanodevices and methods for top-down registration of these. Here we demonstrate large area patterning of connected micro/nanolines and nanotransistors from the conducting polymer PEDOT, assembled from fluids. We thereby simultaneously solve problems of large area nanopatterning, and nanoregistration.
  • Hamedi, Mahiar, et al. (författare)
  • Fiber-Embedded Electrolyte-Gated Field-Effect Transistors for e-Textiles
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Advanced Materials. - 0935-9648. ; 21:5, s. 573-577
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Electrolyte-gate organic field-effect transistors embedded at the junction of textile microfibers are demonstrated. The fiber transistor operates below I V and delivers large current densities. The transience of the organic thin-film transistors current and the impedance spectroscopy measurements reveal that the channel is formed in two steps.
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