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Sökning: WAKA:ref > Göteborgs universitet > (2000-2004) > (2000) > Högskolan i Jönköping

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1.
  • Berggren, U, et al. (författare)
  • Relaxation vs. cognitively oriented therapies for dental fear.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of dental research. - 0022-0345. ; 79:9, s. 1645-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cognitive therapy has been reported for the treatment of dental phobia, but comparisons with other behavioral treatments are scarce. This study investigated the outcome of two modes of treatment for phobic dental fear. Relaxation and cognitively oriented therapy were compared in a sample of 112 adult fearful dental patients. The patient made questionnaire assessments of background and outcome variables, and the specialist dentist rated successful/non-successful outcome. It was shown that a higher number of patients who received cognitively oriented therapy completed the treatment program, while anxiety was more reduced among patients who received relaxation-oriented therapy. Dropout during the initial phobia therapy with a psychologist was related to lower motivation (willingness to engage in treatment), while failures during dental treatment after the completion of therapy were related to higher levels of general fear and anxiety. A multiple logistic regression model explaining 67% of the variance revealed that the risk of failure was only slightly increased by general fears, while patients with low (below median) motivation ran a 3.6-times-higher risk of dropping out. In conclusion, it was shown that the two treatment methods were both effective in reducing dental phobic reactions. However, while cognitively oriented therapy resulted in a higher number of patients completing therapy, relaxation-oriented treatment generally resulted in a more significant reduction in dental fear as well as in general anxiety and fear. Motivation was found to be a significant predictor of successful treatment outcome.
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2.
  • Björkström, G, et al. (författare)
  • Electro-acupuncture in the treatment of children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology. - 0036-5599. ; 34:1, s. 21-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a long series of electro-acupuncture (EAP) sessions on bedwetting symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five children (age range 7-16 years) with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis and treated earlier without success were included in the study. The median number of wet nights per week was 4.7 before treatment. Bedwetting, voided volume, sleep and nocturia were evaluated 3 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after 20 sessions of EAP lasting 8 weeks. RESULTS: All the children, with the exception of one, tolerated EAP treatment well. At the three follow-up sessions it was found that the number of dry nights had increased gradually from a median of 2.3 in the pre-test to 3.0, 4.3 and 5.0 per week, respectively. Compared to pre-treatment findings there were more dry nights in 65% of the children (p < 0.001) and 5 out of 23 children were responders (> 90% reduction of the numbers of wet nights) at the 6 months' follow-up. According to the parents, the sleep arousal threshold had decreased in about 50% of the children.
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3.
  • Diedrich, Andreas, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Knowledge-as-Action and Knowledge Development
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: International AIDEA Conference on Managing between Local and Global Contexts, Luiss University, Rome, Italy.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper takes a critical look at the way in which knowledge development programmes are constructed by management in organisations. It is suggested that even though an increasing number of individuals in charge of human resource management is realising that knowledge development is not only concerned with the spreading of information, the difficulties arise when theory has to be put into practice. The paper is a pilot study for a larger project on knowledge development in mergers and acquisitions and is based on the empirical material collected by means of open-ended interviews with human resource managers at 11 large Swedish multinational corporations over a period of roughly half a year. Above all, we will argue that managers can explicate their novel thoughts on knowledge management, but when knowledge development is implemented in organisations, they act within the confines of their existing understanding of reality which is based on modernistic ideals of abstract, expert knowledge and rational tools of making the world more transparent.
4.
  • Påhlsson, Robert (författare)
  • Avdrag för sponsring
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Skattenytt. - 0346-1254.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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7.
  • Rimmel, Gunnar, 1971- (författare)
  • Winning Future Warfare:
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: International KMAC Conference of Knowledge Management - Beyond the Hype, Aston Business School, Aston University, England.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
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