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Sökning: WAKA:ref > Inganäs Olle > Andersson Mats R > Gadisa Abay

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1.
  • Gadisa, Abay, et al. (författare)
  • Correlation between oxidation potential and open-circuit voltage of composite solar cells based on blends of polythiophenes/fullerene derivative
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 84:9, s. 1609-1611
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The photovoltaic parameters of donor/acceptor blend organic solar cells are highly influenced by several parameters, such as the strength of the acceptor species, the morphology of the film due to the solvent, and the mobility of the free charge carriers. In this work, the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of solar cells based on series of conjugated polythiophene polymers were measured and compared. In every cell, the donor polymer was blended with an electron acceptor fullerene molecule. The devices were constructed in a sandwich structure with indium tin oxide (ITO)/metallic polymer (PEDOT:PSS) acting as an anode and Al or LiF/Al acting as a cathode. Comparing the Voc of all the cells shows that this important photovoltaic parameter is systematically varying with the polymer. The variation of photovoltage is attributed to the variation of the oxidation potential of the donor conjugated polymers after due consideration of the different injection conditions in the varying polymers.
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2.
  • Gadisa, Abay, et al. (författare)
  • Improvements of fill factor in solar cells based on blends of polyfluorene copolymers as electron donors
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Thin Solid Films. - 0040-6090. ; 515:5, s. 3126-3131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The photovoltaic characteristics of solar cells based on alternating polyfluorene copolymers, poly(2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4′,7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole)) (APFO-3), and poly(2,7-(9,9-didodecyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4′,7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole)) (APFO-4), blended with an electron acceptor fullerene molecule [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), have been investigated and compared. The two copolymers have the same aromatic backbone structure but differ by the length of their alkyl side chain. The overall photovoltaic performance of the solar cells is comparable irrespective of the copolymer used in the active layer. However, the fill factor (FF) values of the devices are strongly affected by the copolymer type. Higher FF values were realized in solar cells with APFO-4 (with longer alkyl side chain)/PCBM bulk heterojunction active layer. On the other hand, devices with blends of APFO-3/APFO-4/PCBM were found to render fill factor values that are intermediate between the values obtained in solar cells with APFO-3/PCBM and APFO-4/PCBM active film. Upon using APFO-3/APFO-4 blends as electron donors, the cell efficiency can be enhanced by about 16% as compared to cells with either APFO-3 or APFO-4. The transport of holes in each polymer obeys the model of hopping transport in disordered media. However, the degree of energetic barrier against hopping was found to be larger in APFO-3. The tuning of the photovoltaic parameters will be discussed based on studies of hole transport in the pure polymer films, and morphology of blend layers. The effect of bipolar transport in PCBM will also be discussed.
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3.
  • Gadisa, Abay, et al. (författare)
  • Stoichiometry dependence of charge transport in polymer/methanofullerene and polymer/C70 derivative based solar cells
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Organic electronics. - 1566-1199. ; 7:4, s. 195-204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Charge transport in a near infrared absorbing polyfluorene copolymer (APFO-Green1) and its blends with methanofullerene [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), and 3′-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethylphenyl)-1′-(4-nitrophenyl)pyrazolino[70]fullerene (BTPF70) is reported. PCBM and BTPF70 are electron acceptor and transporting molecules in polymer based solar cells. The BTPF70 has emerged as a new electron acceptor molecule that provides adequate exciton dissociation when blended with the low band gap polyfluorene copolymer APFO-Green1. Electron transport in both net PCBM and BTPF70 films are subjected to positional and energetic disorder, with the degree of disorder being more pronounced in BTPF70. On the other hand, mixing PCBM with conjugated polymers usually leads to increased hole mobility. We have investigated and compared the acceptor concentration dependence of charge transport in APFO-Green1/PCBM and APFO-Green1/BTPF70 blend films. For better understanding of the charge transport in the heterojunction films, the field and temperature dependence of hole transport in pure APFO-Green1 films has also been studied. It is observed that the behavior of hole mobility in the blend layer is sensitive to the acceptor type. For APFO-Green1/PCBM hole only devices, the hole mobility attains a local maximum at 67 wt.% of PCBM, while on the contrary mixing any amount of BTPF70 with APFO-Green1 results into degradation of hole transport. Electron transport in both blends, however, increases monotonically as a function of acceptor loading.
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4.
  • Gadisa, Abay, et al. (författare)
  • Transparent polymer cathode for organic photovoltaic devices
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Synthetic metals. - 0379-6779. ; 156:16-17, s. 1102-1107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We demonstrate a prototype solar cell with a transparent polymer cathode, and indium-tin-oxide (ITO)/poly (3, 4-ethylene dioxythiophene)-poly (styrene sulphonate) (PEDOT:PSS) anode. As an active layer, thin film of a bulk heterojunction of polyfluorene copolymer poly[2,7-(9,9-dioctyl-fluorene)-alt-5,5-(4′,7′-di-2thienyl-2′,1′3′-benzothiadiazole)] (APFO-3) and an electron acceptor molecule [6] and [6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) (1:4 wt.) was sandwiched between the two transparent polymer electrodes. The cathode is another form of PEDOT formed by vapor phase polymerised PEDOT (VPP PEDOT) of conductivity 102–103 S/cm. The cathode is supported on an elastomeric substrate, and forms a conformal contact to the APFO-3/PCBM blend. Transparent solar cells are useful for building multilayer and tandem solar cells.
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