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Sökning: WAKA:ref > Inganäs Olle > Andersson Mats R > Zhou Yi

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1.
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2.
  • Hellstrom, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and characterization of three small band gap conjugated polymers for solar cell applications
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Polymer Chemistry. - 1759-9954. ; 1:8, s. 1272-1280
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a new series of small band gap conjugated polymers utilizing donor-acceptor-donor substructures in the polymer backbone to broaden and extend the optical absorption to longer wavelengths. Three polymers were prepared by Suzuki polymerization, using the same donor-acceptor-donor segment but with different comonomers. The goal was to investigate how the optical and electronic properties of the polymers were influenced by the different comonomers. Electrochemical spectroscopy, using square-wave voltammetry, shows that increasing the electron-donating strength of the comonomer will raise the HOMO energy level of the polymer, resulting in a decreased band gap. This result is also manifested by comparing open-circuit voltages from the corresponding laboratory fabricated solar cells. The best performing photovoltaic cell, based on APFO-Green15/[60]PCBM (1 : 4 w/w), reached a J(sc) of 4.2 mA cm(-2), a V-oc of 0.73 V, and a FF of 0.54, giving a PCE of 1.7%.
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3.
  • Zhou, Yi, et al. (författare)
  • Black Polymers in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS. - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). - 1077-260X. ; 16:6, s. 1565-1572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The active materials in polymer solar cells have a decisive role on the performance of the cells. Polymers with extended absorption, i.e., black polymers with absorption covering the whole visible region are desired in order to capture the important parts of the solar irradiation. Different ways of achieving black active materials are discussed and two new alternating polyfluorene (APFO) copolymers with broad absorption, APFO-Black 1 and APFO-Black 2, using two different design strategies are described. The UV-Vis absorption spectra of the polymers extend to approximately 850 nm, and the polymers were used as donors and [6,6]-phenyl-C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)[60] or PCBM[70] as acceptors in solar cell devices in various mixing ratios. The best combinations yielded an overall power conversion efficiency of 1.2% for APFO-Black 1 and 1.5% for APFO-Black 2.
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4.
  • Zhou, Yi, et al. (författare)
  • Observation of a Charge Transfer State in Low-Bandgap Polymer/Fullerene Blend Systems by Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence Studies
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS. - 1616-301X. ; 19:20, s. 3293-3299
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The presence of charge transfer states generated by the interaction between the fullerene acceptor PCBM and two alternating copolymers of fluorene with donor-acceptor-donor comonomers are reported; the generation leads to modifications in the polymer bandgap and electronic structure. In one of polymer/fullerene blends, the driving; force for photocurrent generation, i.e., the gap between the lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals of the donor and acceptor, is only 0.1 eV, but photocurrent is generated. It is shown that the presence of a charge transfer state is more important than the driving force. The charge transfer states are visible through new emission peaks in the photoluminescence spectra and through electroluminescence at a forward bias. The photoluminescence can be quenched under reverse bias, and can be directly correlated to the mechanism of photocurrent generation. The excited charge transfer state is easily dissociated into free charge carriers, and is an important intermediate state through which free charge carriers are generated.
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