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Sökning: WAKA:ref > Lissner Lauren 1956 > Hakeberg Magnus 1954

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  • Jonasson, Grethe, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • A prospective study of mandibular trabecular bone to predict fracture incidence in women: A low-cost screening tool in the dental clinic
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Bone. - 8756-3282. ; 49:4, s. 873-879
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bone structure is the key to the understanding of fracture risk. The hypothesis tested in this prospective study is that dense mandibular trabeculation predicts low fracture risk, whereas sparse trabeculation is predictive of high fracture risk. Out of 731 women from the Prospective Population Study of Women in Gothenburg with dental examinations at baseline 1968, 222 had their first fracture in the follow-up period until 2006. Mandibular trabeculation was defined as dense, mixed dense plus sparse, and sparse based on panoramic radiographs from 1968 and/or 1980. Time to fracture was ascertained and used as the dependent variable in three Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. The first analysis covered 12 years of follow-up with self-reported endpoints; the second covered 26 years of follow-up with hospital verified endpoints; and the third combined the two follow-up periods, totaling 38 years. Mandibular trabeculation was the main independent variable predicting incident fractures, with age, physical activity, alcohol consumption and body mass index as covariates. The Kaplan–Meier curve indicated a graded association between trabecular density and fracture risk. During the whole period covered, the hazard ratio of future fracture for sparse trabeculation compared to mixed trabeculation was 2.9 (95% CI: 2.2–3.8, p < 0.0001), and for dense versus mixed trabeculation was 0.21 (95% CI: 0.1–0.4, p < 0.0001). The trabecular pattern was a highly significant predictor of future fracture risk. Our findings imply that dentists, using ordinary dental radiographs, can identify women at high risk for future fractures at 38–54 years of age, often long before the first fracture occurs.
  • Jonasson, Grethe, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of clinical and radiographic indices as predictors of osteoporotic fractures: a 10-year longitudinal study.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology. - 2212-4411.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the study was to evaluate 2 radiographic and 3 clinical indices as predictors of future osteoporotic fractures.In a prospective, longitudinal study with a 10-year fracture follow-up, the 2 radiographic indices mandibular cortical erosion (normal, mild/moderate erosion, and severe erosion of the inferior cortex) and cortex thickness were assessed using panoramic radiographs of 411 women, age 62 to 78 years. The clinical indices were the fracture assessment tool FRAX, the osteoporosis index of risk (OSIRIS), and the osteoporosis self-assessment tool (OST).The relative risks (RRs) for future fracture were significant for FRAX greater than 15%, 4.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.4-7.2), and for severely eroded cortices, 1.7 (95% CI 1.1-2.8). Cortical thickness less than 3 mm, OSIRIS, and OST were not significant fracture predictors (RR 1.1, 1.4, and 1.5, respectively). For the 5 tested fracture predictors, Fisher's exact test gave the following P values for differences between fracture and nonfracture groups: FRAX <.001, cortical erosion 0.023, OST 0.078, OSIRIS 0.206, and cortical thickness 0.678. The area under the curve was 0.69 for FRAX less than 15%, 0.58 for cortical erosion, and 0.52 for cortical thickness. Adding OSIRIS and OST did not change the area under the curve significantly.FRAX and severely eroded cortices predicted fracture but cortical thickness, OSIRIS, and OST did not.
  • Jonasson, Grethe, 1945-, et al. (författare)
  • Mandibular bone changes in 24 years and skeletal fracture prediction.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Clinical Oral Investigations. - 1432-6981 .- 1436-3771. ; 17:2, s. 565-572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the investigation were to describe changes in mandibular bone structure with aging and to compare the usefulness of cortical and trabecular bone for fracture prediction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1968 to 1993, 1,003 women were examined. With the help of panoramic radiographs, cortex thickness was measured and cortex was categorized as: normal, moderately, or severely eroded. The trabeculation was assessed as sparse, mixed, or dense. RESULTS: Visually, the mandibular compact and trabecular bone transformed gradually during the 24 years. The compact bone became more porous, the intertrabecular spaces increased, and the radiographic image of the trabeculae seemed less mineralized. Cortex thickness increased up to the age of 50 and decreased significantly thereafter. At all examinations, the sparse trabeculation group had more fractures (71-78 %) than the non-sparse group (27-31 %), whereas the severely eroded compact group showed more fractures than the less eroded groups only in 1992/1993, 24 years later. Sparse trabecular pattern was associated with future fractures both in perimenopausal and older women (relative risk (RR), 1.47-4.37) and cortical erosion in older women (RR, 1.35-1.55). RR for future fracture associated with a severely eroded cortex increased to 4.98 for cohort 1930 in 1992/1993. RR for future fracture associated with sparse trabeculation increased to 11.43 for cohort 1922 in 1992/1993. CONCLUSION: Dental radiographs contain enough information to identify women most at risk of future fracture. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: When observing sparse mandibular trabeculation, dentists can identify 40-69 % of women at risk for future fractures, depending on participant age at examination.
  • Jonasson, Grethe, et al. (författare)
  • Trabecular pattern in the mandible as bone fracture predictor.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics. - 1528-395X. ; 108:4, s. e42-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: This investigation analyzed the use of mandibular sparse trabeculation as a fracture risk indicator. STUDY DESIGN: Trabeculation was classified as sparse, alternating dense and sparse, or dense using intraoral radiographs from 274 men and women (50-87 years old) including 56 with previous reported fractures. Mandibular bone texture was assessed on digitized radiographs. RESULTS: Forty-eight percent of subjects with sparse trabeculation reported fractures, compared with 19% with alternating sparse and dense trabeculation and 2% with dense trabeculation (Kruskal-Wallis test: P < .00001). Logistic regression analysis showed that sparse trabeculation (odds ratio [OR] = 5.9; 95% CI 3.0-11.1; P < .0001) and lowest bone texture classes (OR = 2.2; 95% CI 1.0-4.5; P = .04) were associated with an increased fracture risk, especially for subjects > or =75 years (OR = 7.1; 95% CI 2.5-20.0; P = .0002). CONCLUSIONS: Fracture risk was increased in subjects with sparse alveolar trabecular pattern. Dentists may be able to identify high-risk subjects before fracture.
  • Sundh, Valter, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • FRAX and mandibular sparse trabeculation as fracture predictors: a longitudinal study from 1980 to 2002.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European journal of oral sciences. - 1600-0722. ; 125:2, s. 135-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The fracture assessment tool (FRAX) is widely used for predicting fractures, but better methods are needed. The aim of this study was to determine whether visual assessments of mandibular trabecular bone could improve FRAX predictions. Three age-cohorts of women were examined twice - 499 women in 1980/1981 and 412 women in 1992/1993; 397 participated in both examinations. Information on 10-yr fracture events was available, and bone trabeculation was assessed in radiographs as 'dense', 'mixed', or 'sparse'. Fracture assessment tool values, without bone mineral density (BMD), were calculated twice. Both sparse trabeculation and FRAX >15% were associated with a twofold higher risk for future fracture in the younger group and with a three- to fourfold higher risk for future fracture in the older group. For those with both FRAX >15% and sparse trabeculation, the relative risk (RR) for a fracture in the next 10 yr was 5.9 (95% CI: 3.5-9.8) in the younger group and 22.7 (95% CI: 5.6-92) in the older group. If either FRAX >15% or sparse trabeculation was present, the RR was 2.6 (95% CI: 1.7-4.1) in the younger group and 15.7 (95% CI: 3.9-6.4) in the older group. We concluded that FRAX >15%, without BMD measurements, was an effective fracture predictor, and mandibular sparse trabeculation had a substantial additive effect. Together, FRAX plus mandibular sparse trabeculation predicts major osteoporotic fractures to approximately the same extent as does FRAX with BMD measurements.
  • Östberg, Anna-Lena, et al. (författare)
  • Oral health and obesity indicators
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BMC Oral Health. - 1472-6831. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In western Sweden, the aim was to study the associations between oral health variables and total and central adiposity, respectively, and to investigate the influence of socio-economic factors (SES), lifestyle, dental anxiety and co-morbidity. METHODS: The subjects constituted a randomised sample from the 1992 data collection in the Prospective Population Study of Women in Gothenburg, Sweden (n = 999, 38- > =78 yrs). The study comprised a clinical and radiographic examination, together with a self-administered questionnaire. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) > =30 kg/m2, waist-hip ratio (WHR) > =0.80, and waist circumference >0.88 m. Associations were estimated using logistic regression including adjustments for possible confounders. RESULTS: The mean BMI value was 25.96 kg/m2, the mean WHR 0.83, and the mean waist circumference 0.83 m. The number of teeth, the number of restored teeth, xerostomia, dental visiting habits and self-perceived health were associated with both total and central adiposity, independent of age and SES. For instance, there were statistically significant associations between a small number of teeth (<20) and obesity: BMI (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.40-2.73), WHR (1.67; 1.28-2.19) and waist circumference (1.94; 1.47-2.55), respectively. The number of carious lesions and masticatory function showed no associations with obesity. The obesity measure was of significance, particularly with regard to behaviour, such as irregular dental visits, with a greater risk associated with BMI (1.83; 1.23-2.71) and waist circumference (1.96; 1.39-2.75), but not with WHR (1.29; 0.90-1.85). CONCLUSIONS: Associations were found between oral health and obesity. The choice of obesity measure in oral health studies should be carefully considered.
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