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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Åstrand Grundström Ingbritt) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Åstrand Grundström Ingbritt)

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1.
  • Adolfsson, Jörgen, et al. (författare)
  • Upregulation of Flt3 expression within the bone marrow Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) stem cell compartment is accompanied by loss of self-renewal capacity
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Immunity. - : Cell Press. - 1074-7613. ; 15:4, s. 659-669
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Flt3 has emerged as a potential regulator of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Sixty percent of cells in the mouse marrow Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) HSC pool expressed flt3. Although single cell cloning showed comparable high proliferative, myeloid, B, and T cell potentials of Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(+) and Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(-) cells, only Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(-) cells supported sustained multilineage reconstitution. In striking contrast, Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(+) cells rapidly and efficiently reconstituted B and T lymphopoiesis, whereas myeloid reconstitution was exclusively short term. Unlike c-kit, activation of flt3 failed to support survival of HSC, whereas only flt3 mediated survival of Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(+) reconstituting cells. Phenotypic and functional analysis support that Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+)flt3(+) cells are progenitors for the common lymphoid progenitor. Thus, upregulation of flt3 expression on Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) HSC cells is accompanied by loss of self-renewal capacity but sustained lymphoid-restricted reconstitution potential.
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4.
  • Dykes, Josefina, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient removal of platelets from peripheral blood progenitor cell products using a novel micro-chip based acoustophoretic platform.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 6:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Excessive collection of platelets is an unwanted side effect in current centrifugation-based peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) apheresis. We investigated a novel microchip-based acoustophoresis technique, utilizing ultrasonic standing wave forces for the removal of platelets from PBPC products. By applying an acoustic standing wave field onto a continuously flowing cell suspension in a micro channel, cells can be separated from the surrounding media depending on their physical properties.
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5.
  • Lenshof, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient Purification of CD4+ Lymphocytes from Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cell Products Using Affinity Bead Acoustophoresis
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Cytometry Part A. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1552-4930. ; 85A:11, s. 933-941
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Processing of peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) for clinical transplantation or research applications aims to effectively isolate or deplete specific cell populations, utilizing primarily magnetic or fluorescence activated sorting methods. Here, we investigated the performance of microfluidic acoustophoresis for the separation of lymphocyte subsets from PBPC, and present a novel method for affinity-bead-mediated acoustic separation of cells which can otherwise not be acoustically discriminated. As the acoustic force on a particle depends on particle size, density and compressibility, targeting of cells by affinity specific beads will generate cell-bead complexes that exhibit distinct acoustic properties relative to nontargeted cells and are, thus, possible to isolate. To demonstrate this, PBPC samples (n = 22) were obtained from patients and healthy donors. Following density gradient centrifugation, cells were labeled with anti-CD4-coated magnetic beads (Dynal) and isolated by acoustophoresis and, for comparison, standard magnetic cell sorting technique in parallel. Targeted CD4+ lymphocytes were acoustically isolated with a mean (±SD) purity of 87 ± 12%, compared with 96 ± 3% for control magnetic sorting. Viability of sorted cells was 95 ± 4% (acoustic) and 97 ± 3% (magnetic), respectively. The mean acoustic separation efficiency of CD4+ lymphocytes to the target fraction was 65 ± 22%, compared with a mean CD4+ lymphocyte recovery of 56 ± 15% for magnetic sorting. Functional testing of targeted CD4+ lymphocytes demonstrated unimpaired mitogen-mediated proliferation capacity and cytokine production. Hematopoietic progenitor cell assays revealed a preserved colony forming ability of nontarget cells post sorting. We conclude that the acoustophoresis platform can be utilized to efficiently isolate bead-labeled CD4+ lymphocytes from PBPC samples in a continuous flow format, with preserved functional capacity of both target and nontarget cells. These results open up for simultaneous affinity-bead-mediated separation of multiple cell populations, something which is not possible with current standard magnetic cell separation technology
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6.
  • Nilsson, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Involvement and functional impairment of the CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy-1(+) hematopoietic stem cell pool in myelodysplastic syndromes with trisomy 8.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 100:1, s. 259-267
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clonality studies of mature cells suggest that the primary transformation event in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) most frequently occurs in a myeloid-restricted progenitor, a hypothesis supported by recent studies of purified CD34(+)Thy1(+) hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in cases with trisomy 8 (+8). In contrast, we recently demonstrated that a lymphomyeloid HSC is the target for transformation in MDS cases with del(5q), potentially reflecting heterogeneity within MDS. However, since +8 is known to frequently be a late event in the MDS transformation process, it remained a possibility that CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy1(+) HSC disomic for chromosome 8 might be part of the MDS clone. In the present studies, although a variable fraction of CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy1(+) cells were disomic for chromosome 8, they did not possess normal HSC activity in long-term cultures and nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD-SCID) mice. Mixing experiments with normal CD34(+)CD38(-) cells suggested that this HSC deficiency was intrinsic and not mediated by indirect mechanisms. Furthermore, investigation of 4 MDS cases with combined del(5q) and +8 demonstrated that the +8 aberration was always secondary to del(5q). Whereas del(5q) invariably occurs in CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy-1(+) HSCs, the secondary +8 event might frequently arise in progeny of MDS HSCs. Thus, CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy1(+) HSCs are invariably part of the MDS clone also in +8 patients, and little HSC activity can be recovered from the CD34(+) CD38(-)Thy1(+) HSC. Finally, in advanced cases of MDS, the MDS reconstituting activity is exclusively derived from the minor CD34(+)CD38(-) HSC population, demonstrating that MDS stem cells have a similar phenotype as normal HSCs, potentially complicating the development of autologous transplantation for MDS.
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  • Nilsson, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • The molecular signature of MDS stem cells supports a stem-cell origin of 5q - myelodysplastic syndromes
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 110:8, s. 3005-3014
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Global gene expression profiling of highly purified 5q-deleted CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy1(+) cells in 5q(-) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) supported that they might originate from and outcompete normal CD34(+)CD38(-)Thy1(+) hematopoietic stem cells. Few but distinct differences in gene expression distinguished MDS and normal stem cells. Expression of BMI1, encoding a critical regulator of self-renewal, was up-regulated in 5q- stem cells. Whereas multiple previous MDS genetic screens failed to identify altered expression of the gene encoding the myeloid transcription factor CEBPA, stage-specific and extensive down-regulation of CEBPA was specifically observed in MDS progenitors. These studies establish the importance of molecular characterization of distinct stages of cancer stem and progenitor cells to enhance the resolution of stage-specific dysregulated gene expression.
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  • Tehranchi, Ramin, et al. (författare)
  • Persistent malignant stem cells in del(5q) myelodysplasia in remission.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - : Massachusetts Medical Society. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 363:11, s. 1025-1037
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The in vivo clinical significance of malignant stem cells remains unclear. METHODS: Patients who have the 5q deletion (del[5q]) myelodysplastic syndrome (interstitial deletions involving the long arm of chromosome 5) have complete clinical and cytogenetic remissions in response to lenalidomide treatment, but they often have relapse. To determine whether the persistence of rare but distinct malignant stem cells accounts for such relapses, we examined bone marrow specimens obtained from seven patients with the del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome who became transfusion-independent while receiving lenalidomide treatment and entered cytogenetic remission. RESULTS: Virtually all CD34+, CD38+ progenitor cells and stem cells that were positive for CD34 and CD90, with undetectable or low CD38 (CD38−/low), had the 5q deletion before treatment. Although lenalidomide efficiently reduced these progenitors in patients in complete remission, a larger fraction of the minor, quiescent, CD34+,CD38-/low, CD90+ del(5q) stem cells as well as functionally defined del(5q) stem cells remained distinctly resistant to lenalidomide. Over time, lenalidomide resistance developed in most of the patients in partial and complete remission, with recurrence or expansion of the del(5q) clone and clinical and cytogenetic progression. CONCLUSIONS: In these patients with the del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome, we identified rare and phenotypically distinct del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome stem cells that were also selectively resistant to therapeutic targeting at the time of complete clinical and cytogenetic remission. (Funded by the EuroCancerStemCell Consortium and others.)
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 11
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