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Sökning: WFRF:(Öfverholm Anna)

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  • Meeks, Huong D., et al. (författare)
  • BRCA2 Polymorphic Stop Codon K3326X and the Risk of Breast, Prostate, and Ovarian Cancers
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - Oxford University Press. - 0027-8874. ; 108:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The K3326X variant in BRCA2 (BRCA2∗c.9976A>T p.Lys3326∗rs11571833) has been found to be associated with small increased risks of breast cancer. However, it is not clear to what extent linkage disequilibrium with fully pathogenic mutations might account for this association. There is scant information about the effect of K3326X in other hormonerelated cancers. Methods: Using weighted logistic regression, we analyzed data from the large iCOGS study including 76637 cancer case patients and 83796 control patients to estimate odds ratios (ORw) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for K3326X variant carriers in relation to breast, ovarian, and prostate cancer risks, with weights defined as probability of not having a pathogenic BRCA2 variant. Using Cox proportional hazards modeling, we also examined the associations of K3326X with breast and ovarian cancer risks among 7183 BRCA1 variant carriers. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: The K3326X variant was associated with breast (ORw = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.17 to 1.40, P = 5.9×10-6) and invasive ovarian cancer (ORw = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.10 to 1.43, P = 3.8×10-3). These associations were stronger for serous ovarian cancer and for estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer (ORw = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.2 to 1.70, P = 3.4×10-5 and ORw = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.28 to 1.76, P = 4.1×10-5, respectively). For BRCA1 mutation carriers, there was a statistically significant inverse association of the K3326X variant with risk of ovarian cancer (HR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.22 to 0.84, P = .013) but no association with breast cancer. No association with prostate cancer was observed. Conclusions: Our study provides evidence that the K3326X variant is associated with risk of developing breast and ovarian cancers independent of other pathogenic variants in BRCA2. Further studies are needed to determine the biological mechanism of action responsible for these associations.
  • Rebbeck, Timothy R., et al. (författare)
  • Mutational spectrum in a worldwide study of 29,700 families with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Human Mutation. - John Wiley & Sons. - 1059-7794.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The prevalence and spectrum of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been reported in single populations, with the majority of reports focused on White in Europe and North America. The Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) has assembled data on 18,435 families with BRCA1 mutations and 11,351 families with BRCA2 mutations ascertained from 69 centers in 49 countries on six continents. This study comprehensively describes the characteristics of the 1,650 unique BRCA1 and 1,731 unique BRCA2 deleterious (disease-associated) mutations identified in the CIMBA database. We observed substantial variation in mutation type and frequency by geographical region and race/ethnicity. In addition to known founder mutations, mutations of relatively high frequency were identified in specific racial/ethnic or geographic groups that may reflect founder mutations and which could be used in targeted (panel) first pass genotyping for specific populations. Knowledge of the population-specific mutational spectrum in BRCA1 and BRCA2 could inform efficient strategies for genetic testing and may justify a more broad-based oncogenetic testing in some populations.
  • Anh, Nhi, et al. (författare)
  • High-resolution detection of chromosomal rearrangements in leukemias through mate pair whole genome sequencing
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 13:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The detection of recurrent somatic chromosomal rearrangements is standard of care for most leukemia types. Even though karyotype analysis-a low-resolution genome-wide chromosome analysis-is still the gold standard, it often needs to be complemented with other methods to increase resolution. To evaluate the feasibility and applicability of mate pair whole genome sequencing (MP-WGS) to detect structural chromosomal rearrangements in the diagnostic setting, we sequenced ten bone marrow samples from leukemia patients with recurrent rearrangements. Samples were selected based on cytogenetic and FISH results at leukemia diagnosis to include common rearrangements of prognostic relevance. Using MP-WGS and in-house bioinformatic analysis all sought rearrangements were successfully detected. In addition, unexpected complexity or additional, previously undetected rearrangements was unraveled in three samples. Finally, the MP-WGS analysis pinpointed the location of chromosome junctions at high resolution and we were able to identify the exact exons involved in the resulting fusion genes in all samples and the specific junction at the nucleotide level in half of the samples. The results show that our approach combines the screening character from karyotype analysis with the specificity and resolution of cytogenetic and molecular methods. As a result of the straightforward analysis and high-resolution detection of clinically relevant rearrangements, we conclude that MP-WGS is a feasible method for routine leukemia diagnostics of structural chromosomal rearrangements.
  • Öfverholm, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • The ABCB1 3435 T allele does not increasethe risk of paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Oncology Letters. - Athens, Greece : Spandidos Publications. - 1792-1074. ; 1, s. 151-154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Paclitaxel is a frequently used anticancer drug with considerable inter-individual variability in terms of drug efficiency and toxicity. The reasons for this variability have not been fully explained. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity and the distribution of genetic variations with reported functional significance in the ABCB1, CYP2C8 and CYP3A4 genes that are all implicated in taxol metabolism. Women (n=36) experiencing paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity were included in the study, and the ABCB1 G2677A/T and C3435T as well as CYP2C8*3 and CYP3A4*1b allele frequencies were determined using PCR-RFLP and DNA sequence analysis. We showed that the ABCB1 3435T allele, previously reported as a risk allele for neurotoxicity, did not correlate with the occurrence of neurotoxicity in our patient sample (Chi-square test, p=0.61). Furthermore, we showed that neither the CYP2C8*3 nor CYP3A4*1b alleles, that both lead to diminished enzyme activity, correlated with paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity. The occurrence and variation in severity of neurotoxicity in our Swedish patient sample could therefore not be explained by the reported functional polymorphisms inthe ABCB1, CYP2C8 and CYP3A4 genes
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