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Sökning: WFRF:(Örtqvist E.)

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1.
  • Resic-Lindehammer, Sabina, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends of HLA genotype frequencies of type 1 diabetes patients in Sweden from 1986 to 2005 suggest altered risk
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Diabetologica. - 0940-5429 .- 1432-5233. ; 45:4, s. 231-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes in 1-18-year-old patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed in 1986-1987 (n = 430), 1996-2000 (n = 342) and in 2003-2005 (n = 171). We tested the hypothesis that the HLA DQ genotype distribution changes over time. Swedish type 1 diabetes patients and controls were typed for HLA using polymerase chain reaction amplification and allele specific probes for DQ A1* and B1* alleles. The most common type 1 diabetes HLA DQA1*-B1*genotype 0501-0201/0301-0302 was 36% (153/430) in 1986-1987 and 37% (127/342) in 1996-2000, but decreased to 19% (33/171) in 2003-2005 (P \ 0.0001). The 0501-0201/0501-0201 genotype increased from 1% in 1986-1987 to 7% in 1996-2000 (P = 0.0047) and to 5% in 2003-2005 (P &gt; 0.05). This study in 1-18-year-old Swedish type 1 diabetes patients supports the notion that there is a temporal change in HLA risk.</p>
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2.
  • Resic-Lindehammer, Sabina, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends of HLA genotype frequencies of type 1 diabetes patients in Sweden from 1986 to 2005 suggest altered risk
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Diabetologica. - 0940-5429 .- 1432-5233. ; 45:4, s. 231-235
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes in 1-18-year-old patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed in 1986-1987 (n = 430), 1996-2000 (n = 342) and in 2003-2005 (n = 171). We tested the hypothesis that the HLA DQ genotype distribution changes over time. Swedish type 1 diabetes patients and controls were typed for HLA using polymerase chain reaction amplification and allele specific probes for DQ A1* and B1* alleles. The most common type 1 diabetes HLA DQA1*-B1*genotype 0501-0201/0301-0302 was 36% (153/430) in 1986-1987 and 37% (127/342) in 1996-2000, but decreased to 19% (33/171) in 2003-2005 (P \ 0.0001). The 0501-0201/0501-0201 genotype increased from 1% in 1986-1987 to 7% in 1996-2000 (P = 0.0047) and to 5% in 2003-2005 (P &gt; 0.05). This study in 1-18-year-old Swedish type 1 diabetes patients supports the notion that there is a temporal change in HLA risk.</p>
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3.
  • Lindehammer, Sabina, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends of HLA genotype frequencies of type 1 diabetes patients in Sweden from 1986 to 2005 suggest altered risk
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Diabetologica. - 1432-5233. ; 45:4, s. 231-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes in 1-18-year-old patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed in 1986-1987 (n = 430), 1996-2000 (n = 342) and in 2003-2005 (n = 171). We tested the hypothesis that the HLA DQ genotype distribution changes over time. Swedish type 1 diabetes patients and controls were typed for HLA using polymerase chain reaction amplification and allele specific probes for DQ A1* and B1* alleles. The most common type 1 diabetes HLA DQA1*-B1*genotype 0501-0201/0301-0302 was 36% (153/430) in 1986-1987 and 37% (127/342) in 1996-2000, but decreased to 19% (33/171) in 2003-2005 (P < 0.0001). The 0501-0201/0501-0201 genotype increased from 1% in 1986-1987 to 7% in 1996-2000 (P = 0.0047) and to 5% in 2003-2005 (P > 0.05). This study in 1-18-year-old Swedish type 1 diabetes patients supports the notion that there is a temporal change in HLA risk.
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4.
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5.
  • Cerqueiro Bybrant, Mara, et al. (författare)
  • Tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes are related to human leukocyte antigen but not to islet autoantibodies : : A Swedish nationwide prospective population-based cohort study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Autoimmunity. - Taylor & Francis. - 0891-6934. ; 51:5, s. 221-227
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: This study explored the association between tissue transglutaminase autoantibody (tTGA), high-risk human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes and islet autoantibodies in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes (T1D).PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dried blood spots and serum samples were taken at diagnosis from children <18 years of age participating in Better Diabetes Diagnosis (BDD), a Swedish nationwide prospective cohort study of children newly diagnosed with T1D. We analyzed tTGA, high-risk HLA DQ2 and DQ8 (DQX is neither DQ2 nor DQ8) and islet auto-antibodies (GADA, IA-2A, IAA, and three variants of Zinc transporter; ZnT8W, ZnT8R, and ZnT8QA).RESULTS: Out of 2705 children diagnosed with T1D, 85 (3.1%) had positive tTGA and 63 (2.3%) had borderline values. The prevalence of tTGA was higher in children with the HLA genotypes DQ2/2, DQ2/X or DQ2/8 compared to those with DQ8/8 or DQ8/X (p = .00001) and those with DQX/X (p ≤ .00001). No significant differences were found in relation to islet autoantibodies or age at diagnosis, but the presence of tTGA was more common in girls than in boys (p = .018).CONCLUSION: tTGA at T1D diagnosis (both positive and borderline values 5.4%) was higher in girls and in children homozygous for DQ2/2, followed by children heterozygous for DQ2. Only children with DQ2 and/or DQ8 had tTGA. HLA typing at the diagnosis of T1D can help to identify those without risk for CD.
6.
  • Hampe, CS, et al. (författare)
  • Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) autoantibody epitope shift during the first year of Type 1 diabetes
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Hormone and Metabolic Research. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 0018-5043. ; 31:10, s. 553-557
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Autoantibodies in Type 1 diabetes patients may differentiate between glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65) cloned from human, mouse and rat with a significant better binding to the human antigen. A subgroup of 15% (27/183) patients showed significantly better binding to rodent than to human GAD65. The aim of this study was to determine whether the autoantibody specificity would remain anti-rodent during longitudinal follow-up for one year. We observed 1) that the average slope of the difference between human and mouse GAD65 autoantibodies binding increased between onset and after one year, which demonstrates reduced binding to rodent GAD65 and 2) that, in a group followed every third month, 9/11 (80%) children with rodent specific GAD65 autoantibodies at onset converted within one year to preference against human GAD65. This shift in preference was confirmed by significantly lower EC50 values in the initially anti-rodent GAD65 autoantibodies compared to samples taken one year after clinical diagnosis as determined in displacement studies with unlabeled human GAD65. We speculate that the evolution of GAD65 autoantibodies in Type 1 diabetes includes reactivity to a non-human GAD65 N- terminal end conformation. Progression towards Type 1 diabetes is, however, associated with a maturation of the immune response towards human GAD65 autoreactivity.
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7.
  • Hampe, CS, et al. (författare)
  • Species-specific autoantibodies in type 1 diabetes
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - Oxford University Press. - 0021-972X. ; 84:2, s. 643-648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • GAD65 autoantibodies (GAD65Ab) are important markers for type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Although most patients have GAD65Ab at the time of clinical diagnosis, there are also GAD65Ab-positive individuals in the population at low risk of developing type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the GAD65Ab reactivity to GAD65 cloned from human, mouse, and rat in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetic patients differ from antibody-positive healthy individuals. Sera from 254 new-onset 0- to 34- yr-old type 1 diabetic patients and 270 controls were assayed for their reactivity to human, mouse, and rat GAD65. Among the type 1 diabetic patients there was a significant better binding of human GAD65 compared to either mouse (P = 0.03) or rat GAD65 (P = 0.0005). The preference for human GAD65 increased with increasing age at onset (P = 0.0002). This differentiation was not observed in 88 GAD65Ab-positive control subjects. Our data indicate that recognition of epitopes by GAD65Ab in type 1 diabetes is different from that in nontype 1 diabetes, GAD65Ab-positive individuals.
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8.
  • Nylander, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Self- and parent-reported executive problems in adolescents with type 1 diabetes are associated with poor metabolic control and low physical activity.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Pediatric diabetes. - 1399-5448. ; 19:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Management of diabetes is demanding and requires efficient cognitive skills, especially in the domain of executive functioning. However, the impact of impaired executive functions on diabetes control has been studied to a limited extent. The aim of the study is to investigate the association between executive problems and diabetes control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.Two hundred and forty-one of 477 (51%) of 12- to 18-year-old adolescents, with a diabetes duration of >2 years in Stockholm, Uppsala, and Jönköping participated. Parents and adolescents completed questionnaires, including Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) and demographic background factors. Diabetes-related data were collected from the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Registry, SWEDIABKIDS. Self-rated and parent-rated executive problems were analyzed with regard to gender, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), frequency of outpatient visits, and physical activity, using chi-square tests or Fisher's test, where P-values <.05 were considered significant. Furthermore, adjusted logistic regressions were performed with executive problems as independent variable.Executive problems, according to BRIEF and/or ADHD-RS were for both genders associated with mean HbA1c >70 mmol/mol (patient rating P = .000, parent rating P = .017), a large number of outpatient visits (parent rating P = .015), and low physical activity (patient rating P = .000, parent rating P = .025). Self-rated executive problems were more prevalent in girls (P = .032), while parents reported these problems to a larger extent in boys (P = .028).Executive problems are related to poor metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Patients with executive problems need to be recognized by the diabetes team and the diabetes care should be organized to provide adequate support for these patients.
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9.
  • Ortqvist, E, et al. (författare)
  • Age governs gender-dependent islet cell autoreactivity and predicts the clinical course in childhood IDDM
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0803-5253. ; 86:11, s. 1166-1171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most IDDM patients temporarily restore some of their beta-cell function following the initiation of insulin therapy. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of age, gender, metabolic state at diagnosis and presence of autoantibodies (GAD65 antibodies and ICA) on the duration of the clinical partial remission. In total, 149 consecutively diagnosed IDDM children, 0-16 y old (70F, 79M, mean age 9.5 y) were studied. Partial remission was arbitrarily defined as the period when the insulin dose was below 0.5 U/BW 24 h-1 and HbA1c below 7.5%, and occurred in 119/149 patients with a duration between 1 and 38 months. Cox's regression analysis showed that the factors significantly associated with the duration of remission were age, gender, interaction between age and gender, ICA and a high initial HbA1c, whereas GAD65Ab had no influence. Young boys had the shortest remission period, while adolescent boys had the longest, as compared to young and adolescent girls. The ICA-negative patients (n = 42) had a longer remission period (median 9.7 months) than the ICA-positive children (n = 107; 5.0 months;p = 0.0001), regardless of GAD65Ab status. We speculate that the relative insulin resistance, which is more pronounced in pubertal girls than in boys, may be associated with a more rapid increase of exogenous insulin requirement. These findings are important when evaluating the effect of islet cell autoreactivity on the clinical course of IDDM in children.
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10.
  • Resic-Lindehammar, Sabina, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal trends of HLA genotype frequencies of type 1 diabetes patients in Sweden from 1986 to 2005 suggest altered risk
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Acta Diabetologica. - Springer Milan. - 0940-5429 .- 1432-5233. ; 45:4, s. 231-235
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes in 1–18-year-old patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed in 1986–1987 (<em>n</em> = 430), 1996–2000 (<em>n</em> = 342) and in 2003–2005 (<em>n</em> = 171). We tested the hypothesis that the <em>HLA DQ</em> genotype distribution changes over time. Swedish type 1 diabetes patients and controls were typed for HLA using polymerase chain reaction amplification and allele specific probes for <em>DQ A1</em>* and <em>B1</em>* alleles. The most common type 1 diabetes HLA <em>DQA1*-B1*</em>genotype <em>0501-0201/0301-0302</em> was 36% (153/430) in 1986–1987 and 37% (127/342) in 1996–2000, but decreased to 19% (33/171) in 2003–2005 (<em>P</em> &lt; 0.0001). The <em>0501-0201/0501-0201</em> genotype increased from 1% in 1986–1987 to 7% in 1996–2000 (<em>P</em> = 0.0047) and to 5% in 2003–2005 (<em>P</em> &gt; 0.05). This study in 1–18-year-old Swedish type 1 diabetes patients supports the notion that there is a temporal change in HLA risk.</p>
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