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Sökning: WFRF:(Österlind Eva)

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  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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2.
  • Fredriksson, Kristina (författare)
  • Drama som pedagogisk möjlighet : En intervjustudie med lärare i grundskolan
  • 2013
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to develop insights about what meaning teachers ascribe to their work with drama in education. Based on a socio-cultural perspective drama is seen as a tool for learning. Another point of departure is the Swedish National curriculum, which states that aesthetic learning processes should be an integrated part throughout compulsory education. The data for the study consists of interviews with eleven primary school teachers.The qualitative analysis shows a variation in how the teachers perceive drama. Drama can be used for example to illustrate different factual knowledge or to explore and create meaning in relation to a human dilemma or a complex subject matter. The working methods vary from focusing the artistic dimension of drama to giving the art form minor or no importance at all.The findings indicate, in line with previous studies, that drama is mainly used to work with the school's social goals, like creating a friendly atmosphere and prevent bullying. The findings also show that teachers find it difficult to integrate drama in their everyday teaching. One obstacle which is pointed out is the fact that in Swedish compulsory schools drama does not have its own curriculum and thus is not included in the schedule. Other explanations are that many teachers experience that they have insufficient drama skills and lack of time for drama work, depending on the school's focus on measurable knowledge and goals to be achieved.The conclusion is that drama can allow meetings where different stories can be viewed from several perspectives and be an opportunity for greater understanding and deeper knowledge. Drama can also be dismissed because it is not real and drama can be used in a fostering way, to direct students towards a desirable behavior. In other words, drama can be described as a multifaceted and powerful educational tool.
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3.
  • Hallgren, Eva, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Heathcote in Sweden - just passing by?
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Drama Research. - London : National Drama Publications. - 2040-2228 .- 2040-2228. ; 5:1, s. 1-19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first written introduction to Dorothy Heathcote’s work was published in Swedish in 1974, while she herself visited Sweden to teach in the early 1980s. How has drama for learning, i.e. process drama, evolved since then? We will try to answer this question by looking into the Swedish context, including courses and publications that clearly connect to the work of Dorothy Heathcote and Gavin Bolton. We have used interviews with a few key informants to complement information from written sources. The investigation uncovered more publications and teaching events than expected, but the practice of Heathcote’s work does not appear to be well-defined or extensive. After a period of decline it looks like process drama is gaining renewed attention, as more workshops, university courses and new books have been available in the last few years than in many years before.
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4.
  • Hallgren, Eva, 1965- (författare)
  • Ledtrådar till estetiskt engagemang i processdrama : Samspel i roll i en fiktiv verksamhet
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The aim of the thesis is to deepen the understanding of role taking and the function of role for developing and exploring the possible content in process drama, with the help of Leontiev’s activity theory and Bakhtin’s dialogism. The relation between role taking, aesthetic engagement and the concept of perezhivanie, used by Vygotsky, is also reflected on and used as analytical tools. A starting point for the study was Bundy’s concept of aesthetic engagement.Previous research about process drama has focused on three main themes: teaching and learning a subject matter, engagement, and creative leadership. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge base on how role is created and maintained in process drama, thereby making it possible to develop and explore a thematic content.One single process drama conducted at an English secondary school is closely analysed in the thesis. A whole day session was filmed, transcribed and interpreted into thick descriptions. Interviews and letters written in role are used as complementary data. This made it possible to focus on nuances and subtle changes in the complexity that characterizes a process drama, and to focus on how the students’ role taking starts and develops.  The results from the detailed analysis showed, from an activity theory perspective, that process drama can be understood as two activities with two different motives/objects. These two are an educational activity with learning drama as motive/object and a temporary fictional activity where the motive/object is tentative and under construction through the pupils’ in-role-actions. Actions deriving from the educational activity should not be allowed to influence the fictional, otherwise the fictional activity will be diminished.How the teacher used power levelling postupaks, when opening dilemmas, and teacher-in-role was of great importance for the pupils’ role taking. Postupaks are a consequence of the format of the temporary fictional activity and the interpretation of the tentative motive/object. Using postupaks in role develops what I call expectagency, a capacity based on mutual agreement in an activity with a playful format, where the negotiations become qualitatively different when done by postupaks. Expectagency is a capability to handle uncertainty and change. The use of postupaks was crucial for both the maintenance of the fiction and the exploration of the thematic content. Going into and being in role is a complex process. Six kinds of postupaks were discerned, aimed at developing and exploring, and six other kinds of postupaks served to re-charge the tension by using aesthetic tools. Another important finding was how the students re-used postures and gestures from an initial freeze frame as tools for role taking during the whole drama, and especially when the tension decreased.   The fictional activity is turbo-charged, generating feelings both in and out of role, charged through different kinds of tension; between the two activities, oneself and the role (aesthetic doubling), the use of postupaks and the dramatic tension. This turbo-charged activity is a short cut for perezhivanie. Perezhivanie is tangential to the concept of aesthetic engagement, but from an educational perspective the expanded concept of aesthetic engagement appears to be more useful.
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5.
  • Hallgren, Eva (författare)
  • Process Drama in Civic Education : Balancing Student Input and Learning Outcomes in a Playful Format
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Education Sciences. - 2227-7102. ; 9:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose is to investigate process drama for teaching civics, mainly democracy and migration. Process drama implies students and teacher to take on roles, to explore a subject content collectively. The study is based on a secondary school educational initiative where a drama pedagogue was invited to address civics through process drama. Four civic lessons were video recorded and analyzed through an activity theory framework. From this perspective, process drama can be understood as two activities with different motives/objects, the educational and the fictional, where the fictional activity should have a playful format. The results show that the dialogical approach used by the drama pedagogue created a democratic opportunity and also established the playful format. The students' engagement was notably high. However, it was obvious there were no challenging or probing questions being asked by the drama pedagogue or the civics teacher, neither in nor out of role. As a consequence, the full learning potential of process drama in civics education could not be achieved. We suggest a co-teaching approach between civic teachers and drama pedagogues, to overcome challenges in using process drama in civic education for learning objectives to be attained.
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6.
  • Ahlstrand, Pernilla, 1967- (författare)
  • Att kunna lyssna med kroppen : En studie av gestaltande förmåga inom gymnasieskolans estetiska program, inriktning teater
  • 2014
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Theatre has been a school subject in the Swedish upper secondary school's national arts program since 1992 and has its own syllabus and grading criteria. The National Curriculum in theatre emphasises the development of performative capability, which is the focus of this dissertation. This study aims to contribute to the improvement of teachers’ subject-specific language, and concerns certain aspects of student ways of knowing.Theatre encompasses tacit knowledge (Lagerström 2003) and as an art form belongs to a tradition of practical knowledge. Knowledge in theatre has traditionally been acquired within a master-apprentice tradition (Johansson 2012, Järleby 2003). When theatre as an art form becomes a school subject the conditions of the art form change through a didactic transposition (Chevallard 2005). The previous two curriculum reforms in Sweden have developed competency-based syllabuses. To meet the school's requirements for planning teaching activities with colleagues as well as assessing and giving feedback to students, theatre knowledge needs to be articulated. Research is therefore needed to develop a professional language among teachers within the subject of theatre.I have chosen to work with Learning study, which is a collaborative and iterative research approach which enables the articulation of teachers and students knowing. Data is analysed using foremost phenomenographic analyses. The results generated in this study could be useful for teachers in the process of planning lessons, giving feedback to students, for assessments and grades, for discussing the content of lessons with other teachers, and ultimately for us to begin to recognize different levels of knowing.
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8.
  • Eriksson, Kerstin Margareta, 1955-, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life and cost-effectiveness of a 3-year trial of lifestyle intervention in primary health care
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Archives of Internal Medicine. - Chicago : American Medical Association. - 0003-9926 .- 1538-3679. ; 170:16, s. 1470-1479
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Lifestyle interventions reduce cardiovascular risk and diabetes but reports on long term effects on quality of life (QOL) and health care utilization are rare. The aim was to investigate the impact of a primary health care based lifestyle intervention program on QOL and cost-effectiveness over 3 years.Methods: 151 men and women, age 18-65 yr, at moderate-to-high risk for cardiovascular disease, were randomly assigned to either lifestyle intervention with standard care or standard care alone. Intervention consisted of supervised exercise sessions and diet counseling for 3 months, followed by regular group meetings during 3years. Change in QOL was measured with EuroQol (EQ-5D, EQ VAS), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the SF-6D.  The health economic evaluation was performed from a societal view and a treatment perspective. In a cost-utility analysis the costs, gained quality-adjusted life years (QALY) and savings in health care were considered. Cost-effectiveness was also described using the Net Monetary Benefit Method.Results: Significant differences between groups over the 3-yr period were shown in EQ VAS, SF-6D and SF-36 physical component summary but not in EQ-5D or SF-36 mental component summary. There was a net saving of 47 USD per participant. Costs per gained QALY, savings not counted, were 1,668 – 4,813 USD. Probabilities of cost-effectiveness were 89 – 100 %, when 50 000 USD was used as stakeholder’s threshold of willingness to pay for a gained QALY.Conclusion: Lifestyle intervention in primary care improves QOL and is highly cost-effective in relation to standard care.
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9.
  • Grip, Kerstin (författare)
  • Drama och teater i kulturskolan ur pedagogernas perspektiv : Enkätundersökningen
  • 2019
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Föreliggande rapport rörande drama/teater i kulturskolan bygger på en undersökning av drama- och teaterpedagogers uppfattningar om sitt arbete och dess villkor. Drama/teater i kulturskolan präglas av en kombination av två olika traditioner: dramapedagogik och teater som konstform. Inom denna kombination betonas den ena eller den andra traditionen olika mycket beroende av olika drama- och teaterpedagogers och kulturskolors inriktning.
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