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  • Wijns, W, et al. (författare)
  • Myocardial revascularization
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: REVISTA PORTUGUESA DE CARDIOLOGIA. - 0870-2551. ; 30:12, s. 951-1005
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • Bahls, M., et al. (författare)
  • Progression of conventional cardiovascular risk factors and vascular disease risk in individuals: insights from the PROG-IMT consortium
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. - 2047-4873. ; 27:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Averaged measurements, but not the progression based on multiple assessments of carotid intima-media thickness, (cIMT) are predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in individuals. Whether this is true for conventional risk factors is unclear. Methods and results: An individual participant meta-analysis was used to associate the annualised progression of systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with future cardiovascular disease risk in 13 prospective cohort studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration (n = 34,072). Follow-up data included information on a combined cardiovascular disease endpoint of myocardial infarction, stroke, or vascular death. In secondary analyses, annualised progression was replaced with average. Log hazard ratios per standard deviation difference were pooled across studies by a random effects meta-analysis. In primary analysis, the annualised progression of total cholesterol was marginally related to a higher cardiovascular disease risk (hazard ratio (HR) 1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00 to 1.07). The annualised progression of systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was not associated with future cardiovascular disease risk. In secondary analysis, average systolic blood pressure (HR 1.20 95% CI 1.11 to 1.29) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.16) were related to a greater, while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.97) was related to a lower risk of future cardiovascular disease events. Conclusion: Averaged measurements of systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol displayed significant linear relationships with the risk of future cardiovascular disease events. However, there was no clear association between the annualised progression of these conventional risk factors in individuals with the risk of future clinical endpoints. © The European Society of Cardiology 2019.
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  • Daniel, M., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries on Physical Capacity and Quality-of-Life
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The American Journal of Cardiology. - 0002-9149. ; 120:3, s. 341-346
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA), including Takotsubo syndrome (TS), are considered to have a better survival compared with those with coronary heart disease (CHD). Studies of patients with MINOCA measuring physical and mental function including matched control groups are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the physical capacity and quality of life in patients with MINOCA. One-hundred patients with MINOCA along with TS (25%) were investigated from 2007 to 2011. A bicycle exercise stress test was performed 6 weeks after hospitalization and QoL was investigated by the Short Form Survey 36 at 3 months' follow-up. Both a healthy and a CHD group that were age and gender matched were used as controls. The MINOCA group had a lower physical capacity (139 +/- 42 W) compared with the healthy control group (167 +/- 53 W, p <0.001) but better than the CHD control group (124 +/- 39 W, p = 0.023). Patients with MINOCA had lower physical and mental component summary scores compared with the healthy controls (p <0.001) and lower mental component summary (p = 0.012), mental health (p = 0.016), and vitality (p = 0.008) scores compared with the CHD controls. In conclusion, the findings of this first study on exercise capacity and QoL in patients with MINOCA showed both physical and mental distress from 6 weeks to 3 months after the acute event similar to CHD controls and in some perspectives even lower scores especially in the mental component of QoL.
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  • Tornvall, P., et al. (författare)
  • The value of a new cardiac magnetic resonance imaging protocol in Myocardial Infarction with Non-obstructive Coronary Arteries (MINOCA) - a case-control study using historical controls from a previous study with similar inclusion criteria
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders. - 1471-2261. ; 17:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries (MINOCA) is common with a prevalence of 6% of all patients fulfilling the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. MINOCA should be considered a working diagnosis. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) imaging has recently been suggested to be of great value to determine the cause behind MINOCA. The objectives of this paper are to describe the rationale behind the second Stockholm Myocardial Infarction with Normal Coronaries (SMINC-2) study and to discuss the protocol for investigation of MINOCA patients in the light of the recently published position paper from the European Society of Cardiology. METHODS: The SMINC-2 study is an open non-randomised study using historical controls for comparison. The primary aim is to prove that MINOCA patients investigated with the latest CMR imaging technique can achieve a diagnosis in 70% of all cases entirely by imaging. By including 150 patients we will have >80% chance to prove that the diagnostic accuracy can be improved by 20 absolute % with a p-value of less than 0.05 when compared with CMR imaging in the SMINC-1 study. Furthermore, in addition to invasive coronary angiography, coronary arteries are evaluated by computed tomography angiography to investigate coronary causes and questionnaires are used to describe Quality-of-Life (QoL). By January 1st 2017, 75 patients have been included. DISCUSSION: Whether CMR imaging can provide a diagnosis to an adequate proportion of MINOCA patients is unknown. Well-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria will be used to compare a MINOCA cohort from the population with an appropriate control group. Positive results are likely to influence future guidelines of the management of MINOCA. Furthermore, the study will give mechanistic insights into MINOCA in particular in patients with "true" myocardial infarction and describe QoL in this vulnerable group of patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials NCT02318498 .
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  • Nero, Daniella, et al. (författare)
  • Personality Traits in Patients with Myocardial Infarction with Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The American journal of medicine. - 1555-7162. ; 132:3, s. 374-381
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to describe type A behavior pattern and trait anger in patients with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) and compare them with patients with coronary heart disease and healthy controls. Type A behavior pattern and anger have been linked to coronary heart disease in previous studies. This is the first study to assess type A behavior pattern and trait anger in MINOCA patients.One hundred MINOCA patients, consecutively recruited during 2007-2011 at 5 coronary care units in Stockholm, were matched for sex and age to 100 coronary heart disease patients and 100 healthy controls. All participants completed the Bortner Rating Scale to quantify type A behavior pattern and the Spielberger Trait Anger Scale to quantify anger 3 months after the acute event.MINOCA patients' Bortner Rating Scale score was 70.9 ± 10.8 (mean ± SD) and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 14 (12-17) (median; interquartile range). Coronary heart disease patients' Bortner Rating Scale score was 70.5 ± 10.2 and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 14 (12-17). Healthy controls' Bortner Rating Scale score was 71.9 ± 9.1 and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 13 (11-16).We found no significant differences in Bortner Rating Scale score and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score among MINOCA, coronary heart disease patients, and healthy controls, regardless of whether total scores, subscales, or cutoffs were used to classify type A behavior pattern and trait anger. However, we cannot exclude the existence of an occasional episode of anger or mental stress in relation to the coronary event. This is the first study to assess type A behavior pattern and trait anger in patients with MINOCA, and future studies need to confirm the current findings before any firm conclusions can be made.
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