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  • Sund, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • Determinants of morbidity and mortality following emergency abdominal surgery in children in low-income and middle-income countries
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: BMJ Global Health. - BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. - 2059-7908. ; 1:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Child health is a key priority on the global health agenda, yet the provision of essential and emergency surgery in children is patchy in resource-poor regions. This study was aimed to determine the mortality risk for emergency abdominal paediatric surgery in low-income countries globally.Methods: Multicentre, international, prospective, cohort study. Self-selected surgical units performing emergency abdominal surgery submitted prespecified data for consecutive children aged <16 years during a 2-week period between July and December 2014. The United Nation's Human Development Index (HDI) was used to stratify countries. The main outcome measure was 30-day postoperative mortality, analysed by multilevel logistic regression.Results: This study included 1409 patients from 253 centres in 43 countries; 282 children were under 2 years of age. Among them, 265 (18.8%) were from low-HDI, 450 (31.9%) from middle-HDI and 694 (49.3%) from high-HDI countries. The most common operations performed were appendectomy, small bowel resection, pyloromyotomy and correction of intussusception. After adjustment for patient and hospital risk factors, child mortality at 30 days was significantly higher in low-HDI (adjusted OR 7.14 (95% CI 2.52 to 20.23), p<0.001) and middle-HDI (4.42 (1.44 to 13.56), p=0.009) countries compared with high-HDI countries, translating to 40 excess deaths per 1000 procedures performed.Conclusions: Adjusted mortality in children following emergency abdominal surgery may be as high as 7 times greater in low-HDI and middle-HDI countries compared with high-HDI countries. Effective provision of emergency essential surgery should be a key priority for global child health agendas.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Luminosity measurements for the R scan experiment at BESIII
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Chinese Physics C, High Energy Physics & Nuclear Physics. - 1674-1137 .- 0899-9996. ; 41:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By analyzing the large-angle Bhabha scattering events e+e- → (γ)e+e- and diphoton events e+e- → (γ)γγ for the data sets collected at center-of-mass (c.m.) energies between 2.2324 and 4.5900 GeV (131 energy points in total) with the upgraded Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII) at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider (BEPCII), the integrated luminosities have been measured at the different c.m. energies, individually. The results are important inputs for the R value and J/ψ resonance parameter measurements.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of the helicity-selection-rule suppressed decay of the χc2 charmonium state
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The decays of chi(c2) -> K+K- pi(0), KSK +/-pi(-/+), and pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) are studied with the psi(3686) data samples collected with the Beijing Spectrometer ( BESIII). For the first time, the branching fractions of chi(c2) -> K*(K) over bar,chi(c2) -> a(2)(+/-)(1320)pi(-/+)/a(2)(0)(1320)pi(0), and chi(c2) -> rho(770)(+/-)pi(-/+) are measured. Here, K*(K) over bar denotes both K*K-+/-(-/+) and its isospin-conjugated process K*(0)(K) over bar (0) + c: c:, and K* denotes the resonances K*(892), K*(2)(1430), and K*(3)(1780). The observations indicate a strong violation of the helicity selection rule in chi(c2) decays into vector and pseudoscalar meson pairs. The measured branching fractions of chi(c2) -> K*(892)(K) over bar are more than ten times larger than the upper limit of chi(c2) -> rho(770)(+/-)pi(-/+), which is so far the first direct observation of a significant U-spin symmetry breaking effect in charmonium decays.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Study of J/psi and psi(3686) -> Sigma(1385)(0)(Sigma)over-bar(1385)(0) and Xi(0)(Xi)over-bar(0) : Study of J/ψ and ψ(3686) → (1385)0( ¯ 1385)0 and 0¯ 0
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 770, s. 217-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the decays of J/psi and psi(3686) to the final states Sigma(1385)(0)(Sigma) over bar (1385)(0) and Xi(0)(Xi) over bar (0) based on a single baryon tag method using data samples of (1310.6 +/- 7.0) x 10(6) J/psi and (447.9 +/- 2.9) x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider. The decays to Sigma(1385)(0)(Sigma) over bar (1385)(0) are observed for the first time. The measured branching fractions of J/psi and psi(3686) to Xi(0)(Xi) over bar (0) are in good agreement with, and much more precise than, the previously published results. The angular parameters for these decays are also measured for the first time. The measured angular decay parameter for J/psi -> Sigma(1385)(0)(Sigma) over bar (1385)(0), alpha = -0.64 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.10, is found to be negative, different to the other decay processes in this measurement. In addition, the "12% rule" and isospin symmetry in the decays of J/psi and psi(3686) to Xi(Xi) over bar and Sigma(1385)(Sigma) over bar (1385) are tested.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for the singly Cabibbo suppressed decay Lambda(+)(c) -> p eta and search for Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(0)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the singly Cabibbo suppressed decays Lambda(+)(c) -> p eta and Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(0) using Lambda(+)(c)(Lambda) over bar (-)(c) pairs produced by e(+)e(-) collisions at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 4.6 GeV. The data sample was collected by the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 567 pb(-1). We find the first evidence for the decay Lambda(+)(c) -> p eta with a statistical significance of 4.2 sigma and measure its branching fraction to be B(Lambda(+)(c) -> p eta) = (1.24 +/- 0.28(stat) +/- 0.10(sys)) x 10(-3). No significant Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(0) signal is observed. We set an upper limit on its branching fraction B(Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(0)) < 2.7 x 10(-4) at the 90% confidence level.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of an Anomalous Line Shape of the eta 'pi(+)pi(-) Mass Spectrum near the p(p)over-bar Mass Threshold in J/psi -> gamma eta 'pi(+)pi(-)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 117:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 1.09 x 10(9) J/psi events collected by the BESIII experiment in 2012, we study the J / psi -> gamma eta'pi(+)pi(-) process and observe a significant abrupt change in the slope of the eta'pi(+)pi(-) invariant mass distribution at the proton-antiproton (p (p) over bar) mass threshold. We use two models to characterize the eta'pi(+)pi(-) line shape around 1.85 GeV/c(2): one that explicitly incorporates the opening of a decay threshold in the mass spectrum (Flatte formula), and another that is the coherent sum of two resonant amplitudes. Both fits show almost equally good agreement with data, and suggest the existence of either a broad state around 1.85 GeV/c(2) with strong couplings to the c final states or a narrow state just below the p (p) over bar mass threshold. Although we cannot distinguish between the fits, either one supports the existence of a p (p) over bar moleculelike state or bound state with greater than 7 sigma significance.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of e(+)e(-) -> eta h(c) at center-of-mass energies from 4.085 to 4.600 GeV
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We observe for the first time the process e(+) e(-) -> eta h(c) with data collected by the BESIII experiment. Significant signals are observed at the center-of-mass energy root s = 4.226 GeV, and the Born cross section is measured to be (9.5(-2.0)(+2.2)) pb. Evidence for eta h(c) is observed at root s = 4.358 GeV with a Born cross section of (10.0(-2.7)(+3.1)) pb, and upper limits on the production cross section at other center-of-mass energies between 4.085 and 4.600 GeV are determined.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of D0 -> K -π+π+π-
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present an amplitude analysis of the decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-) based on a data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) acquired by the BESIII detector at the psi(3770) resonance. With a nearly background free sample of about 16000 events, we investigate the substructure of the decay and determine the relative fractions and the phases among the different intermediate processes. Our amplitude model includes the two-body decays D-0 -> (K) over bar*(0)rho(0), D-0 -> K- a(1)(+) (1260) and D-0 -> K-1(-)(1270)pi(+), the three-body decays D-0 -> K-1(-)*(0)pi(+)pi(-) and D-0 -> K- pi(+)rho(0), as well as the four-body nonresonant decay D-0 -> K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-). The dominant intermediate process is D-0 -> K(-)a(1)(+)(1260)accounting for a fit fraction of 54.6%.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence of Two Resonant Structures in e(+)e(-)->pi(+) pi(-) h(c)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 118:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The cross sections of e(+)e(-) -> pi(+) pi(-) hc at center-of-mass energies from 3.896 to 4.600 GeVare measured using data samples collected with the BESIII detector operating at the Beijing Electron Positron Collider. The cross sections are found to be of the same order of magnitude as those of e(+)e(-) -> pi(+) pi(-) J/psi and e(+)e(-) -> pi(+) pi(-) psi (2S), but the line shape is inconsistent with the Y states observed in the latter two modes. Two structures are observed in the e(+)e(-) -> pi(+) pi(-) hc cross sections around 4.22 and 4.39 GeV/c(2), which we call Y(4220)and Y(4390), respectively. A fit with a coherent sum of two Breit-Wigner functions results in a mass of (4218.4(- 4.5)(vertical bar 5.5) +/- 0.9) MeV/ c(2) and a width of (66.0(- 8.3)(vertical bar 12.3) +/- 0.4) MeV for the Y(4220), and a mass of (4391.5(- 6.8)(+6.3) +/- 1.0) MeV/c(2) and a width of (139.5(- 20.6)(+16.2) +/- 0.6) MeV for the Y(4390), where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. The statistical significance of Y(4220) and Y(4390) is 10 sigma over one structure assumption.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of cross sections of the interactions e(+)e(-) -> phi phi omega and e(+)e(-) -> phi phi phi at center-of-mass energies from 4.008 to 4.600 GeV
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 774, s. 78-86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using data samples collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider at six center-of-mass energies between 4.008 and 4.600 GeV, we observe the processes e(+)e(-) -> phi phi omega and e(-)e(-) -> phi phi phi. The Born cross sections are measured and the ratio of the cross sections sigma(e(+)e(-) -> phi phi omega)/sigma(e(-)e(-) -> phi phi phi) is estimated to be 1.75 +/- 0.22 +/- 0.19 averaged over six energy points, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The results represent first measurements of these interactions.
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