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Sökning: WFRF:(Akesson Kristina)

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1.
  • Lagerholm, Sofia, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic Regulation of Bone Traits Is Influenced by Sex and Reciprocal Cross in F-2 Progeny From GK and F344 Rats
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - AMBMR. - 1523-4681. ; 24:6, s. 1066-1074
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A genome-wide linkage analysis to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone phenotypes was performed in an F-2 intercross of inbred spontaneously type 2 diabetic GK and normoglycemic F344 rats (108 males and 98 females). The aim of the study was to locate genome regions with candidate genes affecting trabecular and cortical bone and to investigate the effects of sex and reciprocal cross. pQCT was used to determine tibia] bone phenotypes in the F2 rats, comprising reciprocal crosses with divergent mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Sex and reciprocal cross-separated QTL analyses were performed followed by assessment of specific interactions. Four genome-wide significant QTLs linked to either cortical vBMD, tibia length, body length, or metaphyseal area were identified in males on chromosomes (chr) 1, 8, and 15. In females, three significant QTLs linked to cortical BMC or metaphyseal total vBMD were identified on chr 1 and 2. Several additional suggestive loci for trabecular and cortical traits were detected in both males and females. Four female-specific QTLs on chr 2, 3, 5, and 10 and four reciprocal cross-specific QTLs on chr 1, 10, and 18 were identified, suggesting that both sex and mt genotype influence the expression of bone phenotypes. J Bone Miner Res 2009;24:1066-1074. Published online on December 29, 2008; doi: 10.1359/JBMR.081252
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2.
  • Swanberg, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphisms in the macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene and bone loss in postmenopausal women.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Bone. - 1873-2763. ; 47:2, s. 424-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Osteoporosis is a severe condition in postmenopausal women and a common cause of fracture. Osteoporosis is a complex disease with a strong genetic impact, but susceptibility is determined by many genes with modest effects and environmental factors. Only a handful of genes consistently associated with osteoporosis have been identified so far. Inflammation affects bone metabolism by interfering with the interplay between bone resorption and formation, and many inflammatory mediators are involved in natural bone remodeling. The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been shown to affect bone density in rodents, and polymorphisms in the human MIF promoter are associated with inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. We investigated the association of polymorphisms in the MIF gene with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone loss in 1002 elderly women using MIF promoter polymorphisms MIF-CATT(5)(-)(8) and rs755622(G/C) located -794 and -173bp upstream of the transcriptional start site. Bone loss was estimated both by the change in BMD over 5years and by the levels of bone resorption markers in serum measured at four occasions during a 5-year period. The MIF-CATT(7)/rs755622(C) haplotype was associated with increased rate of bone loss during 5years at the femoral neck (p<0.05) and total hip (p<0.05). In addition, the MIF-CATT(7)/rs755622(C) haplotype carriers had higher levels of the bone turnover marker serum C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (S-CTX-I, p<0.01) during the 5year follow-up period. There was no association between MIF-CATT(7)/rs755622(C) and baseline BMD at femoral neck, total hip or lumbar spine. We conclude that MIF promoter polymorphisms have modest effects on bone remodeling and are associated with the rate of bone loss in elderly women.
3.
  • Buchebner, David, et al. (författare)
  • Association Between Hypovitaminosis D in Elderly Women and Long- and Short-Term Mortality-Results from the Osteoporotic Prospective Risk Assessment Cohort
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0002-8614. ; 64:5, s. 7-990
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between low vitamin D levels (<50 nmol/L) and 10-year mortality in women aged 75 and older.DESIGN: Prospective with 15 years of follow-up.SETTING: Malmö, Sweden.PARTICIPANTS: Population-based cohort of 75-year-old women (N = 1,044).MEASUREMENTS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels at age 75 (n = 1,011), 80 (n = 642), and 85 (n = 348) were categorized as low (<50 nmol/L), intermediate (50-75 nmol/L) and high (>75 nmol/L) at all ages. Hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause mortality between ages 75 and 90 were calculated according to 25(OH)D category.RESULTS: Between ages 80 and 90, all-cause mortality (HR = 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.3-2.4, P < .001; adjusted for comorbidities (aHR) = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.4-2.6, P < .001) was significantly higher in women with low 25(OH)D levels than in those with high levels. Osteoporosis had the greatest effect on mortality, but even after excluding women with osteoporotic fracture during the risk of dying associated with low 25(OH)D remained greater (HR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2-2.7, P = .002; aHR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.2-2.5, P = .006).CONCLUSION: In this observational study of women aged 75 and older, 25(OH)D levels of less than 50 nmol/L were associated with greater all-cause mortality for up to 10 years. This difference was at least partially independent of comorbidities and fracture, indicating that low 25(OH)D not only is an indicator of impaired health, but also plays a role in disease outcome.
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4.
  • Buchebner, David, et al. (författare)
  • Association Between Vitamin D, Frailty, and Progression of Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Women
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197. ; 104:12, s. 6139-6147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Vitamin D (25OHD) is involved in many physiological functions that decline with age, contributing to frailty and increased risk for negative health outcomes. Whether 25OHD is a long-term risk marker for frailty over a longer time and whether it is consistent with advancing age is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between 25OHD and frailty in older women followed for 10 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, population-based, cohort study in Malmö, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women, age 75 years (N = 1044) with reassessments at ages 80 (n = 715) and 85 (n = 382) years. METHODS: Frailty was quantified using a 10-variable frailty index. Women were categorized as 25OHD insufficient (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L). RESULTS: At ages 75 and 80 years, women with insufficient 25OHD were frailer than women with sufficient 25OHD (0.23 vs 0.18, P < 0.001; and 0.32 vs 0.25, P = 0.001, respectively). At age 80 years, 25OHD insufficiency was associated with subsequent frailty 5 years later (0.41 vs 0.32; P = 0.011). Accelerated progression of frailty was not associated with lower 25OHD levels, and 25OHD level >75 nmol/L was not additionally beneficial with regard to frailty. No association between 25OHD and frailty was observed at age 85 years. Within the frailty index, variables associated with 25OHD were related to muscle strength and function. CONCLUSION: In this study, 25OHD insufficiency was associated with increased frailty in all but the oldest old. This study supports the value of maintaining sufficient 25OHD levels for healthy aging.
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5.
  • Grundberg, Elin, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of estradiol on bone mineral density is modulated by the specific estrogen receptor-alpha cofactor retinoblastoma-interacting zinc finger protein-1 insertion/deletion polymorphism.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 92:6, s. 2300-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Estrogens regulate bone mass by binding to the estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha as well as ER-beta. The specific ER -cofactor retinoblastoma-interacting zinc finger protein (RIZ)-1 enhances ER alpha function in the presence of estrogen. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine whether a RIZ P704 insertion (+)/ deletion (-) (indel) polymorphism modulates the impact of estradiol on bone mineral density (BMD) and study the association between the polymorphism and BMD in elderly subjects. Design: This was a population-based, prospective, and cross-sectional study, the Swedish MrOS Study, and the Malmo OPRA Study, respectively. Setting: The study was conducted at three academic medical centers: Sahlgrenska Academy in Gothenburg, Malmo University Hospital, and Uppsala University Hospital. Participants: In total, 4058 men and women, aged 69 -81 yr, were randomly selected from population registries. Main Outcome Measures: BMD(grams per square centimeter) was measured at femoral neck, trochanter, lumbar spine, and total body. Results: The RIZ P704(+/+) genotype was associated with low BMD in both women (femoral neck, P < 0.001; trochanter, P < 0.01; lumbar spine, P < 0.05; total body, P < 0.01) and men (lumbar spine, P < 0.05). However, the association between the polymorphism and BMD was dependent on estradiol status. The positive correlation between serum estradiol and BMD was significantly modulated by the genotype with a stronger correlation in the P704(+/+) group than the P704(+/+) group (r = 0.19 vs. r = 0.08, P < 0.05). Conclusions: These large-scale studies of elderly men and women indicate that the ER alpha cofactor RIZ gene has a prominent effect on BMD, and the P704 genotype modulates the impact of estradiol on BMD. Further studies are required to determine whether this polymorphism modulates the estrogenic response to estradiol treatment.
6.
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7.
  • Bartosch, Patrik S., et al. (författare)
  • Frailty and prediction of recurrent falls over 10 years in a community cohort of 75-year-old women
  • ????
  • Ingår i: Aging clinical and experimental research. - Kurtis. - 1594-0667.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Frailty captures the age-related declines in health leading to increased vulnerability, including falls which are commonplace in older women. The relationship between frailty and falls is complex, with one leading to the other in a vicious cycle. Aims: This study addresses the gap in understanding how patterns of frailty and falls propensity interact, particularly in those who have not yet entered the falls-frailty cycle. Methods: The Osteoporosis Risk Assessment cohort consists of 1044 community-dwelling women aged 75, with 10 years of follow-up. Investigations were performed and a frailty index constructed at baseline, 5 and 10 years. Falls were self-reported for each previous 12 months. Analysis was two-directional, firstly based on frailty status and second, based on falls status. Recurrent falls was the primary outcome. Results: Baseline frailty was a significant predictor of recurrent falls after 5 and 10 years [(OR 2.55 (1.62–3.99); 3.04 (1.63–5.67)]. Among women who had no history of falls at age 75, frailty was a stronger predictor of falls at 5 years [OR 3.06 (1.59–5.89)] than among women who had previously fallen. Discussion: Frailty is significantly associated with recurrent falls and most pronounced in those who are frail but have not yet fallen. Conclusions: This suggests that frailty should be an integral part of falls-risk assessment to improve identification of those at risk of becoming fallers.
8.
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10.
  • Chan, Ding Cheng Derrick, et al. (författare)
  • Consensus on best practice standards for Fracture Liaison Service in the Asia-Pacific region
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Archives of Osteoporosis. - Springer. - 1862-3522. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Summary: The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the healthcare settings in the region. Purpose: To review and generate consensus on best practices of fracture liaison service (FLS) in the Asia-Pacific (AP) region. Methods: In October 2017, the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association (TOA) invited experts from the AP region (n = 23), the Capture the Fracture Steering Committee (n = 2), and the USA (n = 1) to join the AP region FLS Consensus Meeting in Taipei. After two rounds of consensus generation, the recommendations on the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards were reported and reviewed by the attendees. Experts unable to attend the on-site meeting reviewed the draft, made suggestions, and approved the final version. Results: Because the number of FLSs in the region is rapidly increasing, experts agreed that it was timely to establish consensus on benchmark quality standards for FLSs in the region. They also agreed that the 13 BPF standards and the 3 levels of standards were generally applicable, but that some clarifications were necessary. They suggested, for example, that patient and family education be incorporated into the current standards and that communication with the public to promote FLSs be increased. Conclusions: The consensus on the 13 BPF standards reviewed in this meeting was that they were generally applicable and required only a few advanced clarifications to increase the quality of FLSs in the region.
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