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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Andersen Niels Frost) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Andersen Niels Frost)

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1.
  • Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Bortezomib consolidation after autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma: a Nordic Myeloma Study Group randomized phase 3 trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 121:23, s. 4647-4654
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Nordic Myeloma Study Group conducted an open randomized trial to compare bortezomib as consolidation therapy given after high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with no consolidation in bortezomib-naive patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Overall, 370 patients were centrally randomly assigned 3 months after ASCT to receive 20 doses of bortezomib given during 21 weeks or no consolidation. The hypothesis was that consolidation therapy would prolong progression-free survival (PFS). The PFS after randomization was 27 months for the bortezomib group compared with 20 months for the control group (P = .05). Fifty-one of 90 patients in the treatment group compared with 32 of 90 controls improved their response after randomization (P = .007). No difference in overall survival was seen. Fatigue was reported more commonly by the bortezomib-treated patients in self-reported quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaires, whereas no other major differences in QOL were recorded between the groups. Consolidation therapy seemed to be beneficial for patients not achieving at least a very good partial response (VGPR) but not for patients in the >= VGPR category at randomization. Consolidation with bortezomib after ASCT in bortezomib-naive patients improves PFS without interfering with QOL. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00417911.
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2.
  • Gimsing, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of pamidronate 30 mg versus 90 mg on physical function in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (Nordic Myeloma Study Group): a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Lancet Oncology. - : Elsevier. - 1474-5488 .- 1470-2045. ; 11:10, s. 973-982
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Compared with placebo, prophylactic treatment with bisphosphonates reduces risk of skeletal events in patients with multiple myeloma. However, because of toxicity associated with long-term bisphosphonate treatment, establishing the lowest effective dose is important. This study compared the effect of two doses of pamidronate on health-related quality of life and skeletal morbidity in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Methods This double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial was undertaken at 37 clinics in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Patients with multiple myeloma who were starting antimyeloma treatment were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive one of two doses of pamidronate (30 mg or 90 mg) given by intravenous infusion once a month for at least 3 years. Randomisation was done by use of a central, computerised minimisation system. Primary outcome was physical function after 12 months estimated by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire (scale 0-100). All patients who returned questionnaires at 12 months and were still on study treatment were included in the analysis of the primary endpoint. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials. gov, number NCT00376883. Findings From January, 2001, until August, 2005, 504 patients were randomly assigned to pamidronate 30 mg or 90 mg (252 in each group). 157 patients in the 90 mg group and 156 in the 30 mg group were included in the primary analysis. Mean physical function at 12 months was 66 points (95% CI 62.9-70.0) in the 90 mg group and 68 points (64.6-71.4) in the 30 mg group (95% CI of difference -6.6 to 3.3; p=0.52). Median time to first skeletal-related event in patients who had such an event was 9.2 months (8.1-10.7) in the 90 mg group and 10-2 months (7.3-14.0) in the 30 mg group (p=0.63). In a retrospective analysis, eight patients in the pamidronate 90 mg group developed osteonecrosis of the jaw compared with two patients in the 30 mg group. Interpretation Monthly infusion of pamidronate 30 mg should be the recommended dose for prevention of bone disease in patients with multiple myeloma.
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3.
  • Hjorth, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Thalidomide and dexamethasone vs. bortezomib and dexamethasone for melphalan refractory myeloma: a randomized study.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European journal of haematology. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0902-4441 .- 1600-0609. ; 88:6, s. 485-496
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Objectives:  Thalidomide and bortezomib have been frequently used for second-line therapy in patients with myeloma relapsing after or refractory to initial melphalan-based treatment, but no randomized trials have been published comparing these two treatment alternatives. Methods:  Thalidomide- and bortezomib-naïve patients with melphalan refractory myeloma were randomly assigned to low-dose thalidomide + dexamethasone (Thal-Dex) or bortezomib + dexamethasone (Bort-Dex). At progression on either therapy, the patients were offered crossover to the alternative drug combination. An estimated 300 patients would be needed for the trial to detect a 50% difference in median PFS between the treatment arms. Results:  After inclusion of 131 patients, the trial was prematurely closed because of low accrual. Sixty-seven patients were randomized to Thal-Dex and 64 to Bort-Dex. Progression-free survival was similar (median, 9.0 months for Thal-Dex and 7.2 for Bort-Dex). Response rate was similar (55% for Thal-Dex and 63% for Bort-Dex), but time to response was shorter (P < 0.05) and the VGPR rate higher (P < 0.01) for Bort-Dex. Time-to-other treatment after crossover was similar (median, 13.2 months for Thal-Dex and 11.2 months for Bort-Dex), as was overall survival (22.8 months for Thal-Dex and 19.0 for Bort-Dex). Venous thromboembolism was seen in seven patients and cerebrovascular events in four patients in the Thal-Dex group. Severe neuropathy, reactivation of herpes virus infections, and mental depression were more frequently observed in the Bort-Dex group. In the quality-of-life analysis, no difference was noted for physical function, pain, and global quality of life. Fatigue and sleep disturbances were significantly more prevalent in the Bort-Dex group. Conclusions:  Thalidomide (50–100 mg daily) in combination with dexamethasone seems to have an efficacy comparable with that of bortezomib and dexamethasone in melphalan refractory myeloma. However, the statistical strength of the results in this study is limited by the low number of included patients.
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4.
  • Duran-Lozano, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Germline variants at SOHLH2 influence multiple myeloma risk
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Blood Cancer Journal. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2044-5385. ; 11:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple myeloma (MM) is caused by the uncontrolled, clonal expansion of plasma cells. While there is epidemiological evidence for inherited susceptibility, the molecular basis remains incompletely understood. We report a genome-wide association study totalling 5,320 cases and 422,289 controls from four Nordic populations, and find a novel MM risk variant at SOHLH2 at 13q13.3 (risk allele frequency = 3.5%; odds ratio = 1.38; P = 2.2 × 10-14). This gene encodes a transcription factor involved in gametogenesis that is normally only weakly expressed in plasma cells. The association is represented by 14 variants in linkage disequilibrium. Among these, rs75712673 maps to a genomic region with open chromatin in plasma cells, and upregulates SOHLH2 in this cell type. Moreover, rs75712673 influences transcriptional activity in luciferase assays, and shows a chromatin looping interaction with the SOHLH2 promoter. Our work provides novel insight into MM susceptibility.
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6.
  • Went, Molly, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of multiple risk loci and regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to multiple myeloma
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have transformed our understanding of susceptibility to multiple myeloma (MM), but much of the heritability remains unexplained. We report a new GWAS, a meta-analysis with previous GWAS and a replication series, totalling 9974 MM cases and 247,556 controls of European ancestry. Collectively, these data provide evidence for six new MM risk loci, bringing the total number to 23. Integration of information from gene expression, epigenetic profiling and in situ Hi-C data for the 23 risk loci implicate disruption of developmental transcriptional regulators as a basis of MM susceptibility, compatible with altered B-cell differentiation as a key mechanism. Dysregulation of autophagy/apoptosis and cell cycle signalling feature as recurrently perturbed pathways. Our findings provide further insight into the biological basis of MM.
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9.
  • Rosengren, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnostic Accuracy of [11C]PIB Positron Emission Tomography for Detection of Cardiac Amyloidosis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JACC Cardiovascular Imaging. - 1936-878X .- 1876-7591. ; 13:6, s. 1337-1347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: This dual-site study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the method.BACKGROUND: Pittsburgh compound ([11C]PIB) positron emission tomography (PIB-PET) has shown promise as a specific and noninvasive method for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis (CA).METHODS: The study had 2 parts. In the initial study, 51 subjects were included, 36 patients with known CA and increased wall thickness (15 immunoglobulin light chain [AL] and 21 transthyretin [ATTR] amyloidosis) and 15 control patients (7 were nonamyloid hypertrophic and 8 healthy volunteers). Subjects underwent PIB-PET and echocardiography. Sensitivity and specificity of PIB-PET were established for 2 simple semiquantitative approaches, standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) and retention index (RI). The second part of the study included 11 amyloidosis patients (5 AL and 6 hereditary ATTR) without increased wall thickness to which the optimal cutoff values of SUVR (>1.09) and RI (>0.037 min-1) were applied prospectively.RESULTS: The diagnostic accuracy of visual inspection of [11C]PIB uptake was 100% in discriminating CA patients with increased wall thickness from controls. Semiquantitative [11C]PIB uptake discriminated CA from controls with a 94% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 80% to 99%) sensitivity for both SUVR and RI and specificity of 93% (95% CI: 66% to 100%) for SUVR and 100% (95% CI: 75% to 100%) for RI. [11C]PIB uptake was significantly higher in AL-CA than in ATTR-CA patients (p < 0.001) and discriminated AL-CA from controls with 100% (95% CI: 88% to 100%) accuracy for both the semiquantitative measures. In the prospective group without increased wall thickness, RI was elevated compared to controls (p = 0.001) and 5 of 11 subjects were evaluated as [11C]PIB PET positive.CONCLUSIONS: In a dual-center setting, [11C]PIB PET was highly accurate in detecting cardiac involvement in the main amyloid subtypes, with 100% accuracy in AL amyloidosis. A proportion of amyloidosis patients without known cardiac involvement were [11C]PIB PET positive, indicating that the method may detect early stages of CA.
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