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Sökning: WFRF:(Andersson Cristina 1969 )

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  • Andersson, Cristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of different temperature cycle profiles on the crack propagation and microstructural evolution of Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu solder joints
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: 15th European Microelectronics and Packaging Conference and Exhibition, EMPC 2005 - Conference Programme and Proceedings. ; 2005, s. 523-528
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Temperature cycling of real electronic components was carried out in a systematic manner at two different temperature profiles and in a single-chamber Heraeus climate cabinet. The first temperature profile ranged between -55°C and 100°C and the second between 0°C and 100°C. Top-side SMD components (chip resistors and Ball Grid Arrays (BGA)) were soldered with Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu lead free solder paste. Crack initiation and propagation was analyzed after every 500 cycles for each temperature cycling profile. Totally, 6500 cycles were run at both temperature profiles. Finite element modeling (FEM) calculations, for the analysis of strain and stress of 1206 chip joints were used to corroborate the experimental work results, especially regarding the crack initiation sites. Cracks were firstly visible for the temperature cycling ranging between -55°C and 100°C. The cracks observed were also visibly smaller for the temperature profile ranging between 0°C and 100°C, concluding that crack initiation and propagation was slightly slower for this temperature profile. Cracks continued to propagate as a function of temperature cycles. The reason for this difference in crack initiation and propagation was also analyzed.
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  • Andersson, Cristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of different temperature cycling profiles on the crack initiation and propagation and of Sn-3.5Ag wave soldered joints
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Microelectronics and Reliability. - 0026-2714. ; 47:2-3, s. 266-272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Temperature cycling of a test board with different electronic components was carried out at two different temperature profiles in a single-chamber climate cabinet. The first temperature profile ranged between 55 and 100 C and the second between 0 and 100 C. Hole mounted components and secondary side SMD components were wave soldered with an Sn–3.5Ag alloy. Joints of both dual in line(DIL) packages and ceramic chip capacitors were investigated. Crack initiation and propagation was analysed after every 500 cycles.In total, 6500 cycles were run at both temperature profiles and the observations from each profile were compared.For both kinds of components analysed, cracks were first visible for the temperature profile ranging between 55 and 100 C. For this temperature profile, and for DIL packages, cracks were visible already after 500 cycles, whereas for the other temperature profile, cracks initiated between 1000 and 1500 cycles. The cracks observed after 1500 cycles were visibly smaller for the temperature profile ranging between 0 and 100 C, concluding that crack initiation and propagation was slightly slower for this temperature profile. For the chip capacitors, cracks were first visible after 2000 cycles.
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  • Andersson, Cristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Thermal cycling aging effect on the shear strength, microstructure, IMC and initiation and propagation of surface mounted Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu and wave soldered Sn-3.5Ag ceramic chip components
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies. - 1521-3331. ; 31:2, s. 331-344
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Temperature cycling of electronic components was carried out at two different temperature profiles, the first ranging between -55°C and 100°C (TC1) and the second between 0°C and 100°C (TC2). Totally, 7000 cycles were run at TC1 and 14500 cycles at TC2. The test board’s top-side components were surface mounted using Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu solder alloy, and bottom side SMD components were wave soldered with Sn-3.5Ag alloy. The solder joint degradation was investigated as a function of cycle number by means of shear strength measurements and cross-sectioning. The shear strength drop was correlated to both crack initiation time and propagation rate, and Microstructural changes. The effect of manufacturing process (reflow versus wave soldering) and component size (0805 versus 0603 components) on the shear strength were also investigated.For both reflow and wave soldered components, the harsher the test environment the faster and largest the decrease in shear strength. The shear force is higher for the 0805 components compared to the 0603. The effect of component size on the residual shear strength is higher for the testing condition TC1. TC1 also seems to have a higher effect on the residual shear strength compared to TC2. The main difference between wave soldered and reflow soldered components is that the shear strength is in average higher for the wave soldered components compared to the reflow soldered. For the reflow soldered components using SAC, the microstructure coarsens, especially the Ag3Sn intermetallic particles. Furthermore, this alloy shows an increase of the IMC layer (Cu-Ni-Sn) thickness, and the IMC layer growth is controlled by a diffusion mechanism. The IMC growth coefficient is for the SAC system tested at TC1 0.0231 μm/hr1/2 (0.00053μm/hr) and for TC2 0.0054 μm/hr1/2 (2.9*10-5μm/hr). The microstructural changes during thermal cycling are a result of both static and strain-enhanced aging. For the wave soldered components the microstructure also became coarser, however, the IMC layer (Ni3Sn4) thickness did not change.The IMC layer growth does not affect the shear strength for the test conditions applied in this work. The shear strength decrease observed in the present work as a result of thermal cycling is a result of both microstructural coarsening and crack propagation inside the solder joint.
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  • Andersson, Cristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Thermal cycling of lead-free Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu 388PBGA packages
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Soldering and Surface Mount Technology. - 0954-0911. ; 21:2, s. 28-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of different temperature cycling profiles on the reliability of lead-free 388 plastic ball grid array (PBGA) packages and to deeply understand crack initiation and propagation.Design/methodology/approach - Temperature cycling of Sn-3.8Ag-0.7Cu PBGA packages was carried out at two temperature profiles, the first ranging between - 55 degrees C and 100 degrees C (TC1) and the second between 0 degrees C and 100 degrees C (TC2). Crack initiation and propagation was analyzed periodically and totally 7,000 cycles were run for TO and 14,500 for TC2. Finite element modeling (FEM), for the analysis of strain and stress, was used to corroborate the experimental results.Findings - The paper finds that TC1 had a characteristic life of 5,415 cycles and TC2 of 14,094 cycles, resulting in an acceleration factor of 2.6 between both profiles. Cracks were first visible for TC1, after 2,500 cycles, and only after 4,000 cycles for TC2. The crack propagation rate was faster for TC1 compared to TC2, and faster at the package side compared to the substrate side. The difference in crack propagation rate between the package side and substrate side was much larger for TC1 compared to TC2. Cracks developed first at the package side, and were also larger compared to the substrate side. The Cu tracks on the substrate side affected the crack propagation sites and behaved as SMD. All cracks propagated through the solder and crack propagation was mainly intergranular. Crack propagation was very random and did not follow the distance to neutral point (DNP) theory. FEM corroborated the experimental results, showing both the same critical location of highest creep strain and the independence of DNP.Originality/value - Such extensive work on the reliability assessment of Pb-free 388 PBGA packages has never been performed. This work also corroborates the results from other studies showing the difference in behavior between Pb-free and Pb-containing alloys.
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  • Andersson, Cristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Eutectic Sn-Co-Cu Lead Free Alloy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 1st IEEE CPMT Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference (ESTC2006), September 5-7, 2006, Dresden, Germany. - 978-142440552-7 ; s. 152-160
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Sn-Co-Cu eutectic solder alloy is a less expensive and is therefore a possible alternative to the Sn-Ag-Cu alloys. The Sn-Co-Cu system eutectic composition was obtained by means of CALPHAD (CALculation of PHAse Diagram) methodology. The composition of the Sn-rich, eutectic Sn-Co-Cu system was found to be 0.4%Co and 0.7%Cu (wt%) with a melting point of 224°C. The tensile behavior of the eutectic Sn-0.4Co-0.7Cu bulk samples was studied under three different conditions of strain rates (10 -6 , 10 -4 and 10 -3 /s) and compared to both Sn-37Pb and Sn-4.0Ag-0.5Cu alloys. The evaluation of the tensile results showed that the effect of strain rate played an important roll on the tensile properties of these alloys, and it is clearly observed that the tensile strength increases as the strain rate increases. Furthermore, Sn-4.0Ag-0.5Cu alloy shows better Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) followed by Sn-37P and Sn-0.4Co-0.7Cu system. © 2006 IEEE.
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