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  • Andersson, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Aktuellt kunskapsläge vid kateterspolning : systematisk litteraturgranskning
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Sykepleiernes Samarbeid i Norden (SSN). - 0107-4083. ; 31:4, s. 27-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: Reviewing the scientific literature with regards to urinary catheter washouts in order to prevent occlusion. Background: Patients with long-term indwelling urinary catheters often suffers from catheter blockage. Encrustations and the forming of biofilm on the catheter surface are among the most common causes of occlusion. It is unknown whether urinary catheter washout is the treatment of choice to prevent occlusion. Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature regarding urinary catheter washouts. The study was conducted by two independent reviewers. The search used MeSH and freetext terms, in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Academic Search Elite, CINAHL, MedLine and SweMed+, and an additional mapping of clinical guidelines in order to update praxis. Findings: The study shows that there is insufficient scientific evidence as to whether urinary catheter washouts prevent catheter blockage. Conclusion: There is insufficient evidence that urinary catheter washouts are beneficial. Individual care planning and evaluation of long-term indwelling catheter care is important in minimizing the risk of harmful side effects.
  • Andersson, E. K., et al. (författare)
  • Conceptions of caring among a group of coronary care nurses
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - Sage. - 1474-5151. ; 13
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: During the last decade fundamental changes have taken place at coronary care units (CCUs) with regard to medical treatment and advanced technology in order to improve care for patients with coronary heart disease. In the past, caring in a coronary care context was described in qualitative studies mostly from the patients’ point of view. Coronary care nurses (CCNs) are considered to play a crucial role in this care although research into nurses’ conceptions of caring in this area is still scarce. Extended knowledge from the CCNs’ perspective could be of help in developing and implementing new, nurse-led interventions in a coronary care context. Aim: This study aims to describe the conceptions of caring among a group of coronary care nurses. Methods: This is an interview study. Phenomenographic interviews with open-ended questions were conducted with 21 purposefully sampled CCNs from CCUs at two different county hospitals. The audio-taped interviews took place between March and May 2013 and the data consist of 365 double-spaced pages. The age of the CCNs ranged from 23 to 63 years, the length of experience working as a registered nurse ranged from 1 to 42 years and experience as a CCN ranged from 0.5 to 27 years. A phenomenographic analysis according to the steps described by åkerlind was used. The interviews were read several times in order to gain an overall impression of the data. The central elements of the CCNs’ responses that focus on ’what’ and ’how’ were identified, condensed and summarised as a preliminary means of understanding a phenomenon. Similar responses were carefully grouped or classified and a comparison of the categories was made in order to establish the borders between them. The descriptive categories were created on the basis of similarities and differences. An iterative process was used throughout the data analysis to check interpretation against the interviews that had been transcribed verbatim and the description categories. The description categories were used to develop an ‘outcome space’ that described the wholeness of the findings. Results: The analysis is ongoing. At the beginning of 2014 we expect to present preliminary results and answer questions about qualitatively different conceptions of caring found among a group of CCNs working in CCUs and how the different conceptions of these individuals can be understood.
  • Andersson, Ewa K., et al. (författare)
  • Registered nurses views of caring in coronary care - a deductive and inductive content analysis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2702. ; 24:23-24, s. 3481-3493
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To extend nurses' descriptions of how they understood caring, as reflected in the findings of an earlier study (i.e. the hierarchical outcome space) and to gain additional understandings and perspectives of nurses' views of caring in relation to a coronary care patient case.
  • Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera, et al. (författare)
  • Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn: being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1471-6712. ; 27:4, s. 864-871
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Suffering a myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening event that impacts not only on the individual concerned but also on the next of kin. However, there seems to be a paucity of naturalistic inquiries that focus specifically on midlife next of kin and their experience of being close to a relative who has suffered an MI. This study aims to elucidate the experience of being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction. METHOD: Nine women and four men in midlife participated in the focused interviews, which were conducted and analysed during 2010/2011 using Lindseths and Norbergs' description of the phenomenological hermeneutical method. FINDINGS: Four themes - Solely responsible, Lurking unease, Left out of the picture and Life on hold - formed the basis of the core theme Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn. The core theme was interpreted as a central phenomenon encompassing the experience of being solely responsible for the well-being of their relative and the family, thus putting their own life on hold. The core theme also reflected the next of kin's experience of being left out of the picture when it came to the relative's care before and after the MI. CONCLUSION: The next of kin's negative feelings of standing alone were further intensified by their experience of being left out of the picture by the healthcare professionals concerning their relative's care. As a cardiac nurse, it would seem essential to have knowledge about the experiences of next of kin in connection with a relative's MI event. Such knowledge can facilitate the planning and organisation of nursing care and at the same time address the next of kin's role in the recovery and rehabilitation process.
  • Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera, et al. (författare)
  • The experience of younger adults following myocardial infarction
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research. - Sage Publications. - 1049-7323. ; 23:6, s. 762-772
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Syftet med denna studie var att belysa meningsupplevelser för personer yngre än 55 år som överlevt sin första hjärtinfarkt. Vi har analyserat 17 intervjuer med fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk metod. Huvudtemat, och det centrala fenomenet var en daglig kamp för att återvinna balansen i livet, vilket inkluderar en existentiell, fysisk och emotionell kamp för att återfå fotfästet i dagligt liv. Efterspelet till denna livshotande händelse involverade en transition/förändringsprocess samtidigt som en ny livsmening skapades. Informanternas berättelser färgades av en energibrist som påverkade deras liv och interagerade med orimliga krav från arbetsgivare och vårdpersonal. Kunskapen från denna studie kan utgöra ett värdefullt tillskott till kvalitetsarbete inom omvårdnad och till utveckling av omvårdnadsinterventioner för hjärtrehabilitering av yngre personer efter hjärtinfarkt.
  • Andersson, Ewa, et al. (författare)
  • Registered nurses' descriptions of caring: a phenomenographic interview study.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: BMC Nursing. - BioMed Central. - 1472-6955. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nursing has come a long way since the days of Florence Nightingale and even though no consensus exists it would seem reasonable to assume that caring still remains the inner core, the essence of nursing. In the light of the societal, contextual and political changes that have taken place during the 21st century, it is important to explore whether these might have influenced the essence of nursing. The aim of this study was to describe registered nurses' conceptions of caring.
  • Andersson, Å, et al. (författare)
  • Adverse events in nursing : a retrospective study of reports of patient and relative experiences
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Nursing Review. - International Council of Nurses. - 0020-8132. ; 62:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patient safety is an important global issue. While it is well known that patients can suffer from adverse events in nursing care, there is a lack of knowledge as to how they experience them. The aim was to examine adverse events in nursing care as they are experienced by patients and relatives. This was a retrospective study taking both a qualitative and quantitative approach. It was based on data regarding 242 adverse events in nursing care, as reported by patients and relatives to Sweden's Medical Responsibility Board, content analysis was used to analys the reports. Patients' and relatives' experiences were analysed into four categories of adverse events, as concerning participation, clinical judgement, nursing intervention and the essentials of care. The reports were classified by the Medical Responsibility Board, without a standardized system. The adverse events reported were few in number and were reported by patients and relatives only. Lack of participation has negative consquences and contributes to adverse events. Adverse events occur through missed care as well as through carer errors. Nurses need to improve their skills that support patient participation. Patient participation needs to be incorporated into nurses' duties. Resources for patients to participate in their own care needs to be a priority underpinning policy-making in health systems. Nursing education systems need to teach students about the value and benefits of involving patients in their care.
  • Andersson, Åsa, et al. (författare)
  • Factors contributing to serious adverse events in nursing homes
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - Wiley. - 0962-1067. ; 27:1-2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the most common serious adverse events that occurred in nursing homes and their most frequent contributing factors to contribute to improvement of safe nursing care. BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve safe nursing care in nursing homes. Residents are often frail and vulnerable with extensive needs for nursing care. A relatively minor adverse event in nursing care can cause serious injury that could have been preventable. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study, with a total sample of data regarding adverse events (n=173) in nursing homes, concerning nursing care reported by health care providers in Sweden to the Health and Social Care Inspectorate. The reports were analysed with content analysis and the frequencies of the adverse events, and their contributing factors, were described with descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Medication errors, falls, delayed or inappropriate intervention and missed nursing care caused the vast majority (89%) of the serious adverse events. A total of 693 possible contributing factors were identified. The most common contributing factors were 1) lack of competence 2) incomplete, or lack of documentation 3) teamwork failure 4) and inadequate communication. CONCLUSIONS: The contributing factors frequently interacted yet they varied between different groups of serious adverse events. The resident's safety depends on the availability of staff's competence as well as adequate documentation about the resident's condition. Lack of competence was underestimated by health care providers. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Registered Nurses and assistant nurses need to have awareness of contributing factors to adverse events in nursing care. A holistic approach to improve patient safety in nursing homes requires competence of the staff, safe environments as well as resident's and relative's participation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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