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Sökning: WFRF:(Antikainen Riitta L.)

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1.
  • Vaskivuo, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Associations between Prospective and Retrospective Subjective Memory Complaints and Neuropsychological Performance in Older Adults : The Finger Study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. - : Cambridge University Press. - 1355-6177 .- 1469-7661. ; 24:10, s. 1099-1109
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are among the key concerns in the elderly, but their role in detecting objective cognitive problems is unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between SMCs (both prospective and retrospective memory complaints) and neuropsychological test performance in older adults at risk of cognitive decline. Methods: This investigation is part of the FINGER project, a multicenter randomized controlled trial aiming at preventing cognitive decline in high-risk individuals. The cognitive assessment of participants was conducted at baseline using a modified neuropsychological test battery (NTB). SMCs were evaluated with the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ) in a sub-sample of 560 participants (mean age, 69.9 years). Results: Having more prospective SMCs was associated with slower processing speed, but not with other NTB domains. Retrospective SMCs were linked to poorer function on NTB total score, processing speed, and memory. Executive function domain was not associated with any PRMQ ratings. Depressive symptoms and poor quality of life diluted the observed associations for NTB total score and memory. However, the association between PRMQ and processing speed remained even after full adjustments. Conclusions: Our results indicate that self-reported memory problems, measured with PRMQ, are associated with objectively measured cognitive performance. Such complaints in healthy elderly people also seem to reflect reduced mental tempo, rather than memory deficits. Slowing of processing speed may thus be negatively related to memory self-efficacy. It is also important to consider affective factors among those who report memory problems.
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2.
  • Vaskivuo, Laura, et al. (författare)
  • Self and Informant Memory Reports in FINGER : Associations with Two-Year Cognitive Change
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. - : IOS PRESS. - 1387-2877 .- 1875-8908. ; 71:3, s. 785-795
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) may be the first sign of cognitive decline in aging. Objective: To examine whether SMCs reported by oneself and informant predict cognitive change over 2 years among at-risk elderly people, and to determine the relationship of different types of SMCs (prospective and retrospective memory complaints) and change in cognitive function. Methods: This investigation is part of the FINGER project, which is a multicenter randomized controlled trial aiming at preventing cognitive decline in cognitively healthy older adults with increased risk of dementia. A subsample of 303 controlgroup participants (aged 60-80 years) and their informants (n = 261) rated the frequency of SMCs, using the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). Cognitive performance was measured at baseline and at 1- and 2-year follow-up visits using a neuropsychological test battery. Results: Participants who reported more SMCs improved less in global cognition, executive function, and memory during the subsequent 2 years in the fully-adjusted analyses. Self-reported retrospective memory problems predicted less improvement in all cognitive domains, whereas prospective memory problems did not. Informant-reported memory problems were not linked to subsequent change in cognition. Conclusion: Our results indicate that self-reported SMCs, measured with PRMQ, predict future cognitive change in several cognitive domains. By contrast, reports by informants were not linked to changes in cognition. Among cognitively healthy at-risk elderly individuals, the persons themselves observe more easily problems relevant for their future cognitive trajectories than their informants.
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3.
  • Kivipelto, Miia, et al. (författare)
  • The Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) : Study design and progress
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's & Dementia. - : Elsevier. - 1552-5260 .- 1552-5279. ; 9:6, s. 657-665
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) is a multi-center, randomized, controlled trial ongoing in Finland. Materials: Participants (1200 individuals at risk of cognitive decline) are recruited from previous population-based non-intervention studies. Inclusion criteria are CAIDE Dementia Risk Score >= 6 and cognitive performance at the mean level or slightly lower than expected for age (but not substantial impairment) assessed with the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery. The 2-year multidomain intervention consists of: nutritional guidance; exercise; cognitive training and social activity; and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors. Persons in the control group receive regular health advice. The primary outcome is cognitive performance as measured by the modified Neuropsychological Test Battery, Stroop test, and Trail Making Test. Main secondary outcomes are: dementia (after extended follow-up); disability; depressive symptoms; vascular risk factors and outcomes; quality of life; utilization of health resources; and neuroimaging measures. Results: Screening began in September 2009 and was completed in December 2011. All 1200 persons are enrolled and the intervention is ongoing as planned. Baseline clinical characteristics indicate that several vascular risk factors and unhealthy lifestyle related factors are present, creating a window of opportunity for prevention. The intervention will be completed during 2014. Conclusions: The FINGER is at the forefront of international collaborative efforts to solve the clinical and public health problems of early identification of individuals at increased risk of late-life cognitive impairment, and of developing intervention strategies to prevent or delay the onset of cognitive impairment and dementia.
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4.
  • Marengoni, Alessandra, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of a 2-Year Intervention Consisting of Diet, Physical Exercise, Cognitive Training, and Monitoring of Vascular Risk on Chronic Morbidity-the FINGER Randomized Controlled Trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. - 1525-8610 .- 1538-9375. ; 19:4, s. 355-360
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To verify whether a multidomain intervention lowers the risk of developing new chronic diseases in older adults. Methods: Multicenter, double-blind randomized controlled trial started in October 2009, with 2-year follow-up. A total of 1260 people aged 60 to 77 years were enrolled in the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER). Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to a 2-year multidomain intervention (n = 631) (nutritional guidance, exercise, cognitive training, and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors) or a control group (n = 629) (general health advice). Data on most common chronic diseases were collected by a physician at baseline and 2 years later. Results: At 2-year follow-up, the average number of new chronic diseases was 0.47 [standard deviation (SD) 0.7] in the intervention group and 0.58 (SD 0.8) in the control group (P < .01). The incidence rate per 100 person-years for developing 1+ new disease(s) was 17.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 15.1-20.1] in the intervention group and 20.5 (95% CI = 18.0-23.4) in the control group; for developing 2+ new diseases, 4.9 (95% CI = 3.7-6.4) and 6.1 (95% CI = 4.8-7.8); and for 3+ new diseases, 0.7 (95% CI = 0.4-1.5) and 1.8 (95% CI = 1.1-2.8), respectively. After adjustment for age, sex, education, current smoking, alcohol intake, and the number of chronic diseases at baseline, the intervention group had a hazard ratio ranging from 0.80 (0.66-0.98) for developing 1+ new chronic disease(s) to 0.38 (0.16-0.88) for developing 3+ new chronic diseases compared to the control group. Conclusions: Findings from this randomized controlled trial suggest that a multidomain intervention could reduce the risk of developing new chronic diseases in older people.
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5.
  • Ngandu, Tiia, et al. (författare)
  • A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER) : a randomised controlled trial
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - 0140-6736 .- 1474-547X. ; 385:9984, s. 2255-2263
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Modifiable vascular and lifestyle-related risk factors have been associated with dementia risk in observational studies. In the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER), a proof-of-concept randomised controlled trial, we aimed to assess a multidomain approach to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people from the general population.Methods In a double-blind randomised controlled trial we enrolled individuals aged 60-77 years recruited from previous national surveys. Inclusion criteria were CAIDE (Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia) Dementia Risk Score of at least 6 points and cognition at mean level or slightly lower than expected for age. We randomly assigned participants in a 1: 1 ratio to a 2 year multidomain intervention (diet, exercise, cognitive training, vascular risk monitoring), or a control group (general health advice). Computer-generated allocation was done in blocks of four (two individuals randomly allocated to each group) at each site. Group allocation was not actively disclosed to participants and outcome assessors were masked to group allocation. The primary outcome was change in cognition as measured through comprehensive neuropsychological test battery (NTB) Z score. Analysis was by modified intention to treat (all participants with at least one post-baseline observation). This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01041989.Findings Between Sept 7, 2009, and Nov 24, 2011, we screened 2654 individuals and randomly assigned 1260 to the intervention group (n=631) or control group (n=629). 591 (94%) participants in the intervention group and 599 (95%) in the control group had at least one post-baseline assessment and were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Estimated mean change in NTB total Z score at 2 years was 0.20 (SE 0.02, SD 0.51) in the intervention group and 0.16 (0.01, 0.51) in the control group. Between-group difference in the change of NTB total score per year was 0.022 (95% CI 0.002-0.042, p=0.030). 153 (12%) individuals dropped out overall. Adverse events occurred in 46 (7%) participants in the intervention group compared with six (1%) participants in the control group; the most common adverse event was musculoskeletal pain (32 [5%] individuals for intervention vs no individuals for control).Interpretation Findings from this large, long-term, randomised controlled trial suggest that a multidomain intervention could improve or maintain cognitive functioning in at-risk elderly people from the general population.
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6.
  • Ngandu, Tiia, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of adherence on cognition in a multidomain lifestyle intervention (FINGER)
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's & Dementia. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1552-5260 .- 1552-5279.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Lifestyle interventions may prevent cognitive decline, but the sufficient dose of intervention activities and lifestyle changes is unknown. We investigated how intervention adherence affects cognition in the FINGER trial (pre-specified subgroup analyses).Methods: FINGER is a multicenter randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of multidomain lifestyle intervention (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01041989). A total of 1260 participants aged 60 to 77 with increased dementia risk were randomized to a lifestyle intervention and control groups. Percentage of completed intervention sessions, and change in multidomain lifestyle score (self-reported diet; physical, cognitive, and social activity; vascular risk) were examined in relation to change in Neuropsychological Test Battery (NTB) scores.Results: Active participation was associated with better trajectories in NTB total and all cognitive subdomains. Improvement in lifestyle was associated with improvement in NTB total and executive function.Discussion: Multidomain lifestyle changes are beneficial for cognitive functioning, but future interventions should be intensive enough, and supporting adherence is essential.
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7.
  • Qiu, Chengxuan, et al. (författare)
  • Association of blood pressure and hypertension with the risk of Parkinson disease : the National FINRISK Study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 0194-911X .- 1524-4563. ; 57:6, s. 1094-1100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus and central obesity, have been associated with Parkinson disease (PD), but data on blood pressure and PD are lacking. We sought to examine the association of blood pressure and hypertension with the risk of PD among men and women. This study consisted of 7 surveys (1972-2002) on representative samples of the general population in Finland (National FINRISK Study). A total number of 59 540 participants (age 25 to 74 years; 51.8% women) who were free of PD and stroke at baseline were prospectively followed until December 31, 2006, to identify incident PD cases using the National Social Insurance Register database. Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to estimate the hazard ratio of PD associated with blood pressure. During a mean follow-up period of 18.8 years (SD: 10.2 years), 423 men and 371 women were ascertained to have developed PD. In women, compared with normotensive subjects (<130/80 mm Hg), the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of PD associated with high-normal blood pressure (130 to 139/80 to 89 mm Hg) and hypertension (≥140/90 mm Hg or use of antihypertensive agents) were 1.63 (95% CI: 1.07 to 2.47) and 1.62 (95% CI: 1.09 to 2.42). There was no significant association between blood pressure and PD risk in men. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of PD associated with use of antihypertensive agents were 1.08 (95% CI: 0.79 to 1.48) in men and 1.03 (95% CI: 0.76 to 1.38) in women. This study suggests that, in women, above-optimal blood pressure, including high-normal blood pressure and hypertension, is associated with an increased risk of PD. Optimal control of blood pressure in women may reduce the incidence of PD.
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8.
  • Rosenberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Multidomain lifestyle intervention benefits a large elderly population at risk for cognitive decline and dementia regardless of baseline characteristics : The FINGER trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's & Dementia. - New York : Elsevier. - 1552-5260 .- 1552-5279. ; 14:3, s. 263-270
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The 2-year Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) multidomain lifestyle intervention trial (NCT01041989) demonstrated beneficial effects on cognition. We investigated whether sociodemographics, socioeconomic status, baseline cognition, or cardiovascular factors influenced intervention effects on cognition.Methods: The FINGER recruited 1260 people from the general Finnish population (60-77 years, at risk for dementia). Participants were randomized 1: 1 to multidomain intervention (diet, exercise, cognition, and vascular risk management) and regular health advice. Primary outcome was change in cognition (Neuropsychological Test Battery z-score). Prespecified analyses to investigate whether participants' characteristics modified response to intervention were carried out using mixed-model repeated-measures analyses.Results: Sociodemographics (sex, age, and education), socioeconomic status (income), cognition (Mini-Mental State Examination), cardiovascular factors (body mass index, blood pressure, cholesterol, fasting glucose, and overall cardiovascular risk), and cardiovascular comorbidity did not modify response to intervention (P-values for interaction > .05). Conclusions: The FINGER intervention was beneficial regardless of participants' characteristics and can thus be implemented in a large elderly population at increased risk for dementia. 
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9.
  • Antikainen, Riitta L., et al. (författare)
  • Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension: the WHO MONICA Project
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovasclar Prevention & Rehabilitation. - 1741-8267. ; 13:1, s. 13-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To describe the secular changes in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. DESIGN: Two independent cross-sectional population surveys using standardized methods conducted between the early 1980s and mid-1990s. SETTING: Twenty-four geographically defined populations of the WHO MONICA Project. PARTICIPANTS: Randomly selected men and women aged 35-64 years. The total number of participants was 69 907. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two definitions of hypertension were used: 160/95 mmHg or above and 140/90 mmHg or above for systolic or diastolic blood pressure. Subjects on antihypertensive drug treatment were considered to be hypertensive regardless of their blood pressure. Treated subjects whose measured blood pressure level was less than 160/95 or 140/90 mmHg according to the two definitions, respectively, were considered to be adequately treated. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension decreased in most and increased in only a few populations. For both definitions of hypertension, the proportion of hypertensive subjects who were aware of their condition increased in three-quarters of the male populations and in two-thirds of the female populations. Furthermore, the proportion of hypertensive individuals on antihypertensive drug treatment increased in three-quarters of the populations. In the final survey, hypertension tended to be better treated and controlled in women than in men. Nevertheless, a large proportion of patients receiving antihypertensive drug therapy still had inadequately controlled blood pressure levels. CONCLUSION: Although awareness and treatment of hypertension according to the data obtained during the late 1980s to the mid-1990s increased in several populations, the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment showed the continuing need for improvements.
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