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Sökning: WFRF:(Antti Henrik 1970 )

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  • Shiryaeva, Liudmila, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Pair-wise multicomparison and OPLS analyses of cold-acclimation phases in Siberian spruce
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Metabolomics. - Springer. - 1573-3882. ; 8:Suppl 1, s. 123-130
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Analysis of metabolomics data often goes beyond the task of discovering biomarkers and can be aimed at recovering other important characteristics of observed metabolomic changes. In this paper we explore different methods to detect the presence of distinctive phases in seasonal-responsive changes of metabolomic patterns of Siberian spruce (Picea obovata) during cold acclimation occurred in the period from mid-August to January. Multivariate analysis, specifically orthogonal projection to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLSDA), identified time points where the metabolomic patterns underwent substantial modifications as a whole, revealing four distinctive phases during acclimation. This conclusion was re-examined by a univariate analysis consisting of multiple pair-wise comparisons to identify homogeneity intervals for each metabolite. These tests complemented OPLS-DA, clarifying biological interpretation of the classification: about 60% of metabolites found responsive to the cold stress indeed changed at one or more of the time points predicted by OPLS-DA. However, the univariate approach did not support the proposed division of the acclimation period into four phases: less than 10% of metabolites altered during the acclimation had homogeneous levels predicted by OPLS-DA. This demonstrates that coupling the classification found by OPLS-DA and the analysis of dynamics of individual metabolites obtained by pair-wise multicomparisons reveals a more correct characterization of biochemical processes in freezing tolerant trees and leads to interpretations that cannot be deduced by either method alone. The combined analysis can be used in other ‘omics’-studies, where response factors have a causal dependence (like the time in the present work) and pairwise multicomparisons are not conservative.</p>
  • Shiryaeva, Liudmila, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis to reveal proteins in plasma associated with high risk prostate cancer
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Prostate cancer is a common but highly variable disease. Conventional methods for prognostication are limited and needed to be complemented by novel biomarkers which could identify clinically significant tumors at a curable timepoint. With the aim to find biomarkers in plasma for high risk prostate cancer, we combined the ProteoMiner technology for protein fractionation with 2-dimentional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). Plasma samples from patients with high risk tumors, defined to have bone metastases (M1, N=7) or locally advanced or poorly differentiated prostate cancer (M0, N=14), or benign disease (N=15) were analyzed. As a result of combined univariate and multivariate analyses (orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis, OPLS-DA), 338 protein spots were found to be significantly associated with high risk prostate cancer. Ninety-eight (98) of the spots were successfully identified by LC-MS/MS, and OPLS-DA of those resulted in a reliable method for class separation; M1 vs. M0 vs. B (<em>R</em>2<em>Xcum</em>: 31.1%, <em>R</em>2<em>Y cum</em>: 59.9%, <em>Q</em>2<em>cum</em>: 41.4%, <em>P &lt; </em>0<em>.</em>0001). The panel of identified potential protein markers for high risk prostate cancer included highly to intermediately abundant plasma proteins involved in key processes such as lipid transport, coagulation, inflammation, and immune responses. Their putative roles for prostate cancer progression are discussed.</p>
  • Antti, Henrik, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Metabolic effects of an aspartate aminotransferase-inhibitor on two T-cell lines
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 13:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An emerging method to help elucidate the mode of action of experimental drugs is to use untargeted metabolomics of cell-systems. The interpretations of such screens are however complex and more examples with inhibitors of known targets are needed. Here two T-cell lines were treated with an inhibitor of aspartate aminotransferase and analyzed with untargeted GC-MS. The interpretation of the data was enhanced by the use of two different cell-lines and supports aspartate aminotransferase as a target. In addition, the data suggest an unexpected off-target effect on glutamate decarboxylase. The results exemplify the potency of metabolomics to provide insight into both mode of action and off-target effects of drug candidates.</p>
  • Björkblom, Benny, et al. (författare)
  • Metabolic response patterns in brain microdialysis fluids and serum during interstitial cisplatin treatment of high-grade glioma
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 122:2, s. 221-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: High-grade gliomas are associated with poor prognosis. Tumour heterogeneity and invasiveness create challenges for effective treatment and use of systemically administrated drugs. Furthermore, lack of functional predictive response-assays based on drug efficacy complicates evaluation of early treatment responses.</p><p>METHODS: We used microdialysis to deliver cisplatin into the tumour and to monitor levels of metabolic compounds present in the tumour and non-malignant brain tissue adjacent to tumour, before and during treatment. In parallel, we collected serum samples and used multivariate statistics to analyse the metabolic effects.</p><p>RESULTS: We found distinct metabolic patterns in the extracellular fluids from tumour compared to non-malignant brain tissue, including high concentrations of a wide range of amino acids, amino acid derivatives and reduced levels of monosaccharides and purine nucleosides. We found that locoregional cisplatin delivery had a strong metabolic effect at the tumour site, resulting in substantial release of glutamic acid, phosphate, and spermidine and a reduction of cysteine levels. In addition, patients with long-time survival displayed different treatment response patterns in both tumour and serum. Longer survival was associated with low tumour levels of lactic acid, glyceric acid, ketoses, creatinine and cysteine. Patients with longer survival displayed lower serum levels of ketohexoses, fatty acid methyl esters, glycerol-3-phosphate and alpha-tocopherol, while elevated phosphate levels were seen in both tumour and serum during treatment.</p><p>CONCLUSION: We highlight distinct metabolic patterns associated with high-grade tumour metabolism, and responses to cytotoxic cisplatin treatment.</p>
  • Björkblom, Benny, et al. (författare)
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Neuro-Oncology. - OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC. - 1522-8517 .- 1523-5866. ; 20, s. 288-289
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: The Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study is a unique population-based biobank linked to the clinical data registries. The samples originate from over 133 000 individuals living in the northern part of Sweden, and primarily collected during health checkups from the age of 40 years. Our project aims to investigate alterations in metabolite signatures in blood plasma of healthy blood donors that later in life developed a tumor. Brain tumors, especially glioblastoma is associated with poor prognosis. To explore early events of metabolic reprograming linked to future diagnosis, we investigated alterations in metabolite concentrations in plasma collected several years before diagnosis with matched healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total 392 analytical samples (256 repeated timepoint and 136 single timepoint, case-control samples) were analyzed using GCTOFMS. Constrained randomization of run order was utilized to maximize information output and minimize the false discovery rate. By use of reference databases, we could with high confidence quantify and identify 150 plasma metabolites. We detected metabolites with significant alterations in concertation between pre-clinical glioma cases and healthy controls by the effect projection approach based on orthogonal partial least squares (OPLSEP). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: For the repeated blood samples, we designed and applied a novel multivariate strategy for high resolution biomarker pattern discovery. We utilize the fact that we have available samples from two repeated time points prior to diagnosis for each future glioma case and their matched controls to construct a small design of experiment (DoE) of four samples for each match pair. The data for each individual DoE was evaluated by OPLS-EP to determine the effect of each individual metabolite in relation to control-case, time and their interaction. Finally, latent significance calculations by means of OPLS were used to extract and evaluate the correct latent biomarker and highlight true significance of individual metabolites. Our study presents an approach to minimize confounding effects due to systematic noise from sampling, the analytical method, as well as take into account personalized metabolic levels over time, enabling biomarker detection within a smaller sample group. We will present and discuss the latest results and biomarkers from this exploratory metabolomics study at the meeting</p>
  • Chorell, Elin, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Plasma metabolomic response to postmenopausal weight loss induced by different diets
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Metabolomics. - Springer. - 1573-3882 .- 1573-3890. ; 12:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background Menopause is associated with increased abdominal fat and increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Objectives The present study evaluated the plasma metabolic response in relation to insulin sensitivity after weight loss via diet intervention. Methods This work includes two studies; i) Ten women on a 5 weeks Paleolithic-type diet (PD, 30 energy percent (E%) protein, 40 E% fat, 30 E% carbohydrates), ii) 55 women on 6 months of either PD or Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet (NNR, 15 E% protein, 30 E% fat, and 55 E% carbohydrates). Plasma metabolic profiles were acquired at baseline and post diet using gas chromatography time-of-flight/mass spectrometry and investigated in relation to insulin sensitivity using multivariate bioinformatics. Results Both the PD and NNR diet resulted in significant weight loss, reduced waist circumference, improved serum lipid profiles, and improved insulin sensitivity. We detected a baseline metabolic profile that correlated significantly with insulin sensitivity, and of which components increased significantly in the PD group compared to NNR. Specifically, a significant increase in myo-inositol (MI), a second messenger of insulin action, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid (beta-HB)increased while dihomogamma-linoleic acid (DGLA) decreased in PD compared to NNR, which correlated with improved insulin sensitivity. We also detected a significant decrease in tyrosine and tryptophan, potential markers of insulin resistance when elevated in the circulation, with the PD but not the NNR. Conclusions Using metabolomics, we detected changes in the plasma metabolite profiles associated with weight loss in postmenopausal women by different diets. The metabolic profiles following 6 months of PD were linked to beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity compared to NNR.</p>
  • Hoffman, Daniel E., et al. (författare)
  • Changes in diurnal patterns within the <em>Populus</em> transcriptome and metabolome in response to photoperiod variation
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Plant, Cell and Environment. - 0140-7791 .- 1365-3040. ; 33:8, s. 1298-1313
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Changes in seasonal photoperiod provides an important environmental signal that affects the timing of winter dormancy in perennial, deciduous, temperate tree species, such as hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x Populus tremuloides). In this species, growth cessation, cold acclimation and dormancy are induced in the autumn by the detection of day-length shortening that occurs at a given critical day length. Important components in the detection of such day-length changes are photoreceptors and the circadian clock, and many plant responses at both the gene regulation and metabolite levels are expected to be diurnal. To directly examine this expectation and study components in these events, here we report transcriptomic and metabolomic responses to a change in photoperiod from long to short days in hybrid aspen. We found about 16% of genes represented on the arrays to be diurnally regulated, as assessed by our pre-defined criteria. Furthermore, several of these genes were involved in circadian-associated processes, including photosynthesis and primary and secondary metabolism. Metabolites affected by the change in photoperiod were mostly involved in carbon metabolism. Taken together, we have thus established a molecular catalog of events that precede a response to winter.</p>
  • Mörén, Lina, 1985-, et al. (författare)
  • Metabolomic screening of tumor tissue and serum in glioma patients reveals diagnostic and prognostic information
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Metabolites. - MDPI. - 2218-1989 .- 2218-1989. ; 5:3, s. 502-520
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Glioma grading and classification, today based on histological features, is not always easy to interpret and diagnosis partly relies on the personal experience of the neuropathologists. The most important feature of the classification is the aimed correlation between tumor grade and prognosis. However, in the clinical reality, large variations exist in the survival of patients concerning both glioblastomas and low-grade gliomas. Thus, there is a need for biomarkers for a more reliable classification of glioma tumors as well as for prognosis. We analyzed relative metabolite concentrations in serum samples from 96 fasting glioma patients and 81 corresponding tumor samples with different diagnosis (glioblastoma, oligodendroglioma) and grade (World Health Organization (WHO) grade II, III and IV) using gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS). The acquired data was analyzed and evaluated by pattern recognition based on chemometric bioinformatics tools. We detected feature patterns in the metabolomics data in both tumor and serum that distinguished glioblastomas from oligodendrogliomas (p(tumor) = 2.46 × 10(-8), p(serum) = 1.3 × 10(-5)) and oligodendroglioma grade II from oligodendroglioma grade III (p(tumor) = 0.01, p(serum) = 0.0008). Interestingly, we also found patterns in both tumor and serum with individual metabolite features that were both elevated and decreased in patients that lived long after being diagnosed with glioblastoma compared to those who died shortly after diagnosis (p(tum)(o)(r) = 0.006, p(serum) = 0.004; AUROCC(tumor) = 0.846 (0.647-1.000), AUROCC(serum) = 0.958 (0.870-1.000)). Metabolic patterns could also distinguish long and short survival in patients diagnosed with oligodendroglioma (p(tumor) = 0.01, p(serum) = 0.001; AUROCC(tumor) = 1 (1.000-1.000), AUROCC(serum) = 1 (1.000-1.000)). In summary, we found different metabolic feature patterns in tumor tissue and serum for glioma diagnosis, grade and survival, which indicates that, following further verification, metabolomic profiling of glioma tissue as well as serum may be a valuable tool in the search for latent biomarkers for future characterization of malignant glioma.</p>
  • Ruhal, Rohit, et al. (författare)
  • A multivariate approach to correlate bacterial surface properties to biofilm formation by lipopolysaccharide mutants of <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces. - Elsevier. - 0927-7765 .- 1873-4367. ; 127:0, s. 182-191
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Abstract Bacterial biofilms are involved in various medical infections and for this reason it is of great importance to better understand the process of biofilm formation in order to eradicate or mitigate it. It is a very complex process and a large range of variables have been suggested to influence biofilm formation. However, their internal importance is still not well understood. In the present study, a range of surface properties of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide mutants were studied in relation to biofilm formation measured in different kinds of multi-well plates and growth conditions in order to better understand the complexity of biofilm formation. Multivariate analysis was used to simultaneously evaluate the role of a range of physiochemical parameters under different conditions. Our results suggest the presence of serum inhibited biofilm formation due to changes in twitching motility. From the multivariate analysis it was observed that the most important parameters, positively correlated to biofilm formation on two types of plates, were high hydrophobicity, near neutral zeta potential and motility. Negative correlation was observed with cell aggregation, as well as formation of outer membrane vesicles and exopolysaccharides. This work shows that the complexity of biofilm formation can be better understood using a multivariate approach that can interpret and rank the importance of different factors being present simultaneously under several different environmental conditions, enabling a better understanding of this complex process.</p>
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