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  • Akeroyd, Michael A., et al. (författare)
  • International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology. - TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 1499-2027 .- 1708-8186. ; 54, s. 17-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that are most commonly used to test speech recognition in noise. They were developed by a working group on Multilingual Speech Tests of the International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA). Design: The recommendations are based on reviews of existing evaluations of the digit triplet and matrix tests as well as on the research experience of members of the ICRA Working Group. They represent the results of a consensus process. Results: The resulting recommendations deal with: Test design and word selection; Talker characteristics; Audio recording and stimulus preparation; Masking noise; Test administration; and Test validation. Conclusions: By following these guidelines for the development of any new test of this kind, clinicians and researchers working in any language will be able to perform tests whose results can be compared and combined in cross-language studies.</p>
  • Almqvist, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Handbok i hörselmätning
  • 1990
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Denna bok ger en grundläggande kunskap om hörseln samt förmedlar förutsättningar för olika hörselmätmetoder. Viktiga inslag är felkällor vid hörselmätning, tolkning av mätresultat och lämplig teststrategi i olika tillämpningar. Inläst ur LIC, 1990</p>
  • Almqvist, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Metodbok i praktisk hörselmätning
  • 1983
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Denna bok är avsedd att användas vid utbildning av audionomer. Den kan dessutom vara en viktig referenskälla för alla övriga yrkesgrupper inom hörselvården. De metodbeskrivningar som presenteras i boken har goda förutsättningar att bidra till förbättrad hörselmätning</p>
  • Andersson, Eva, 1943-, et al. (författare)
  • Audiometric screening of a population with intellectual disability
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology. - London : Informa Healthcare. - 1499-2027 .- 1708-8186. ; 52:1, s. 50-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong><em></em></strong><strong><em>Objective:</em></strong> Evaluation of pure-tone audiometry (PTA) in hearing screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability (ID).</p><p><strong><em>Design:</em></strong> PTA was performed at six frequencies at the screening level 20 dB HL. Referral criteria were threshold levels ≥ 25 dB HL at two or more frequencies for one ear or both.</p><p><strong><em>Study sample:</em></strong> 1478 participants aged 7–91 years were included.</p><p><strong><em>Results:</em></strong> 1470 (99.5%) people cooperated in screening of which 1325 (90%) could be tested on both ears at all six frequencies. A majority, 987 (66.8%), performed ordinary PTA, 234 (15.8%) conditioned play audiometry, and 249 (16.9%) behavioural observation audiometry. Six hundred and sixty-nine (45%) passed and 809 (55%) failed according to referral criteria. Of those failing, 441 (54.5%) accepted referral to clinical evaluation.</p><p><strong><em>Conclusions:</em></strong> PTA with slight modifications is applicable for screening of a population with mild to profound intellectual disability. The most challenging and time-consuming activity is to introduce the test procedure in a way that reduces anxiety and establishes trust.</p>
  • Andersson, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of OAE-recording as a complementary test method for adults with moderate to profound mental retardation
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Audiology. - Taylor & Francis. - 0105-0397 .- 1940-2872. ; 29:2, s. 120-126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The recording of otoacoustic emissions (OAE) was evaluated as a complementary test method for adults with moderate to profound mental retardation (MR). A portable apparatus, ILO 288 Echoport linked to a Compaq LTE 5100 notebook with software ILO 88 V 4.2, was used. Otoscopy and tympanometry were also performed. Criteria for emissions were S/N 3 dB or more and reproducibility 60% or more for at least three frequency-bands. The criteria for partial emissions were the same, but for only one or two frequencies. Two examiners were needed: one to keep the tested person calm and quiet and the other to handle the keyboard. Thirty-eight people with different degrees of MR in connection with other disabilities were included. They had all exhibited incomplete results in a previous hearing screening of more than 1000 adults with MR. Reproducible transiently evoked OAEs (TEOAE) were recorded from II ears (7 people), partial TEOAEs from 6 ears (4 people) and no emissions from 15 ears (10 people). Registration from 24 ears (13 people) could not be evaluated because of too much external and internal noise. Eight people rejected the examination. Only four people showed emissions in both ears. Accordingly, 34 people (89.5%) had to be re-tested or referred for further investigation, 21 of them (55%) because of noisy recordings or no co-operation. It is concluded that the TEOAE-test in its present form cannot fulfil the demands for a functioning test method for this population. In single cases, however, TEOAE-recording can complement other audiological tests.</p>
  • Anniko, Matti, et al. (författare)
  • Örat
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Öron, näs- och halssjukdomar, huvud- och halskirurgi. - 2. - Stockholm : Liber. - 91-47-04895-6 ; s. 9-103
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Arlinger, Stig, 1939- (författare)
  • A survey of public health policy on bilateral fittings and comparison with market trends : The evidence-base required to frame policy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology. - 1499-2027 .- 1708-8186. ; 45:SUPPL. 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This report presents a review of the situation in a number of countries with respect to public health policy for funding of hearing aid services in general and support to bilateral fittings in particular. The data show considerable variations among the countries studied in number of hearing aids fitted per 1000 inhabitants, differing by a factor of 6 between the extremes. Also the percentage of bilateral fittings differs with an average estimated to be of the order of 50%. For hearing-impaired children, bilateral fittings are given full financial support in most countries studied. The data presented indicate the need for a reliable, scientifically valid evidence-base regarding bilateral hearing aid fitting. © 2006 British Society of Audiology, International Society of Audiology, and Nordic Audiological Society.</p>
  • Arlinger, Stig (författare)
  • Audiologic diagnosis of infants
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Seminars in Hearing. - 0734-0451 .- 1098-8955. ; 21:4, s. 379-388
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Audiologic diagnosis for infants requires an extensive test battery in order to provide all the information needed and wanted. Behavioral test methods continue to be an important tool, in particular visual reinforcement audiometry (VRA), with the limitation that children younger than 5 to 6 months of age cannot be expected to respond in a reliable way. Impedance audiometry provides an important means of assessing middle ear status, and the middle ear reflex also adds information about inner ear and cochlear nerve function. However, a higher probe tone frequency than the ordinary 226 Hz seems to provide more reliable test results in small children. Otoacoustic emissions are basic as a screening tool but in most cases provide little additional information on children with significant hearing loss, although there certainly are exceptions. The electrophysiologic methods form a very important part of the test battery. The recording of ABR is an obvious test when a hearing impairment is suspected. Electrocochleography provides more frequency-specific data and has the power of sometimes providing responses where no ABR can be recorded, especially when the transtympanic needle electrode is used. Steady-state evoked potentials (SSEP) constitute a relatively new test method with which rather few clinics so far have practical experience, but it certainly holds promise as an addition to the test battery allowing good frequency specificity and efficiency.</p>
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