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Sökning: WFRF:(Banerjee Amitava)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 69
  • [1]234567Nästa
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1.
  • Afshin, Ashkan, et al. (författare)
  • Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - Massachusetts Medical Society. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 377:1, s. 13-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. METHODS We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI), according to age, sex, cause, and BMI in 195 countries between 1990 and 2015. RESULTS In 2015, a total of 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults were obese. Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries and has continuously increased in most other countries. Although the prevalence of obesity among children has been lower than that among adults, the rate of increase in childhood obesity in many countries has been greater than the rate of increase in adult obesity. High BMI accounted for 4.0 million deaths globally, nearly 40% of which occurred in persons who were not obese. More than two thirds of deaths related to high BMI were due to cardiovascular disease. The disease burden related to high BMI has increased since 1990; however, the rate of this increase has been attenuated owing to decreases in underlying rates of death from cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS The rapid increase in the prevalence and disease burden of elevated BMI highlights the need for continued focus on surveillance of BMI and identification, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based interventions to address this problem. (Funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.)</p>
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2.
  • Afshin, Ashkan, et al. (författare)
  • Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - MASSACHUSETTS MEDICAL SOC. - 0028-4793 .- 1533-4406. ; 377:1, s. 13-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. METHODS We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI), according to age, sex, cause, and BMI in 195 countries between 1990 and 2015. RESULTS In 2015, a total of 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults were obese. Since 1980, the prevalence of obesity has doubled in more than 70 countries and has continuously increased in most other countries. Although the prevalence of obesity among children has been lower than that among adults, the rate of increase in childhood obesity in many countries has been greater than the rate of increase in adult obesity. High BMI accounted for 4.0 million deaths globally, nearly 40% of which occurred in persons who were not obese. More than two thirds of deaths related to high BMI were due to cardiovascular disease. The disease burden related to high BMI has increased since 1990; however, the rate of this increase has been attenuated owing to decreases in underlying rates of death from cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS The rapid increase in the prevalence and disease burden of elevated BMI highlights the need for continued focus on surveillance of BMI and identification, implementation, and evaluation of evidence-based interventions to address this problem. </p>
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3.
  • Almeida, Roseley, et al. (författare)
  • Theoretical Evidence behind Bifunctional Catalytic Activity in Pristine and Functionalized Al2C Monolayers
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: ChemPhysChem. - Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft. - 1439-4235 .- 1439-7641. ; 19:1, s. 148-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>First principles electronic structure calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) framework are performed to investigate hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on two-dimensional Al2C monolayers. In addition to the pristine Al2C monolayer, monolayers doped with Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), Boron (B), and Sulphur (S) are also investigated. After determining the individual adsorption energy of hydrogen and oxygen on the different functionalized Al2C monolayers, the adsorption free energies are predicted for each of the functionalized monolayers in order to assess their suitability for HER or OER. The density of states and optical absorption spectra calculations along with the work function of the functionalized Al2C monolayers enable us to gain a profound understanding of the electronic structure for the individual system and their relation to the water splitting mechanism.</p>
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4.
  • Almeida, Roseley, et al. (författare)
  • Theoretical Evidence behind Bifunctional Catalytic Activity in Pristine and Functionalized Al2C Monolayers
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: ChemPhysChem. - 1439-4235 .- 1439-7641. ; 19:1, s. 148-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>First principles electronic structure calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) framework are performed to investigate hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) on two-dimensional Al2C monolayers. In addition to the pristine Al2C monolayer, monolayers doped with Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), Boron (B), and Sulphur (S) are also investigated. After determining the individual adsorption energy of hydrogen and oxygen on the different functionalized Al2C monolayers, the adsorption free energies are predicted for each of the functionalized monolayers in order to assess their suitability for HER or OER. The density of states and optical absorption spectra calculations along with the work function of the functionalized Al2C monolayers enable us to gain a profound understanding of the electronic structure for the individual system and their relation to the water splitting mechanism.</p>
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5.
  • Anikina, Ekaterina, et al. (författare)
  • Li-decorated carbyne for hydrogen storage : charge induced polarization and van't Hoff hydrogen desorption temperature
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY & FUELS. - ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY. - 2398-4902. ; 4:2, s. 691-699
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We have studied carbyne as a promising hydrogen storage material. Density functional theory simulations with vdW corrections have been used to investigate lithium sorption on carbyne and the interaction of pristine and Li-functionalized carbon chains with molecular hydrogen. We showed that Li adatoms at small concentrations stay atomically dispersed on carbyne, donating 0.9e to the chain. Moreover, in the presence of Li, hydrogen adsorption energy increases by more than 5 times in comparison with pristine carbyne. Overall, up to three hydrogen molecules per Li adatom have an adsorption energy close to the range of 200-600 meV per H-2, which is necessary for effective sorption/desorption cycles. The resulting theoretical uptake (7.1 wt%) is higher than the U.S. Department of Energy's ultimate goal (6.5 wt%). The calculated van't Hoff desorption temperatures exceed considerably the boiling point of liquid nitrogen. Our results confirm the potential of Li-decorated carbyne for hydrogen storage.</p>
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6.
  • Anikina, Ekaterina, et al. (författare)
  • Li-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes for Hydrogen Storage : Importance of Size Effects
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ACS APPLIED NANO MATERIALS. - AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 2574-0970. ; 2:5, s. 3021-3030
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We investigated Li-doped carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as a promising hydrogen storage media. In this computational model, we considered isolated lithium atom adsorbed on a CNT wall as an adsorption site for hydrogen. We focused on the influence of size effects on the structural and energetic characteristics of CNT(n,n)@Li+kH(2) complexes where n = 5, 7, 9; k = 1,..., 6; N, = 4, 5, 6 (N-c is translation length of CNT, expressed in terms of a number of CNT unit cells). We proved that modeled CNT length substantially influences internal sorption of Li and hydrogen on the narrow tube (5,5), which subsequently alters the adsorption energies of H-2 molecules and causes the deformation of the carbon framework. Moreover, the size effects are not pronounced in the case of external sorption for all considered CNT translation lengths and diameters. We have not observed any noticeable qualitative difference between internal and external hydrogen sorption in the nanotube wider than CNT(5,5). In the case of external adsorption on all considered nanotubes, doping with Li increases hydrogen adsorption energies of up to four H-2 molecules by 100 meV in comparison with pure CNTs. And the local density approximation estimations (similar to 250 meV/H-2) of adsorption energy on Li-decorated CNTs exceed the lowest requirement proposed by the U.S. Department of Energy (200 meV/H-2). In the case of internal sorption on Li-functionalized tubes, the generalized gradient approximation also gives hydrogen adsorption energies in the desired range of 200-600 meV/H-2. However, steric hindrances could prevent sufficient hydrogen uptakes (less than 2 wt % inside CNT(5,5)). We believe that our findings on the size effects are important for estimation of CNT's hydrogen storage properties.</p>
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7.
  • Anikina, E. V., et al. (författare)
  • Influence of Kubas-type interaction of B–Ni codoped graphdiyne with hydrogen molecules on desorption temperature and storage efficiency
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Materials Today Energy. - Elsevier. - 2468-6069. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We have investigated functionalized 2D carbon allotrope, graphdiyne (GDY), as a promising hydrogen storage media. Density functional theory with a range of vdW corrections was employed to study Ni decoration of pristine and boron-doped GDY and the interaction of resulting structures with molecular hydrogen. We showed that boron-doped GDY is thermally stable at 300 K, though, its synthesis requires an endothermic reaction. Also, boron doping enhances Ni binding with the graphdiyne by increasing the charge transfer from Ni to GDY. Ni doping drastically influenced hydrogen adsorption energies: they rise from ~70 meV per H2 molecule on pristine GDY to a maximum of 1.29 eV per H2 becoming too high in value for room temperature reversible applications. Boron doping improves the situations: in this case, after Ni decoration desorption temperature estimation is ~300–500 K. Overall, each Ni adatom on B-doped GDY can bind only one H2 molecule within the needed energy range, which gives low hydrogen uptake (~1.2 wt%). However, doping with boron led to the decrease in the value of hydrogen adsorption energy and good desorption temperature estimations, therefore, codoping of metal atoms and boron could be an effective strategy for other transition metals.</p>
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8.
  • Araujo, Rafael B., et al. (författare)
  • Assessing Electrochemical Properties of Polypyridine and Polythiophene for Prospective Application in Sustainable Organic Batteries
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP. - 1463-9076 .- 1463-9084. ; 19:4, s. 3307-3314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Conducting polymers are being considered promising candidates for sustainable organic batteries mainly due to their fast electron transport properties and high recyclability. In this work, key properties of polythiophene and polypyridine have been assessed through a combined theoretical and experimental study focusing on such applications. A theoretical protocol has been developed to calculate redox potentials in solution within the framework of the density functional theory and using continuous solvation models. Here, the evolution of the electrochemical properties of solvated oligomers as a function of the length of the chain is analyzed and then the polymer properties are estimated via linear regressions using ordinary least square. The predicted values were verified against our electrochemical experiments. This protocol can now be employed to screen a large database of compounds in order to identify organic electrodes with superior properties.</p>
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9.
  • Araujo, Rafael B., et al. (författare)
  • Assessing the electrochemical properties of polypyridine and polythiophene for prospective applications in sustainable organic batteries
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP. - Royal Society of Chemistry. - 1463-9076 .- 1463-9084. ; 19:4, s. 3307-3314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Conducting polymers are being considered promising candidates for sustainable organic batteries mainly due to their fast electron transport properties and high recyclability. In this work, the key properties of polythiophene and polypyridine have been assessed through a combined theoretical and experimental study focusing on such applications. A theoretical protocol has been developed to calculate redox potentials in solution within the framework of the density functional theory and using continuous solvation models. Here, the evolution of the electrochemical properties of solvated oligomers as a function of the length of the chain is analyzed and then the polymer properties are estimated via linear regressions using ordinary least square. The predicted values were verified against our electrochemical experiments. This protocol can now be employed to screen a large database of compounds in order to identify organic electrodes with superior properties.</p>
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10.
  • Araujo, Rafael B., et al. (författare)
  • Designing strategies to tune reduction potential of organic molecules for sustainable high capacity batteries application
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. - 2050-7488. ; 5:9, s. 4430-4454
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Organic compounds evolve as a promising alternative to the currently used inorganic materials in rechargeable batteries due to their low-cost, environmentally friendliness and flexibility. One of the strategies to reach acceptable energy densities and to deal with the high solubility of known organic compounds is to combine small redox active molecules, acting as capacity carrying centres, with conducting polymers. Following this strategy, it is important to achieve redox matching between the chosen molecule and the polymer backbone. Here, a synergetic approach combining theory and experiment has been employed to investigate this strategy. The framework of density functional theory connected with the reaction field method has been applied to predict the formal potential of 137 molecules and identify promising candidates for the referent application. The effects of including different ring types, e.g. fused rings or bonded rings, heteroatoms, [small pi] bonds, as well as carboxyl groups on the formal potential, has been rationalized. Finally, we have identified a number of molecules with acceptable theoretical capacities that show redox matching with thiophene-based conducting polymers which, hence, are suggested as pendent groups for the development of conducting redox polymer based electrode materials.</p>
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