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Sökning: WFRF:(Barberis Massimo)

  • Resultat 1-6 av 6
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1.
  • Alvarez, Mariano J., et al. (författare)
  • A precision oncology approach to the pharmacological targeting of mechanistic dependencies in neuroendocrine tumors
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 50:7, s. 979-989
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We introduce and validate a new precision oncology framework for the systematic prioritization of drugs targeting mechanistic tumor dependencies in individual patients. Compounds are prioritized on the basis of their ability to invert the concerted activity of master regulator proteins that mechanistically regulate tumor cell state, as assessed from systematic drug perturbation assays. We validated the approach on a cohort of 212 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), a rare malignancy originating in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract. The analysis identified several master regulator proteins, including key regulators of neuroendocrine lineage progenitor state and immunoevasion, whose role as critical tumor dependencies was experimentally confirmed. Transcriptome analysis of GEP-NET-derived cells, perturbed with a library of 107 compounds, identified the HDAC class I inhibitor entinostat as a potent inhibitor of master regulator activity for 42% of metastatic GEP-NET patients, abrogating tumor growth in vivo. This approach may thus complement current efforts in precision oncology.
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2.
  • Celutkiene, Jelena, et al. (författare)
  • Role of cardiovascular imaging in cancer patients receiving cardiotoxic therapies : a position statement on behalf of the Heart Failure Association (HFA), the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the Cardio-Oncology Council of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure. - : WILEY. - 1388-9842 .- 1879-0844. ; 22:9, s. 1504-1524
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiovascular (CV) imaging is an important tool in baseline risk assessment and detection of CV disease in oncology patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer therapies. This position statement examines the role of echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, nuclear cardiac imaging and computed tomography in the management of cancer patients. The Imaging and Cardio-Oncology Study Groups of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the Cardio-Oncology Council of the ESC have evaluated the current evidence for the value of modern CV imaging in the cardio-oncology field. The most relevant echocardiographic parameters, including global longitudinal strain and three-dimensional ejection fraction, are proposed. The protocol for baseline pre-treatment evaluation and specific surveillance algorithms or pathways for anthracycline chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapies such as trastuzumab, vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, BCr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors are presented. The indications for CV imaging after completion of oncology treatment are considered. The typical consequences of radiation therapy and the possibility of their identification in the long term are also summarized. Special populations are discussed including female survivors planning pregnancy, patients with carcinoid disease, patients with cardiac tumours and patients with right heart failure. Future directions and ongoing CV imaging research in cardio-oncology are discussed.
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3.
  • Guerini-Rocco, Elena, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic aberrations and late recurrence in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer: Results from the SOLE Trial.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; 27:2, s. 504-512
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Women with hormone-receptor-positive early breast cancers have a persistent risk of relapse and biomarkers for late recurrence are needed. We sought to identify tumor genomic aberrations associated with increased late recurrence risk.In a secondary analysis of Study of Letrozole Extension (SOLE) trial, a case-cohort-like sampling selected 598 primary breast cancer for targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis of gene mutations and copy number gains (CNG). Correlations of genomic aberrations with clinicopathologic factors and breast and distant recurrence free-intervals (BCFI and DRFI) were analyzed using weighted Cox models.Analysis of mutations and CNG was successfully performed for 403 and 350 samples, including 148 and 134 patients with breast cancer recurrences (median follow-up time: 5.2 years), respectively. The most frequent alterations were PIK3CA mutations (42%) and CNGs of CCND1 (15%), ERBB2 (10%), FGFR1 (8%) and MYC (8%). PIK3CA mutations and MYC CNG were associated with lower (p=0.03) and higher (p=0.004) tumor grade respectively; a higher Ki67 was seen in tumor with CCND1, ERBB2 and MYC CNGs (p=0.01, <0.001 and 0.03 respectively). FGFR1 CNG was associated with an increased risk of late events in univariate analyses (17/29 patients; BCFI: HR=3.2, 95%CI: 1.48-6.92, p =0.003; DRFI: HR=3.5, 95%CI: 1.61-7.75, p=0.002) and in multivariable models adjusted for clinicopathologic factors.Postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer harboring FGFR1 CNG had an increased risk of late recurrence despite extended therapy. FGFR1 CNG may represent a useful prognostic biomarker for late recurrence and a therapeutic target.
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4.
  • Koumarianou, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Temozolomide in Advanced Neuroendocrine Neoplasms : Pharmacological and Clinical Aspects
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 101:4, s. 274-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alkylating agents, such as streptozocin and dacarbazine, have been reported as active in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral, potentially less toxic derivative of dacarbazine, which has shown activity both as a single agent and in combination with other drugs. Nevertheless, its role in NENs has not been well defined. Several retrospective and prospective phase I-II studies have been published describing its use in a variety of NENs. In a retrospective series, the combination of capecitabine and TMZ was reported to be associated with a particularly high tumour response in pancreatic NENs as a first-line treatment. Although in NENs, determination of the CP-nnethylguanineDNA methyltransferase (MGMT) status has been suggested as a predictive biomarker of response, its role still remains investigational, awaiting validation along with the establishment of the optimal detection method. Metronomic schedules have been reported to potentially overcome MGMT-related drug resistance. Toxicity is manageable if well monitored. We reviewed the literature regarding pharmacological and clinical aspects of TMZ, focusing on specific settings of NENs, different schedules, toxicity and safety profiles, and potential predictive biomarkers of response. 
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5.
  • Kroeze, Leonie I., et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of a Hybrid Capture-Based Pan-Cancer Panel for Analysis of Treatment Stratifying Oncogenic Aberrations and Processes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics. - : Elsevier. - 1525-1578 .- 1943-7811. ; 22:6, s. 757-769
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Stratification of patients for targeted and immune-based therapies requires extensive genomic profiling that enables sensitive detection of clinically relevant variants and interrogation of biomarkers, such as tumor mutational burden (TMB) and microsatellite instability (MSI). Detection of single and multiple nucleotide variants, copy number variants, MSI, and TMB was evaluated using a commercially available next-generation sequencing panel containing 523 cancer-related genes (1.94 megabases). Analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections and cytologic material from 45 tumor samples showed that all previously known MSI-positive samples (n = 7), amplifications (n = 9), and pathogenic variants (n = 59) could be detected. TMB and MSI scores showed high intralaboratory and interlaboratory reproducibility (eight samples tested in 11 laboratories). For reliable TMB analysis, 20 ng DNA was shown to be sufficient, even for relatively poor-quality samples. A minimum of 20% neoplastic cells was required to minimize variations in TMB values induced by chromosomal instability or tumor heterogeneity. Subsequent analysis of 58 consecutive lung cancer samples in a diagnostic setting was successful and revealed sufficient somatic mutations to generate mutational signatures in 14 cases. In conclusion, the 523-gene assay can be applied for evaluation of multiple DNA-based biomarkers relevant for treatment selection.
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6.
  • Malapelle, Umberto, et al. (författare)
  • Predictive molecular pathology in the time of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Europe
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Pathology. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 0021-9746. ; 74:6, s. 391-395
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims Lung cancer predictive biomarker testing is essential to select advanced-stage patients for targeted treatments and should be carried out without delays even during health emergencies, such as the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Methods Fifteen molecular laboratories from seven different European countries compared 4 weeks of national lockdown to a corresponding period in 2019, in terms of tissue and/or plasma-based molecular test workload, analytical platforms adopted, number of cases undergoing programmed death-ligand1 (PD-L1) expression assessment and DNA-based molecular tests turnaround time. Results In most laboratories (80.0%), tissue-based molecular test workload was reduced. In 40.0% of laboratories (6/15), the decrease was >25%, and in one, reduction was as high as 80.0%. In this instance, a concomitant increase in liquid biopsy was reported (60.0%). Remarkably, in 33.3% of the laboratories, real-time PCR (RT-PCR)-based methodologies increased, whereas highly multiplexing assays approaches decreased. Most laboratories (88.9%) did not report significant variations in PD-L1 volume testing. Conclusions The workload of molecular testing for patients with advanced-stage lung cancer during the lockdown showed little variations. Local strategies to overcome health emergency-related issues included the preference for RT-PCR tissue-based testing methodologies and, occasionally, for liquid biopsy.
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