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Sökning: WFRF:(Bave U)

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  • Alm, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • Multiple sclerosis: interferon-beta induces CD123(+)BDCA2(-) dendritic cells that produce IL-6 and IL-10 and have no enhanced type I interferon production
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal Of Neuroimmunology. - 0165-5728 .- 1872-8421. ; 158:1-2, s. 204-212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interferon-beta (IFN-beta), an approved drug for multiple sclerosis (MS), acts on dendritic cells (DC) by suppressing IL-12p40 and increasing IL-10. This results in Th2-biased immune responses. The nature of IFN-beta-modulated DC remains elusive. Previously, we observed that IFN-beta dose dependently induces expression of CD123, i.e., a classical marker for plasmacytoid DC, on human blood monocyte-derived myeloid DC. Such IFN-beta-modulatcd DCs produce predominantly IL-10 but are IL-12 deficient, with potent Th2 promotion. In the present study, we further characterize IFN-beta-modulated DC by using recently identified blood DC antigens (BDCA), and investigate their ability to produce type I IFN in response to virus stimulation. We show that IFN-beta induces development of CD123(+) DC from human blood monocytes, which coexpress BDCA4(+) but are negative for BDCA2(-), a specific marker for plasmacytoid DC. Such IFN-modulated DC can produce IL-6 and IL-10 but not IL-12p40, and have no enhanced IFN-alpha and IFN-beta production. The findings indicate that IFN-beta-modulated DCs represent a myeloid DC subset with diminished CD11c, BDCA-1 and CD1a expression. They may promote Th2 and B cell differentiation through IL-6 and IL-10 production, and suppression of IL-12p40, but they have no enhanced antiviral capacity. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
  • Brus, Ole, et al. (författare)
  • Subjective Memory Immediately Following Electroconvulsive Therapy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of ECT. - Philadelphia, USA : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1095-0680. ; 33:2, s. 96-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aims of the present study were to describe the short-term rate of subjective memory worsening (SMW) and identify factors of importance for SMW in a large clinical sample treated for depression with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).Methods: This register-based study included 1212 patients from the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT. Subjective memory worsening was defined as a 2-point worsening on the memory item of the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale from before to within 1 week after treatment. Associations between patient characteristics and treatment factors were examined using logistic regression.Results: Subjective memory worsening was experienced in 26%. It was more common in women than in men (31% vs 18%; P < 0.001) and more common in patients aged 18 to 39 years than in patients 65 years or older (32% vs 22%; P = 0.008). Patients with less subjective memory disturbances before ECT had a greater risk of SMW. Patients in remission after ECT had a lower risk of SMW. A brief pulse width stimulus gave higher risk of SMW compared with ultrabrief pulse (odds ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.47).Conclusions: Subjective memory worsening is reported by a minority of patients. However, young women are at risk of experiencing SMW. Ultrabrief pulse width stimulus could be considered for patients treated with unilateral electrode placement who experience SMW. Each patient should be monitored with regard to symptoms and adverse effects, and treatment should be adjusted on an individual basis to maximize the clinical effect and with efforts to minimize the cognitive adverse effects.
  • Rundgren, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Improvement of postpartum depression and psychosis after electroconvulsive therapy A population-based study with a matched comparison group
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Affective Disorders. - Elsevier. - 0165-0327. ; 235, s. 258-264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used to treat postpartum depression and psychosis based on clinical experience and small observational studies.AIMS: The primary aim was to test the hypothesis that the response rate to ECT for depression and psychosis is higher during the postpartum period than outside this period. The secondary aim was to identify predictors of a response to ECT during the postpartum period.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases with postpartum depression and/or psychosis received ECT within 6 months of delivery. A matched comparison group with depression and/or psychosis (not within the postpartum period) was identified from the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT. The improvement 1 week after ECT was classified according to the Clinical Global Impressions Scale - Improvement scale (CGI-I) as responder (CGI-I score 1-2) or non-responder (CGI-I score 3-7).RESULTS: 185 cases and 185 comparison group subjects were included (46% with psychosis in each groups). More cases (87.0%) than comparison group subjects (73.5%) responded to ECT (p = 0.001). Adjusted binary regression analysis revealed that more severe symptoms prior to treatment were the only statistically significant predictor of response.LIMITATIONS: There was no control group without ECT treatment.CONCLUSION: The response rate of those with postpartum depression and/or psychosis to ECT was high. The response rate of patients with psychosis or depression was higher during the postpartum period than outside it. This study supports the use of ECT for severe forms of postpartum depression and/or psychosis.
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