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Sökning: WFRF:(Belin Andrea Carmine)

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1.
  • Belin, A. C., et al. (författare)
  • Association of a protective paraoxonase 1 (PON1) polymorphism in Parkinson's disease
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience Letters. - : Elsevier. - 0304-3940 .- 1872-7972. ; 522:1, s. 30-35
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pesticide exposure has been suggested to increase the risk to develop Parkinson's disease (PD). The arylesterase paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is mainly expressed in the liver and hydrolyzes organophosphates such as pesticides. The polymorphism Leu54Met (rs854560) in PON1, impairing enzyme activity and leading to decreased PON1 expression levels, has been reported to be associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). PON1 is part of a cluster on chromosome 7q21.3 together with PON2 and PON3. We investigated the occurrence of four additional polymorphisms in PON1 and two in PON2 in a Swedish PD case-control material. We found a significant association (p = 0.007) with a PON1 promoter polymorphism, rs854571. The minor allele was more common among controls than PD cases which suggest a protective effect. This is strengthened by the fact that rs854571 is in strong linkage disequilibrium with another PON1 promoter polymorphism, rs854572, reported to increase PON1 gene expression. Our findings support the hypothesis that PON1 is involved in the etiology of PD and that higher PON1 levels are reducing the risk for PD. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Fardell, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • S100B polymorphisms are associated with age of onset of Parkinson's disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Bmc Medical Genetics. - 1471-2350. ; 19:42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: In this study we investigated the association between SNPs in the S100B gene and Parkinson's disease (PD) in two independent Swedish cohorts. The SNP rs9722 has previously been shown to be associated with higher S100B concentrations in serum and frontal cortex in humans. S100B is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has many functions such as regulating calcium homeostasis, inflammatory processes, cytoskeleton assembly/disassembly, protein phosphorylation and degradation, and cell proliferation and differentiation. Several of these functions have been suggested to be of importance for the pathophysiology of PD. Methods: The SNPs rs9722, rs2239574, rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169 of the S100B gene were genotyped using the KASPar (R) PCR SNP genotyping system in a case-control study of two populations (431 PD patients and 465 controls, 195 PD patients and 378 controls, respectively). The association between the genotype and allelic distributions and PD risk was evaluated using Chi-Square and Cox proportional hazards test, as well as logistic regression. Linear regression and Cox proportional hazards tests were applied to assess the effect of the rs9722 genotypes on age of disease onset. Results: The S100B SNPs tested were not associated with the risk of PD. However, in both cohorts, the T allele of rs9722 was significantly more common in early onset PD patients compared to late onset PD patients. The SNP rs9722 was significantly related to age of onset, and each T allele lowered disease onset with 4.9 years. In addition, allelic variants of rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169, were significantly more common in early-onset PD compared to late-onset PD in the pooled population. Conclusions: rs9722, a functional SNP in the 3'-UTR of the S100B gene, was strongly associated with age of onset of PD.
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3.
  • Ran, C., et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinson's disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gaucher's disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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4.
  • Anvret, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • DJ-1 Mutations are Rare in a Swedish Parkinson Cohort.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The open neurology journal. - 1874-205X. ; 5, s. 8-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in the PARK7 gene, DJ-1, have been reported to cause early-onset and familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The function of DJ-1 and how it contributes to the development of the disease is not clear today, but several studies report that DJ-1 is responsive to oxidative stress and important for the maintenance of mitochondria. We have screened three coding regions of DJ-1 (exon 2, 5 and 7) in a Swedish Parkinson cohort. The Swedish PD material consisted of 67 patients with a self reported positive family history of PD and 77 patients with early-onset of disease (≤50 years old). We detected two patients with the previously reported synonymous mutation, Ala167Ala (c.501A>G, rs71653621), in exon 7. No Ala167Ala carriers were identified among 213 neurologically healthy Swedish controls. Mechanisms by which the synonymous Ala167Ala mutation can have consequences are unknown. It may affect the mRNA stability, secondary structure of mRNA, synthesis, turnover, protein folding and function. We could show a 1.3% decrease in DJ-1 mRNA folding energy in the A
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5.
  • Anvret, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Possible involvement of a mitochondrial translation initiation factor 3 variant causing decreased mRNA levels in Parkinson's disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Parkinson's disease. - 2042-0080. ; 2010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genes important for mitochondrial function have been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial translation initiation factor 3 (MTIF3) is a nuclear encoded protein required for the initiation of complex formation on mitochondrial ribosomes. Dysfunction of MTIF3 may impair mitochondrial function and dopamine neurons appear to be particularly vulnerable to oxidative stress, which may relate to their degeneration in PD. An association was recently reported between the synonymous rs7669(C>T) in MTIF3 and PD in a German case-control material. We investigated rs7669 in a Swedish Parkinson case-control material. The study revealed no significant association of the individual genotypes or alleles with PD. When comparing the combined TT/CT-genotypes versus the CC-genotype, we observed a significant association (P = .0473) with PD. We also demonstrated that the TT-genotype causes a significant decrease in MTIF3 mRNA expression compared to the CC-genotype (P = .0163). Our findings support the hypothesis that MTIF3 may be involved in the etiology of PD.
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6.
  • Belin, Andrea Carmine, et al. (författare)
  • Association study of two genetic variants in mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience letters. - 0304-3940. ; 420:3, s. 257-62
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mitochondrial (mt) dysfunction has been implicated in Alzheimer's (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) is needed for mtDNA maintenance, regulating mtDNA copy number and is absolutely required for transcriptional initiation at mtDNA promoters. Two genetic variants in TFAM have been reported to be associated with AD in a Caucasian case-control material collected from Germany, Switzerland and Italy. One of these variants was reported to show a tendency for association with AD in a pooled Scottish and Swedish case-control material and the other variant was reported to be associated with AD in a recent meta-analysis. We investigated these two genetic variants, rs1937 and rs2306604, in an AD and a PD case-control material, both from Sweden and found significant genotypic as well as allelic association to marker rs2306604 in the AD case-control material (P=0.05 and P=0.03, respectively), where the A-allele appears to increase risk for developing AD. No association was observed for marker rs1937. We did not find any association in the PD case-control material for either of the two markers. The distribution of the two-locus haplotype frequencies (based on rs1937 and rs2306604) did not differ significantly between affected individuals and controls in the two sample sets. However, the global P-value for haplotypic association testing indicated borderline association in the AD sample set. Our data suggests that the rs2306604 A-allele could be a moderate risk factor for AD, which is supported by the recent meta-analysis.
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7.
  • Belin, Andrea Carmine, et al. (författare)
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and cluster headache
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Brain Sciences. - : MDPI AG. - 2076-3425. ; 10:1
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cluster headache (CH) is a severe primary headache with a prevalence of 1/1000 individuals, and a predominance in men. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a potent vasodilator, originating in trigeminal neurons and has a central role in CH pathophysiology. CGRP and the CGRP receptor complex have recently taken center stage as therapeutic targets for primary headaches, such as migraine. Multiple CGRP and CGRP receptor monoclonal antibodies, as well as small molecule antagonists (gepants) are on their way constituting a new frontier of migraine and possibly CH medication. During a CH attack, there is an activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex with the release of CGRP, and inversely if CGRP is administered to a CH patient in an active disease phase, it triggers an attack. Increased levels of CGRP have been found in ipsilateral jugular vein blood during the active phase of CH. This process is hypothesized to have a key role in the intense pain perception and in the associated distinctive vasodilation. So far, clinical tests of CGRP antibodies have been inconclusive in CH patients. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge on the role of CGRP in CH pathology, and as a target for future treatments.
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8.
  • Bergman, Olle, 1978, et al. (författare)
  • Do polymorphisms in transcription factors LMX1A and LMX1B influence the risk for Parkinson's disease?
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996). - 1435-1463. ; 116:3, s. 333-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The key symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) are caused by degeneration of dopamine neurons originating in substantia nigra. Whereas, transcription factor LMX1A is crucial for the differentiation of mesencephalic dopamine neurons, LMX1B appears to be important for both the development and the survival of these cells. The aim of this study was to investigate if genetic variation in LMX1A and LMX1B differs between patients with PD (n = 357) and control subjects (n = 1428) by genotyping 33 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LMX1A and 11 SNPs in LMX1B. Three SNPs in LMX1A and one in LMX1B were associated with PD. After splitting for gender, six SNPs were associated with PD in women and four in men. The significances obtained did not survive correction for multiple testing, and our results should hence be interpreted with caution, but are partly in line with a previous report, and should thus be of sufficient interest to encourage further studies of these genes in PD.
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9.
  • Carmine Belin, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations in a Swedish Parkinson cohort and a healthy nonagenarian.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society. - 0885-3185. ; 21:10, s. 1731-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Specific variants of Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) have been shown to associate with Parkinson's disease (PD). Several mutations have been found in PD populations from different parts of the world. We investigated the occurrence of three mutations (R1441G/C/H, G2019S, and I2020T) in our Swedish case-control material and identified four carriers of the G2019S mutation in 284 PD cases and 1 95-year-old carrier in 305 controls. The other two variants were absent in our material. We conclude that the LRRK2 G2019S mutation constitutes a significant factor for PD in the Swedish population and that it is not completely penetrant.
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10.
  • Carmine Belin, Andrea, et al. (författare)
  • S18Y in ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) associated with decreased risk of Parkinson's disease in Sweden.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Parkinsonism & related disorders. - 1353-8020. ; 13:5, s. 295-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a neuron-specific enzyme that removes ubiquitin from the C-terminal end of substrates and a component of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. A protective effect of a UCH-L1 variant, S18Y, was suggested since the common variant was found to be inversely associated with sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the association of S18Y in our Swedish PD material. The tyrosine variant was significantly inversely associated with PD (P=0.049) and with a low age of onset (50 years) (P=0.017) in the case-control material, supporting the hypothesis of a protective function.
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